Search for: partial-least-squares-regression
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    Comparative study of partial least squares and multivariate curve resolution for simultaneous spectrophotometric determination of pharmaceuticals in environmental samples

    , Article RSC Advances ; Volume 5, Issue 86 , Aug , 2015 , Pages 70017-70024 ; 20462069 (ISSN) Parastar, H ; Shaye, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Royal Society of Chemistry  2015
    The potentials of partial least squares regression (PLSR) and multivariate curve resolution alternating least squares (MCR-ALS) are evaluated for the simultaneous determination of diclofenac (DCF), naproxen (NAP), mefenamic acid (MEF) and carbamazepine (CBZ) as target analytes and gemfibrozil (GEM) as an interference in synthetic and real environmental samples. The analysis of first-order UV-Vis spectra is performed using PLSR with different variable selection methods, which include variable importance in projection (VIP), recursive weighted partial least squares (rPLS), regression coefficient (RV) and uninformative variable elimination (UVE), and using MCR-ALS with correlation constraint... 

    Using nano-QSAR to determine the most responsible factor(s) in gold nanoparticle exocytosis

    , Article RSC Advances ; Volume 5, Issue 70 , 2015 , Pages 57030-57037 ; 20462069 (ISSN) Bigdeli, A ; Hormozi Nezhad, M. R ; Parastar, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Royal Society of Chemistry  2015
    There are, to date, few general answers to fundamental questions related to the interactions of nanoparticles (NPs) with living cells. Studies reported in the literature have delivered only limited principles about the nano-bio interface and thus the biological behavior of NPs is yet far from being completely understood. Combining computational tools with experimental approaches in this regard helps to precisely probe the nano-bio interface and allows the development of predictive and descriptive relationships between the structure and the activity of nanomaterials. In the present contribution, a nano-quantitative structure-activity relationship (nano-QSAR) model has been statistically... 

    QSAR analysis of platelet-derived growth inhibitors using GA-ANN and shuffling crossvalidation

    , Article QSAR and Combinatorial Science ; Volume 27, Issue 6 , 2008 , Pages 750-757 ; 1611020X (ISSN) Jalali Heravi, M ; Asadollahi Baboli, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Quantitative Structure - Activity Relationship (QSAR) models for the inhibition action of some 1-phenylbenzimidazoles on platelet-derived growth are constructed using Genetic Algorithm and Artificial Neural Network (GA-ANN) method. The statistical parameters of R2 and root-mean-square error are 0.82 and 0.21, respectively using this method. These parameters show a considerable improvement compared to the stepwise multiple linear regression combined with ANN (stepwise MLR-ANN). Ten-fold shuffling crossvalidations are carried out to select the most important descriptors. Five descriptors of index of Balaban (J), average molecular weight (AMW), 3D-Wiener index (W3D), mean atomic van der Waals... 

    Comparison of near-infrared (NIR) and mid-infrared (MIR) spectroscopy based on chemometrics for saffron authentication and adulteration detection

    , Article Food Chemistry ; Volume 344 , 2021 ; 03088146 (ISSN) Amirvaresi, A ; Nikounezhad, N ; Amirahmadi, M ; Daraei, B ; Parastar, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2021
    In this work, the potential of near-infrared (NIR) and mid-infrared (MIR) spectroscopy along with chemometrics was investigated for authentication and adulteration detection of Iranian saffron samples. First, authentication of one-hundred saffron samples was examined by principal component analysis (PCA). The results showed the NIR spectroscopy can better predict the origin of samples than the MIR. Next, partial least squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) was developed to detect four common plant-derived adulterants (i.e., saffron style, calendula, safflower, and rubia). In all cases, PLS-DA classification figures of merit in terms of sensitivity, specificity, error rate and accuracy were... 

    Gas chromatographic fingerprint analysis of secondary metabolites of Stachys lanata (Stachys byzantine C. Koch) combined with antioxidant activity modelling using multivariate chemometric methods

    , Article Journal of Chromatography A ; Volume 1602 , 2019 , Pages 432-440 ; 00219673 (ISSN) Aminfar, P ; Abtahi, M ; Parastar, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2019
    S. lanata has been traditionally used as a medicinal plant due to its various biological activities such as antioxidant activity. Therefore, identification and quality control studies of this plant are of great importance. To this end, gas chromatography (GC) combined with chemometrics was proposed for fingerprint analysis of S. lanata samples. This study sought to classify GC fingerprints of twenty-eight S. lanata samples from eight different regions of Iran and more importantly, to correlate fingerprints to the antioxidant activity to select S. lanata volatile antioxidant markers. S. lanata samples were classified into five and three classes using partial least squares-discriminant... 

    Detection of addition of barley to coffee using near infrared spectroscopy and chemometric techniques

    , Article Talanta ; Volume 99 , 2012 , Pages 175-179 ; 00399140 (ISSN) Ebrahimi Najafabadi, H ; Leardi, R ; Oliveri, P ; Chiara Casolino, M ; Jalali Heravi, M ; Lanteri, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2012
    The current study presents an application of near infrared spectroscopy for identification and quantification of the fraudulent addition of barley in roasted and ground coffee samples. Nine different types of coffee including pure Arabica, Robusta and mixtures of them at different roasting degrees were blended with four types of barley. The blending degrees were between 2 and 20 wt% of barley. D-optimal design was applied to select 100 and 30 experiments to be used as calibration and test set, respectively. Partial least squares regression (PLS) was employed to build the models aimed at predicting the amounts of barley in coffee samples. In order to obtain simplified models, taking into... 

    Advantage of applying OSC to 1H NMR-based metabonomic data of celiac disease

    , Article International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; Volume 10, Issue 3 , 2012 , Pages 548-552 ; 1726913X (ISSN) Rezaei Tavirani, M ; Fathi, F ; Darvizeh, F ; Zali, M. R ; Nejad, M. R ; Rostami, K ; Tafazzoli, M ; oskouie, A. A ; Mortazavi Tabatabaei, S. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Background: Celiac disease (CD) is a disorder associated with body reaction to gluten. After the gluten intake, an immune reaction against the protein occurs and damages villi of small intestine in celiac patients gradually. Objectives: The OSC, a filtering method for minimization of inter- and intra-spectrom-eter variations that influence on data acquisition, was applied to biofluid NMR data of CD patients. Patients and Methods: In this study, metabolites of total 56 serum samples from 12 CD patients, 15 CD patients taking gluten-free diet (GFD), and 29 healthy cases were analyzed using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and associated theoretical analysis. Employ-ing ProMetab (version... 

    MVC app: A smartphone application for performing chemometric methods

    , Article Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems ; Volume 147 , October , 2015 , Pages 105-110 ; 01697439 (ISSN) Parastar, H ; Shaye, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2015
    In this work, a novel smartphone application entitled ". MVC app" is developed to perform different multivariate calibration methods. This app is designed for chemists who are not expert in programming or in advanced statistics. The developed application can use any Android-powered device as an environment for running. It is an easy to use app which can simply install in your smartphone and play. Different multivariate calibration methods, such as multiple linear regression (MLR), principal component regression (PCR) and partial least squares (PLS) are included in this app. As an instance, for performing PLS modeling, first calibration and validation data sets are imported (via USB or... 

    Qquantitative structure - retention relationship study of a variety of compounds in reversed-phase liquid chromatography: A PLS-MLR-STANN approach

    , Article QSAR and Combinatorial Science ; Volume 27, Issue 2 , 2008 , Pages 137-146 ; 1611020X (ISSN) Jalali Heravi, M ; Garkani Nejad, Z ; Kyani, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    A quantitative structure-retention relationships model has been developed to study the retention behavior of 87 aliphatic and aromatic compounds in Reversed-Phase Liquid Chromatography (RPLC) on five bonded-phase columns differing in silanol group acidity. Six numerical descriptors of Molecular Mass (M), partial charge of the most negative atom (NPCH), partial charge of the most positive hydrogen (PCHH), van der Waals volume (VOLUME), Dipole Moment (DIMO), and Highest Occupied Molecular Orbital (HOMO) have been calculated for each compound. A separate Multiple Linear Regression (MLR) model has been developed using the six descriptors for each column. Partial Least Square (PLS) combined with... 

    Nondestructive nitrogen content estimation in tomato plant leaves by Vis-NIR hyperspectral imaging and regression data models

    , Article Applied Optics ; Volume 60, Issue 30 , 2021 , Pages 9560-9569 ; 1559128X (ISSN) Pourdarbani, R ; Sabzi, S ; Rohban, M. H ; García Mateos, G ; Arribas, J. I ; Sharif University of Technology
    The Optical Society  2021
    The present study aims to estimate nitrogen (N) content in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) plant leaves using optimal hyperspectral imaging data by means of computational intelligence [artificial neural networks and the differential evolution algorithm (ANN-DE), partial least squares regression (PLSR), and convolutional neural network (CNN) regression] to detect potential plant stress to nutrients at early stages. First, pots containing control and treated tomato plants were prepared; three treatments (categories or classes) consisted in the application of an overdose of 30%, 60%, and 90% nitrogen fertilizer, called N-30%, N-60%, N-90%, respectively. Tomato plant leaves were then randomly... 

    Multi-response optimization followed by multivariate calibration for simultaneous determination of carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in environmental samples using gold nanoparticles

    , Article RSC Advances ; Volume 6, Issue 106 , 2016 , Pages 104254-104264 ; 20462069 (ISSN) Rezaiyan, M ; Parastar, H ; Hormozi Nezhad, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Royal Society of Chemistry 
    In this study, a multivariate-based strategy was developed for simultaneous determination of thirteen carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in water samples using gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) as solid-phase extraction (SPE) sorbent combined with gas chromatography (GC). The extraction technique is based on the strong affinity between citrate-capped AuNPs and PAHs. Furthermore, characterization of AuNPs was performed by UV-vis spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) techniques. A rotatable central composite design (CCD) combined with multiple linear regression (MLR) was used for designing the extraction procedure and developing models using the GC peak areas of 13... 

    Quality assessment of gasoline using comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography combined with unfolded partial least squares: A reliable approach for the detection of gasoline adulteration

    , Article Journal of Separation Science ; Volume 39, Issue 2 , 2016 , Pages 367-374 ; 16159306 (ISSN) Parastar, H ; Mostafapour, S ; Azimi, G ; Sharif University of Technology
    Wiley-VCH Verlag 
    Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography and flame ionization detection combined with unfolded-partial least squares is proposed as a simple, fast and reliable method to assess the quality of gasoline and to detect its potential adulterants. The data for the calibration set are first baseline corrected using a two-dimensional asymmetric least squares algorithm. The number of significant partial least squares components to build the model is determined using the minimum value of root-mean square error of leave-one out cross validation, which was 4. In this regard, blends of gasoline with kerosene, white spirit and paint thinner as frequently used adulterants are used to make... 

    QSAR modeling of 1-(3,3-diphenylpropyl)-piperidinyl amides as CCR5 modulators using multivariate adaptive regression spline and bayesian regularized genetic neural networks

    , Article QSAR and Combinatorial Science ; Volume 28, Issue 9 , 2009 , Pages 946-958 ; 1611020X (ISSN) Jalali Heravi, M ; Mani Varnosfaderani, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    This study deals with developing a quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) model for describing and predicting the inhibition activity of 1-(3,3-diphenylpropyl)-piperidinyl derivatives as CCR5 modulators. Applying the multiple linear regressions (MLR) and its inability in predicting the inhibition behavior showed that the interaction has no linear characteristics. To assess the nonlinear characteristics of the inhibition activity artificial neural networks (ANN) was used for data modeling. In order to select the variables needed for developing ANNs, three variable selection algorithms were used: Stepwise-MLR, genetic algorithm-partial least squares (GA-PLS), and Bayesian... 

    Simultaneous detection and identification of thiometon, phosalone, and prothioconazole pesticides using a nanoplasmonic sensor array

    , Article Food and Chemical Toxicology ; Volume 151 , 2021 ; 02786915 (ISSN) Koushkestani, M ; Abbasi Moayed, S ; Ghasemi, F ; Mahdavi, V ; Hormozi Nezhad, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2021
    In this work, a colorimetric sensor array has been designed for the identification and discrimination of thiometon (TM) and phosalone (PS) as organophosphate pesticides and prothioconazole (PC) as a triazole pesticide. For this purpose, two different plasmonic nanoparticles including unmodified gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) and unmodified silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were used as sensing elements. The principle of the proposed strategy relied on the aggregation AuNPs and AgNPs through the cross-reactive interaction between the target pesticides and plasmonic nanoparticles. Therefore, these aggregation-induced UV–Vis spectra changes were utilized to discriminate the target pesticides with the... 

    Providing Multicolor Plasmonic Patterns with Au@Ag Core-Shell Nanostructures for Visual Discrimination of Biogenic Amines

    , Article ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces ; Volume 13, Issue 17 , 2021 , Pages 20865-20874 ; 19448244 (ISSN) Orouji, A ; Ghasemi, F ; Bigdeli, A ; Hormozi Nezhad, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Chemical Society  2021
    Biogenic amines (BAs) are known as substantial indicators of the quality and safety of food. Developing rapid and visual detection methods capable of simultaneously monitoring BAs is highly desired due to their harmful effects on human health. In the present study, we have designed a multicolor sensor array consisting of two types of gold nanostructures (i.e., gold nanorods (AuNRs) and gold nanospheres (AuNSs)) for the discrimination and determination of critical BAs (i.e., spermine (SM), tryptamine (TT), ethylenediamine (EA), tyramine (TR), spermidine (SD), and histamine (HT)). The design principle of the probe was based on the metallization of silver ions on the surface of AuNRs and AuNSs... 

    Radial basis function-artificial neural network (RBF-ANN) for simultaneous fluorescent determination of cysteine enantiomers in mixtures

    , Article Spectrochimica Acta - Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy ; Volume 261 , 2021 ; 13861425 (ISSN) Safarnejad, A ; Reza Hormozi Nezhad, M ; Abdollahi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2021
    The determination of chiral compounds is critically important in chemical and pharmaceutical sciences. Cysteine amino acid is one of the important chiral compounds where each enantiomer (L and D) has different effects on fundamental physiological processes. The unique optical properties of nanoparticles make them a suitable probe for the determination of different analytes. In this work, the water-soluble thioglycolic acid (TGA)-capped cadmium-telluride (CdTe) quantum dots (QDs) were applied as optical nanoprobe for the simultaneous determination of cysteine enantiomers. The difference in the kinetics of the interactions between L- and D-cysteine with CdTe QDs is used for multivariate... 

    Chemometrics-assisted effect-directed analysis of crude and refined oil using comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography-time-of-flight mass spectrometry

    , Article Environmental Science and Technology ; Vol. 48, issue. 5 , 2014 , pp. 3074-3083 ; ISSN: 0013936X Radovic, J. R ; Thomas, K. V ; Parastar, H ; Diez, S ; Tauler, R ; Bayona, J. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    An effect-directed analysis (EDA) of fresh and artificially weathered (evaporated, photooxidized) samples of North Sea crude oil and residual heavy fuel oil is presented. Aliphatic, aromatic, and polar oil fractions were tested for the presence of aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) agonist and androgen receptor (AR) antagonist, demonstrating for the first time the AR antagonist effects in the aromatic and, to a lesser extent, polar fractions. An extension of the typical EDA strategy to include an N-way partial least-squares (N-PLS) model capable of relating the comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC × GC-TOFMS) data set to the bioassay data... 

    Fuzzy C-means clustering for chromatographic fingerprints analysis: A gas chromatography-mass spectrometry case study

    , Article Journal of Chromatography A ; Volume 1438 , 2016 , Pages 236-243 ; 00219673 (ISSN) Parastar, H ; Bazrafshan, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Fuzzy C-means clustering (FCM) is proposed as a promising method for the clustering of chromatographic fingerprints of complex samples, such as essential oils. As an example, secondary metabolites of 14 citrus leaves samples are extracted and analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The obtained chromatographic fingerprints are divided to desired number of chromatographic regions. Owing to the fact that chromatographic problems, such as elution time shift and peak overlap can significantly affect the clustering results, therefore, each chromatographic region is analyzed using multivariate curve resolution-alternating least squares (MCR-ALS) to address these problems. Then,... 

    Combining multivariate image analysis with high-performance thin-layer chromatography for development of a reliable tool for saffron authentication and adulteration detection

    , Article Journal of Chromatography A ; Volume 1628 , 2020 Amirvaresi, A ; Rashidi, M ; Kamyar, M ; Amirahmadi, M ; Daraei, B ; Parastar, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2020
    In this work, high-performance thin-layer chromatography (HPTLC) coupled with multivariate image analysis (MIA) is proposed as a fast and reliable tool for authentication and adulteration detection of Iranian saffron samples based on their HPTLC fingerprints. At first, the secondary metabolites of saffron were extracted using ultrasonic-assisted solvent extraction (UASE) which was optimized using central composite design (CCD). Next, the RGB coordinates of HPTLC images were used for estimation of saffron origin based on principal component analysis (PCA). The PCA scores plot showed that saffron samples were clustered into two clear-cut groups which was 92% matched with the geographical...