Search for: platinum-nanoparticles
Rapid, efficient and selective reduction of aromatic nitro compounds with hydrazine hydrate in the presence of the plain and supported platinum nanoparticles as catalysts, Article Journal of the Iranian Chemical Society ; Vol. 11, issue. 6 , 2014 , pp. 1587-1592 ; ISSN: 1735207X ; Ahmadi, S. J ; Sadjadi, S ; Outokesh, M ; Sharif University of Technology
The current study aimed at application of the plain and supported platinum nanoparticles as a heterogenous catalyst for the reduction of aromatic nitro compounds. Monodispersed platinum nanoparticles were synthesized by reduction of H2PtCl6 by ethanol in the presence of polyvinyl pyrrolidone as a stabilizer, and then were immobilized on four types of zeolites. The obtained catalyst granules were characterized by X-ray diffractometry and transmission electron microscopy. The study then focused on elaboration of the catalytic activity of the nano catalysts under different operational conditions. It was found that reaction is adequately rapid at ambient temperature, and by utilizing a...
Fabrication of a Sensor, Based on TiO2 Nanotubes Modified with Metal Nanoparticles and Carbon and its Application for Detection of Dopamine in Presence of Uric Acid and Ascorbic Acid, Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology ; Askari, Masoud ; Dolati, Abolghasem
The present work describes sensing application of modified TiO2 nanotubes towards detection of dopamine. The TiO2 nanotubes electrode was prepared using anodizing method at different conditions, among which NaF/ NaHSO4 solution and voltage of 15 V was chosen as the optimum condition. In order to improve the performance, surface modification with metal nanoparticles (Pd, Pt and Au) and carbon is required using “pulse electrodeposition” and “decomposition of polyethylene glycol at 600 °C” respectively. Carbon was deposited by decomposition of polyethylene glycol in a tube furnace to improve the conductivity. In this regard two type of electrodes were proposed: Pd-Pt-Au-TiO2 and C-Ni(Pt)-TiO2....
Investigation of Aligned Carbon Nanotubes Modified by Platinum Nanoparticles as Hydrogen Sulfide Sensor, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Dolati, Abolghasem ; Ghorbani, Mohamad
The present research describes sensing behavior of modified aligned carbon nanotubes toward detection of hydrogen sulfide. Aligned carbon nanotubes were grown on etched stainless steel by thermal chemical vapor deposition. Obtained CNTs have curved closed tips and bamboo like structure. Purification of carbon nanotubes were performed by electrochemical oxidation of CNTs. Potential cycling was applied on grown CNTs in different acid solutions and 0.2 M sulfuric acid was chosen to oxidize the CNTs. Carboxylic functional groups were produced by electrochemical oxidation of CNTs and can be observed in FTIR studies. These groups enhanced the electrochemical properties of electrodes and may act as...
M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Khorasheh, Farhad ; Larimi, Afsaneh Sadat
The conversion of CO2 gas into value-add chemicals known as solar fuel technology attracted much consideration from the beginning of the 21st century owing to the potential of this technology in solving the climate change and energy shortage issues. In the present study, a well-known photocatalyst, TiO2, was doped with Bismuth element and was subjected to Pt nanoparticles loading as a cocatalyst to boost the photocatalytic CO2 conversion. Pristine TiO2 and Bi-doped samples were prepared by sol gel method. Then, a facile photo-deposition method was employed to introduce Pt onto the surface of TiO2. Various characterization techniques including XRD, DRS, BET, PL, FTIR, FESEM and TEM, were used...
Synthesis of Carbon Nanostructure-Metal Nanoparticles Composites and Investigate their Application as a Modifier in Electrochemical Mesurments, Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology ; Shahrokhian, Saeed
In the first part, metallic nanoparticles were synthesized on the different carbon nanostructers platform such as nanodiamond and graphene sheet using electrochemical and chemical methods. The prepared composite film were characterized by electron microscopy, spectroscopy and electrochemical techniques. The synthesized nanocomposite were applied as a modifier in order to prepare electrochemical sensors for determination trace amount of important pharmaceutical and biological compounds.In the first work, Nanodiamond-graphite (NDG) decorated with Ag nanoparticles (AgNPs-NDG) was synthesized with chemical method. The surface morphology and the nature of the composite were investigated. The...
Article Solid State Communications ; Volume 150, Issue 5-6 , February , 2010 , Pages 254-257 ; 00381098 (ISSN) ; Abroshan, H ; Parsafar, G. A ; Sharif University of Technology
Metallic nanoparticles are interesting because of their use in catalysis and sensors. The surface energy of the FCC platinum nanoparticles are investigated via molecular dynamics simulation using Quantum Sutton-Chen (QSC) potential. We have calculated the Gibbs free energy for the FCC platinum bulk and also for its nanoparticle. All calculations have been carried out at zero pressure. We have used the thermodynamic integration method to obtain the Gibbs free energy. The total Gibbs free energy is taken as the sum of its central bulk and its surface free energy. We have calculated the free energy of a platinum nanoparticle as a function of temperature
Electrochemical investigation of electrodeposited platinum nanoparticles on multi walled carbon nanotubes for methanol electro-oxidation, Article Journal of Chemical Sciences ; Volume 129, Issue 9 , 2017 , Pages 1399-1410 ; 09743626 (ISSN) ; Moakhar, R. S ; Dolati, A ; Sharif University of Technology
Abstract: The electrodeposition of platinum nanoparticles (PtNPs) on multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs)/fluorine-doped tin oxide glass (FTO) was investigated. Nucleation and growth mechanisms were studied via Scharifker and Hills model. Chronoamperometry results clearly show that the electrodeposition processes are diffusion-controlled and the diffusion coefficient is 1.5×10-5cm2/s. The semi-spherical particles with lamellar morphology were observed in 1M H 2SO 4, while a petal shape was discerned in 0.5M H 2SO 4. Also, dispersion, size, and uniformity of PtNPs were investigated, where the finer distribution of PtNPs with the average size less than 100 nm was obtained in 0.5M H 2SO 4...
Electrochemical sensors based on functionalized carbon nanotubes modified with platinum nanoparticles for the detection of sulfide ions in aqueous media, Article Journal of Chemical Sciences ; Volume 131, Issue 3 , 2019 ; 09743626 (ISSN) ; Dolati, A ; Salmani Rezaie , S ; Sharif University of Technology
Abstract : Vertically aligned carbon nanotube (CNT) arrays were synthesized by thermal chemical vapor deposition (CVD) on stainless steel substrates coated by cobalt nanoparticles as catalyst. Morphological and elemental analyses conducted by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) revealed that bamboo-like CNTs were blocked by Co nanoparticles at the tips. The fabricated nanotubes underwent functionalization by electrochemical oxidation in sulfuric acid, and the subsequent structural studies, as well as Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy confirmed that the tips of functionalized CNTs were opened while oxygenated functional groups were...
Electrodeposition of Pt-Ru nanoparticles on multi-walled carbon nanotubes: Application in sensitive voltammetric determination of methyldopa, Article Electrochimica Acta ; Volume 58, Issue 1 , 2011 , Pages 125-133 ; 00134686 (ISSN) ; Rastgar, S ; Sharif University of Technology
A modified glassy carbon electrode, prepared by potentiostatic electrodeposition of platinum-ruthenium nanoparticles (Pt-RuNPs) onto a multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) layer, offers dramatic improvements in the stability and sensitivity of voltammetric responses toward methyldopa (m-dopa) compared to glassy carbon electrodes individually coated with MWCNT or Pt-RuNPs. The surface morphology and nature of the hybrid film (Pt-RuNPs/MWCNT) deposited on glassy carbon electrodes was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) techniques. A remarkable enhancement in the microscopic area of the electrode together...
Direct conversion of inorganic complexes to platinum/thin oxide nanoparticles decorated on MOF-derived chromium oxide/nanoporous carbon composite as an efficient electrocatalyst for ethanol oxidation reaction, Article Journal of Colloid and Interface Science ; Volume 555 , 2019 , Pages 655-666 ; 00219797 (ISSN) ; Rezaee, S ; Shahrokhian, S ; Amini, M. M ; Sharif University of Technology
Academic Press Inc 2019
In this work, we present the design and fabrication of a novel nanocomposite based on noble metal and metal oxide nanoparticles dispersed on highly porous carbon obtained via the pyrolysis of an inorganic complex and metal-organic frameworks. This nanocomposite is prepared by a two-step procedure: first, the composite support of nanoporous carbon (NPC) is obtained by the direct carbonization of the Cr-benzene dicarboxylic ligand (BDC) MOF in an Argon atmosphere at 500 °C (Cr2O3-NPC). A mixture containing Cr2O3-NPC and [PtCl(SnCl3)(SMe2)2] is then prepared, and underflow of Argon is heated to 380 °C. Finally, Pt-SnO2 nanoparticles are loaded on the Cr2O3-NPC support, and the obtained...