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    Poly (Lactic acid) Synthesis through Polycondensation Method and Optimized Reaction Time

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Farzad, Ashkan (Author) ; Frounchi, Masoud (Supervisor) ; Dadbin, Sousan (Supervisor)
    Poly (Lacticacid) belongs to the family of aliphatic polyesters. PLA can be made from annually renewable resources to yield articles for use in either the industrial packaging field or the biocompatible /bioabsorbable medical device market. Production of PLA through polycondensation in an industrial way was the aim of this project. In order to have the appropriate reaction conditions a steel reactor was designed and constructed. Feasibilty of PLA production in the constructed reactor was investigated and the product was analyzed, using H-NMR and FT-IR spectrum analysis. The average molecular weight was measured by GPC and ubbelohde viscometery method. Studies have shown that oligomerization... 

    Modeling and Control of Polyethylene Terephthalate Production Reactor

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hedayatnasab, Negin (Author) ; Shahrokhi, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) is known as the most important polyester in the world. This polymer is the raw material for synthetic fibers, films and plastic objects and widely used in textiles and food industry. In this project transesterification and polycondensation reactors of a semi-batch process with dimethyl terephthalate/ethylene glycol feedare simulated. First simulations areperformed for reactors in the laboratory scale.Then the reactors are scaled up to industrial scale in order to produce 100 tons per year of PET product. The optimal temperature trajectory for the fisrt reactor is obtained based on a performance index. This performance index includes the reaction time and... 

    Synthesis and properties of novel fluorinated polyamides based on noncoplanar sulfoxide containing aromatic bis(ether amine)

    , Article Polymer Journal ; Volume 41, Issue 3 , 2009 , Pages 174-180 ; 00323896 (ISSN) Shockravi, A ; Abouzari Lotf, E ; Javadi, A ; Taheri, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    A novel sulfoxide containing bis(ether amine) monomer, 2,2'-sulfoxide- bis[4-methyl(2-trifluoromethyl)4-aminophenoxy) phenyl ether] (M2), was synthesized from the halogen displacement of 2-chloro-5-nitrobenzotrifluoride with dibenzosulfoxide (DH) in the presence of potassium carbonate, followed by catalytic reduction of bis(ether nitro) intermediate with Zinc/Ammonium chloride. A series of organic-soluble poly(ether amide)s (PA1-7) bearing sulfoxide and electronwithdrawing trifiuoromethyl group were synthesized from bis(ether amine) with various aromatic diacids (1-7) via a direct polycondensation with triphenyl phosphite and pyridine. The resulting polymers had inherent viscosities ranging... 

    Novel microwave-assisted synthesis of porous g-C3N4/SnO2 nanocomposite for solar water-splitting

    , Article Applied Surface Science ; Volume 440 , 15 May , 2018 , Pages 153-161 ; 01694332 (ISSN) Seza, A ; Soleimani, F ; Naseri, N ; Soltaninejad, M ; Montazeri, S.M ; Sadrnezhaad, S.K ; Mohammadi, M.R ; Moghadam, H.A ; Forouzandeh, M ; Amin, M.H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2018
    Highly porous nanocomposites of graphitic-carbon nitride and tin oxide (g-C3N4/SnO2) were prepared through simple pyrolysis of urea molecules under microwave irradiation. The initial amount of tin was varied in order to investigate the effect of SnO2 content on preparation and properties of the composites. The synthesized nanocomposites were well-characterized by XRD, FE-SEM, HR-TEM, BET, FTIR, XPS, DRS, and PL. A homogeneous distribution of SnO2 nanoparticles with the size of less than 10 nm on the porous C3N4 sheets could be obtained, suggesting that in-situ synthesis of SnO2 nanoparticles was responsible for the formation of g-C3N4. The process likely occurred by the aid of the large... 

    Poly(citric acid)-block-poly(ethylene glycol) copolymers-new biocompatible hybrid materials for nanomedicine

    , Article Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine ; Volume 6, Issue 4 , Aug , 2010 , Pages 556-562 ; 15499634 (ISSN) Tavakoli Naeini, A ; Adeli, M ; Vossoughi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Linear-dendritic ABA triblock copolymers containing poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) as B block and hyperbranched poly(citric acid) (PCA) as A blocks were synthesized through polycondensation. The molecular self-assembly of synthesized PCA-PEG-PCA copolymers in water led to formation of nanoparticles and fibers in different sizes and shapes depending on the time and size of PCA blocks. Ten days after dissolving PCA-PEG-PCA copolymers in water, the size of fibers had reached several millimeters. Mixing a water solution of fluorescein as a small guest molecule and PCA-PEG-PCA copolymers led to the encapsulation of fluorescein by products of molecular self-assembly. To investigate their potential...