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    Combinational therapy of lithium and human neural stem cells in rat spinal cord contusion model

    , Article Journal of Cellular Physiology ; Volume 234, Issue 11 , 2019 , Pages 20742-20754 ; 00219541 (ISSN) Mohammadshirazi, A ; Sadrosadat, H ; Jaberi, R ; Zareikheirabadi, M ; Mirsadeghi, S ; Naghdabadi, Z ; Ghaneezabadi, M ; Fardmanesh, M ; Baharvand, H ; Kiani, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Wiley-Liss Inc  2019
    Abstract
    A large number of treatment approaches have been used for spinal cord injury improvement, a medically incurable disorder, and subsequently stem cell transplantation appears to be a promising strategy. The main objective of this study is to ascertain whether combinational therapy of human neural stem cells (hNSCs) together with lithium chloride improves cell survival, proliferation, and differentiation in a rat spinal contusion model, or not. Contusive spinal cord injury was implemented on Wistar male rats. Experimental groups comprised of: control, hNSCs transplanted, lithium chloride (Li), and hNSCs and lithium chloride (hNSCs + Li). In every experimental group, locomotor activity score and... 

    Accelerated differentiation of neural stem cells into neurons on ginseng-reduced graphene oxide sheets

    , Article Carbon ; Volume 66 , January , 2014 , Pages 395-406 Akhavan, O ; Ghaderi, E ; Abouei, E ; Hatamie, S ; Ghasemi, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Asian red ginseng was used for green reduction of chemically exfoliated graphene oxide (GO) into reduced graphene oxide (rGO). The reduction level and electrical conductivity of the ginseng-rGO sheets were comparable to those of hydrazine-rGO ones. Reduction by ginseng resulted in repairing the sp 2 graphitic structure of the rGO, while hydrazine-rGO showed more defects and/or smaller aromatic domains. The ginseng-rGO sheets presented a better stability against aggregation than the hydrazine-rGO ones in an aqueous suspension. Whilst the hydrophobic hydrazine-rGO films exhibited no toxicity against human neural stem cells (hNSCs), the hydrophilic GO and ginseng-rGO films (as more... 

    Fabricating Graphene Paper and Determining Its Electrical and Mechanical Properties and Using It for Proliferation and Differentiation of Neural Stem Cells

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Akbar Shirazian, Soheil (Author) ; Akhavan, Omid (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Nowadays, tissue engineering and stem cells-based therapies have outlined a promising prospect in neural networks regeneration. But it usually requires biocompatible and conductive scaffolds for culturing neural stem cells and directing their differentiation toward the neurons. Graphene due to its unique physical and chemical properties has attracted much interest in tissue engineering. For this purpose, in this study biocompatible graphene oxide foams have been used for neural stem cell culturing. For the first time, graphene oxide foam were fabricated by precipitation of chemically exfoliated graphene oxide sheets in an aqueous suspension onto the PET substrate at ~80 oC under UV... 

    The use of graphene in the self-organized differentiation of human neural stem cells into neurons under pulsed laser stimulation

    , Article Journal of Materials Chemistry B ; Vol. 2, Issue. 34 , 2014 , Pages 5602-5611 ; ISSN: 20507518 Akhavan, O ; Ghaderi, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    An effective and self-organized differentiation of human neural stem cells (hNSCs) into neurons was developed by the pulsed laser stimulation of the cells on graphene films (prepared by drop-casting a GO suspension onto quartz substrates). The effects of graphene oxide (GO) and hydrazine-reduced graphene oxide (rGO) sheets on the proliferation of hNSCs were examined. The higher proliferation of the cells on the GO was assigned to its better hydrophilicity. On the other hand, the rGO sheets, which have significantly better electrical conductivity than GO, exhibited more differentiation of the cells into neurons. The pulsed laser stimulation not only resulted in an accelerated differentiation... 

    Differentiation of human neural stem cells into neural networks on graphene nanogrids

    , Article Journal of Materials Chemistry B ; Volume 1, Issue 45 , 2013 , Pages 6291-6301 ; 20507518 (ISSN) Akhavan, O ; Ghaderi, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    Graphene nanogrids (crossed graphene nanoribbons synthesized by the oxidative unzipping of multi-walled carbon nanotubes) on a SiO2 matrix containing TiO2 nanoparticles (NPs) were applied as a photocatalytic stimulator in the accelerated differentiation of human neural stem cells (hNSCs) into two-dimensional neural networks. The hydrophilic graphene nanogrids exhibited patterned proliferations of hNSCs (consistent with patterns of the nanogrids), in contrast with the usual random growths occurring on quartz substrates. The number of cell nuclei differentiated on reduced graphene oxide nanoribbon (rGONR) grid/TiO2 NPs/SiO2 increased ∼5.9 and 26.8 fold compared to the number of cells on quartz... 

    Parallel in-vitro and in-vivo techniques for optimizing cellular microenvironments by implementing biochemical, biomechanical and electromagnetic stimulations

    , Article Proceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS ; 2012 , Pages 1397-1400 ; 1557170X (ISSN) ; 9781424441198 (ISBN) Shamloo, A ; Heibatollahi, M ; Ghafar Zadeh, E
    2012
    Abstract
    Development of novel engineering techniques that can promote new clinical treatments requires implementing multidisciplinary in-vitro and in-vivo approaches. In this study, we have implemented microfluidic devices and in-vivorat model to study the mechanism of neural stem cell migration and differentiation.These studies can result in the treatment of damages to the neuronal system. In this research, we have shown that by applying appropriate ranges of biochemical and biomechanical factors as well as by exposing the cells to electromagnetic fields, it is possible to improve viability, proliferation, directional migration and differentiation of neural stem cells. The results of this study can... 

    Graphene scaffolds in progressive nanotechnology/stem cell-based tissue engineering of the nervous system

    , Article Journal of Materials Chemistry B ; Volume 4, Issue 19 , 2016 , Pages 3169-3190 ; 20507518 (ISSN) Akhavan, O ; Sharif University of Technology
    Royal Society of Chemistry  2016
    Abstract
    Although graphene/stem cell-based tissue engineering has recently emerged and has promisingly and progressively been utilized for developing one of the most effective regenerative nanomedicines, it suffers from low differentiation efficiency, low hybridization after transplantation and lack of appropriate scaffolds required in implantations without any degrading in functionality of the cells. In fact, recent studies have demonstrated that the unique properties of graphene can successfully resolve all of these challenges. Among various stem cells, neural stem cells (NSCs) and their neural differentiation on graphene have attracted a lot of interest, because graphene-based neuronal tissue... 

    Microfluidic systems for stem cell-based neural tissue engineering

    , Article Lab on a Chip - Miniaturisation for Chemistry and Biology ; Volume 16, Issue 14 , 2016 , Pages 2551-2571 ; 14730197 (ISSN) Karimi, M ; Bahrami, S ; Mirshekari, H ; Moosavi Basri, S. M ; Bakhshian Nik, A ; Aref, A. R ; Akbari, M ; Hamblin, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Royal Society of Chemistry  2016
    Abstract
    Neural tissue engineering aims at developing novel approaches for the treatment of diseases of the nervous system, by providing a permissive environment for the growth and differentiation of neural cells. Three-dimensional (3D) cell culture systems provide a closer biomimetic environment, and promote better cell differentiation and improved cell function, than could be achieved by conventional two-dimensional (2D) culture systems. With the recent advances in the discovery and introduction of different types of stem cells for tissue engineering, microfluidic platforms have provided an improved microenvironment for the 3D-culture of stem cells. Microfluidic systems can provide more precise... 

    Flash photo stimulation of human neural stem cells on graphene/TiO 2 heterojunction for differentiation into neurons

    , Article Nanoscale ; Volume 5, Issue 21 , 2013 , Pages 10316-10326 ; 20403364 (ISSN) Akhavan, O ; Ghaderi, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    For the application of human neural stem cells (hNSCs) in neural regeneration and brain repair, it is necessary to stimulate hNSC differentiation towards neurons rather than glia. Due to the unique properties of graphene in stem cell differentiation, here we introduce reduced graphene oxide (rGO)/TiO2 heterojunction film as a biocompatible flash photo stimulator for effective differentiation of hNSCs into neurons. Using the stimulation, the number of cell nuclei on rGO/TiO2 increased by a factor of ∼1.5, while on GO/TiO2 and TiO2 it increased only ∼48 and 24%, respectively. Moreover, under optimum conditions of flash photo stimulation (10 mW cm-2 flash intensity and 15.0 mM ascorbic acid in... 

    Directional migration and differentiation of neural stem cells within three-dimensional microenvironments

    , Article Integrative Biology (United Kingdom) ; Volume 7, Issue 3 , Jan , 2015 , Pages 335-344 ; 17579694 (ISSN) Shamloo, A ; Heibatollahi, M ; Mofrad, M. R. K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Royal Society of Chemistry  2015
    Abstract
    Harnessing neural stem cells to repair neuronal damage is a promising potential treatment for neuronal diseases. To enable future therapeutic efficacy, the survival, proliferation, migration and differentiation of neural stem/progenitor cells (NPCs) should be accurately studied and optimized in in vitro platforms before transplanting these cells into the body for treatment purposes. Such studies can determine the appropriate quantities of the biochemical and biomechanical factors needed to control and optimize NPC behavior in vivo. In this study, NPCs were cultured within a microfluidic device while being encapsulated within the collagen matrix. The migration and differentiation of NPCs were... 

    Near infrared laser stimulation of human neural stem cells into neurons on graphene nanomesh semiconductors

    , Article Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces ; Volume 126 , 2015 , Pages 313-321 ; 09277765 (ISSN) Akhavan, O ; Ghaderi, E ; Shirazian, S. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Reduced graphene oxide nanomeshes (rGONMs), as p-type semiconductors with band-gap energy of ~1. eV, were developed and applied in near infrared (NIR) laser stimulation of human neural stem cells (hNSCs) into neurons. The biocompatibility of the rGONMs in growth of hNSCs was found similar to that of the graphene oxide (GO) sheets. Proliferation of the hNSCs on the GONMs was assigned to the excess oxygen functional groups formed on edge defects of the GONMs, resulting in superhydrophilicity of the surface. Under NIR laser stimulation, the graphene layers (especially the rGONMs) exhibited significant cell differentiations, including more elongations of the cells and higher differentiation of... 

    Bioinspired nanofiber scaffold for differentiating bone marrow-derived neural stem cells to oligodendrocyte-like cells: Design, fabrication, and characterization

    , Article International Journal of Nanomedicine ; Volume 15 , 2020 , Pages 3903-3920 Boroojeni, F. R ; Mashayekhan, S ; Abbaszadeh, H. A ; Ansarizadeh, M ; Khoramgah, M. S ; Rahimi Movaghar, V ; Sharif University of Technology
    Dove Medical Press Ltd  2020
    Abstract
    Background: Researchers are trying to study the mechanism of neural stem cells (NSCs) differentiation to oligodendrocyte-like cells (OLCs) as well as to enhance the selective differentiation of NSCs to oligodendrocytes. However, the limitation in nerve tissue acces-sibility to isolate the NSCs as well as their differentiation toward oligodendrocytes is still challenging. Purpose: In the present study, a hybrid polycaprolactone (PCL)-gelatin nanofiber scaffold mimicking the native extracellular matrix and axon morphology to direct the differentiation of bone marrow-derived NSCs to OLCs was introduced. Materials and Methods: In order to achieve a sustained release of T3, this factor was... 

    Controlling differentiation of stem cells for developing personalized organ-on-chip platforms

    , Article Advanced Healthcare Materials ; Volume 7, Issue 2 , 2018 ; 21922640 (ISSN) Geraili, A ; Jafari, P ; Sheikh Hassani, M ; Heidary Araghi, B ; Mohammadi, M. H ; Ghafari, A. M ; Hassanpour Tamrin, S ; Pezeshgi Modarres, H ; Rezaei Kolahchi, A ; Ahadian, S ; Sanati Nezhad, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Wiley-VCH Verlag  2018
    Abstract
    Organ-on-chip (OOC) platforms have attracted attentions of pharmaceutical companies as powerful tools for screening of existing drugs and development of new drug candidates. OOCs have primarily used human cell lines or primary cells to develop biomimetic tissue models. However, the ability of human stem cells in unlimited self-renewal and differentiation into multiple lineages has made them attractive for OOCs. The microfluidic technology has enabled precise control of stem cell differentiation using soluble factors, biophysical cues, and electromagnetic signals. This study discusses different tissue- and organ-on-chip platforms (i.e., skin, brain, blood–brain barrier, bone marrow, heart,...