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    Numerical Investigation of Geometrical and Material Parameters Effect on Inflation and Deflation of oil well Inflatable Packers

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Eftekhari, Ahmad (Author) ; Arghavani Hadi, Jamal (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Inflatable packers have a great value in downhole operations due to their unique ability to expand to several times their initial diameter. These type of packers have a sealing element. This element is constructed of thin overlapped sheet metal ribs which are surrounding an inner tube. These overlapped ribs protect inner tube against the extrusion. The outer surface of this element covered by a layer of rubber. The outer elastomeric cover seals the annulus of the casing and isolates the zones in the well. In this study, some of the geometrical and material parameters effects on inflation and deflation of inflatable packers are investigated by numerical method. At first, for this purpose, the... 

    Study of the VAPEX process in fractured physical systems using different solvent mixtures

    , Article Oil and Gas Science and Technology ; Volume 63, Issue 2 , 2008 , Pages 219-227 ; 12944475 (ISSN) Azin, R ; Kharrat, R ; Vossoughi, S ; Ghotbi, C ; Sharif University of Technology
    2008
    Abstract
    In this work, the vapour extraction (VAPEX) process is studied experimentally in a rectangular physical model at moderate-high pressure. The solvent was either pure propane or a mixture of propane/ methane with different compositions. The solvent and carrier gas were totally mixed before injection, so that a solvent with the desired composition flowed through the injector during experiments, and the solvent mixture was in thermodynamic equilibrium before injection into VAPEX cell. Effects of pressure and composition of solvent were studied. Results showed that at a fixed pressure, the process is more effective with pure solvent compared to the use of solvent mixtures. The main feature of... 

    A mixed integer-programming model for periodic routing of special vessels in offshore oil industry

    , Article International Journal of Industrial Engineering : Theory Applications and Practice ; Volume 22, Issue 5 , 2015 , Pages 524-548 ; 10724761 (ISSN) Jahromi Eshraghniaye, A ; Yazdeli Roohollah, I ; Sharif University of Technology
    University of Cincinnati  2015
    Abstract
    In order to maintain the production of offshore oil wells, the National Iranian Oil Company periodically services facilities and equipment located in oil wellheads with mobile wellhead servants. It also gives technical supports to oil wellheads and mobile wellhead servants with supporter vessels. Due to supply limitations, there are not enough special vessels (namely supporter vessels and mobile wellhead servants) compared to the number of oil wellheads. The failure of special vessels to service oil wellheads and supporter vessels to technically support mobile wellhead servants based on a predetermined plan, will lead to considerable loss in production performance of oil wells and hence... 

    Experimental and simulation studies of the effect of vertical permeability barriers on oil recovery efficiency during solvent injection processes

    , Article Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization and Environmental Effects ; Vol. 33, issue. 20 , Nov , 2009 , p. 1889-1900 ; ISSN: 15567036 Dehghan, A. A ; Farzaneh, S. A ; Kharrat, R ; Ghazanfari, M. H ; Masihi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Almost all of the heavy oil reservoirs contain discontinuous permeability barriers (shales) with different structures. However, the effect of shaly layer geometrical characteristics including: spacing from wells, discontinuity, orientation, shaly layers' spacing and length, and heterogeneous distribution on oil recovery factor in the presence of gravity force are not well understood. In this work, a series of solvent injection experiments were conducted on various vertical one-quarter five-spot glass micromodels, containing barriers, which were initially saturated with a heavy oil sample. The oil recovery was measured by analysis of the pictures provided continuously during the injection... 

    Experimental investigation of microscopic/macroscopic efficiency of polymer flooding in fractured heavy oil five-spot systems

    , Article Journal of Energy Resources Technology, Transactions of the ASME ; Volume 135, Issue 3 , 2013 ; 01950738 (ISSN) Sedaghat, M. H ; Ghazanfari, M. H ; Parvazdavani, M ; Morshedi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    This paper concerns on experimental investigation of biopolymer/polymer flooding in fractured five-spot systems. In this study, a series of polymer injection processes were performed on five-spot glass type micromodels saturated with heavy crude oil. Seven fractured glass type micromodels were used to illustrate the effects of polymer type/concentration on oil recovery efficiency in presence of fractures with different geometrical properties (i.e., fractures orientation, length and number of fractures). Four synthetic polymers as well as a biopolymer at different levels of concentration were tested. Also a micromodel constituted from dead-end pores with various geometrical properties was... 

    Investigating the effect of heterogeneity on infill wells

    , Article Journal of Petroleum Exploration and Production Technology ; Volume 6, Issue 3 , 2016 , Pages 451-463 ; 21900558 (ISSN) Bagheri, M ; Masihi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Verlag  2016
    Abstract
    In recent years, improving oil recovery (IOR) has become an important subject for the petroleum industry. One IOR method is infill drilling, which improves hydrocarbon recovery from virgin zones of the reservoir. Determining the appropriate location for the infill wells is very challenging and greatly depends on different factors such as the reservoir heterogeneity. This study aims to investigate the effect of reservoir heterogeneity on the location of infill well. In order to characterize the effect of heterogeneity on infill well locations, some geostatistical methods, e.g., sequential gaussian simulation, have been applied to generate various heterogeneity models. In particular, different... 

    Numerical Study of Sand Production in Oil Extracting Wells

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Abbasi, Babak (Author) ; Pak, Ali (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Sand production in petroleum industry is a phenomenon of solid particles being produced together with reservoir fluid. This phenomenon is costing industry billions of dollars every year. Corrosion of the pipelines and other instruments, sand-oil separation cost, possible wellbore choke and repeated shut-in and clean-up of the wellbore are some of examples of the costs. On the other hand, a controlled sanding or even sand production invocation has proved to be very effective in increasing production rate, especially in heavy oil recovery, asphalt wells and low PI wells. Discovering the best sand controlling procedure in oil extracting wells, parameters that have the most important effects on... 

    Monitoring the influence of dispersed nano-particles on oil-water relative permeability hysteresis

    , Article Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering ; Vol. 124, issue , December , 2014 , p. 222-231 ; ISSN: 09204105 Parvazdavani, M ; Masihi, M ; Ghazanfari, M. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    In recent years, polysilicon nanoparticles are used to enhance the oil recovery through the water injection process in oilfields. The contributing mechanisms are the reduction of interfacial tension and wettability alteration which lead to improving or decreasing the oil phase relative permeability and can be traced by change of relative permeability curves. However, profound understanding of the effect of dispersed nano-silica particles on the hysteretic behavior of relative permeability curves remains a controversy topic in the literature.The current study illustrates the influence of dispersed silica particles on hysteretic trend of two-phase curves of oil-water relative permeability.... 

    Experimental investigation of asp flooding in fractured heavy oil five-spot systems

    , Article 74th European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers Conference and Exhibition 2012 Incorporating SPE EUROPEC 2012: Responsibly Securing Natural Resources, 4 June 2012 through 7 June 2012 ; 2012 , Pages 3924-3928 ; 9781629937908 (ISBN) Sedaghat, M. H ; Ghazanfari, M. H ; Masihi, M ; Rashtchian, D ; Sharif University of Technology
    European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers, EAGE  2012
    Abstract
    Although alkaline-surfactant-polymer flooding is proved to be efficient for oil recovery from heavy oil reservoirs, the displacements mechanism/efficiency of this process in fractured systems needs to more discussion, especially in five-spot patterns. In this work, several ASP flooding test were performed on fractured micromodels which were initially saturated with heavy oil at constant flow rate and different fracture geometrical characteristics conditions. The ASP solutions are constituted from 5 polymers i.e. four synthetic polymers include three hydrolyzed polyacrylamide with different molecular weight as well as a non-hydrolyzed polyacrylamide and a biopolymer, 2 surfactants i.e. a... 

    Experimental investigation of water alternating CH4-CO2 mixture gas injection to light oil reservoirs

    , Article 74th European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers Conference and Exhibition 2012 Incorporating SPE EUROPEC 2012: Responsibly Securing Natural Resources, 4 June 2012 through 7 June 2012 ; June , 2012 , Pages 3919-3923 ; 9781629937908 (ISBN) Ghazanfari, M. H. G. H ; Alizadeh, A
    European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers, EAGE  2012
    Abstract
    In this work effect of composition changes of injection gas, CH4 + CO2, on the performance of immiscible WAG injection in light oil, 41 oAPI, which has been rarely attended in the available literature is investigated. Presence of CO2 helps to reduce the MMP of CH4 significantly. Core flood experiments are conducted at reservoir conditions and fixed flow rate of 0.5cc/min on a sandstone sample with the brine concentration of 5000 ppm, and the influence of injection gas composition as well as WAG ratio on oil recovery is investigated. Different mole percents of methane in mixture, 0%, to 100% are examined, and the tests continued to ten alternate cycles with a slug size of 0.1 pore volumes and... 

    A rigorous approach to predict nitrogen-crude oil minimum miscibility pressure of pure and nitrogen mixtures

    , Article Fluid Phase Equilibria ; Volume 399 , 2015 , Pages 30-39 ; 03783812 (ISSN) Fathinasab, M ; Ayatollahi, S ; Hemmati Sarapardeh, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2015
    Abstract
    Nitrogen has been appeared as a competitive gas injection alternative for gas-based enhanced oil recovery (EOR) processes. Minimum miscibility pressure (MMP) is the most important parameter to successfully design N2 flooding, which is traditionally measured through time consuming, expensive and cumbersome experiments. In this communication, genetic programming (GP) and constrained multivariable search methods have been combined to create a simple correlation for accurate determination of the MMP of N2-crude oil, based on the explicit functionality of reservoir temperature as well as thermodynamic properties of crude oil and injection gas. The parameters of the developed... 

    Estimation of underground interwell connectivity: A data-driven technology

    , Article Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers ; Volume 116 , 2020 , Pages 144-152 Jafari Dastgerdi, E ; Shabani, A ; Zivar, D ; Jahangiri, H. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers  2020
    Abstract
    Water injection into petroleum reservoirs is widely performed around the world for enhancing oil recovery. Understanding the underground fluid path is an important factor in improving reservoir performance under waterflooding operation. This may be used to optimize subsequent oil recovery by changing injection patterns, assignment of well priorities in operations, recompletion of wells, targeting infill drilling, and reduce the need for expensive surveillance activities. Most of the hydrocarbon reservoirs are equipped with sensors that measure the flow rate, pressure, and temperature in the wellbores continuously. Valuable and useful information about the interwell connections can be... 

    A reactive transport approach for modeling scale formation and deposition in water injection wells

    , Article Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering ; Volume 190 , 2020 Shabani, A ; Sisakhti, H ; Sheikhi, S ; Barzegar, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2020
    Abstract
    Petroleum industry is moving toward enhancing oil recovery methods, especially water-based methods, including low salinity and smart water flooding which water with an optimized composition is injected into the reservoir for improving oil recovery. Injection of water into the target formation is also a common operation in geothermal energy production. As the water is being injected into the reservoir, pressure and temperature change along the well column and cause scale formation. Mineral scale precipitation and deposition is a common problem for water injection wells which reduces the effective radius of the wellbore and affects the injection efficiency. In this paper, modeling scale... 

    A review on impacts of drilling mud disposal on environment and underground water resources in south of Iran

    , Article Proceedings of the SPE/IADC Middle East Drilling Technology Conference and Exhibition, 26 October 2009 through 28 October 2009 ; 2009 , Pages 447-454 ; 9781615677450 (ISBN) Bakhshian, S ; Dashtian, H ; Paiaman Mirzai, A ; Al Anazi, B. D ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    In drilling oil wells a system of complex fluids and chemical additives is used. Losses of these fluids in the well during drilling or disposal of them in well site could transfer pollutants to groundwater. In the present study a number of well sites, located in South of Iran, were studied to indicate types and magnitude of various pollutant materials that remain in the environment undestroyed and have considerable impacts on the underground water resources. Hydrocarbons used in Oil Base Muds (OBM) that can't be biodegrade readily in nature found to be the most severe pollutant material caused by disposal of Drilling Mud and Cuttings. Volume of drilling waste for these oil wells evaluated to... 

    Design of a Barge Equipped with Turbojet for oil well Fire Extinguishing

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Heidari Aliabadi , Mojtaba (Author) ; Abbaspour Tehrani fard, Majid (Supervisor) ; Mehdigholi, Hamid (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this thesis, the use of jet-engine for oil well fire fighting which is a latest in kind is described and analyzed. For this purpose, more familiarization with this system and some knowledge’s such as hydrodynamics characteristic of nominated area, traditional ways of fire fighting in region, different types of jet engines available type of offshore vessels, type of flame and their characteristic are required, which after studying and analyzing above fields in details, the use of turbojet motors and barge has been chosen for the case to obtain optimum specification os this turbojet motors and required dimensions of barge Some information about oil well shuch as, fluid output, speed rate... 

    Acidizing Operation Design for Oil Fields by Use of Neural Network Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Masoumi, Abdolkhalegh (Author) ; Goodarznia, Iraj (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    The acidizing operations have significant impact on productivity and production of oil and gas wells, so that wells having shell or regional damage are good candidates for well stimulation operations which could result in significant increase for efficiency or injectivity. Generally, the neural networks are nonlinear learning mathematical systems. In this project consists, At first, wellhead data of acidizing operation are collected in two Gachsaran oil field (38 wells) and Nar and Kangan gas field (35 wells). Generally, the neural networks are nonlinear learning mathematical systems. In the neural Network by using two algorithms, back propagation algorithm and Quick Propagation algorithm... 

    Reuse of Abandoned Oil Wells Using a Geothermal-Based Hybrid ORC Unit/Thermoelectric Generator: Energy,Exergy, Thermo-economic Analyses and Multi-criteria Optimisation

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ali Ahmadi, Mohammad (Author) ; Moosavi, Ali (Supervisor) ; Sadr Hosseini, Hani (Co-Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this thesis, three novel geothermal-based ORC systems are proposed to enhance efficiency and to recover the waste heat recovery. The proposed systems are modeled based on basic ORC system (concept 1), ORC system with internal heat exchanger (concept 2), and regenerative ORC system (concept 3). Accordingly, two thermoelectric generators are introduced into the systems to exploit the waste heat of the system. For this purpose, the condenser is replaced by a TEG unit, while the other TEG unit is employed to recover the waste heat of the reinjected geothermal fluid. A comprehensive numerical investigation is conducted to compare the proposed systems from thermodynamic and thermo-economic... 

    A study of enhanced heavy oil recovery by two well cyclical steam assisted gravity drainage (TWC-SAGD) in conventional and fractured reservoirs

    , Article Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization and Environmental Effects ; Vol. 36, issue. 10 , Dec , 2014 , pp. 1065-1076 ; ISSN: 15567036 Ghoodjani, E ; Bolouri, S. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Steam-assisted gravity drainage is one of the most promising strategies to develop huge heavy oil and bitumen accumulations. Like the other thermal processes, this method aims at reducing oil viscosity by increasing the temperature. But in an economical point of view, it requires a great volume of steam for injection. Moreover, early breakthrough of steam and high steam-oil ratio makes it uneconomical, especially in long production time. In this study, a new method, two wells cyclical steam-assisted gravity drainage is compared with a conventional steam-assisted gravity drainage process. Well configuration in two wells cyclical steam-assisted gravity drainage is the same as the... 

    Percolation-based effective permeability estimation in real heterogeneous porous media

    , Article 15th European Conference on the Mathematics of Oil Recovery, 29 August 2016 through 1 September 2016 ; 2016 ; 9462821933 (ISBN); 9789462821934 (ISBN) Masihi, M ; Gago, P ; King, P ; DCSE; Schlumberger; Shell ; Sharif University of Technology
    European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers 
    Abstract
    It has long been understood that flow behavior in heterogeneous porous media is largely controlled by the continuity of permeability contrasts. With this in mind, we are looking in new methods for a fast estimation of the effective permeability which concentrates on the properties of the percolating cluster. From percolation concepts we use a threshold permeability value (Kth) by which the gridblocks with the highest permeability values connect two opposite side of the system in the direction of the flow. Those methods can be applied to heterogeneous media of a range of permeabilities distribution and various underlying structures. We use power law relations and weighted power averages that... 

    Effect of connectivity misrepresentation on accuracy of upscaled models in oil recovery by CO2 injection

    , Article Greenhouse Gases: Science and Technology ; Volume 6, Issue 3 , 2016 , Pages 339-351 ; 21523878 (ISSN) Ganjeh Ghazvini, M ; Masihi, M ; Baghalha, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Blackwell Publishing Ltd  2016
    Abstract
    An upscaling method such as renormalization converts a detailed geological model to a coarse one. Although flow equations can be solved faster on a coarse model, its results have more errors. Numerical dispersion, heterogeneity loss, and connectivity misrepresentation are the factors responsible for errors. Connectivity has a great effect on the fluid distribution and leakage pathways in EOR processes or CO2 storage. This paper deals with the description and quantification of connectivity misrepresentation in the upscaling process. For detection of high-flow regions, the flow equations are solved under simplified single-phase conditions. These regions are recognized as the cells whose fluxes...