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    An industrial application of low-grade sensible waste heat driven seawater desalination: a case study

    , Article Desalination ; Volume 470 , 2019 ; 00119164 (ISSN) Rahimi, B ; Marvi, Z ; Alamolhoda, A. A ; Abbaspour, M ; Chua, H. T ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2019
    Abstract
    This paper reports on the application of low-grade sensible waste heat (liquid phase) driven multi-effect distillation (MED) technology to exploit waste heat sources that are generally abundant in the petrochemical industries especially, those located close to the Persian Gulf's coastline. For this purpose, a techno-economic feasibility study by considering local capital and operating costs for a selected petrochemical plant has been conducted. In this study, a sensible waste heat stream (practically at 80 °C in the liquid phase), which is actively cooled by the cooling process of the plant, is considered as the heat source for the proposed desalination process. This process can recover... 

    A review of global gas flaring and venting and impact on the environment: Case study of Iran

    , Article International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control ; Volume 49 , 2016 , Pages 488-509 ; 17505836 (ISSN) Soltanieh, M ; Zohrabian, A ; Gholipour, M. J ; Kalnay, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd 
    Abstract
    After a brief review of the global gas flaring and venting in oil industries including the emission of air pollutants and greenhouse gases and the amount of energy resources wasted, the focus is on Iran as a major oil producing and the world's third largest gas flaring country. Gas flaring is also practiced in natural gas industries, petroleum refining and petrochemical plants, although the level of emission is very low compared with emissions from oil production. The historical emission of these gases globally and Iran specifically, geographic location of emission sources, composition of gases, environmental impacts of gas flaring and the current and future projects to mitigate emissions... 

    Bimodal electricity generation and aromatic compounds removal from purified terephthalic acid plant wastewater in a microbial fuel cell

    , Article Biotechnology Letters ; Volume 35, Issue 2 , 2013 , Pages 197-203 ; 01415492 (ISSN) Marashi, S. K. F ; Kariminia, H. R ; Savizi, I. S. P ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    Wastewater of purified terephthalic acid (PTA) from a petrochemical plant was examined in a membrane-less single chamber microbial fuel cell for the first time. Time course of voltage during the cell operation cycle had two steady phases, which refers to the fact that metabolism of microorganisms was shifted from highly to less biodegradable carbon sources. The produced power density was 31.8 mW m-2 (normalized per cathode area) and the calculated coulombic efficiency was 2.05 % for a COD removal of 74 % during 21 days. The total removal rate of different pollutants in the PTA wastewater was observed in the following order: (acetic acid) > (benzoic acid) > (phthalic acid) > (terephthalic...