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    Investigation of the effect of incorporating Real Options in the Valuation of Petrochemical Plants in Iran

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kheiroddin, Mohsen (Author) ; Bahramgiri, Mohsen (Supervisor)
    Real option is one of most promising and crucial concepts in corporate valuation and budgeting process. They are very similar to financial options except that their intrinstic values are calculated based on a company’s practical flexibilities rather than financial contracts. Most previous publications in this field are related to upstream sectors of oil, gas, or mining as well as high-tech industries. The application of this concept in chemical industries has been poorly investigated, and the majority of those limited number of papers have evaluated real options in down-stram sectors. Thus, the application of real options in midstream parts of chemical industry was not thoroughly... 

    Determining Product Portfolio of Petrochemical Plants Using Multi Objective Decision Making Tools (Case study: Jam Petrochemical Plant)

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hejazi Bakhsh, Mahboubeh (Author) ; Akbari Jokar, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
    Decision making for planning a petrochemical plant is a difficult task, particularly when decisions are required to be made under constraints and different objectives. Final purpose of current research is to develop a reliable model for selecting limited petrochimal products among all potential alternatives under different constraints, considering two desired objective functions; Maximizing economic gain and minimizing safety risk. The powerful tool of multi objective decision making has been used for solving the proposed model. The developed model has been applied to Jam Petrochemical Company as a case study and the acquired results found to be successful.


    Investigating Factors Affecting Petrochemical Value Chain Completion and Policies for Improvement

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Pakfetrat, Anahita (Author) ; Maleki, Ali (Supervisor) ; Mashyekhi, Ali Naghi (Supervisor)
    Despite the growth in Iran’s petrochemical production, most of the plants are concentrated upstream; although the government has made various interventions to promote industrial development. The literature review shows that government intervention is necessary to solve market failures, especially in developing countries; but it should be tailored to the specific context and especially the distribution of the power. Most experts believe that the cause of the above phenomenon is feedstock rent and the reason for its continuation is the political influence of petrochemical companies. While not rejecting this view, we try to provide policy recommendations by looking more closely at the issue and... 

    Valuation of Technology Using Real Option

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kayyal, Kazem (Author) ; Modarres Yazdi, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    In this study, we introduce a systematic approach for valuation of Technology development projects by applying a discrete model of real options valuation. This framework is then applied to a real technology development project. The estimate of volatility is the most important argument that it is difficult to calculate. Data from the project’s feasibility study is gathered and classified in an appropriate format to be ready for simulation. Then uncertainty parameters are identified. The data is separated and their impacts on annual cash flows are considered. Volatility of the whole project is estimated to be relatively high. This is an advantage for the proposed method. In this project,... 

    Providing a Method for Developing Oil & Gas Project’s Time Schedule Automatically, based on Artificial Intelligence and Soft Computing

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Akbari, Zohreh (Author) ; Habibi, Moslem (Supervisor)
    The project schedule is used as a key tool for managers to measure the progress of the project and prevent the deviation of the project from achieving its goals.Project scheduling started with manual methods. After a while, due to the increase in the size of projects and their complexity, the efficiency of traditional methods decreased. After the advances in computer sciences, scientists and experts had moved towards intelligentization and automation.During the past three decades, despite the attention of both academic and industrial fields towards automatic planning and scheduling of projects, Most of the researches focused on construction projects, and unfortunately, a few attentions have... 

    Promotion of low-carbon economy through efficiency analysis: A case study of a petrochemical plant

    , Article International Journal of Environmental Research ; Volume 15, Issue 1 , 2021 , Pages 45-55 ; 17356865 (ISSN) Keivani, E ; Abbaspour, M ; Abedi, Z ; Ahmadian, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH  2021
    Over the past few decades, industrial development has caused a dramatic increment in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, as a leading cause of climate change. Modifying the industrial plants' environmental performance is the main pillar of improving efficiency that can reduce the waste of resources and make achieving lower-cost global emission reduction targets of the Kyoto protocol's clean development mechanism (CDM) possible. Considering the essentiality of knowledge-based research in increasing the awareness of policymakers by providing better access to accurate and reliable information, an analytical survey on efficiency in oil, gas, and petrochemical industries has been conducted by... 

    Evaluation of Methanol Value Chain

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Soleimani, Ali (Author) ; Maleki, Abbas (Supervisor) ; Hosseini, Ali (Supervisor)
    In this research, a general model is proposed aiming at establishment of optimized application of Methane gas with maximum added value. That is, maximum added value of methane for different applications of methane including consumption as fuel, export and injection-to-wells are calculated and compared. Accordingly, results of this study are used for decision making regarding Iran’s most important gas reservoirs. In this study, maximum present net value of investment concerning comparison of petrochemical industry input and export to a number of selected countries in addition to injection in 20 years is calculated based on a specific discount rate. It is noteworthy that the scope of this... 

    Improving Logistics and Supply Chain Management in The Oil, Gas and Petrochemical Industries

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Gidfar, Maziyar (Author) ; Akbari Jokar, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
    Logistics activities and matters related to supply chain management play an important role in the success of supply chain in today’s competitive business environment. The success of an organization depends on the proper functioning of the whole supply chain organization. SCOR model as a reference model for supply chain management is a suitable framework to manage all aspects of the supply chain and enables the creation of an appropriate and efficient structure in supply chains. In this thesis the Procurement department of a petrochemical company is examined and the current state of the supply chain is explained and then based on the SCOR model, in 4 areas: Performance (indices), Processes,... 

    Identification And Assessment of Major Risks Associated with Heavy Equipment Transportation in Iranian Oil, Gas and Petrochemical Projects

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Seyedi, Amin (Author) ; Eslami, Hossein (Supervisor)
    Transportation of heavy and super heavy equipment is one of the issues that have been discussed in recent years. High cost and required expertise of Transportation for oil and gas projects has caused many organizations and Iranian companies turn to outsourcing strategy and have invested a lot of money in this field without regard to its Risks. Unfortunately, the lack of risk management in transportation projects has led to an increase in refractive index. In this thesis, have been identified the risks of heavy and super-heavy transport equipment in the oil, gas and petrochemical industries then prioritize the risks identified. Finally, each of the identified risks in Iran is investigated.... 

    Investigating the Impact of International Policies on Supply Chain Management in Oil, Gas, and Petrochemical Industries

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shiri, Mohammad Ali (Author) ; Najafi, Mehdi (Supervisor) ; Rafiee, Majid (Supervisor)
    Policies affect supply chain management in oil, gas and petrochemical industries. In this study, structural equation modeling was used to evaluate the relationship between variables in AMOS software. The findings also indicated that international policies affect different aspects of supply chain management in the following order: product realization management (coordination), customer delivery management (partnership), planning management (planning) and resource management (implementation). Finally, suggestions were made on how to find financing such as bank loans, prioritizing payments in the light of their criticality, as well as on the creation. This study aimed to investigate the impact... 

    Simulation of propane dehydrogenation to propylene in a radial-flow reactor over pt-sn/al2o3 as the catalyst

    , Article Chemical Engineering and Technology ; Volume 38, Issue 12 , December , 2015 , Pages 2198-2206 ; 09307516 (ISSN) Miraboutalebi, S. M ; Vafajoo, L ; Kazemeini, M ; Fattahi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Wiley VCH Verlag  2015
    Catalytic paraffin dehydrogenation for manufacturing olefins is considered to be one of the most significant production routes in the petrochemical industries. A reactor kinetic model for the dehydrogenation of propane to propylene in a radial-flow reactor over Pt-Sn/Al2O3 as the catalyst was investigated here. The model showed that the catalyst activity was highly time dependent. In addition, the component concentrations and the temperature varied along the reactor radius owing to the occurring endothermic reaction. Moreover, a similar trend was noticed for the propane conversion as for the propylene selectivity, with both of them decreasing over the time period studied. Furthermore, a... 

    On the introduction of a qualitative variable to the neural network for reactor modeling: Feed type

    , Article Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research ; Volume 48, Issue 8 , 2009 , Pages 3820-3824 ; 08885885 (ISSN) Ghadrdan, M ; Mehdizadeh, H ; Bozorgmehry Boozarjomehry, R ; Towfighi Darian, J ; Sharif University of Technology
    Thermal cracking of hydrocarbons converts them into valuable materials in the petrochemical industries. Multiplicity of the reaction routes and complexity of the mathematical approach has led us use a kind of black-box modelingsartificial neural networks. Reactor feed type plays an essential role on the product qualities. Feed type is a qualitative character. In this paper, a method is presented to introduce a range of petroleum fractions to the neural network. To introduce petroleum cuts with final boiling points of 865 °F maximum to the neural network, a real component substitute mixture is made from the original mixture. Such substitute mixture is fully defined, it has a chemical... 

    Removal of styrene and acrylonitrile mixture in a gas phase bench scale biofilter

    , Article 100th Annual Conference and Exhibition of the Air and Waste Management Association 2007, ACE 2007, 26 June 2007 through 29 June 2007 ; Volume 2 , 2007 , Pages 1382-1392 ; 9781604238464 (ISBN) Dehghanzadeh, R ; Torkian, A ; Asadi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Air and Waste Management Association  2007
    Styrene and acrylonitrile are produced in large quantities in the petrochemical industries and have been listed among the 189 hazardous and toxic atmospheric contaminants under United States Clean Air Act Amendments 1990 due to their adverse effects on human health. The experimental work was conducted to evaluate the inhibition effect of biofilter in the presence of co-substrate. Yard waste compost mixed with shredded hard plastics in a 25:75 v/v ratio of plastics:compost as the bed media was inoculated with thickened municipal activated sludge. Acclimation to styrene was achieved at 45 days, but there was a very short acclimation period for acrylonitrile. The results show that performance... 

    Experimental study of a solar desalination pond as second stage in proposed zero discharge desalination process

    , Article Solar Energy ; Volume 97 , 2013 , Pages 138-146 ; 0038092X (ISSN) Farahbod, F ; Mowla, D ; Jafari Nasr, M. R ; Soltanieh, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    This work represents the efficiency of a solar desalination pond as a second stage of proposed zero discharge desalination processes to reach fresh water and also concentrated brine from the effluent wastewater of the desalination unit of Mobin petrochemical complex. So a solar desalination pond is constructed after a pretreatment unit to concentrate the softened wastewater to about 20wt%. The concentrated wastewater is as a suited feed for a forced circulation crystallizer. During one year, the effects of major parameters such as ambient temperature and solar insolation rate are investigated, experimentally. specific gravity in each layer of concentrated brine wastewater is evaluated. Also,... 

    What is energy efficiency and emission reduction potential in the Iranian petrochemical industry?

    , Article International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control ; Volume 12 , 2013 , Pages 460-471 ; 17505836 (ISSN) Mohammadi, A ; Soltanieh, M ; Abbaspour, M ; Atabi, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this study, the prospects of energy efficiency potential, clean development mechanism (CDM) and carbon income up to and beyond 2012 are investigated in the petrochemical industries of Iran as a major oil-producing country. This paper is to address four questions of: (1) the GHGs emission in Iranian petrochemical complexes, (2) the most energy-consuming processes, (3) units with the highest energy efficiency potentials and (4) potentials of CDM or similar carbon projects based on post-2012 scenarios. The petrochemical processes are investigated in two categories of non-polymeric and polymeric productions. Based on capital expenditure, economic saving, simple payback period, CO2 equivalent... 

    A new method for assessing domino effect in chemical process industry

    , Article Journal of Hazardous Materials ; Volume 182, Issue 1-3 , 2010 , Pages 416-426 ; 03043894 (ISSN) Abdolhamidzadeh, B ; Abbasi, T ; Rashtchian, D ; Abbasi, S. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    A new methodology is presented with which the likely impact of accident in one process unit of an industry on other process units can be forecast and assessed. The methodology is based on Monte Carlo Simulation and overcomes the limitations of analytical methods, used hitherto, which were inherently limited in their ability to handle the uncertainty and the complexity associated with domino effect phenomena. The methodology has been validated and its applicability has been demonstrated with two case studies  

    An industrial application of low-grade sensible waste heat driven seawater desalination: a case study

    , Article Desalination ; Volume 470 , 2019 ; 00119164 (ISSN) Rahimi, B ; Marvi, Z ; Alamolhoda, A. A ; Abbaspour, M ; Chua, H. T ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2019
    This paper reports on the application of low-grade sensible waste heat (liquid phase) driven multi-effect distillation (MED) technology to exploit waste heat sources that are generally abundant in the petrochemical industries especially, those located close to the Persian Gulf's coastline. For this purpose, a techno-economic feasibility study by considering local capital and operating costs for a selected petrochemical plant has been conducted. In this study, a sensible waste heat stream (practically at 80 °C in the liquid phase), which is actively cooled by the cooling process of the plant, is considered as the heat source for the proposed desalination process. This process can recover... 

    Polymeric mixed matrix membranes containing zeolites as a filler for gas separation applications: A review

    , Article Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry ; Volume 19, Issue 2 , 2013 , Pages 375-393 ; 1226086X (ISSN) Bastani, D ; Esmaeili, N ; Asadollahi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Polymeric membrane technology has received extensive attention in the field of gas separation, recently. However, the tradeoff between permeability and selectivity is one of the biggest problems faced by pure polymer membranes, which greatly limits their further application in the chemical and petrochemical industries. To enhance gas separation performances, recent works have focused on improving polymeric membranes selectivity and permeability by fabricating mixed matrix membranes (MMMs). Inorganic zeolite materials distributed in the organic polymer matrix enhance the separation performance of the membranes well beyond the intrinsic properties of the polymer matrix. This concept combines...