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    Two-phase acto-cytosolic fluid flow in a moving keratocyte: a 2d continuum model

    , Article Bulletin of Mathematical Biology ; Volume 77, Issue 9 , September , 2015 , Pages 1813-1832 ; 00928240 (ISSN) Nikmaneshi, M. R ; Firoozabadi, B ; Saidi, M. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer New York LLC  2015
    The F-actin network and cytosol in the lamellipodia of crawling cells flow in a centripetal pattern and spout-like form, respectively. We have numerically studied this two-phase flow in the realistic geometry of a moving keratocyte. Cytosol has been treated as a low viscosity Newtonian fluid flowing through the high viscosity porous medium of F-actin network. Other involved phenomena including myosin activity, adhesion friction, and interphase interaction are also discussed to provide an overall view of this problem. Adopting a two-phase coupled model by myosin concentration, we have found new accurate perspectives of acto-cytosolic flow and pressure fields, myosin distribution, as well as... 

    Fluids Flow Simulation in the Cell Influenced the Focal Adhesions

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Nikmaneshi, Mohammad Reza (Author) ; Firoozabadi, Bahar (Supervisor) ; saidi, Mohammad said (Co-Advisor)
    In the present thesis, intracellular fluid flows have investigated for study cell motions. It is due to firmly relation between the cell motion and these flows. Generally, the cell firstly adheres to a surface, then, moves forward with the effects of the internal fluid flows. In this study, the cell structure is invided to two general parts; the front part of the cell and the cell body. The front part of the cell plays a essential roles in the cell motion, however, the cell body is considered as a extra cargo that is carried by the front of the cell. Therefor, in the present modellings, the front part is only considered. Here, using four different models for the front part of the cell, many... 

    Continuum model of actin-myosin flow

    , Article 2013 20th Iranian Conference on Biomedical Engineering, ICBME 2013 ; December , 2013 , Pages 98-102 Nikmaneshi, M. R ; Firoozabadi, B ; Saidi, M. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    IEEE Computer Society  2013
    The front part of a cell is divided to two regions called lamellum and lamellipodium (lamellipodial). This part plays an essential role for cell migration. Indeed, there are many protein filaments called actin in lamellum and lamellipodium, which induce the cell motion with polymerization in the leading edge of the cell. The actin filaments adhere to the extracellular matrix (ECM) by means of focal adhesions and they have contact by myosin motor proteins. The myosin motor proteins cause actin retrograde and anterograde flow exerted contractile stress on them. The focal adhesions exert frictional stress on the actin filaments. In this work, we developed a two-dimensional continuum model of... 

    Theoretical modeling of actin-retrograde-flow passing clusters of confined T cell receptors

    , Article Mathematical Biosciences ; Volume 283 , 2017 , Pages 1-6 ; 00255564 (ISSN) Ghasemi V., A ; Firoozabadi, B ; Saidi, M. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Inc  2017
    Through the activation process of T cells, actin filaments move from the cell periphery toward the cell center. The moving filaments engage with T cell receptors and thus contribute to transportation of the signaling molecules. To study the connection between the moving actin filaments and T cell receptors, an experiment available in the literature has measured filaments flow velocity passing over a region of confined clusters of receptors. It shows that flow velocity decreases in the proximity of the receptors, and then regains its normal value after traversing the region, suggesting a dissipative friction-like connection. In this work, we develop a minimal theoretical model to re-examine...