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    Electrocatalytic oxidation of methane at nickel hydroxide modified nickel electrode in alkaline solution

    , Article Electrochemistry Communications ; Volume 5, Issue 2 , 2003 , Pages 184-188 ; 13882481 (ISSN) Jafarian, M ; Mahjani, M. G ; Heli, H ; Gobal, F ; Heydarpoor, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Inc  2003
    Abstract
    Nickel hydroxide modified nickel electrodes prepared by cycling the potential of a nickel electrode in alkaline solution exhibited electrocatalytic activity for the oxidation of methane in alkaline media. In the presence of methane the oxidation peak current of nickel hydroxide increases while that of the reverse process decreases. This is attributed to the mediation of nickel species, probably β-NiOOH phase, in the process of electrocatalysis. The mechanism of methane oxidation has also been discussed in terms of the formations of intermediates normally encountered in small organics electro-oxidation. It has also been suggested that in the further oxidation of the intermediates, ions in the... 

    In-situ electrochemical exfoliation of Highly Oriented Pyrolytic Graphite as a new substrate for electrodeposition of flower like nickel hydroxide: Application as a new high-performance supercapacitor

    , Article Electrochimica Acta ; Volume 206 , 2016 , Pages 317-327 ; 00134686 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Mohammadi, R ; Amini, M. K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2016
    Abstract
    Demand for more efficient energy storage devices stimulates efforts to search and develop new materials and composites with promising properties. In this regard, composite materials, including carbonaceous materials and metal oxides have attracted a great attention due to better electrochemical performance as compared to their single material analogues. For the first time, herein, we report a new and simple procedure for preparing porous highly oriented pyrolytic graphite/nickel hydroxide composite (P-HOPG/Ni(OH)2) via a fast and simple two-step electrochemical method including potentiostatic routes. In the first step, a low anodic potential (2 V) was applied to pristine HOPG in 0.5 M H2SO4... 

    Chemically Modified Electrode Based on Carbon Nanostructures and Metal Nanoparticles: Preparation, Characterization and Application in Determination of the Pharmaceutical and Biological Compounds and Oxygen Reduction at Soft Interfaces Catalyzed by in Situ Generated Reduced Graphene Oxide

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Rastgar Kafshgarkolaei, Shokoufeh (Author) ; Shahrokhian, Saeed (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In the first part, the preparation of metallic, bi-metallic (alloy or mixtures) and metallic oxide nanoparticles on the substrate of carbon nanostructures (carbon nanotube and graphene based nanosheets) has been performed using chemical and electrochemical procedures. Then, the prepared nanostructures were characterized by electron microscopy, spectroscopy and electrochemical techniques. Finally, the nanofilms have been evaluated for sensing applications as a modifier on the electrode surface for accurate determination of trace amounts of some important pharmaceutical and biological compounds. In the first work, multi-walled carbon nanotubes decorated with Fe3O4 nanoparticles... 

    Nickel hydroxide nanoparticles-reduced graphene oxide nanosheets film: Layer-by-layer electrochemical preparation, characterization and rifampicin sensory application

    , Article Talanta ; Vol. 119 , 2014 , pp. 156-163 ; ISSN: 00399140 Rastgar, S ; Shahrokhian, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Electrochemical deposition, as a well-controlled synthesis procedure, has been used for subsequently layer-by-layer preparation of nickel hydroxide nanoparticle-reduced graphene oxide nanosheets (Ni(OH)2-RGO) on a graphene oxide (GO) film pre-cast on a glassy carbon electrode surface. The surface morphology and nature of the nano-hybrid film (Ni(OH)2-RGO) was thoroughly characterized by scanning electron and atomic force microscopy, spectroscopy and electrochemical techniques. The modified electrode appeared as an effective electro-catalytic model for analysis of rifampicin (RIF) by using linear sweep voltammetry (LSV). The prepared modified electrode exhibited a distinctly higher activity... 

    Kinetic studies of glucose electrocatalytic oxidation on GC/Ni electrode

    , Article International Journal of Chemical Kinetics ; Volume 44, Issue 11 , 2012 , Pages 712-721 ; 05388066 (ISSN) Danaee, I ; Jafarian, M ; Forouzandeh, F ; Gobal, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    2012
    Abstract
    Nickel-modified glassy carbon electrode (GC/Ni) prepared by galvanostatic deposition was used for the electrocatalytic oxidation of glucose in alkaline solutions where different electrochemical methods were employed. In cyclic voltammetry studies, in the presence of glucose an increase in the peak current of the oxidation of nickel hydroxide is followed by a decrease in the corresponding cathodic current. This suggests that the oxidation of glucose is being catalyzed through mediated electron transfer across the nickel hydroxide layer comprising nickel ions of various valence states. Under the chronoamperometric regime, the reaction followed a Cottrellian behavior and the diffusion... 

    Electrooxidation of methanol on NiMn alloy modified graphite electrode

    , Article Electrochimica Acta ; Volume 55, Issue 6 , 2010 , Pages 2093-2100 ; 00134686 (ISSN) Danaee, I ; Jafarian, M ; Mirzapoor, A ; Gobal, F ; Mahjani, M. G ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Nickel and nickel-manganese alloy modified graphite electrodes (G/Ni and G/NiMn) prepared by galvanostatic deposition were examined for their redox process and electrocatalytic activities towards the oxidation of methanol in alkaline solutions. The methods of cyclic voltammetery (CV), chronoamperometry (CA) and impedance spectroscopy (EIS) were employed. In CV studies, in the presence of methanol NiMn alloy modified electrode shows a significantly higher response for methanol oxidation. The peak current of the oxidation of nickel hydroxide increase is followed by a decrease in the corresponding cathodic current in presence of methanol. The anodic peak currents show linear dependency upon the... 

    Electrocatalytic oxidation of glucose on Ni and NiCu alloy modified glassy carbon electrode

    , Article Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry ; Volume 13, Issue 8 , 2009 , Pages 1171-1179 ; 14328488 (ISSN) Jafarian, M ; Forouzandeh, F ; Danaee, I ; Gobal, F ; Mahjani, M. G ; Sharif University of Technology
    2009
    Abstract
    Nickel and nickel-copper alloy modified glassy carbon electrodes (GC/Ni and GC/NiCu) prepared by galvanostatic deposition were examined for their redox processes and electro-catalytic activities towards the oxidation of glucose in alkaline solutions. The methods of cyclic voltammetry (CV) and chronoamperometry (CA) were employed. The cyclic voltammogram of NiCu alloy demonstrates the formation of β/β crystallographic forms of the nickel oxyhydroxide under prolonged repetitive potential cycling in alkaline solution. It is also observed that the overpotential for O 2 evolution increases for NiCu alloy modified electrode. In CV studies, NiCu alloy modified electrode yields significantly higher... 

    Electrocatalytic oxidation of methanol on Ni and NiCu alloy modified glassy carbon electrode

    , Article International Journal of Hydrogen Energy ; Volume 33, Issue 16 , August , 2008 , Pages 4367-4376 ; 03603199 (ISSN) Danaee, I ; Jafarian, M ; Forouzandeh, F ; Gobal, F ; Mahjani, M. G ; Sharif University of Technology
    2008
    Abstract
    Nickel and nickel-copper alloy modified glassy carbon electrodes (GC/Ni and GC/NiCu) prepared by galvanostatic deposition were examined for their redox process and electrocatalytic activities towards the oxidation of methanol in alkaline solutions. The methods of cyclic voltammetery (CV) and chronoamperometry (CA) were employed. The cyclic voltammogram of NiCu alloy demonstrates the formation of β/β crystallographic forms of the nickel oxyhydroxide under prolonged repetitive potential cycling in alkaline solution. In CV studies, in the presence of methanol NiCu alloy modified electrode shows a significantly higher response for methanol oxidation. The peak current of the oxidation of nickel...