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    Fluid–structure interaction simulation of a cerebral aneurysm: effects of endovascular coiling treatment and aneurysm wall thickening

    , Article Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials ; Volume 74 , 2017 , Pages 72-83 ; 17516161 (ISSN) Shamloo, A ; Nejad, M. A ; Saeedi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    In the present study, we investigate the effect of the hemodynamic factors of the blood flow on the cerebral aneurysms. To this end, a hypothetical geometry of the aneurysm in the circle of Willis, located in the bifurcation point of the anterior cerebral artery (ACA) and anterior communicating artery (ACoA) is modeled in a three-dimensional manner. Three cases are chosen in the current study: an untreated thin wall (first case), untreated thick wall (second case), and a treated aneurysm (third case). The effect of increasing the aneurysm wall thickness on the deformation and stress distribution of the walls are studied. The obtained results showed that in the second case, a reduction in the... 

    The pulsatile flow of Oldroyd-B fluid in a multi-stenosis artery with a time-dependent wall

    , Article Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science ; Volume 224, Issue 4 , 2010 , Pages 915-923 ; 09544062 (ISSN) Javadzadegan, A ; Fakhimghanbarzadeh, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    In this study, the fundamental problem of unsteady blood flow in a tube with multi-stenosis is studied. An appropriate shape of the time-dependent multi-stenosis which is overlapping in the realm of formation of arterial narrowing is constructed mathematically. Blood is considered as a viscoelastic fluid characterized by the Oldroyd-B model. For the numerical solution of the problem, which is described by a coupled, non-linear system of partial differential equations (PDEs), with appropriate boundary conditions, the finite difference scheme is adopted. The solution is obtained by the development of an efficient numerical methodology based on the predictor-corrector method. The effects of... 

    Pulsatile flow of viscous and viscoelastic fluids in constricted tubes

    , Article Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology ; Volume 23, Issue 9 , 2009 , Pages 2456-2467 ; 1738494X (ISSN) Javadzadegan, A ; Esmaeili, M ; Majidi, S ; Fakhimghanbarzadeh, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    2009
    Abstract
    The unsteady flow of blood through stenosed artery, driven by an oscillatory pressure gradient, is studied. An appropriate shape of the time-dependent stenoses which are overlapped in the realm of the formation of arterial narrowing is constructed mathematically. A msathematical model is developed by treating blood as a non-Newtonian fluid characterized by the Oldroyd-B and Cross models. A numerical scheme has been used to solve the unsteady nonlinear Navier-stokes equations in cylindrical coordinate system governing flow, assuming axial symmetry under laminar flow condition so that the problem effectively becomes two-dimensional. Finite difference technique was used to investigate the...