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    Lumbopelvic rhythm during forward and backward sagittal trunk rotations: Combined in vivo measurement with inertial tracking device and biomechanical modeling

    , Article Clinical Biomechanics ; Vol. 29, issue. 1 , 2014 , pp. 7-13 ; ISSN: 02680033 Tafazzol, A ; Arjmand, N ; Shirazi-Adl, A ; Parnianpour, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Background The ratio of total lumbar rotation over pelvic rotation (lumbopelvic rhythm) during trunk sagittal movement is essential to evaluate spinal loads and discriminate between low back pain and asymptomatic population. Methods Angular rotations of the pelvis and lumbar spine as well as their sagittal rhythm during forward flexion and backward extension in upright standing of eight asymptomatic males are measured using an inertial tracking device. The effect of variations in the lumbopelvic ratio during trunk flexion on spinal loads is quantified using a detailed musculoskeletal model. Findings The mean of peak voluntary flexion rotations of the thorax, pelvis, and lumbar was 121 (SD... 

    A computer model for evaluating the osteotomy parameters of Chiari pelvic osteotomy

    , Article International Orthopaedics ; Volume 34, Issue 3 , 2010 , Pages 329-333 ; 03412695 (ISSN) Karami, M ; Gouran Savadkoohi, D ; Ghadirpoor, A ; Rahimpoor, S ; Azghani, M ; Farahmand, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of the various osteotomy parameters on the biomechanical aspects of the hip joint on a computerised model. The data of the radiographs and a three-dimensional (3D) CT scan of six patients with coverage deficient hip joint were used to construct a 3D computer model. Then Chiari type osteotomies were simulated using various heights, angles and fibrocartilage thicknesses. A new angle called the mid acetabular center edge (MACE) angle was defined in a mid coronal CT cut. The optimum displacement for obtaining the maximum coverage averaged 73%. The angle and height of the osteotomy had a significant effect on the MACE angle (P value∈<∈0. 01). Our...