Search for: nitrogen-monoxide
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    Control of Blood Flow by Endothelial-Secreted Biochemicals NO, Ca2+ and Growth Factor VEGF: Numerical Simulation Using Lattice Boltzmann-Finite Difference Hybrid

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Asghanian, Alireza (Author) ; Firoozabadi, Bahar (Supervisor)
    Endothelial cells that cover the inner wall of blood cells and are sensitive to receiving mechanical signals play important role in regulating many vital activities of the human body especially the function of the cardiovascular system. One of the factors affecting the mechanical functions of these cells is the shear stress applied to them. Due to blood velocity increasing or decreasing the endothelial cells shear stress change and leads to some chemical reactions and finally releasing biochemical substances including Nitrogen-Monoxide and Calcium-ion. Nitrogen-Monoxide produced by endothelial cells by affecting the smooth muscle cells in the vessel wall causes dilating of the vessel wall,... 

    DFT study of nitrogen monoxide adsorption and dissociation on Rh[sbnd]Cu nano clusters

    , Article Journal of Alloys and Compounds ; Volume 695 , 2017 , Pages 1924-1929 ; 09258388 (ISSN) Arab, A ; Nahali, M ; Gobal, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Adsorption and dissociation of NO on RhxCu4-x(x = 0–4) nano clusters were investigated using density functional theory. Adsorption energy, total charge on NO, NO bond length, and NO vibrational frequency for various modes of NO adsorption were analyzed. Adsorption from the nitrogen end of NO on the Rh atom(s) of the clusters are more favored and adsorption energies are in the −1.02 eV to −2.59 eV range. NO binds stronger to Rh-Cu mixed clusters compared to pure Cu4 cluster, so N[sbnd]O bond is significantly weakened upon adsorption on the former. NO binding to more atoms of the clusters results in a corresponding decrease of the N[sbnd]O vibrational frequency. Dissociation of NO was also... 

    Exergy, economic, and environmental analysis of a PEM fuel cell power system to meet electrical and thermal energy needs of residential buildings

    , Article Journal of Fuel Cell Science and Technology ; Volume 9, Issue 5 , 2012 ; 1550624X (ISSN) Ashari, G. R ; Ehyaei, M. A ; Mozafari, A ; Atabi, F ; Hajidavalloo, E ; Shalbaf, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    ASME  2012
    In this paper, a Polymer Electrolyte Membrane (PEM) fuel cell power system including burner, steam reformer, heat exchanger, and water heater has been considered. A PEM fuel cell system is designed to meet the electrical, domestic hot water, heating, and cooling loads of a residential building located in Tehran. Operating conditions of the system with consideration of the electricity cost has been studied. The cost includes social cost of the environmental pollutants (e.g. CO 2, CO and NO). The results show that the maximum energy needs of the building can be met by 12 fuel cell stacks with nominal capacity of 8.5 kW. Annual average electricity cost of thissystem is equal to 0.39 US$/kWh and... 

    Theoretical study of nitrogen monoxide adsorption on small Six (x = 3-5) clusters

    , Article Molecular Physics ; Volume 109, Issue 2 , 2011 , Pages 229-237 ; 00268976 (ISSN) Nahali, M ; Gobal, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Theoretical study of nitrogen monoxide adsorption on small Six (x = 3-5) clusters has been carried out using the advanced hybrid meta-density functional method of Truhlar (MPW1B95). MG3 semi-diffuse basis sets were employed to improve the results. The geometry, adsorption energy, natural bond orbital charge, natural population analysis (NPA)-derived spin density and vibrational frequency of NO adsorption on all optimized nanoclusters were investigated. Also using the NPA, we have investigated the change of bond orders through adsorption. It has been found that NO is capable of making n-centre bonds (n = 1-4) from the nitrogen side but bonds to one site from the oxygen end. In the later case...