Search for: pelvis
Three-dimensional primary and coupled range of motions and movement coordination of the pelvis, lumbar and thoracic spine in standing posture using inertial tracking device, Article Journal of Biomechanics ; Volume 69 , March , 2018 , Pages 169-174 ; 00219290 (ISSN) ; Arjmand, N ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2018
Evaluation of spinal range of motions (RoMs) and movement coordination between its segments (thorax, lumbar, and pelvis) has clinical and biomechanical implications. Previous studies have not recorded three-dimensional primary/coupled motions of all spinal segments simultaneously. Moreover, magnitude/direction of the coupled motions of the thorax/pelvis in standing posture and lumbopelvic rhythms in the frontal/transverse planes have not been investigated. This study, hence, used an inertial tracking device to measure T1, T5, T12, total (T1-T12) thoracic, lower (T5-T12) and upper (T1-T5) thoracic, lumbar (T12-S1), and pelvis primary and coupled RoMs as well as their movement coordination in...
Correlation between trunk-pelvis inter-segmental coordination parameters during walking and disability level in chronic low back pain patients, Article Journal of Biomedical Physics and Engineering ; Volume 8, Issue 2 , 2018 , Pages 193-202 ; 22517200 (ISSN) ; Kamali, F ; Razeghi, M ; Haghpanah, A ; Sharif University of Technology
Shiraz University of Medical Sciences 2018
Background: Chronic low back pain (CLBP) disability has been particularly frustrating because its treatment has been a great therapeutic challenge. Disability has been suggested to depend on different factors that should be found and considered in the medical management. The inter-segmental coordination is often impaired in CLBP subjects; however, to the best of our knowledge, there is no evidence about the relationship between the existence of coordination problems and disability in CLBP patients. Objective: To evaluate the correlation between sagittal plane trunk-pelvis intersegmental coordination parameters during walking and disability level in CLBP patients. Methods: Kinematic data were...
Design and evaluation of an articulated ankle foot orthosis with plantarflexion resistance on the gait: A case series of 2 patients with hemiplegia, Article Journal of Biomedical Physics and Engineering ; Volume 10, Issue 1 , 2020 , Pages 119-128 ; Arazpour, M ; Aminian, G ; Baniasad, M ; Yamamoto, S ; Sharif University of Technology
Shiraz University of Medical Sciences 2020
Ankle-foot orthoses (AFOs) have been described to have positive effects on the gait biomechanics in stroke patients. The plantarflexion resistance of an AFO is considered important for hemiplegic patients, but the evidence is still limited. The purpose of this case series was to design and evaluate the immediate effect of an articulated AFO on kinematics and kinetics of lower-limb joints in stroke patients. The articulated AFO with the adjustment of plantarflexion resistance was designed. The spring generates a plantarflexion resistance of the ankle joint at initial stance phase. The efficacy of orthosis was evaluated on two stroke patients in 2 conditions: without an AFO and with the AFO....
Article Journal of Biomechanics ; Volume 57 , 2017 , Pages 18-26 ; 00219290 (ISSN) ; Arjmand, N ; Shirazi Adl, A ; Farahmand, F ; Sharif University of Technology
An essential input to the musculoskeletal (MS) trunk models that estimate muscle and spine forces is kinematics of the thorax, pelvis, and lumbar vertebrae. While thorax and pelvis kinematics are usually measured via skin motion capture devices (with inherent errors on the proper identification of the underlying bony landmarks and the relative skin-sensor-bone movements), those of the intervening lumbar vertebrae are commonly approximated at fixed proportions based on the thorax-pelvis kinematics. This study proposes an image-based kinematics measurement approach to drive subject-specific (musculature, geometry, mass, and center of masses) MS models. Kinematics of the thorax, pelvis, and...
Lumbopelvic muscle activation patterns in three stances under graded loading conditions: Proposing a tensegrity model for load transfer through the sacroiliac joints, Article Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies ; Vol. 18, Issue. 4 , October , 2014 , pp. 633-642 ; ISSN: 13608592 ; Maroufi, N ; Sanjari, M. A ; Parnianpour, M ; Levin, S. M ; Sharif University of Technology
Purpose: According to the conventional arch model of the pelvis, stability of the sacroiliac joints may require a predominance of form and force closure mechanisms: the greater the vertical shear force at the sacroiliac joints, the greater the reliance on self-bracing by horizontally or obliquely oriented muscles (such as the internal oblique). But what happens to the arch model when a person stands on one leg? In such cases, the pelvis no longer has imposts, leaving both the arch, and the arch model theory, without support. Do lumbopelvic muscle activation patterns in one-legged stances under load suggest compatibility with a different model? This study compares lumbopelvic muscle...
Lumbopelvic rhythm during forward and backward sagittal trunk rotations: Combined in vivo measurement with inertial tracking device and biomechanical modeling, Article Clinical Biomechanics ; Vol. 29, issue. 1 , 2014 , pp. 7-13 ; ISSN: 02680033 ; Arjmand, N ; Shirazi-Adl, A ; Parnianpour, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Background The ratio of total lumbar rotation over pelvic rotation (lumbopelvic rhythm) during trunk sagittal movement is essential to evaluate spinal loads and discriminate between low back pain and asymptomatic population. Methods Angular rotations of the pelvis and lumbar spine as well as their sagittal rhythm during forward flexion and backward extension in upright standing of eight asymptomatic males are measured using an inertial tracking device. The effect of variations in the lumbopelvic ratio during trunk flexion on spinal loads is quantified using a detailed musculoskeletal model. Findings The mean of peak voluntary flexion rotations of the thorax, pelvis, and lumbar was 121 (SD...
Article International Orthopaedics ; Volume 34, Issue 3 , 2010 , Pages 329-333 ; 03412695 (ISSN) ; Gouran Savadkoohi, D ; Ghadirpoor, A ; Rahimpoor, S ; Azghani, M ; Farahmand, F ; Sharif University of Technology
This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of the various osteotomy parameters on the biomechanical aspects of the hip joint on a computerised model. The data of the radiographs and a three-dimensional (3D) CT scan of six patients with coverage deficient hip joint were used to construct a 3D computer model. Then Chiari type osteotomies were simulated using various heights, angles and fibrocartilage thicknesses. A new angle called the mid acetabular center edge (MACE) angle was defined in a mid coronal CT cut. The optimum displacement for obtaining the maximum coverage averaged 73%. The angle and height of the osteotomy had a significant effect on the MACE angle (P value∈<∈0. 01). Our...
Trunk coordination in healthy and chronic nonspecific low back pain subjects during repetitive flexion-extension tasks: Effects of movement asymmetry, velocity and load, Article Human Movement Science ; Volume 45 , 2016 , Pages 182-192 ; 01679457 (ISSN) ; Sanjari, M. A ; Chehrehrazi, M ; Kahrizi, S ; Parnianpour, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Multiple joint interactions are critical to produce stable coordinated movements and can be influenced by low back pain and task conditions. Inter-segmental coordination pattern and variability were assessed in subjects with and without chronic nonspecific low back pain (CNSLBP). Kinematic data were collected from 22 CNSLBP and 22 healthy volunteers during repeated trunk flexion-extension in various conditions of symmetry, velocity, and loading; each at two levels. Sagittal plane angular data were time normalized and used to calculate continuous relative phase for each data point. Mean absolute relative phase (MARP) and deviation phase (DP) were derived to quantify lumbar-pelvis and...
Comparison of the trunk-pelvis and lower extremities sagittal plane inter-segmental coordination and variability during walking in persons with and without chronic low back pain, Article Human Movement Science ; Volume 52 , 2017 , Pages 55-66 ; 01679457 (ISSN) ; Kamali, F ; Razeghi, M ; Haghpanah, S. A ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier B.V 2017
Inter-segmental coordination can be influenced by chronic low back pain (CLBP). The sagittal plane lower extremities inter-segmental coordination pattern and variability, in conjunction with the pelvis and trunk, were assessed in subjects with and without non-specific CLBP during free-speed walking. Kinematic data were collected from 10 non-specific CLBP and 10 non-CLBP control volunteers while the subjects were walking at their preferred speed. Sagittal plane time-normalized segmental angles and velocities were used to calculate continuous relative phase for each data point. Mean absolute relative phase (MARP) and deviation phase (DP) were derived to quantify the trunk-pelvis and bilateral...
Coordinated activities of trunk and upper extremity muscles during walker-assisted paraplegic gait: A synergy study, Article Human Movement Science ; Volume 62 , 2018 , Pages 184-193 ; 01679457 (ISSN) ; Farahmand, F ; Arazpour, M ; Zohoor, H ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier B.V 2018
Individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) at lower thoracic levels might walk independently with the aid of mechanical orthoses and walker by using their unimpaired trunk and upper extremity muscles (TUEM). The required motor skills and the associated subtasks of the paraplegic locomotion, however, have not been well understood yet. The purpose of this study was to investigate the coordination of the TUEM activities throughout the paraplegic gait cycle using synergy analysis. For eight paraplegic individuals (30.6 ± 11.6 years; SCI level: T12), the kinematics data and the surface electromyography (EMG) signals of TUEM were recorded during 15 gait cycles. Non-negative matrix factorization...
Article Journal of Healthcare Engineering ; Volume 2018 , 2018 ; 20402295 (ISSN) ; Wang, D ; Qu, A ; Xiangsen, Z ; Wang, Q ; Baradaran Kazemian, B ; Sharif University of Technology
The objective of this study was to develop and validate a novel 3D dynamic model of a pelvic side-impactor system. The biomechanical responses of a pelvic flexible model (having.mnf file suffix) under the lateral impact load for predicting the bone fracture mechanism are investigated as well. The 3D solid model of the side-impactor system was imported into MSC/ADAMS software for analyzing the dynamic model, and the pelvic flexible model was extracted from the CT images of a Chinese female volunteer. The flexible model of the pelvis system was developed considering a wide range of mechanical properties in the bone complex and soft tissue to achieve a realistic biomechanical response during a...
Article Spine ; Volume 32, Issue 3 , 2007 , Pages E100-E104 ; 03622436 (ISSN) ; Parnianpour, M ; Vleeming, A ; Sharif University of Technology
STUDY DESIGN. A cross-sectional study in pregnancy. OBJECTIVES. To differentiate between pregnancy related pelvic girdle pain (PGP) and low back pain (LBP) in Iranian women, and investigate the prevalence of each syndrome. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA. Most of the information about PGP and LBP has been obtained in Western countries. There are few studies to investigate pregnancy related lumbopelvic pain, and, especially, differentiate between PGP and LBP in non-Western countries, particularly in the Middle East. METHODS. This study included 325 pregnant women, ranging in age from 16 to 42 years. All pregnant women were interviewed using a questionnaire. Two trained physical therapists...
Article Gait and Posture ; Volume 89 , 2021 , Pages 80-85 ; 09666362 (ISSN) ; Ebrahimi, S ; Rezaie, M ; Shafiee, E ; Shokouhyan, S. M ; Motealleh, A ; Parnianpour, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier B.V 2021
Background: Females are two times more likely to develop patellofemoral pain (PFP) than males. Abnormal trunk and pelvis kinematics are thought to contribute to the pathomechanics of this condition. However, there is a scarcity of evidence investigating proximal segments kinematics in females with PFP. Research question: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether females with PFP demonstrate altered trunk, pelvis, and knee joint kinematics compared with healthy controls during running. Methods: Thirty-four females (17 PFP, 17 controls) underwent a 3-dimensional motion analysis during treadmill running at preferred and fixed speeds, each trial for 30 s. Variables of interest...
Role and significance of trunk and upper extremity muscles in walker-assisted paraplegic gait: a case study, Article Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation ; Volume 24, Issue 1 , 2018 , Pages 18-27 ; 10820744 (ISSN) ; Farahmand, F ; Arazpour, M ; Zohoor, H ; Sharif University of Technology
Thomas Land Publishers Inc 2018
Background and Purpose: Understanding the role and significance of trunk and upper extremity muscles in paraplegic gait can help in designing more effective assistive devices for these patients and also provides valuable information for improving muscle strengthening programs. Methods: In a patient with a spinal cord injury (SCI) who could walk independently (rating scale of ambulatory capacity, 9) with the aid of bilateral ankle-foot orthosis and a walker, the kinematics, kinetics and electromyographic (EMG) activities of 16 muscles from the trunk and upper and lower extremities were recorded during gait. The onset, cessation, and duration of the EMG signal were associated with the 4 phases...
Magnitude, symmetry and attenuation of upper body accelerations during walking in women: The role of age, fall history and walking surface, Article Maturitas ; Volume 139 , 2020 , Pages 49-56 ; Mazaheri, M ; van Schooten, K. S ; Asgari, M ; Mosallanezhad, Z ; Salavati, M ; Sedaghat Nejad, E ; Parnianpour, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ireland Ltd 2020
Objectives: The present experiment examined the role of age and fall history in upper body accelerations when walking on an even and on an uneven surface. Study design: An observational cross-sectional study. Main outcome measures: The magnitude (root mean square [RMS]), symmetry (harmonic ratio) and attenuation (attenuation coefficient) of upper body accelerations were quantified as primary outcomes; gait spatiotemporal parameters were measured as secondary outcomes. Methods: Twenty young adults (mean ± SD age: 29.00 ± 4.51 yrs), 20 older non-fallers (66.60 ± 5.43 yrs) and 20 older fallers (68.55 ± 4.86 yrs) walked on an even and on an uneven surface, while wearing four accelerometers...
Spinal segment ranges of motion, movement coordination, and three-dimensional kinematics during occupational activities in normal-weight and obese individuals, Article Journal of Biomechanics ; Volume 123 , 2021 ; 00219290 (ISSN) ; Arjmand, N ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2021
Measurements of spinal segment ranges of motion (RoMs), movement coordination, and three-dimensional kinematics during occupational activities have implications in occupational/clinical biomechanics. Due to the large amount of adipose tissues, obese individuals may have different RoMs, lumbopelvic coordination, and kinematics than normal-weight ones. We aimed to measure/compare trunk, lumbar, and pelvis primary RoMs in all anatomical planes/directions, lumbopelvic ratios (lumbar to pelvis rotations at different trunk angles) in all anatomical planes/directions and three-dimensional spine kinematics during twelve symmetric/asymmetric statics load-handling activities in healthy normal-weight...
Sagittal range of motion of the thoracic spine using inertial tracking device and effect of measurement errors on model predictions, Article Journal of Biomechanics ; Volume 49, Issue 6 , 2016 , Pages 913-918 ; 00219290 (ISSN) ; Arjmand, N ; Sharif University of Technology
Range of motion (ROM) of the thoracic spine has implications in patient discrimination for diagnostic purposes and in biomechanical models for predictions of spinal loads. Few previous studies have reported quite different thoracic ROMs. Total (T1-T12), lower (T5-T12) and upper (T1-T5) thoracic, lumbar (T12-S1), pelvis, and entire trunk (T1) ROMs were measured using an inertial tracking device as asymptomatic subjects flexed forward from their neutral upright position to full forward flexion. Correlations between body height and the ROMs were conducted. An effect of measurement errors of the trunk flexion (T1) on the model-predicted spinal loads was investigated. Mean of peak voluntary total...
A new deep convolutional neural network design with efficient learning capability: Application to CT image synthesis from MRI, Article Medical Physics ; Volume 47, Issue 10 , 2020 , Pages 5158-5171 ; Karimian, A ; Fatemizadeh, E ; Arabi, H ; Zaidi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
John Wiley and Sons Ltd 2020
Purpose: Despite the proven utility of multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in radiation therapy, MRI-guided radiation treatment planning is limited by the fact that MRI does not directly provide the electron density map required for absorbed dose calculation. In this work, a new deep convolutional neural network model with efficient learning capability, suitable for applications where the number of training subjects is limited, is proposed to generate accurate synthetic computed tomography (sCT) images from MRI. Methods: This efficient convolutional neural network (eCNN) is built upon a combination of the SegNet architecture (a 13-layer encoder-decoder structure similar to the...