Search for: nano-porous
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    Spectral method for solving differential equation of gas flow through a micro-nano porous media

    , Article Journal of Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience ; Volume 7, Issue 3 , 2010 , Pages 542-546 ; 15461955 (ISSN) Taghavi, A ; Parand, K ; Shams, A ; Sofloo, H. G ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this paper we propose, Spectral method to solve unsteady gas equation which is a nonlinear ordinary differential equation on semi-infinite interval. These approaches are based on Modified generalized Laguerre functions. These methods reduces the solution of this problem to the solution of systems of algebraic equations. We also compare this works with some other numerical results  

    Submicron nanoporous polyacrylamide beads with tunable size for verapamil imprinting

    , Article Journal of Applied Polymer Science ; Volume 125, Issue 1 , 2012 , Pages 189-199 ; 00218995 (ISSN) Nematollahzadeh, A ; Abdekhodaie, M. J ; Shojaei, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Submicron sized polyacrylamide particles were prepared via modified precipitation polymerization method. Experimental design based on Taguchi approach was employed to study the influence of the polymerization composition including monomer (acrylamide), crosslinker (methylenebisacrylamide), initiator (azobisisobutyronitrile), and modifier (polyvinylpyrrolidone, K-30), on the size and morphology of the particles. Varying the polymerization composition, submicron-particles with sizes ranging between 100 and 600 nm were achieved. In all the cases, polydispersity index (PDI) of the particle size was found to be almost 1 indicating uniformity of the particle size. The concentration of crosslinker... 

    Facile synthesis of nanoporous CuS nanospheres for high-performance supercapacitor electrodes

    , Article Journal of Energy Chemistry ; Volume 26, Issue 4 , 2017 , Pages 762-767 ; 20954956 (ISSN) Heydari, H ; Moosavifard, S. E ; Shahraki, M ; Elyasi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    In recent years, development of high-performance supercapacitor electrode materials has stimulated a great deal of scientific research. The electrochemical performance of a supercapacitor strongly depends on its material structures. Herein, we report a simple strategy for high-performance supercapacitors by building pseudocapacitive CuS nanospheres with nanoporous structures, nanosized walls (<10 nm) and relatively large specific surface area of 65 m2/g. This electrode demonstrates excellent electrochemical performance including a maximum specific capacitance of 814 F/g at 1 A/g, significant rate capability of 42% capacitance retention at an ultrafast rate of 50 A/g, and outstanding... 

    2-D microflow generation on superhydrophilic nanoporous substrates using epoxy spots for pool boiling enhancement

    , Article International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer ; Volume 113 , April , 2020 Najafpour, S ; Moosavi, A ; Rad, S. V ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2020
    We conduct an experimental investigation on the pool boiling enhancement in DI water on nanoporous surfaces. The surfaces are modified by anodic oxidation, and cavities with 2 mm diameter and pitches between 2.5 and 5 mm applied on them using EDM method filled with a two-part epoxy with low thermal conductivity properties. The capillary wicking action of the superhydrophilic nanoporous oxide layer enhances the rewetting and spreading of the liquid to dry-spots during boiling. The epoxy disks remain wet and prevent merging bubbles during the pool boiling experiment and a 2-D microflow is induced toward dried regions with synergic effects of nanoporous surface absorption, create a considerable... 

    Uranium recovery from UCF liquid waste by nanoporous MCM-41: Breakthrough capacity and elution behavior studies

    , Article Research on Chemical Intermediates ; Volume 39, Issue 3 , 2013 , Pages 951-959 ; 09226168 (ISSN) Mousavi, S. M ; Tavakoli, H ; Samadfam, M ; Semnani, F ; Asadi, Z ; Sepehrian, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Adsorption and recovery of uranium by nanoporous MCM-41 from aqueous solutions (synthetic solution and uranium conversion facility liquid waste) were investigated by use of a fixed-bed column (1.2 cm diameter and 3.0 cm height). Adsorption was carried out at flow rates 0.2 and 0.5 mL min-1, which correspond to retention times of 10 and 6 min. The maximum breakthrough capacity for uranium ions was achieved by use of nanoporous MCM-41 at the optimum pH of 3.6 and flow rate 0.2 mL min-1 (61.95 μg g-1). The Thomas and Yan models were applied to the experimental data, by use of linear regression, to determine the characteristics of the column for process design. The breakthrough curves calculated... 

    Novel highly swelling nanoporous hydrogel based on polysaccharide/protein hybrid backbone

    , Article Journal of Polymer Research ; Volume 18, Issue 3 , 2011 , Pages 337-346 ; 10229760 (ISSN) Bardajee, G. R ; Pourjavadi, A ; Soleyman, R ; Sharif Unviersity of Technology
    Novel high capacity swelling nanoporous hydrogel (NPH) was synthesized via graft copolymerization of acrylamide (AAm) onto kappa-carrageenan (kC, as a polysaccharide) and gelatin (as a protein) hybrid backbone, after hydrolysis of this system. The Taguchi method as a strong experimental design tool was used for its optimized synthesis. The Taguchi method was applied for the experimental and standard 9 orthogonal array (OA) with four factors and three levels for each factor. A series of NPHs were synthesized by proposed conditions of Qualitek-4 Software. Considering the results of 9 trials according to analysis of variance (ANOVA), optimum conditions were proposed. The swelling behavior of... 

    Experimental assessment of convective heat transfer coefficient enhancement of nanofluids prepared from high surface area nanoporous graphene

    , Article International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer ; Volume 78 , 2016 , Pages 127-134 ; 07351933 (ISSN) Naghash, A. S ; Sattari, S ; Rashidi, A. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd 
    In this research convective heat transfer coefficient enhancement of nanofluids prepared from high surface area graphene has been investigated in laminar flow in the developing region. The nanofluid has been prepared from nanoporous graphene with high surface area and with concentration of 0.025 to 0.1 wt.%. Deionized water has been used as the base fluid and a type of Ter-Polymer has been utilized as the surfactant. The results indicate that thermal conductivity of nanofluid with concentration of 0.1 wt.% remains quite constant, with only 3.8% enhancement, while convective heat transfer coefficient improves significantly, with 34% enhancement. The behavior of this enhancement related to the... 

    Nanoporous CuS nano-hollow spheres as advanced material for high-performance supercapacitors

    , Article Applied Surface Science ; Volume 394 , 2017 , Pages 425-430 ; 01694332 (ISSN) Heydari, H ; Moosavifard, S. E ; Elyasi, S ; Shahraki, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2017
    Due to unique advantages, the development of high-performance supercapacitors has stimulated a great deal of scientific research over the past decade. The electrochemical performance of a supercapacitor is strongly affected by the surface and structural properties of its electrode materials. Herein, we report a facile synthesis of high-performance supercapacitor electrode material based on CuS nano-hollow spheres with nanoporous structures, large specific surface area (97 m2 g−1) and nanoscale shell thickness (<20 nm). This interesting electrode structure plays a key role in providing more active sites for electrochemical reactions, short ion and electron diffusion pathways and facilitated... 

    The effect of nanopores geometry on desalination of single-layer graphene-based membranes: A molecular dynamics study

    , Article Journal of Molecular Liquids ; Volume 339 , 2021 ; 01677322 (ISSN) Sarvestani, A. B ; Chogani, A ; Shariat, M ; Moosavi, A ; Kariminasab, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2021
    The water desalination process using nanoporous single-layer graphene membranes is simulated through classical molecular dynamics. The effect of nanopores shapes on the capacity of the membrane for filtration of water is investigated. According to the results, the geometry of the nanopores considerably affects the performance of the membrane and can completely change the water flow rate and salt rejection. The results reveal that the effective area of the nanopores plays a critical role and for a better understanding of the impact of this parameter, aspect ratio and the equal diameter of noncircular pores based on different methods such as equal area, equal perimeter, and hydraulic diameter... 

    Novel nano-porous hydrogel as a carrier matrix for oral delivery of tetracycline hydrochloride

    , Article Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects ; Volume 392, Issue 1 , December , 2011 , Pages 16-24 ; 09277757 (ISSN) Bardajee, G. R ; Pourjavadi, A ; Soleyman, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    A novel nano-porous hydrogel (NPH) was synthesized via graft copolymerization of sodium acrylate (Na-AA) and acrylamide (AAm) onto salep backbones and its application as a carrier matrix for oral delivery of tetracycline hydrochloride (TH) was investigated. The Taguchi method as a strong experimental design tool was used for synthesis optimization. The swelling behavior of optimum hydrogel was measured in various media. The hydrogel formation was confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and thermogravimetrical analysis (TGA). The study of the surface morphology of the hydrogels using SEM and AFM showed a nanoporous (average pore size: 180. nm) structure for the sample... 

    Studies on the recovery of uranium from nuclear industrial effluent using nanoporous silica adsorbent

    , Article International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology ; Volume 9, Issue 4 , October , 2012 , Pages 629-636 ; 17351472 (ISSN) Sepehrian, H ; Samadfam, M ; Asadi, Z ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer  2012
    In this paper, the sorption of uranium onto nanoporous silica adsorbent in the presence of nitrate, sulfate, chloride, fluoride and phosphate was studied. The effect of contact time between the nanoporous sorbent and aqueous solution, pH and initial concentration of uranium was also investigated. Uranium sorption onto nanoporous silica adsorbent is a very fast process as sorption rate increases with pH increment. Optimum pH for uranium sorption was 4-8. Experimental sorption isotherm is successfully described by Langmuir and Freundlich models. The results obtained by batch experiments showed that the presence of high concentration of nitrate, sulfate, chloride and phosphate anions alone had... 

    Photo-degradation of methelyne blue over V2O5- TiO2 nano-porous layers synthesized by micro arc oxidation

    , Article Catalysis Letters ; Volume 134, Issue 1-2 , 2010 , Pages 162-168 ; 1011372X (ISSN) Bayati, M. R ; Golestani Fard, F ; Zaker Moshfegh, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    V2O5-TiO2 porous layers were synthesized via micro-arc oxidation for the first time. The effect of the applied voltage on morphology, composition, and photo-activity of the layers was investigated. The layers, which consisted of anatase, rutile, and vanadium pentoxide phases, revealed an enhanced photo-activity. About 93% of methylene blue solution was degraded on the synthesized layers after 120 min UV-irradiation with a reaction rate constant of k = 0.0228 min-1. The band gap energies of the vanadia-titania and pure titania layers were calculated as 2.56 and 3.39 eV, respectively  

    Numerical simulation of salt water passing mechanism through nanoporous single-layer graphene membrane

    , Article Chemical Product and Process Modeling ; Volume 11, Issue 1 , 2016 , Pages 73-76 ; 21946159 (ISSN) Chogani, A ; Moosavi, A ; Rahiminejad, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Walter de Gruyter GmbH  2016
    In recent years carbon nanotubes and other carbon nanostructures such as graphene sheets have attracted a lot of attention due to their unique mechanical, thermal and electrical properties. These structures can be used in desalination of sea water, removal of hazardous substances from water tanks, gases separation, and so on. The nanoporous single layer graphene membranes are very efficient for desalinating water due to their very low thickness. In this method, water-flow thorough the membrane and salt rejection strongly depend on the applied pressure and size of nanopores that are created in graphene membrane. In this study, the mechanism of passing water and salt ions through nanoporous... 

    An ultrasensitive label free human papilloma virus DNA biosensor using gold nanotubes based on nanoporous polycarbonate in electrical alignment

    , Article Analytica Chimica Acta ; 2018 ; 00032670 (ISSN) Shariati, M ; Ghorbani, M ; Sasanpour, P ; Karimizefreh, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2018
    An impedimetric human papilloma virus (HPV) DNA biosensor based on gold nanotubes (AuNTs) in label free detection was materialized. The AuNTs decorated nanoporous polycarbonate (AuNTs-PC) template as biosensor electrode was fabricated by electrodeposition method. The single strand DNA (ss-DNA) probe was covalently immobilized onto the AuNTs-PC electrode. The hybridization of target sequences with the ss-DNA probe was observed by the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The biosensor showed high selectivity and could differentiate between the complementary, mismatch and non-complementary DNA sequences. The EIS measurements were matched to Randle's equivalent circuit. The... 

    A superabsorbent hydrogel network based on poly ((2-dimethylaminoethyl) methacrylate) and sodium alginate obtained by γ-radiation: Synthesis and characterization

    , Article Iranian Polymer Journal (English Edition) ; Volume 21, Issue 12 , 2012 , Pages 829-836 ; 10261265 (ISSN) Bardajee, G. R ; Hooshyar, Z ; Zehtabi, F ; Pourjavadi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this study, the synthesis and characterization of a novel nano-porous superabsorbent hydrogel with high water swelling capacity is described. A nano-porous hydrogel was prepared by employing (2-dimethylaminoethyl) methacrylate (PDMAEMA) as a pH sensitive monomer and sodium alginate (SA) as a water soluble polysaccharide under γ-ray irradiation. The polymerization reaction was performed at room temperature in the absence of chemically toxic crosslinking agent and initiators. The interactive parameters including biopolymer backbone concentration, monomer concentration and γ-irradiation dose were selected as major factors in the synthesis of superabsorbent and three levels for each factor... 

    A photocatalytic approach in micro arc oxidation of WO3-TiO 2 nano porous semiconductors under pulse current

    , Article Materials Chemistry and Physics ; Volume 128, Issue 3 , 2011 , Pages 427-432 ; 02540584 (ISSN) Bayati, M.R ; Golestani Fard, F ; Moshfegh, A. Z ; Molaei, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Since ultraviolet (UV) irradiation cannot be applied for a long time in practical applications, it is necessary to develop a narrow band gap photocatalyst to decompose environmental pollutants under visible irradiation. In this research, (WO3)x-(TiO2)1-x nano-porous layers were fabricated by micro arc oxidation (MAO) and influence of the electrical current type on their physical and chemical properties was investigated. Morphological studies, performed by SEM technique, revealed that pore size and roughness decreased with the frequency and increased with the duty cycle. The pulse-grown layers had a finer structure when compared to those fabricated under direct current. XRD and XPS results... 

    On the photocatalytic activity of the sulfur doped titania nano-porous films derived via micro-arc oxidation

    , Article Applied Catalysis A: General ; Volume 389, Issue 1-2 , 2010 , Pages 60-67 ; 0926860X (ISSN) Bayati, M. R ; Moshfegh, A. Z ; Golestani Fard, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Sulfur doped TiO2 layers containing nano/micro-sized pores were synthesized by micro-arc oxidation process. Effect of the applied voltage and the electrolyte composition on physical and chemical properties of the layers was investigated using SEM, AFM, XRD, XPS, and EDS techniques. A UV-vis spectrophotometer was also used to study optical properties of the layers. It was found that the doped layers were porous with a pore size of 40-170 nm. They consisted of anatase and rutile phases with varying fraction depending on the applied voltage and electrolyte concentration. Our XPS investigations revealed the existence of sulfur in the forms of S4+ and S6+ states which substituted Ti4+ in the... 

    Effect of electrical parameters on morphology, chemical composition, and photoactivity of the nano-porous titania layers synthesized by pulse-microarc oxidation

    , Article Electrochimica Acta ; Volume 55, Issue 8 , 2010 , Pages 2760-2766 ; 00134686 (ISSN) Bayati, M. R ; Moshfegh, A. Z ; Golestani Fard, F
    TiO2 layers were grown via pulse type microarc oxidation process under different applied voltages, frequencies, and duty cycles. Surface chemical composition and phase structure of the synthesized layers were studied utilizing X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Furthermore, scanning electron microscope (SEM) and atomic force microscope (AFM) were employed to investigate surface morphology and topography of the layers. It was revealed that the layers had a porous structure with both anatase and rutile phases. The anatase relative content in the layers increased with the applied frequency; meanwhile, it decreased with duty cycle at low applied voltages, but... 

    CdO/PSi/Si photo detector

    , Article International Journal of Nanotechnology ; Volume 6, Issue 10-11 , 2009 , Pages 997-1005 ; 14757435 (ISSN) Azarian, A ; Iraji zad, A ; Mahdavi, S. M ; Samadpoor, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    In spite of various works which were carried out on CdO and porous Si (PSi) separately, the interesting properties of CdO/PSi/Si system are not known well. In this work, we study the photoconductivity of deposited CdO layer on PSi/Si system. PS and CdO layers were prepared by electrochemical anodisation of p-type crystalline silicon and pulsed laser deposition (PLD) of cadmium oxide target. Then samples were annealed in air at 500°C to increase their optical transmissions to a value as large as 90% for wavelengths above 700 nm. The XRD study reveals that the annealed films are polycrystalline with grain size of about 25 nm. SEM micrograph of the CdO/PSi/Si system indicates that CdO layer has... 

    Visible photodecomposition of methylene blue over micro arc oxidized WO3-loaded TiO2 nano-porous layers

    , Article Applied Catalysis A: General ; Volume 382, Issue 2 , Jan , 2010 , Pages 322-331 ; 0926860X (ISSN) Bayati, M. R ; Golestani Fard, F ; Moshfegh, A. Z ; Sharif University of Technology
    WO3-TiO2 nano porous layers were synthesized by micro arc oxidation (MAO) process under different applied voltages in electrolytes containing sodium tungstate and phosphate salts with various concentrations. X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) techniques were employed to study phase structure and chemical composition of the layers. According to our data analysis, the nano porous layers consisted of anatase, rutile, and tungsten oxide phases with a varying fraction depending on the voltage and electrolyte concentration. Moreover, it was found that WO3 not only dispersed in the TiO2 matrix, but also doped into the TiO2...