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    Demand Forecasting And Planning of ICU Sector In Hospital

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Taherkhani Kadkhodaei, Ahmad (Author) ; Kianfar, Farhad (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    This research conducted to achieve a pragmatic approach for the demand forecasting of ICU beds which is the one of most important services are provided by hospitals and medical centers and always has been challenging associated with capacity planning in many countries. Attaining such a method, ICU patients identified and categorized according to patients age and duration of hospitalization period. Then, as a case study, demanded ICU beds in Iran's hospitals predicted for three time horizons in 2021, 2031 and 2041 by use of regression model to forecast the population of identified patient categories which was extracted from Iran's demographic data in a 30-year period. The results indicated... 

    RANS simulations of the stepped duct effect on the performance of ducted wind turbine

    , Article Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics ; Volume 145 , October , 2015 , Pages 270-279 ; 01676105 (ISSN) Zabihzade Roshan, S ; Alimirzazadeh, S ; Rad, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2015
    Abstract
    With the rise in oil price and population growth, renewable energies are assumed to be the main source of energies for the next generation. Wind as a natural, eco-friendly and renewable source of energy has been at the center of concentration for decades. Recently there has been some ideas regarding the self-regulating urban wind turbines. Researchers have shown that a proper enclosure increases the wind velocity and therefore more torques can be exerted on the rotors, therefore more power can be generated. These enclosures are light and cheap, therefore they are applicable and effective. In the present study, an enclosure was modified to increase the exerted torque with implementing a step... 

    Resilient approach toward urban development in lake catchments; case of Lake Urmia

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 23, Issue 4 , 2016 , Pages 1627-1632 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Ahmadi, A ; Abbaspour, M ; Arjmandi, R ; Abedi, Z ; Sharif University of Technology
    Sharif University of Technology  2016
    Abstract
    The climate change and human development in lake catchments have put these habitats in drying conditions, e.g. Aral Sea in Asia, Lake Chad in Africa, Lake Mead in USA, Lake Urmia in Iran, etc. These ecosystems play an important role in social, ecological, and economic activities. Lake Urmia, recognized as an international wetland in 1973 and located in Iran, which is the second largest hypersaline lake in the world, is in the same state. Lake Urmia biologically and ecologically is one of the most interesting places in the world. This lake is a habitat for various species. The lake's surface has shrunken from 6000 km2 to 900 km2 in 2013. The statistics indicate that the population has... 

    Modification of a dynamic monte carlo technique to simplify and accelerate transient analysis with feedback

    , Article Nuclear Science and Engineering ; 2021 ; 00295639 (ISSN) Ghaderi Mazaher, M ; Salehi, A. A ; Vosoughi, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Ltd  2021
    Abstract
    In this paper, a simpler approach compared to the existing approaches is developed to analyze nuclear reactor dynamics based on the explicit Monte Carlo method. A new population control method is also introduced to prevent neutron population growth and consequent computer memory shortages, which also increases simulation speed. The scheme is applied for time-dependent particle tracking in three-dimensional arbitrary geometries in the presence of feedbacks through a code named MCSP-Explicit. Changes in material density, as well as geometry dimensions, are also considered during simulation. MCSP-Explicit can be run with either continuous or multigroup data libraries, and it is further boosted... 

    Lifetable analysis of Spodoptera exigua Hübner on alternate hosts from cotton agroecosystem for estimating annual population build-up

    , Article International Journal of Pest Management ; Volume 67, Issue 3 , 2021 , Pages 252-259 ; 09670874 (ISSN) Ahmad, F ; Saeed, S ; Chen, T ; Saeed, Q ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Ltd  2021
    Abstract
    Understanding the population growth patterns of Spodoptera exigua on alternate host plants can provide valuable information for developing an effective pest management program. In this study, using age-specific lifetable indices, we evaluated the role of alternate crops commonly found in cotton agroecosystem of Pakistan to better understand population dynamics of S. exigua. The longest larval and pupal periods (16.35 and 9.95days, respectively) were observed on spinach, while the shortest periods were recorded on okra (13 days) and cauliflower (8.4 days), respectively. Relatively more female moths (61%) were produced on spinach with low rm (0.095) and λ (1.0997) while highest rm (0.120) and... 

    Lifetable analysis of Spodoptera exigua Hübner on alternate hosts from cotton agroecosystem for estimating annual population build-up

    , Article International Journal of Pest Management ; Volume 67, Issue 3 , 2021 , Pages 252-259 ; 09670874 (ISSN) Ahmad, F ; Saeed, S ; Chen, T ; Saeed, Q ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Ltd  2021
    Abstract
    Understanding the population growth patterns of Spodoptera exigua on alternate host plants can provide valuable information for developing an effective pest management program. In this study, using age-specific lifetable indices, we evaluated the role of alternate crops commonly found in cotton agroecosystem of Pakistan to better understand population dynamics of S. exigua. The longest larval and pupal periods (16.35 and 9.95days, respectively) were observed on spinach, while the shortest periods were recorded on okra (13 days) and cauliflower (8.4 days), respectively. Relatively more female moths (61%) were produced on spinach with low rm (0.095) and λ (1.0997) while highest rm (0.120) and... 

    Water allocation using game theory under climate change impact (Case study: Zarinehrood)

    , Article Journal of Water and Climate Change ; Volume 12, Issue 3 , 2021 , Pages 759-771 ; 20402244 (ISSN) Hemati, H ; Abrishamchi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    IWA Publishing  2021
    Abstract
    The combined effects of climate change and growing water demand due to population growth, industrial and agricultural developments cause an increase in water scarcity and the subsequent environmental crisis in river basins, which results in conflicts over the property rights and allocation agreements. Thus, an integrated, sustainable and efficient water allocation considering changes in water resources due to climate change and change of users’ demands is necessary. In this study, the drainage basin of Zarinehrood was chosen to evaluate the function of selective methods. Assessing climate change impact scenarios of the Fifth IPCC reports, e.g., RCP2.6, RCP4.5, RCP6.0 and RCP8.5, have been... 

    Modification of a dynamic monte carlo technique to simplify and accelerate transient analysis with feedback

    , Article Nuclear Science and Engineering ; Volume 196, Issue 4 , 2022 , Pages 395-408 ; 00295639 (ISSN) Ghaderi Mazaher, M ; Salehi, A. A ; Vosoughi, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Ltd  2022
    Abstract
    In this paper, a simpler approach compared to the existing approaches is developed to analyze nuclear reactor dynamics based on the explicit Monte Carlo method. A new population control method is also introduced to prevent neutron population growth and consequent computer memory shortages, which also increases simulation speed. The scheme is applied for time-dependent particle tracking in three-dimensional arbitrary geometries in the presence of feedbacks through a code named MCSP-Explicit. Changes in material density, as well as geometry dimensions, are also considered during simulation. MCSP-Explicit can be run with either continuous or multigroup data libraries, and it is further boosted... 

    Conceptual design and simulation of a semi-automatic cell for the washing and preparation of a corpse prior to an islamic burial

    , Article International Journal of Advanced Robotic Systems ; Volume 9 , 2012 ; 17298806 (ISSN) Meghdari, A ; Osgouie, K. G ; Nasiri, E ; Nemati, A. R ; Mortazavi, A. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    IJARS  2012
    Abstract
    Washing the corpse and dressing the body prior to burial is an act of love and necessity in many religions. Applying robotics and automation technologies for the washing and preparation of a deceased Muslim in accordance with the Islamic Shari'at laws has been the challenging foundation of this research. With an increasing annual population growth resulting in an increase in the number of deaths (historically and/or immediately after a national disaster), automating part of this procedure to increase the speed of operation, reducing the health risks to the personnel of washing rooms "Ghassalkhaneh™ at the cemeteries and enhancing their quality of life have been the primary objectives of this... 

    Designing fire scenarios for subway stations and tunnels based on regional approach

    , Article Advanced Materials Research, 16 September 2011 through 18 September 2011 ; Volume 433-440 , Septembe , 2012 , Pages 983-991 ; 10226680 (ISSN) ; 9783037853191 (ISBN) Shoaei, M ; Maddahin, R ; Afshin, H ; Farhanie, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Development of cities as well as population growth causes to development of public transportation especially subway lines. The high capacity besides the high speed in transportation makes them the popular transportation system. Fire is the one of the most important issues that may occur in subways. The difference in flame size, emissionheat, smoke and pollutants generation of subway fires attracts an especial attention of fire investigators. The emergency ventilation of subways in the case of fire should have the ability of discharging heat, smoke and pollutants from passenger escape route and preparing a safe place for a specific duration. The optimal performance of emergency ventilation... 

    Countries’ classification by environmental resilience

    , Article Journal of Environmental Management ; Volume 230 , 2019 , Pages 345-354 ; 03014797 (ISSN) Moghim, S ; Garna, R. K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Academic Press  2019
    Abstract
    Rapid population growth, urbanization, and industrialization affect countries’ vulnerability to future disasters. This study investigates the vulnerability of 141 countries to natural and anthropogenic hazards using six environmental indicators including air pollution, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, access to drinking water, access to improved sanitation, environmental risks (total death and affected people), and energy use. Results confirm that the resilience varies by the location. Furthermore, this work delineates the World countries using the environmental resilience score. The most resilient countries are located in Europe and North America and the least resilient countries are in... 

    Assessment of the impacts of sewerage network on groundwater quantity and nitrate contamination: case study of tehran

    , Article World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2020: Groundwater, Sustainability, Hydro-Climate/Climate Change, and Environmental Engineering, 17 May 2020 through 21 May 2020 ; 2020 , Pages 53-66 Khorasani, H ; Kerachian, R ; Aghayi, M. M ; Zahraie, B ; Zhu, Z ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)  2020
    Abstract
    Many communities in arid and semi-Arid areas rely on groundwater for drinking water. However, anthropogenic activities such as the use of fertilizers and human waste disposal impose the risk of nitrate pollution to the aquifers. With over 8.5 million population, Tehran, the capital of Iran, has experienced rapid population growth during the past decades while the majority of the city did not have a sewerage network and the main way of wastewater disposal was individual cesspits inside houses. The long-Term discharge of raw wastewater in cesspits has increased nitrate concentration in the Tehran aquifer which serves as a source of one-Third of drinking water for the city. Although the... 

    A new fuzzy logic algorithm application in the design of signalized intersection control system

    , Article 10th World Multi-Conference on Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics, WMSCI 2006, Jointly with the 12th International Conference on Information Systems Analysis and Synthesis, ISAS 2006, Orlando, FL, 16 July 2006 through 19 July 2006 ; Volume 3 , 2006 , Pages 83-88 ; 980656068X (ISBN); 9789806560680 (ISBN) Shafahi, Y ; Kermanshahi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    2006
    Abstract
    The Population Growth, Land-use Development and the Increase in Vehicle Ownership in big cities have caused an increase in Travel Demand and the volume of vehicles passing through Urban Routes. Travel Time in the urban route network due to increase in congestion in one of the most important problems in Metropolises. A considerable part of Travel Time in the Metropolitan routes network is related to delay time in intersections. Thus, controlling methods for intersections in order to decrease such delays is of a great importance. The application of Fuzzy Logic as a control basis in engineering issues has a proper background. In this study, a method for controlling such signalized intersections... 

    Determination of optimal renewable energy growth strategies using SWOT analysis, hybrid MCDM methods, and game theory: a case study

    , Article International Journal of Energy Research ; 2021 ; 0363907X (ISSN) Almutairi, K ; Hosseini Dehshiri, J ; Hosseini Dehshiri, S ; Mostafaeipour, A ; Hoa, A. X ; Techato, K ; Sharif University of Technology
    John Wiley and Sons Ltd  2021
    Abstract
    Due to population growth and industrial development, Iran is facing the challenge of energy supply in various industrial, power plant, agricultural, and residential sectors. While most of Iran's energy supply comes from fossil fuels, these fuels have devastating environmental impacts. Therefore, Iran has to invest more in its renewable energy sources. Given that many locations of Iran have significant wind, solar, and geothermal potential, this study used a combination of SWOT, multicriteria decision-making approaches, and game theory to identify the best renewable energy development plans for the country. The Stepwise Weight Assessment Ratio Analysis (SWARA) technique was applied to weight... 

    Determination of optimal renewable energy growth strategies using SWOT analysis, hybrid MCDM methods, and game theory: A case study

    , Article International Journal of Energy Research ; Volume 46, Issue 5 , 2022 , Pages 6766-6789 ; 0363907X (ISSN) Almutairi, K ; Hosseini Dehshiri, S. J ; Hosseini Dehshiri, S. S ; Mostafaeipour, A ; Hoa, A.X ; Techato, K ; Sharif University of Technology
    John Wiley and Sons Ltd  2022
    Abstract
    Due to population growth and industrial development, Iran is facing the challenge of energy supply in various industrial, power plant, agricultural, and residential sectors. While most of Iran's energy supply comes from fossil fuels, these fuels have devastating environmental impacts. Therefore, Iran has to invest more in its renewable energy sources. Given that many locations of Iran have significant wind, solar, and geothermal potential, this study used a combination of SWOT, multicriteria decision-making approaches, and game theory to identify the best renewable energy development plans for the country. The Stepwise Weight Assessment Ratio Analysis (SWARA) technique was applied to weight... 

    Enhanced electricity generation from whey wastewater using combinational cathodic electron acceptor in a two-chamber microbial fuel cell

    , Article International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology ; Volume 9, Issue 3 , 2012 , Pages 473-478 ; 17351472 (ISSN) Nasirahmadi, S ; Safekordi, A. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2012
    Abstract
    While energy consumption is increasing worldwide due to population growth, the fossil fuels are unstable and exhaustible resources for establishing sustainable life. Using biodegradable compounds present in the wastewater produced in industrial process as a renewable source is an enchanting approach followed by scientists for maintaining a sustainable energy production to vanquish this problem for ulterior generations. In this research, bioelectricity generation with whey degradation was investigated in a two-chamber microbial fuel cell with humic acid as anodic electron mediator and a cathode compartment including combinational electron acceptor. Escherichia coli was able to use the... 

    Five insights from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019

    , Article The Lancet ; Volume 396, Issue 10258 , 2020 , Pages 1135-1159 Abbafati, C ; Machado, D. B ; Cislaghi, B ; Salman, O. M ; Karanikolos, M ; McKee, M ; Abbas, K. M ; Brady, O. J ; Larson, H. J ; Trias-Llimós, S ; Cummins, S ; Langan, S.M ; Sartorius, B ; Hafiz, A ; Jenabi, E ; Mohammad Gholi Mezerji, N ; Borzouei, S ; Azarian, G ; Khazaei, S ; Abbasi, M ; Asghari, B ; Masoumi, S ; Komaki, H ; Taherkhani, A ; Adabi, M ; Abbasifard, M ; Bazmandegan, G ; Kamiab, Z ; Vakilian, A ; Anjomshoa, M ; Mokari, A ; Sabour, S ; Shahbaz, M ; Saeedi, R ; Ahmadieh, H ; Yousefinezhadi, T ; Haj-Mirzaian, A ; Nikbakhsh, R ; Safi, S ; Asgari, S ; Irvani, S.N ; Jahanmehr, N ; Ramezanzadeh, K ; Abbasi-Kangevari, M ; Khayamzadeh, M ; Abbastabar, H ; Shirkoohi, R ; Fazlzadeh, M ; Janjani, H ; Hosseini, M ; Mansournia, M ; Tohidinik, H ; Bakhtiari, A ; Fazaeli, A ; Mousavi, S ; Hasanzadeh, A ; Nabavizadeh, B ; Malekzadeh, R ; Hashemian, M ; Pourshams, A ; Salimzadeh, H ; Sepanlou, S. G ; Afarideh, M ; Esteghamati, A ; Esteghamati, S ; Ghajar, A ; Heidari, B ; Rezaei, N ; Mohamadi, E ; Rahimi-Movaghar, A ; Rahim, F ; Eskandarieh, S ; Sahraian, M ; Mohebi, F ; Aminorroaya, A ; Ebrahimi, H ; Farzadfar, F ; Mohajer, B ; Pishgar, F ; Saeedi Moghaddam, S ; Shabani, M ; Zarafshan, H ; Abolhassani, H ; Hafezi Nejad, N ; Heidari Soureshjani, R ; Abdollahi, M ; Farahmand, M ; Salamati, P ; Mehrabi Nasab, E ; Tajdini, M ; Aghamir, S ; Mirzaei, R ; Dibaji Forooshani, Z ; Khater, M. M ; Abd-Allah, F ; Abdelalim, A ; Abualhasan, A ; El-Jaafary, S. I ; Hassan, A ; Elsharkawy, A ; Khater, A. M ; Elhabashy, H. R ; Salem, M. R. R ; Salem, H ; Sadeghi, M ; Jafarinia, M ; Amini-Rarani, M ; Mohammadifard, N ; Sarrafzadegan, N ; Abdollahpour, I ; Sarveazad, A ; Tehrani Banihashemi, A ; Yoosefi Lebni, J ; Manafi, N ; Pazoki Toroudi, H ; Dorostkar, F ; Alipour, V ; Sheikhtaheri, A ; Arabloo, J ; Azari, S ; Ghashghaee, A ; Rezapour, A ; Naserbakht, M ; Kabir, A ; Mehri, F ; Yousefifard, M ; Asadi Aliabadi, M ; Babaee, E ; Eshrati, B ; Goharinezhad, S ; Moradi Lakeh, M ; Abedi, P ; Rashedi, V ; Kumar, V ; Elgendy, I. Y ; Basu, S ; Park, J ; Pereira, A ; Norheim, O. F ; Eagan, A. W ; Cahill, L. E ; Sheikh, A ; Abushouk, A. I ; Kraemer, M. U. G ; Thakur, B ; Bärnighausen, T. W ; Shrime, M. G ; Abedi, A ; Doshi, C. P ; Abegaz, K. H ; Geberemariyam, B. S ; Aynalem, Y. A ; Shiferaw, W. S ; Abosetugn, A. E ; Aboyans, V ; Abrams, E. M ; Gitimoghaddam, M ; Kissoon, N ; Stubbs, J. L ; Brauer, M ; Iyamu, I. O ; Kopec, J. A ; Pourmalek, F ; Ribeiro, A. P ; Malta, D. C ; Gomez, R. S ; Abreu, L. G ; Abrigo, M. R. M ; Almulhim, A. M ; Dahlawi, S. M. A ; Pottoo, F. H ; Menezes, R. G ; Alanzi, T. M ; Alumran, A. K ; Abu Haimed, A. K ; Madadin, M ; Alanezi, F. M ; Abu-Gharbieh, E ; Saddik, B ; Abu Raddad, L. J ; Samy, A. M ; El Nahas, N ; Shalash, A. S ; Nabhan, A. F ; Kamath, A. M ; Kassebaum, N. J ; Aravkin, A. Y ; Kochhar, S ; Sorensen, R. J. D ; Afshin, A ; Burkart, K ; Cromwell, E. A ; Dandona, L ; Dharmaratne, S. D ; Gakidou, E ; Hay, S. I ; Kyu, H. H ; Lopez, A. D ; Lozano, R ; Misganaw, A. T ; Mokdad, A. H ; Naghavi, M ; Pigott, D. M ; Reiner Jr, R. C ; Roth, G. A ; Stanaway, J. D ; Vollset, S ; Vos, T ; Wang, H ; Lim, S. S ; Murray, C. J. L ; Kalani, R ; Ikuta, K. S ; Cho, D. Y ; Kneib, C. J ; Crowe, C. S ; Massenburg, B. B ; Morrison, S. D ; Acebedo, A ; Adelson, J. D ; Agesa, K. M ; Alam, T ; Albertson, S. B ; Anderson, J. A ; Antony, C. M ; Ashbaugh, C ; Assmus, M ; Azhar, G ; Balassyano, S ; Bannick, M. S ; Barthelemy, C. M ; Bender, R. G ; Bennitt, F. B ; Bertolacci, G. J ; Biehl, M. H ; Bisignano, C ; Boon Dooley, A. S ; Briant, P. S ; Bryazka, D ; Bumgarner, B. R ; Callender, C. S ; Cao, J ; Castle, C. D ; Castro, E ; Causey, K ; Cercy, K. M ; Chalek, J ; Charlson, F. J ; Cohen, A. J ; Comfort, H ; Compton, K ; Croneberger, A. J ; Cruz, J. A ; Cunningham, M ; Dandona, R ; Dangel, W. J ; Dean, F. E ; DeCleene, N. K ; Deen, A ; Degenhardt, L ; Dingels, Z. V ; Dippenaar, I. N ; Dirac, M. A ; Dolgert, A. J ; Emmons Bell, S ; Estep, K ; Farag, T ; Feigin, V. L ; Feldman, R ; Ferrara, G ; Ferrari, A. J ; Fitzgerald, R ; Force, L. M ; Fox, J. T ; Frank, T. D ; Fu, W ; Fukutaki, K ; Fuller, J. E ; Fullman, N ; Galles, N. C ; Gardner, W. M ; Gershberg Hayoon, A ; Goren, E ; Gorman, T. M ; Gottlich, H. C ; Guo, G ; Haddock, B ; Hagins, H ; Haile, L. M ; Hamilton, E. B ; Han, C ; Han, H ; Harvey, J. D ; Henny, K ; Henrikson, H. J ; Henry, N. J ; Herbert, M. E ; Hsiao, T ; Huynh, C. K ; Iannucci, V. C ; Ippolito, H ; Irvine, C. M. S ; Jafari, H ; Jahagirdar, D ; James, S. L ; Johnson, C. O ; Johnson, S.C ; Keller, C ; Kemmer, L ; Kendrick, P. J ; Knight, M ; Kocarnik, J. M ; Krohn, K. J ; Larson, S. L ; Lau, K. M ; Ledesma, J. R ; Leever, A. T ; LeGrand, K. E ; Lescinsky, H ; Lin, C ; Liu, H ; Liu, Z ; Lo, J ; Lu, A ; Ma, J ; Maddison, E. R ; Manguerra, H ; Marks, A ; Martopullo, I ; Mastrogiacomo, C. I ; May, E. A ; Mooney, M. D ; Mosser, J. F ; Mullany, E. C ; Mumford, J ; Munro, S. B ; Nandakumar, V ; Nguyen, J ; Nguyen, M ; Nichols, E ; Nixon, M. R ; Odell, C. M ; Ong, K. L ; Orji, A. U ; Ostroff, S. M ; Pasovic, M ; Paulson, K. R ; Pease, S. A ; Pennini, A ; Pierce, M ; Pilz, T. M ; Pletcher, M ; Rao, P. C ; Razo, C ; Redford, S. B ; Reinig, N ; Reitsma, M. B ; Rhinehart, P ; Robalik, T ; Roberts, S ; Roberts, N. L. S ; Rolfe, S ; Sbarra, A. N ; Schaeffer, L. E ; Shackelford, K. A ; Shadid, J ; Sharara, F ; Shaw, D. H ; Sheena, B. S ; Simpson, K. E ; Smith, A ; Spencer, C. N ; Spurlock, E. E ; Stark, B. A ; Steiner, C ; Steuben, K. M ; Sylte, D. O ; Tang, M ; Taylor, H. J ; Terrason, S ; Thomson, A. M ; Torre, A. E ; Travillian, R ; Troeger, C. E ; Vongpradith, A ; Walters, M. K ; Wang, J ; Watson, A ; Watson, S ; Whisnant, J. L ; Whiteford, H. A ; Wiens, K. E ; Wilner, L. B ; Wilson, S ; Wool, E. E ; Wozniak, S. S ; Wu, J ; Wulf Hanson, S ; Wunrow, H ; Xu, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Lancet Publishing Group  2020
    Abstract
    The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) 2019 provides a rules-based synthesis of the available evidence on levels and trends in health outcomes, a diverse set of risk factors, and health system responses. GBD 2019 covered 204 countries and territories, as well as first administrative level disaggregations for 22 countries, from 1990 to 2019. Because GBD is highly standardised and comprehensive, spanning both fatal and non-fatal outcomes, and uses a mutually exclusive and collectively exhaustive list of hierarchical disease and injury causes, the study provides a powerful basis for detailed and broad insights on global health trends and emerging challenges. GBD... 

    Multi-criteria decision making for integrated urban water management

    , Article Water Resources Management ; Volume 22, Issue 8 , 2008 , Pages 1017-1029 ; 09204741 (ISSN) Zarghami, M ; Abrishamchi, A ; Ardakanian, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2008
    Abstract
    The city of Zahedan, in South-eastern Iran, has high population growth, limited local freshwater resources and inadequate water distribution system resulting in water supply failures in recent years. This paper will investigate integration of several demand management measures such as leakage detection on water distribution network, water metering and low volume water fixtures as well as the conjunctive use of surface and groundwater resources of this city. For integration of water management criteria, compromise programming will be used as a multi-objective decision making method. The criteria include minimizing the cost, maximizing water supply and minimizing the social hazards due to the...