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    Microstructure and characteristic properties of gelatin/chitosan scaffold prepared by the freeze-gelation method

    , Article Materials Research Express ; Volume 6, Issue 11 , 2019 ; 20531591 (ISSN) Shamloo, A ; Kamali, A ; Bahrani Fard, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Physics Publishing  2019
    Abstract
    Three-dimensional porous scaffolds are essential in tissue engineering applications. One of the most conventional methods to form porosity in scaffolds is freeze-drying, which is not energy efficient and cost effective. Therefore in this work, it was experimentally investigated whether gelatin, with its unique mechanical properties and cell binding applications, could be used as a comprising polymer of scaffolds with porous structure made by the freeze-gelation method. Chitosan, gelatin and chitosan/gelatin scaffolds were fabricated by the freeze-gelation method and their behaviors, determined by analysis of scanning electron microscopy images, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy,... 

    Preparation of Gelatin/Pva Porous Scaffolds by Chemical and Gamma Irradiation Methods for Skin Cell Culture

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mahnama, Hossein (Author) ; Frounchi, Masoud (Supervisor) ; Dadbin, Susan (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    The goal of this research project was to prepare gelatin/PVA porous scaffolds by chemical and gamma irradiation methods to be used for human dermal fibroblast cell culture. First, the polymers were dissolved in hot water and mixed properly to achieve a homogenous solution. The mixture was then frozen at -200C and immersed in ethanol/ glutaraldehyde solution at -200C for 48 hours in order to extract ice crystals and also form chemical crosslinks in gelatin by glutaraldehyde. After being rinsed with distilled water the samples were lyophilized. The effects of polymers solution concentration, gelatin/PVA ratio and glutaraldehyde /gelatin ratio were investigated on characteristics of the... 

    Freeze-gelled alginate/gelatin scaffolds for wound healing applications: An in vitro, in vivo study

    , Article Materials Science and Engineering C ; Volume 113 , 2020 Afjoul, H ; Shamloo, A ; Kamali, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2020
    Abstract
    In this study, fabrication of a three-dimensional porous scaffold was performed using freeze gelation method. Recently, fabrication of scaffolds using polymer blends has become common for many tissue engineering applications due to their unique tunable properties. In this work, we fabricated alginate-gelatin porous hydrogels for wound healing application using a new method based on some modifications to the freeze-gelation method. Alginate and gelatin were mixed in three different ratios and the resulting solutions underwent freeze gelation to obtain 3D porous matrices. We analyzed the samples using different characterization tests. The scanning electron microscopy (SEM) results indicated... 

    Fabrication of Porous Gelatin-based Scaffold and Evaluation of Effect of Gamma Irradiation

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Vahidi, Milad (Author) ; Forounchi, Massoud (Supervisor) ; Dadbin, Susan (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Biocompatible porous polymeric scaffolds provide a suitable 3-D environment for proliferation of stem cells in human body. For instance, growth and proliferation concurrent with differentiation of stem cells in such scaffolds can regenerate the tissues or organs. In this attitude we fabricated a porous Gelatin-based scaffold using both of freeze-drying and freeze-extraction methods.Also, effect fo gamma irradiation on microstructure of scaffolds was investigated. In addition, poly(ethylene glycol) was employed to make the scaffold softer. Moreover, effects of various parameters including freezing temperature, cross-linking agent concentration, gelatin and PEG concentrations and their... 

    The Fabrication of Porous Scaffolds of Polyvinyl Chloride/Polyethylene Glycol and Nano Diamonds Using Gamma Radiation for Medical Applications

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Jabbar, Ali (Author) ; Frounchi, Masoud (Supervisor) ; Dadbin, Susan (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Today, tissue engineering research is expanding to a large extent, so tissue engineering has the ability to build artificial organs and tissues. In this project, we have used two polymers of polyethylene glycol and polyvinyl chloride, which are used for network irradiation. After irradiation, these polymers were made by drying the freewheeling porous scaffolds and the effect of different parameters on the structure of these scaffolds was investigated. To investigate the effect of different factors on gelation, swelling, tensile test, degradability and finally the conditions of fibroplast cell growth on scaffolds were investigated. The results of the gel test showed that the gel was higher... 

    Fabrication and Optimizing a Bilayer Scaffold with the Ability to Release Growth Factors in Aim to Treating Injuries in Tissue Engineering

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Seifi, Saeed (Author) ; Shamloo, Amir (Supervisor) ; Hosseini, Vahid (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Skin, as the largest organ of the body and the first protector against external injuries, plays an important role in maintaining human health. Therefore, providing a method for complete treatment of skin lesions is very important. In the last century, tissue engineering approaches, with the introduction of skin scaffolds, have been instrumental in the process of skin tissue regeneration and treatment. The aim of the present study is to construct an optimal bilayer scaffold to mimic the two outer layer of the skin (epidermis and dermis). Besides, the effects of placenta extract on acceleration of wound healing was investigated by an in-vivo test. both layer of scaffold are porous hydrogels,... 

    Preparation of biodegradable gelatin/PVA porous scaffolds for skin regeneration

    , Article Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine and Biotechnology ; 2016 , Pages 1-8 ; 21691401 (ISSN) Mahnama, H ; Dadbin, S ; Frounchi, M ; Rajabi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Ltd  2016
    Abstract
    Porous scaffolds composed of gelatin/poly (vinyl alcohol), (Gel/PVA), were prepared using combination of freeze gelation and freeze drying methods. The effect of polymer concentration, gelatin/PVA ratio, and glutaraldehyde/gelatin ratio (GA/Gel) was investigated on morphology of pores, swelling ratio, biodegradation, and skin cell culture. At optimum preparation conditions the scaffolds had uniform pore size distributions showing high swelling ratio of 23.6. The scaffolds were of biodegradable nature and almost degraded in 28 days. Human dermal fibroblast cells (HDF) were cultured on the scaffolds and MTS assay was conducted to evaluate the influence of PVA on growth and proliferation of the... 

    Fabrication of hierarchically porous silk fibroin-bioactive glass composite scaffold via indirect 3D printing: Effect of particle size on physico-mechanical properties and in vitro cellular behavior

    , Article Materials Science and Engineering C ; Volume 103 , 2019 ; 09284931 (ISSN) Razaghzadeh Bidgoli, M ; Alemzadeh, I ; Tamjid, E ; Khafaji, M ; Vossoughi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2019
    Abstract
    In order to regenerate bone defects, bioactive hierarchically scaffolds play a key role due to their multilevel porous structure, high surface area, enhanced nutrient transport and diffusion. In this study, novel hierarchically porous silk fibroin (SF) and silk fibroin-bioactive glass (SF-BG) composite were fabricated with controlled architecture and interconnected structure, by combining indirect three-dimensional (3D) inkjet printing and freeze-drying methods. Further, the effect of 45S5 Bioactive glass particles of different sizes (<100 nm and 6 μm) on mechanical strength and cell behavior was investigated. The results demonstrated that the hierarchical structure in this scaffold was... 

    Porous gelatin/poly(ethylene glycol) scaffolds for skin cells

    , Article Soft Materials ; Volume 15, Issue 1 , 2017 , Pages 95-102 ; 1539445X (ISSN) Vahidi, M ; Frounchi, M ; Dadbin, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Biocompatible porous polymeric scaffolds provide a suitable environment for proliferation of stem cells in human body. In this research work, porous gelatin–poly(ethylene glycol), PEG, based scaffolds were prepared using combination of freeze-gelation and freeze-extraction methods. Effects of various parameters such as freezing temperature, cross-linking agent, concentrations of gelatin and PEG and their blending ratio on physical and mechanical properties, swelling ratio, porosity, pore size, and degradation rate of scaffolds were investigated. Also, proliferation of fibroblast skin cells on the scaffolds was examined by MTS assay to assess the suitability of the scaffolds in wound healing... 

    Construction of scaffolds composed of acellular cardiac extracellular matrix for myocardial tissue engineering

    , Article Biologicals ; Volume 53 , 2018 , Pages 10-18 ; 10451056 (ISSN) Esmaeili Pourfarhangi, K ; Mashayekhan, S ; Ghanbari Asl, S ; Hajebrahimi, Z ; Sharif University of Technology
    Academic Press  2018
    Abstract
    High rates of mortality and morbidity stemming from cardiovascular diseases unveil extreme limitations in current therapies despite enormous advances in medical and pharmaceutical sciences. Following myocardial infarction (MI), parts of myocardium undergo irreversible remodeling and is substituted by a scar tissue which eventually leads to heart failure (HF). To address this issue, cardiac patches have been utilized to initiate myocardial regeneration. In this study, a porous cardiac patch is fabricated using a mixture of decellularized myocardium extracellular matrix (ECM) and chitosan (CS). Results of rheological measurements, SEM, biodegradation test, and MTT assay showed that the... 

    Glucose cross-linked hydrogels conjugate HA nanorods as bone scaffolds: Green synthesis, characterization and in vitro studies

    , Article Materials Chemistry and Physics ; Volume 242 , 2020 Mazaheri Karvandian, F ; Shafiei, N ; Mohandes, F ; Dolatyar, B ; Zandi, N ; Zeynali, B ; Simchi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2020
    Abstract
    In the expanding field of tissue engineering (TE), improvement of biodegradability and osteoconductivity of biomaterials are required. The use of non-toxic reagents during manufacturing processes is also necessary to decrease toxicity and increase cell viability in vivo. Herein, we present a novel approach to prepare hydroxyapatite (HA) nanorods from sea bio-wastes through a green and eco-friendly wet-chemical processing for bone TE. Highly porous natural polymer-ceramic nanocomposites made of HA, gelatin (Ge) and carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) hydrogels are then introduced. It was found that cross-linking of the hydrogel matrix by glucose as a green reagent affected all characteristics of... 

    Fabrication of biocompatible titanium scaffolds using space holder technique

    , Article Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine ; Volume 23, Issue 10 , 2012 , Pages 2483-2488 ; 09574530 (ISSN) Dezfuli, S. N ; Sadrnezhaad, S. K ; Shokrgozar, M. A ; Bonakdar, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer  2012
    Abstract
    Open-pore titanium scaffolds were fabricated by sintering of compressed mixtures of TiH1.924 and urea. Spherical and irregular shaped space holders were used to investigate the effect of pore shape on cellular behavior. After removal of the space holder, the shape of the spacers was replicated to the pores. Average diameter of the pores was in the range of 300-600 lm. SEM images showed that titanium hydride resulted in higher surface roughness and larger micro porosities than pure titanium. In vitro evaluationswere carried out by using MTT assay, measuring alkaline phosphatase activity and alizarin red staining in flow perfusion bioreactor for cell culture. Observations revealed excellent... 

    Preparation of biodegradable gelatin/PVA porous scaffolds for skin regeneration

    , Article Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine and Biotechnology ; Volume 45, Issue 5 , 2017 , Pages 928-935 ; 21691401 (ISSN) Mahnama, H ; Dadbin, S ; Frounchi, M ; Rajabi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Ltd  2017
    Abstract
    Porous scaffolds composed of gelatin/poly (vinyl alcohol), (Gel/PVA), were prepared using combination of freeze gelation and freeze drying methods. The effect of polymer concentration, gelatin/PVA ratio, and glutaraldehyde/gelatin ratio (GA/Gel) was investigated on morphology of pores, swelling ratio, biodegradation, and skin cell culture. At optimum preparation conditions the scaffolds had uniform pore size distributions showing high swelling ratio of 23.6. The scaffolds were of biodegradable nature and almost degraded in 28 days. Human dermal fibroblast cells (HDF) were cultured on the scaffolds and MTS assay was conducted to evaluate the influence of PVA on growth and proliferation of the...