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    Microfluidic-based multi-organ platforms for drug discovery

    , Article Micromachines ; Volume 7, Issue 9 , 2016 ; 2072666X (ISSN) Rezaei Kolahchi, A ; Khadem Mohtaram, N ; Pezeshgi Modarres, H ; Mohammadi, M. H ; Geraili, A ; Jafari, P ; Akbari, M ; Sanati Nezhad, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    MDPI AG 
    Development of predictive multi-organ models before implementing costly clinical trials is central for screening the toxicity, efficacy, and side effects of new therapeutic agents. Despite significant efforts that have been recently made to develop biomimetic in vitro tissue models, the clinical application of such platforms is still far from reality. Recent advances in physiologically-based pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic (PBPK-PD) modeling, micro- and nanotechnology, and in silico modeling have enabled single- and multi-organ platforms for investigation of new chemical agents and tissue-tissue interactions. This review provides an overview of the principles of designing...