Loading...
Search for: nanostructure
0.01 seconds
Total 737 records

    Flower-like boehmite nanostructure formation in two-steps

    , Article Journal of Coordination Chemistry ; Volume 67, Issue 3 , 1 February , 2014 , Pages 555-562 ; ISSN: 00958972 Zanganeh, N ; Zanganeh, S ; Rajabi, A ; Allahkarami, M ; Rahbari Ghahnavyeh, R ; Moghaddas, A ; Aieneravaie, M ; Asadizanjani, N ; Sadrnezhaad, S. K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Reaction between AlCl3 and TEA (triethanolamine) gave Al(OH)3 colloidal nanocrystals that were precursors to nucleation and growth of boehmite under hydrothermal conditions. Transition electron microscopic (TEM) observations revealed that flower-like nanostructures were produced through a binary self-assembly system. In the first stage, nanostrips organize themselves to form a bundle, because of NH4 + and TEA. In the second stage, the bundles form flower-like nanostructures due to the interaction of nitrate with TEA. The size of the nanopetals (length 100-200 nm; width 100-150 nm; and thickness 20-70 nm) was measured through TEM. X-ray diffraction and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET-N2) results... 

    Hybrid nanostructures in cancer therapy

    , Article Hybrid Nanostructures in Cancer Therapy ; 2012 , Pages 1-204 ; 9781621005179 (ISBN) Adeli, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Nova Science Pub  2012
    Abstract
    Nanotechnology has emerged as a key technology which has opened new vistas to find effective therapies for cancer. Nanomaterials are particularly promising candidates for early diagnosis of cancer cells. Several classes of nanomaterials, including dendritic and supramolecular polymers, carbon nanotubes, graphene and metal nanoparticles, have shown tremendous ability to recognize and destroy cancer cells in vivo. In this book, some of these novel systems and their potential applications in cancer therapy are reviewed  

    Hybrid nanostructures; Promising drug delivery systems

    , Article Hybrid Nanostructures in Cancer Therapy ; 2012 , Pages 1-24 ; 9781621005179 (ISBN) Adeli, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Nova Science Pub  2012

    Hydrogen sensing properties of pure and Pd activated WO3 nanostructured films

    , Article Synthesis and Reactivity in Inorganic, Metal-Organic and Nano-Metal Chemistry ; Volume 37, Issue 6 , 2007 , Pages 453-456 ; 15533174 (ISSN) Ghadiri, E ; Iraji zad, A ; Razi, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    2007
    Abstract
    Pure and Pd-doped WO3 Nanocrystalline tungsten oxide films on alumina substrates were prepared via sol-gel method from peroxopolytungstic acid. AFM, XRD, SEM, XPS methods were used to determine the surface morphology, grain size and layer composition. XRD analysis showed WO3 nanocrystalline particles in monoclinic phase and with average size of about 333nm, which was consistent with SEM analysis results. Sensing properties of samples toward H2 gas was studied. The sensitivity of WO3 nanocrystalline films was about 4 at 2300ppm (0.2%) H2 gas. Introducing Pd to the system led to an increase in the sensitivity about 2 orders of magnitude. The sensitivity of Pd: WO3 was about 400 at 2300ppmH2  

    Synthesis of Graphene Oxide and Study of its Fluorescence Properties

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Akbari, Ebrahim (Author) ; Akhavan, Omid (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Graphene oxide is a single sheet of Carbon atoms which has been arranged on a two-dimensional honeycomb lattice. Functional groups such as epoxy, carboxyl and carbonyl are located on basal plane and at the edges of graphene oxide and they localize electrons on the surface of graphene oxide and open band gap in its band structure. Pure graphene has zero band gap, so existence of fluorescence properties is unlikely; but graphene oxide has fluorescence properties due to band gap in its band structure. Fluorescence properties of graphene have been used in live cell imaging and drug delivery, so study and increasing of fluorescence properties is significantly important. The purpose of this... 

    Controlling the geometry of silver nanostructures for biological applications

    , Article Physics Procedia, Ancona ; Volume 40 , 2013 , Pages 76-83 ; 18753884 (ISSN) Ashkarran, A. A ; Estakhri, S ; Nezhad, M. R. H ; Eshghi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    Noble metals nanostructures, particularly silver, have attracted much attention in the fields of electronics, chemistry, physics, biology and medicine due to their unique properties which are strongly dependent on the size and shape of metal nanomaterials. This study discusses on silver nanostructures with different geometries including wire, cube, sphere and triangle prepared using solution-phase method and applied for antibacterial activities. X-ray diffraction (XRD), Ultra Violet Visible (UV-Vis) spectroscopy, Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS) and electron microscopy studies of different types of silver nanostructures revealed distinct optical and structural properties of an individual... 

    Simple solid state synthesis of nanostructured Ag6Mo10O33 and ni- substituted Ag6Mo10O33 polyoxometalates with photocatalytic characteristic

    , Article Iranian Journal of Materials Science and Engineering ; Volume 14, Issue 3 , 2017 , Pages 48-53 ; 17350808 (ISSN) Tadjarodi, A ; Imani, M ; Irajizad, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    In this work, we report the synthesis of silver decamolybdate, Ag6Mo10O33, nanostructure by a simple mechanochemical process followed by calcination treatment using acetamide as driving agent. Morphological study by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images revealed bundles of rods grown closely together with an average diameter of 92 nm for Ag6Mo10O33 sample. Ni-substituted Ag6Mo10O33 compound was prepared via introducing nickel cation to precursor system in mechanical milling step. The particle size decreased to 87 nm by incorporating nickel units in substituted polymolybdate. It was concluded that the suitable selection of reagents can direct solid phase reaction towards producing... 

    Nanocluster polyoxomolybdate supported on natural zeolite: A green and recyclable catalyst for epoxidation of alkenes

    , Article Journal of Coordination Chemistry ; Volume 70, Issue 13 , 2017 , Pages 2212-2223 ; 00958972 (ISSN) Bagherzadeh, M ; Hosseini, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Ltd  2017
    Abstract
    A heterogeneous catalyst for epoxidation of alkenes has been synthesized by introducing polyoxomolybdate into a natural zeolite as a solid and green support. The prepared catalyst was characterized by FT-IR, inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES), powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), N2 absorption–desorption, field emission scanning electron micrograph (FE-SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The catalytic investigations disclosed that nanocluster polyoxomolybdate supported on the surface is an active and recyclable catalyst in liquid phase alkene epoxidation in dichloroethane at 80 °C. © 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group  

    ZnS nanocrystals embedded in SiO2 matrix

    , Article Physica E: Low-Dimensional Systems and Nanostructures ; Volume 21, Issue 1 , 2004 , Pages 96-102 ; 13869477 (ISSN) Taghavinia, N ; Yao, T ; Sharif University of Technology
    2004
    Abstract
    Growing nanocrystals in a matrix is a way to have separate, non-agglomerated nanoparticles, which are surface passivated and stabilized against environmental attacks. To create nanocrystals of the desired size and properties in a matrix, it is required that the growth parameters are properly tuned. In this work, we study the growth parameters for ZnS nanocrystals in an SiO2 matrix. Samples were prepared by cosputtering of SiO 2 and ZnS on a silica substrate, followed by annealing at different temperatures. Two categories of samples with low-content ZnS (4 mol%) and high-content ZnS (15 mol%) were examined. In the low-content samples, ZnS nanocrystals are not formed below 900°C annealing... 

    Nanoscale vibrational analysis of an embedded multi-layered graphene sheet

    , Article Proceedings of the 7th Biennial Conference on Engineering Systems Design and Analysis - 2004, Manchester, 19 July 2004 through 22 July 2004 ; Volume 3 , 2004 , Pages 569-572 ; 0791841731 (ISBN); 9780791841730 (ISBN) Behfar, K ; Vafai, A ; Naghdabadi, R ; Estekanchi, H. E ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Society of Mechanical Engineers  2004
    Abstract
    In this paper, nanoscale vibrational analysis of a multi-layered graphene sheet embedded in an elastic medium is investigated and the corresponding resonant modes and frequencies are determined. It is known that the elastic moduli of a graphene sheet in two orientations x, y are different, so the graphene sheet is assumed to be a general form of an orthotropic plate. The orthotropic sheets stacking at the top of each other bond with carbon-carbon van der Waals forces, also the whole multi-layered graphene sheet is influenced by polymer-carbon van der Waals forces from the surrounding elastic medium  

    Improving CNT distribution and mechanical properties of MWCNT reinforced alumina matrix

    , Article Materials Science and Engineering A ; Vol. 617 , 2014 , pp. 110-114 ; ISSN: 09215093 Ghobadi, H ; Nemati, A ; Ebadzadeh, T ; Sadeghian, Z ; Barzegar-Bafrooei, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    In this work, an attempt was made to improve the distribution of CNTs in CNT/alumina nanocomposites. The composite powders containing 1 and 3vol% of CNTs were produced and calcined at 500°C for 2h. Surface coating with boehmite nanoparticles was used to improve CNT distribution in alumina matrix. Calcined powders were shaped into compacted samples by cold isostatic pressing at 180MPa and sintered at 1600°C for 2h in flowing gas atmosphere (95%Ar+5%H2). Phase analysis of the calcined composite powders showed complete transformation of boehmite into gamma-alumina. The maximum flexural strength was 465±31MPa corresponding to addition of 1vol% CNTs. Evaluating the fracture toughness via DCM... 

    Design of a slit-groove coupler for unidirectional excitation of the guided surface plasmon polaritons through a plasmonic slot waveguide

    , Article Plasmonics ; Volume 12, Issue 1 , 2017 , Pages 131-138 ; 15571955 (ISSN) Eftekharinia, B ; Moshaii, A ; Dabirian, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer New York LLC  2017
    Abstract
    In this paper, a plasmonic-photonic nanostructure has been introduced for efficient unidirectional coupling of free-space radiation to surface plasmon polariton (SPP) waves under normal illumination on a subwavelength slit. The structure consists of a conventional metallic slit-groove nanostructure integrated with a plasmonic waveguide to support SPP waves along the desired direction with a remarkable lateral confinement. The unidirectional coupling is achieved by using an integrated plasmonic distributed reflector designed under Bragg condition. This reflector basically distributes part of the light coupled through the slit into the SPP modes of the waveguide. Numerical simulations show... 

    Enhanced CO sensitivity and selectivity of gold nanoparticles-doped SnO2 sensor in presence of propane and methane

    , Article Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical ; Volume 133, Issue 1 , 26 July , 2008 , Pages 352-356 ; 09254005 (ISSN) Bahrami, B ; Khodadadi, A ; Kazemeini, M ; Mortazavi, Y ; Sharif University of Technology
    2008
    Abstract
    We report the effect of gold nanoparticles on the sensitivity and selectivity of SnO2-based sensors for detection of CO in the presence of methane and C3H8, a model compound representing liquid petroleum gas (LPG). 1.0 wt% Au/SnO2 powder was prepared by a co-precipitation method. The powder formed was washed, dried at 150 °C, and calcined at 300 °C for 3 h. The BET surface area of SnO2 and Au/SnO2 was measured to be 210 and 110 m2/g, corresponding to 4 and 7.5 nm loose spherical particles, respectively. Responses of the Au/SnO2 and SnO2 sensors to 40-1000 ppm CO, 0.2-1.0% C3H8 and 1.0-3.0% CH4 were studied at 170-300 °C in an automated gas sensing system. In this temperature range, the... 

    Effect of size and geometry of gold nanostructures in performance of laser-based hyperthermia: A multiscale- multiphysics modelling

    , Article 3rd International Symposium on Optics and its Applications, 1 October 2015 through 5 October 2015 ; Volume 673, Issue 1 , 2016 ; 17426588 (ISSN) Samadinia, H ; Razaghi, M. R ; Hormozi Nezhad, M ; Rafii Tabar, H ; Sasanpour, P ; Abdus Salam International Center for Theoretical Physics; et al.; International Society for Optics and Photonics (SPIE); Optical Society (OSA); Russian-Armenian (Slavonic) University; TeraTech Laboratory (BMSTU) ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Physics Publishing 
    Abstract
    The importance of hyperthermia as a promising method in disruption and removal of cancerous cells is well understood. One of the effective options of concentration of heat within a specific tissue is using laser and exploiting absorption properties of metallic nanostructures. In this report, the geometrical effect of gold nanostructures in the performance of laser based hyperthermia has been analyzed. The analysis is based on the consideration of absorption properties of gold nanostructures, interaction of laser light with a specific tissue containing nanostructures and the effect of generated heat on elevation of temperature inside the tissue. The analysis is performed using Mie theory (for... 

    Noble metal nanoparticles in biosensors: Recent studies and applications

    , Article Nanotechnology Reviews ; Volume 6, Issue 3 , 2017 , Pages 301-329 ; 21919089 (ISSN) Malekzad, H ; Sahandi Zangabad, P ; Mirshekari, H ; Karimi, M ; Hamblin, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Walter de Gruyter GmbH  2017
    Abstract
    The aim of this review is to cover advances in noble metal nanoparticle (MNP)-based biosensors and to outline the principles and main functions of MNPs in different classes of biosensors according to the transduction methods employed. The important biorecognition elements are enzymes, antibodies, aptamers, DNA sequences, and whole cells. The main readouts are electrochemical (amperometric and voltametric), optical (surface plasmon resonance, colorimetric, chemiluminescence, photoelectrochemical, etc.) and piezoelectric. MNPs have received attention for applications in biosensing due to their fascinating properties. These properties include a large surface area that enhances biorecognizers... 

    Recent progress in inorganic and composite coatings with bactericidal capability for orthopaedic applications [electronic resource]

    , Article Nanomedicine-nanotechnology Biology and Medicine - NaoMed- NanoTechnol- Biol Med ; 2011, Vol. 7, No. 1, PP. 22-39 Simchi, A. (Abdolreza) ; Tamjid, E ; Pishbin, F ; Boccaccini, A. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    This review covers the most recent developments of inorganic and organic-inorganic composite coatings for orthopedic implants, providing the interface with living tissue and with potential for drug delivery to combat infections. Conventional systemic delivery of drugs is an inefficient procedure that may cause toxicity and may require a patient's hospitalization for monitoring. Local delivery of antibiotics and other bioactive molecules maximizes their effect where they are required, reduces potential systemic toxicity and increases timeliness and cost efficiency. In addition, local delivery has broad applications in combating infection-related diseases. Polymeric coatings may present some... 

    High-temperature deformation and structural restoration of a nanostructured Al alloy [electronic resource]

    , Article Journal of Scripta Materialia (Pergamon) ; June 2012, Volume 66, Issue 11, Pages 911–914 Asgharzadeh, H ; Simchi, A. (Abdolreza) ; Kim, H. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    We studied the flow stress and microstructural changes of nanostructured Al-6063 alloy produced by mechanical alloying at various temperatures and strain rates. The analysis of flow curves was performed by a constitutive equation, and the stress exponent and activation energy were determined as functions of strain. The deformation mechanisms were elaborated through microstructural observations by electron backscattering diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. Coarsening of the subgrains and grain growth upon deformation was monitored and related to the Zener–Hollomon parameter  

    Microstructural development and mechanical properties of nanostructured copper reinforced with SiC nanoparticles [electronic resource]

    , Article Journal of Materials Science and Engineering: A (Elsevier) ; 15 April 2013, Volume 568, Pages 33–39 Akbarpour, M. R ; Salahi, E ; Hesari, F. A ; Yoon, E.Y ; Kim, H.S ; Simchi, A. (Abdolreza) ; Sharif University of Technnology
    Abstract
    Nanostructured Cu and Cu-2 vol% SiC nanocomposite were produced by high energy mechanical milling and hot pressing technique. Microstructure development during fabrication process was investigated by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscope, scanning transmission electron microscope, and electron backscatter diffraction techniques. The results showed that the microstructure of copper and copper-based nanocomposite composed of a mixture of equiaxed nanograins with bimodal and non-random misorientation distribution. The presence of SiC nanoparticles refined the grain structure of the copper matrix while the fraction of low angle grain boundaries was increased. Evaluation of mechanical... 

    Microstructural features, texture and strengthening mechanisms of nanostructured Al6063 alloy processed by powder metallurgy [electronic resource]

    , Article Journal of Materials Science and Engineering: A ; 15 May 2011, Volume 528, Issue 12, Pages 3981–3989 Asgharzadeh, H ; Simchi, A. (Abdolreza) ; Kim, H. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Nanostructured AA6063 (NS-Al) powder with an average grain size of ∼100 nm was synthesized by high-energy attrition milling of gas-atomized AA6063 powder followed by hot extrusion. The microstructural features of the consolidated specimen were studied by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) techniques and compared with those of coarse-grained AA6063 (CG-Al) produced by hot powder extrusion of gas-atomized powder (without using mechanical milling). The consolidated NS-Al alloy consisted of elongated ultrafine grains (aspect ratio of ∼2.9) and equiaxed nanostructured grains. A high fraction (∼78%) of high-angle grain boundaries with average... 

    Phase formation during sintering of nanocrystalline zirconia/stainless steel functionally graded composite layers [electronic resource]

    , Article Journal of Materials Letters ; 15 February 2011, Volume 65, Issue 3, Pages 523–526 Dourandish, M ; Simchi, A. (Abdolreza) ; Hokamoto, K ; Tanaka, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Microstructural development and phase formation at the interface of yttria stabilized zirconia (3Y-TZP)/430L stainless steel composite layers produced by co-sintering method were studied by SEM, HRTEM, micro-focus XRD, and EPMA. Formation of a rich chromium boundary layer at the interface was noticed, which revealed Cr aggregation at the interface at the elevated temperatures. Misfit dislocations were also observed at the joint interface to tackle the mismatch crystallographic orientations between the ceramic and metal layer. The results of the micro-focus XRD showed formation of no new phases at the boundary zone. Microstructural studies also revealed a retarded grain growth in the...