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    A new method for assessing domino effect in chemical process industry

    , Article Journal of Hazardous Materials ; Volume 182, Issue 1-3 , 2010 , Pages 416-426 ; 03043894 (ISSN) Abdolhamidzadeh, B ; Abbasi, T ; Rashtchian, D ; Abbasi, S. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    A new methodology is presented with which the likely impact of accident in one process unit of an industry on other process units can be forecast and assessed. The methodology is based on Monte Carlo Simulation and overcomes the limitations of analytical methods, used hitherto, which were inherently limited in their ability to handle the uncertainty and the complexity associated with domino effect phenomena. The methodology has been validated and its applicability has been demonstrated with two case studies  

    A risk-based MILP approach for optimal placement of flammable gas detectors

    , Article Chemical Engineering Transactions ; Volume 53 , 2016 , Pages 145-150 ; 22839216 (ISSN) Rad, A ; Rashtchian, D ; Sharif University of Technology
    Italian Association of Chemical Engineering - AIDIC 
    Gas detectors play an important role in safety of process plants. In-time detection of flammable gas releases may prevent major fire and explosion as well as property loss in process plants. One of the challenges of the gas detection system design is determining the best layout for detectors in order to reduce the risk of gas releases as much as possible. However, current methods do not address the risk concept in placement of detectors quantitatively. A risk-based methodology is proposed for optimal placement of point type flammable gas detectors in which first the risk (defined as a combination of scenario frequency, delayed ignition probability and damage) is estimated for any release... 

    What is energy efficiency and emission reduction potential in the Iranian petrochemical industry?

    , Article International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control ; Volume 12 , 2013 , Pages 460-471 ; 17505836 (ISSN) Mohammadi, A ; Soltanieh, M ; Abbaspour, M ; Atabi, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this study, the prospects of energy efficiency potential, clean development mechanism (CDM) and carbon income up to and beyond 2012 are investigated in the petrochemical industries of Iran as a major oil-producing country. This paper is to address four questions of: (1) the GHGs emission in Iranian petrochemical complexes, (2) the most energy-consuming processes, (3) units with the highest energy efficiency potentials and (4) potentials of CDM or similar carbon projects based on post-2012 scenarios. The petrochemical processes are investigated in two categories of non-polymeric and polymeric productions. Based on capital expenditure, economic saving, simple payback period, CO2 equivalent...