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    Development of simple and efficient Lab-on-a-Disc platforms for automated chemical cell lysis

    , Article Scientific Reports ; Volume 10, Issue 1 , 6 July , 2020 Khorrami Jahromi, A ; Saadatmand, M ; Eghbal, M ; Parsa Yeganeh, L ; Sharif University of Technology
    Nature Research  2020
    Abstract
    Cell lysis is the most important first step for molecular biology and diagnostic testing. Recently, microfluidic systems have attracted considerable attention due to advantages associated with automation, integration and miniaturization, especially in resource-limited settings. In this work, novel centrifugal microfluidic platforms with new configurations for chemical cell lysis are presented. The developed systems employ passive form of pneumatic and inertial forces for effective mixing of lysis reagents and cell samples as well as precise fluidic control. Characterizations of the developed Lab-on-a-Discs (LoaDs) have been conducted with dyed deionized (DI) waters and white blood cells... 

    Improving the performance of a photonic PCR system using TiO2 nanoparticles

    , Article Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry ; 2020 Amadeh, A ; Ghazimirsaeed, E ; Shamloo, A ; Dizani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Korean Society of Industrial Engineering Chemistry  2020
    Abstract
    Nucleic acid amplification using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method has been widely used in different fields such as agricultural science, medicine, pathogen identification, and forensics to name a few. Today, it seems inevitable to have a robust, simple PCR system for diagnostics at the point-of-care (POC) level. Many photonic PCR systems have been proposed in the literature that benefit from plasmonic photothermal heating to achieve the common PCR thermal cycling. However, non-homogeneous temperature distribution is a challenge in some of them. In the present work, to achieve more efficient gene amplification, the effect of adding TiO2 nanoparticles has been investigated in a photonic... 

    MiR-361-5p as a promising qRT-PCR internal control for tumor and normal breast tissues

    , Article PLoS ONE ; Volume 16, Issue 6 June , 2021 ; 19326203 (ISSN) Ghanbari, S ; Salimi, A ; Rahmani, S ; Nafissi, N ; Sharifi Zarchi, A ; Mowla, S. J ; Sharif University of Technology
    Public Library of Science  2021
    Abstract
    Background: One of the most widely used evaluation methods in miRNA experiments is qRT-PCR. However, selecting suitable internal controls (IC) is crucial for qRT-PCR experiments. Currently, there is no consensus on the ICs for miRNA qRT-PCR experiments in breast cancer. To this end, we tried to identify the most stable (the least expression alteration) and promising miRNAs in normal and tumor breast tissues by employing TCGA miRNA-Seq data and then experimentally validated them on fresh clinical samples. Methods: A multi-component scoring system was used which takes into account multiple expression stability criteria as well as correlation with clinical characteristics. Furthermore, we... 

    A plasmonic gold nanofilm-based microfluidic chip for rapid and inexpensive droplet-based photonic PCR

    , Article Scientific Reports ; Volume 11, Issue 1 , December , 2021 ; 20452322 (ISSN) Jalili, A ; Bagheri, M ; Shamloo, A ; Kazemipour Ashkezari, A. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Nature Research  2021
    Abstract
    Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is a powerful tool for nucleic acid amplification and quantification. However, long thermocycling time is a major limitation of the commercial PCR devices in the point-of-care (POC). Herein, we have developed a rapid droplet-based photonic PCR (dpPCR) system, including a gold (Au) nanofilm-based microfluidic chip and a plasmonic photothermal cycler. The chip is fabricated by adding mineral oil to uncured polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) to suppress droplet evaporation in PDMS microfluidic chips during PCR thermocycling. A PDMS to gold bonding technique using a double-sided adhesive tape is applied to enhance the bonding strength between the oil-added PDMS and the... 

    Engineering of mature human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes using substrates with multiscale topography

    , Article Advanced Functional Materials ; Volume 28, Issue 19 , 2018 ; 1616301X (ISSN) Pour Shahid Saeed Abadi, P ; Garbern, J. C ; Behzadi, S ; Hill, M. J ; Tresback, J. S ; Heydari, T ; Ejtehadi, M. R ; Ahmed, N ; Copley, E ; Aghaverdi, H ; Lee, R. T ; Farokhzad, O. C ; Mahmoudi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Wiley-VCH Verlag  2018
    Abstract
    Producing mature and functional cardiomyocytes (CMs) by in vitro differentiation of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) using only biochemical cues is challenging. To mimic the biophysical and biomechanical complexity of the native in vivo environment during the differentiation and maturation process, polydimethylsiloxane substrates with 3D topography at the micrometer and sub-micrometer levels are developed and used as cell-culture substrates. The results show that while cylindrical patterns on the substrates resembling mature CMs enhance the maturation of iPSC-derived CMs, sub-micrometer-level topographical features derived by imprinting primary human CMs further accelerate both the... 

    Comparing the effects of endurance and resistance trainings on gene expression involved in protein synthesis and degradation signaling pathways of Wistar rat soleus muscle

    , Article Tehran University Medical Journal ; Volume 77, Issue 11 , 2020 , Pages 668-677 Gholipour, M ; Seifabad, M ; Asad, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Tehran University of Medical Sciences  2020
    Abstract
    Background: Skeletal muscle mass, which is regulated by a balance between muscle protein synthesis and degradation, is an important factor for movement to meet everyday needs, especially in pathological conditions and aging. The purpose of the present investigation was to compare the alterations of the gene expression involved in muscle protein synthesis and degradation signaling pathways induced by two exercise training protocols. Methods: Eight weeks old Wistar rats have been assigned to the present experimental study, which was conducted from August 2018 to October 2018 at the animal laboratory of Tehran University. They were randomly divided into two resistance and endurance training... 

    Improving the performance of a photonic PCR system using TiO2 nanoparticles

    , Article Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry ; Volume 94 , 2021 , Pages 195-204 ; 1226086X (ISSN) Amadeh, A ; Ghazimirsaeed, E ; Shamloo, A ; Dizani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Korean Society of Industrial Engineering Chemistry  2021
    Abstract
    Nucleic acid amplification using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method has been widely used in different fields such as agricultural science, medicine, pathogen identification, and forensics to name a few. Today, it seems inevitable to have a robust, simple PCR system for diagnostics at the point-of-care (POC) level. Many photonic PCR systems have been proposed in the literature that benefit from plasmonic photothermal heating to achieve the common PCR thermal cycling. However, non-homogeneous temperature distribution is a challenge in some of them. In the present work, to achieve more efficient gene amplification, the effect of adding TiO2 nanoparticles has been investigated in a photonic... 

    Natural compounds for skin tissue engineering by electrospinning of nylon-Beta vulgaris

    , Article ASAIO Journal ; Volume 64, Issue 2 , 2018 , Pages 261-269 ; 10582916 (ISSN) Ranjbarvan, P ; Mahmoudifard, M ; Kehtari, M ; Babaie, A ; Hamedi, S ; Mirzaei, S ; Soleimani, M ; Hosseinzadeh, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Lippincott Williams and Wilkins  2018
    Abstract
    Natural compounds containing polysaccharide ingredients have been employed as candidates for treatment of skin tissue. Herein, for the first time, electrospinning setup was proposed to fabricate an efficient composite nanofibrous structure of Beta vulgaris (obtained from Beet [Chenopodiaceae or Amaranthaceae]) belonged to polysaccharides and an elastic polymer named nylon 66 for skin tissue engineering. Both prepared scaffolds including noncomposite and composite types were studied by Scanning electron microscope (SEM), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, mechanical assay, and contact angle. Scanning electron microscope examinations have approved the uniform and homogeneous... 

    Design, Simulation and Construction of a Rapid Gene Amplification Microfluidic Device Using Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Amadeh, Ali (Author) ; Shamloo, Amir (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Polymerase chain reaction method is a conventional method for obtaining multiple copies of a specified segment in the DNA molecule and to amplify the DNA molecule itself. Therefore, this method has been of paramount importance in different fields of research and has been applied for different applications. PCR requires thermal cycling, or repeated temperature changes between two or three discrete temperatures to amplify specific nucleic acid target sequences. To achieve such thermal cycling, conventional bench-top thermal cyclers generally use a metal heating block powered by Peltier elements or benefit from forced convection heat transfer. Although efforts have been made in order to reduce... 

    Design and Fabrication of a Microfluidic Digital PCR

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Bahrami, Mohammad Amin (Author) ; Saeedi, Mohammad Saeed (Supervisor) ; Firouzabadi, Bahar (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Polymerase chain reaction, abbreviated as PCR, is a method of amplifying the number of copies of a desired DNA sequence through special protocols. The rapid advance of microfluidic devices and the emerging concept of digital microfluidics has resulted into the development of digital droplet PCR (ddPCR) systems with their significant uses in the detection of rare mutations, cancer diagnosis, and surveillance. In this study, an integrated ddPCR microfluidic chip alongside its thermoelectric thermal cycler and optical analysis systems have been designed, fabricated and their performance has been tested and evaluated. It was shown that the effect of master mold’s surface quality, the material of... 

    Design of a Microfluidic Digital Droplet PCR

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Abedini, Ali (Author) ; Saeedi, Mohammad Saeed (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Polymerase chain reaction, abbreviated as PCR, is a method of amplifying the number of copies of a desired DNA sequence through special protocols. The rapid advance of microfluidic devices and the emerging concept of digital microfluidics has resulted into the development of digital droplet PCR (ddPCR) systems with their significant uses in the detection of rare mutations, cancer diagnosis, and surveillance. A large number of micron-sized droplets are required to perform ddPCR. in this study, To investigate the gradient of confinements induced droplet self-breakup mechanism, we carried out the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations for the two-phase flow using a commercial software... 

    Cloning and Production of the Flavin Reductase Enzyme in Order to Perform Organic Reaction and Synthesis of Cation Exchange Column for Protein Purification

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hayati, Fatemeh (Author) ; Kalhor, Hamid Reza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    The reductase enzymes perform an important function in the cell. These enzymes are usually coupled with other enzymes and participate in reactions such as halogenation, reduction of alkene, and carboxylic acids. These reactions are carried out by reproducing cofactors such as FADH2 and NAD+; however, there is no evidence that this enzyme alone can perform an organic reaction. In this work, we aim to examine whether recombinant flavin reductase can carry out organic reactions. In order to amplify the flavin reductase enzyme gene from the E. coli genome by PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction) method, two synthetic primers were designed; The forward primer of the gene contained a cleavage site for... 

    Study, Optimization and Construction of a Microfluidic Gene Amplification Device by Using Thin Film Layer Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Eslami, Sara Sadat (Author) ; Vosoughi, Manouchehr (Supervisor) ; Alemzadeh, Iran (Co-Supervisor) ; Shamloo, Amir (Co-Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) is a process in which a special piece of a gene is amplified millions of times over a short period. This method has been of paramount importance in different fields of research and has been applied for different applications. PCR requires thermal cycling, or repeated temperature changes between two or three discrete temperatures to amplify specific nucleic acid target sequences. To achieve such thermal cycling, conventional bench-top thermal cyclers generally use a metal heating block powered by Peltier elements or benefit from forced convection heat transfer. Due to the fact that these methods are time consuming, it seems that design and fabrication of a fast... 

    PCR Amplification Prediction using Machine Learning

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Latifian, Niloofar (Author) ; Hossein Khalaj, Babak (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) is a laboratory method for amplifying a part of DNA. This method is used in determining the sequence of genes, detecting pathogenic agents in epidemics, creating genetic changes in bacteria, diseases, plants and even animals. Many factors affect the quality of the reaction. Each of these factors can be effective in amplifying the target in DNA. If we can predict the result of PCR using the factors involved in the reaction, it will save a lot of money and time. The aim of this research is to predict the result of PCR amplification using machine learning methods. For this purpose, two methods are proposed: feature-based method and string-based method. In the... 

    Ultra-sensitive detection of leukemia by graphene

    , Article Nanoscale ; Vol. 6, issue. 24 , Dec , 2014 , p. 14810-14819 Akhavan, O ; Ghaderi, E ; Hashemi, E ; Rahighi, R ; Sharif Universit of Technology
    Abstract
    Graphene oxide nanoplatelets (GONPs) with extremely sharp edges (lateral dimensions ∼20-200 nm and thicknesses <2 nm) were applied in extraction of the overexpressed guanine synthesized in the cytoplasm of leukemia cells. The blood serums containing the extracted guanine were used in differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) with reduced graphene oxide nanowall (rGONW) electrodes to develop fast and ultra-sensitive electrochemical detection of leukemia cells at leukemia fractions (LFs) of ∼10-11 (as the lower detection limit). The stability of the DPV signals obtained by oxidation of the extracted guanine on the rGONWs was studied after 20 cycles. Without the guanine extraction, the DPV peaks... 

    Designing a polymerase chain reaction device working with radiation and convection heat transfer

    , Article 2017 International Conference on Nanomaterials and Biomaterials, ICNB 2017, 11 December 2017 through 13 December 2017 ; Volume 350, Issue 1 , 2018 ; 17578981 (ISSN) Madadelahi, M ; Kalan, K ; Shamloo, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Physics Publishing  2018
    Abstract
    Gene proliferation is vital for infectious and genetic diseases diagnosis from a blood sample, even before birth. In addition, DNA sequencing, genetic finger-print analyzing, and genetic mutation detecting can be mentioned as other procedures requiring gene reproduction. Polymerase chain reaction, briefly known as PCR, is a convenient and effective way to accomplish this task; where the DNA containing sample faces three temperature phases alternatively. These phases are known as denaturation, annealing, and elongation/extension which in this study -regarding the type of the primers and the target DNA sequence- are set to occur at 95, 58, and 72 degrees of Celsius. In this study, a PCR device... 

    Laboratory detection methods for the human coronaviruses

    , Article European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases ; Volume 40, Issue 2 , 2021 , Pages 225-246 ; 09349723 (ISSN) Shabani, E ; Dowlatshahi, S ; Abdekhodaie, M. J ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH  2021
    Abstract
    Coronaviruses are a group of envelop viruses which lead to diseases in birds and mammals as well as human. Seven coronaviruses have been discovered in humans that can cause mild to lethal respiratory tract infections. HCoV-229E, HCoV-OC43, HCoV-NL63, and HCoV-HKU1 are the low-risk members of this family and the reason for some common colds. Besides, SARS-CoV, MERS-CoV, and newly identified SARS-CoV-2, which is also known as 2019-nCoV, are the more dangerous viruses. Due to the rapid spread of this novel coronavirus and its related disease, COVID-19, a reliable, simple, fast, and low-cost detection method is necessary for patient diagnosis and tracking worldwide. Human coronaviruses detection... 

    Exploitation of n-gene of sars-cov-2 to develop a new rapid assay by ASOs@AuNPs

    , Article Analytical Chemistry ; Volume 94, Issue 39 , 2022 , Pages 13616-13622 ; 00032700 (ISSN) Borghei, Y. S ; Samadikhah, H. R ; Hosseinkhani, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Chemical Society  2022
    Abstract
    A naked-eye (equipment-free), label-free (cost-effective), and RNA extraction-free (to speed up) method for SARS-CoV-2 (as a case study of RNA viruses) detection is developed. Here, the DNA is being used as a template for in situ formation of anisotropic gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) without any chemical modification or DNA labeling. In this study, synthesized AuNPs for the direct detection of N-gene (nucleocapsid phosphoprotein) of SARS-CoV-2 are exploited. To this aim, antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs) with an extra poly guanine tail (G12) were designed. Thus, in the presence of its viral target RNA gene and ASOs@AuNPs-RNA hybridization, there was a red shift in its localized surface plasmon... 

    Biodesulfurization of dibenzothiophene by a newly isolated Rhodococcus erythropolis strain

    , Article Bioresource Technology ; Volume 101, Issue 3 , 2010 , Pages 1102-1105 ; 09608524 (ISSN) Davoodi Dehaghani, F ; Vosoughi, M ; Ziaee, A. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2010
    Abstract
    A new dibenzothiophene (DBT) desulfurizing bacterium was isolated from oil-contaminated soils in Iran. HPLC analysis and PCR-based detection of the presence of the DBT desulfurization genes (dszA, dszB and dszC) indicate that this strain converts DBT to 2-hydroxybiphenyl (2-HBP) via the 4S pathway. The strain, identified as Rhodococcus erythropolis SHT87, can utilize DBT, dibenzothiophene sulfone, thiophene, 2-methylthiophene and dimethylsulfoxide as a sole sulfur source for growth at 30 °C. The maximum specific desulfurization activity of strain SHT87 resting cells in aqueous and biphasic organic-aqueous systems at 30 °C was determined to be 0.36 and 0.47 μmol 2-HBP min-1 (g dry cell)-1,... 

    The different fate of satellite cells on conductive composite electrospun nanofibers with graphene and graphene oxide nanosheets

    , Article Biomedical Materials (Bristol) ; Volume 11, Issue 2 , 2016 ; 17486041 (ISSN) Mahmoudifard, M ; Soleimani, M ; Hatamie, S ; Zamanlui, S ; Ranjbarvan, P ; Vossoughi, M ; Hosseinzadeh, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Physics Publishing  2016
    Abstract
    Electrospinning of composite polymer solutions provides fantastic potential to prepare novel nanofibers for use in a variety of applications. The addition of graphene (G) and graphene oxide (GO) nanosheets to bioactive polymers was found to enhance their conductivity and biocompatibility. Composite conductive nanofibers of polyaniline (PANI) and polyacrylonitrile (PAN) with G and GO nanosheets were prepared by an electrospinning process. The fabricated membranes were investigated by physical and chemical examinations including scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Raman spectroscopy, x-ray diffraction (XRD) and tensile assay. The muscle satellite cells enriched by a pre-plating technique were...