Search for: phytoplankton
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    Investigation of short-time artificial aeration on water quality parameters and phytoplankton structure: a case study “Mamloo Reservoir”

    , Article Desalination and Water Treatment ; Volume 254 , 2022 , Pages 217-228 ; 19443994 (ISSN) Naderi, H ; Javid, A. H ; Borghei, S. M ; Eslamizadeh, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Desalination Publications  2022
    Thermal stratification accompanied by a release of nutrients from sediment is a serious problem for the management of water quality. Water aeration and mixing technology can be widely used to control endogenous pollution and algae growth in reservoirs and lakes by water quality managers. In this research, a diffuser aeration system, was installed in a water column, in the Mamloo stratified Reservoir; and the impact of artificial aeration was brought under extensive assessment in relevance with the qualitative and biological parameters of the water, during the preliminary 6 d of aeration. The results showed that the thermal stratification was remarkably disturbed. After aeration, the amount... 

    Correlation between concentrations of chlorophyll-a and satellite derived climatic factors in the Persian Gulf

    , Article Marine Pollution Bulletin ; Volume 161, Part A , December , 2020 Moradi, M ; Moradi, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2020
    Monthly mean satellite derived Chl-a, aerosols, wind, SST, PAR, and turbidity datasets were used to investigate the possible factors regulating phytoplankton variability in the Persian Gulf. The spatial correlation analysis revealed two distinct regions of SST and PAR, and a relatively uniform spatial correlation pattern of the other parameters. The cross correlation between aeolian dusts and Chl-a was significantly positive with 1–3 months offset. The pattern of spatial correlation between Chl-a and SST was positive in the shallow regions without time lag, and was negative with time offset of 3–5 months in deeper regions. The cross correlation between Chl-a and north-ward winds were... 

    Modeling of Biological Matter Cycling in Shallow Lake by System Dynamic Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Katirachi, Amir Nasser (Author) ; Abrishamchi, Ahmad (Supervisor)
    Modeling of water quality in shallow lake is the goal of this roject.Matters cycling in environment will be explained. The dissolved Oxygen will be assigned the most important factor in water quality. The phytoplankton Growth rate and fatality rate will be modeled By LOTKAVOLTERRA equations. The nitrification by nitrifying bacteria and Michael Menton equations will be explained. Modeling will be executed By System Dynamic which feedbacks are the most com ponents of it.The model will be built with equations and coefficients in literatures and this model run by VENSIM®software. We will assure by some extreme condition tests about the structure of the model and finally we will make a... 

    Harmful algal blooms (red tide): a review of causes, impacts and approaches to monitoring and prediction

    , Article International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology ; Volume 16, Issue 3 , 2019 , Pages 1789-1806 ; 17351472 (ISSN) Zohdi, E ; Abbaspour, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Center for Environmental and Energy Research and Studies  2019
    Red tide, an impermanent natural phenomenon including harmful algal blooms, causes changing the color of the sea generally to red or almost brown, and has a serious impact on environment along the coast and aquatic ecosystem. Due to recent extensive steady harmful algal blooms events that cause adverse impacts on human healthsome, aquaculture and tourism industry, and the entire economy of the coastal region, the need of society for realizing these phenomena is much greater than the past. In the recent decades, consideration of algal blooms and determination of bloom-former species and fundamental researches about dynamics of blooms are increased worldwide. Development in technology has... 

    Seasonal and interannual cycles of total phytoplankton phenology metrics in the Persian Gulf using ocean color remote sensing

    , Article Continental Shelf Research ; Volume 237 , 2022 ; 02784343 (ISSN) Zoljoodi, M ; Moradi, M ; Moradi, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2022
    Spatial and temporal patterns of climatological seasonality, interannual variability, and phytoplankton phenology were estimated using satellite-derived ocean color chlorophyll-a data (Chl-a) 1998 to 2020 in the Persian Gulf from. Biogeography of phytoplankton seasonal and interannual climatology was determined using k-means multivariate clustering analysis applied on the Chl-a time-series data. As a result, two distinct regions were identified: one in the deep north and middle area (DZC) with a minimum value of Chl-a in April–July (0.62–0.76 mg m−3) and maximum in December–February (1.07–1.59 mg m−3), and the other in the north–west coastal areas and along the southwest-southern area (SZC)... 

    A new hybrid inverse modeling method for water quality monitoring using remotely sensed data

    , Article SPE Saudi Arabia Section Technical Symposium 2007, 7 May 2007 through 8 May 2007 ; 2007 ; 9781555639600 (ISBN) Shahraiyni, H. T ; Schaale, M ; Shouraki, S. B ; Fell, F ; Fischer, J ; Taheri, M ; Preusker, R ; Tajrishy, M ; Vatandoust, M ; Shahraeini, M. T ; Sani, P.N ; Taherishahraini, Z ; Khodaparast, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Society of Petroleum Engineers  2007
    All of the man-made objects and anthropogenic activities related to the oil industries in water bodies (e.g. drilling, equipment installation, construction of oil platfonns and especially oil spillages) have enviromnental impacts on water ecosystems. The assessment of oil field operations and oil platfonns impacts on water quality have become a necessity throughout the world. Phytoplanktons have the lowest trophic level in water enviromnent; therefore the life of all of the other marine animals is highly relevant to phytoplanktonic population. Hence it seems necessary to monitor the spatiotemporal effects of different activities and events, related to oil industries on phytoplanktons.... 

    Diatoms with invaluable applications in nanotechnology, biotechnology, and biomedicine: Recent advances

    , Article ACS Biomaterials Science and Engineering ; Volume 7, Issue 7 , 2021 , Pages 3053-3068 ; 23739878 (ISSN) Rabiee, N ; Khatami, M ; Jamalipour Soufi, G ; Fatahi, Y ; Iravani, S ; Varma, R. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Chemical Society  2021
    Diatoms are unicellular microalga found in soil and almost every aquatic environment (marine and fresh water). Biogenic silica and diatoms are attractive for biotechnological and industrial applications, especially in the field of biomedicine, industrial/synthetic manufacturing processes, and biomedical/pharmaceutical sciences. Deposition of silica by diatoms allows them to create micro- or nanoscale structures which may be utilized in nanomedicine and especially in drug/gene delivery. Diatoms with their unique architectures, good thermal stability, suitable surface area, simple chemical functionalization/modification procedures, ease of genetic manipulations, optical/photonic...