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    Short-term market power assessment in a long-term dynamic modeling of capacity investment

    , Article IEEE Transactions on Power Systems ; Volume 28, Issue 2 , October , 2013 , Pages 626-638 ; 08858950 (ISSN) Hasani Marzooni, M ; Hosseini, S. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    This paper proposes a dynamic time simulation model for long-term generation capacity investment decisions in the presence of either perfect or imperfect electricity market. The model is based on system dynamics concept in which the dynamics of capacity construction is traced using the forecast of electricity price cleared in the short-term electricity market. Both the perfect and oligopolistic competitions are considered and a market power index is defined to evaluate the competition level of the electricity market. The short-term and long-term dynamic analysis are used to represent the generation firms' behavior in bidding strategy and capacity investment, respectively. Both possibilities... 

    Partial shading detection and smooth maximum power point tracking of PV arrays under PSC

    , Article IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics ; Volume 31, Issue 9 , 2016 , Pages 6281-6292 ; 08858993 (ISSN) Ghasemi, M. A ; Mohammadian Forushani, H ; Parniani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2016
    One of the most important issues in the operation of a photovoltaic (PV) system is extracting maximum power from the PV array, especially in partial shading condition (PSC). Under PSC, P-V characteristic of PV arrays will have multiple peak points, only one of which is global maximum. Conventional maximum power point tracking (MPPT) methods are not able to extract maximum power in this condition. In this paper, a novel two-stage MPPT method is presented to overcome this drawback. In the first stage, a method is proposed to determine the occurrence of PSC, and in the second stage, using a new algorithm that is based on ramp change of the duty cycle and continuous sampling from the P-V... 

    Incorporating large photovoltaic farms in power generation system adequacy assessment

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Vol. 21, issue. 3 , 2014 , p. 924-934 ; 10263098 Ghaedi, A ; Abbaspour, A ; Fotuhi-Friuzabad, M ; Parvania, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Recent advancements in photovoltaic (PV) system technologies have decreased their investment cost and enabled the construction of large PV farms for bulk power generations. The output power of PV farms is affected by both failure of composed components and solar radiation variability. These two factors cause the output power of PV farms be random and different from that of conventional units. Therefore, suitable models and methods should be developed to assess different aspects of PV farms integration into power systems, particularly from the system reliability viewpoint. In this context a reliability model has been developed for PV farms with considering both the uncertainties associated... 

    Optimisation of micro gas turbine by exergy, economic and environmental (3E) analysis

    , Article International Journal of Exergy ; Volume 7, Issue 1 , 2010 , Pages 1-19 ; 17428297 (ISSN) Mozafari, A ; Ahmadi, A ; Ehyaei, M. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    This research proposes a new method for optimisation of a power generation system based on exergy fuel cost and external social cost of air pollution. A thermodynamic model is provided to estimate the outlet mass flow rates of CO2, CO, NO and NO2 for a gas turbine based on maximising the first and second law efficiencies and minimising the objective function. Results show that inclusion of the external social cost of air pollution increases the optimum excess air ratio if temperature constraint due to metallurgical consideration is disregarded. Otherwise external social cost of air pollution is independent of optimised conditions  

    Optimal power generation from low concentration coal bed methane in Iran

    , Article Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization and Environmental Effects ; Volume 38, Issue 4 , 2016 , Pages 590-596 ; 15567036 (ISSN) Farzaneh, H ; Fahimi, M ; Saboohi, Y ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Inc  2016
    Development of a model for optimal power generation from the thermal oxidation of a low concentration coal bed mine has been considered as the main objective of this investigation. The model has been applied to identify the optimal thermodynamic characteristics of the power generation system through using a mixture with 1.6% methane concentration in a recuperative lean-burn gas turbine and coupling a gas engine to the system for more power generation from the remaining coal bed methane. The implementation of the model based on the real site condition would lead to the generation of 6.97 MW electricity in Tabas coal mine of Iran. © 2016 Taylor & Francis  

    Multi-objective design and operation of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) Triple Combined-cycle Power Generation systems: Integrating energy efficiency and operational safety

    , Article Applied Energy ; Volume 185 , 2017 , Pages 345-361 ; 03062619 (ISSN) Sharifzadeh, M ; Meghdari, M ; Rashtchian, D ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2017
    Energy efficiency is one of the main pathways for energy security and environmental protection. In fact, the International Energy Agency asserts that without energy efficiency, 70% of targeted emission reductions are not achievable. Despite this clarity, enhancing the energy efficiency introduce significant challenge toward process operation. The reason is that the methods applied for energy-saving pose the process operation at the intersection of safety constraints. The present research aims at uncovering the trade-off between safe operation and energy efficiency; an optimization framework is developed that ensures process safety and simultaneously optimizes energy-efficiency, quantified in... 

    Effects of regeneration heat exchanger on entropy, electricity cost, and environmental pollution produced by micro gas turbine system

    , Article International Journal of Green Energy ; Volume 9, Issue 1 , Jan , 2012 , Pages 51-70 ; 15435075 (ISSN) Mozafari, A ; Ehyaei, M. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    A new method has been employed in this research that optimizes a power generation system by maximizing the first and second law efficiencies and minimizing the entropy generation. Mass flow rates of pollutants and related external social cost of air pollution have been considered in estimating the electricity production cost. The effects of regenerative and CHP heat exchangers on power production, efficiencies, and production cost have been evaluated. The results show that a single regenerative heat exchanger lowers NOx, CO, and CO 2 emissions by 15%, 40%, and 0.4%, respectively, and decreases the electricity production cost by nearly 18%. A single CHP heat exchanger has little influence on... 

    Exergy, economic & environmental (3E) analysis of inlet fogging for gas turbine power plant

    , Article Energy ; Volume 36, Issue 12 , December , 2011 , Pages 6851-6861 ; 03605442 (ISSN) Ehyaei, M. A ; Mozafari, A ; Alibiglou, M. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    In the present paper, the effects of inlet fogging system on the first and second law efficiencies are investigated for a typical power plant (Shahid Rajaee) which is located near Ghazvin in Iran. Also a new function is proposed for system optimization that includes the social cost of air pollution for power generating systems. The new function is based on the first law efficiency, energy cost and the external social cost of air pollution for an operational system. Social cost of air pollution is based on the negative effects of air pollution on the health of society and environment. The economic aspect of these effects is called external social cost of air pollution. Other pollution sources... 

    Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA) for wind turbines

    , Article International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems ; Volume 32, Issue 7 , 2010 , Pages 817-824 ; 01420615 (ISSN) Arabian Hoseynabadi, H ; Oraee, H ; Tavner, P. J ; Sharif University of Technology
    The Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA) method has been used to study the reliability of many different power generation systems. This paper now applies that method to a wind turbine (WT) system using a proprietary software reliability analysis tool. Comparison is made between the quantitative results of an FMEA and reliability field data from real wind turbine systems and their assemblies. These results are discussed to establish relationships which are useful for future wind turbine designs. The main system studied is an existing design 2 MW wind turbine with a Doubly Fed Induction Generator (DFIG), which is then compared with a hypothetical wind turbine system using the Brushless... 

    Sizing and performance analysis of standalone hybrid photovoltaic/battery/hydrogen storage technology power generation systems based on the energy hub concept

    , Article International Journal of Green Energy ; Volume 14, Issue 2 , 2017 , Pages 121-134 ; 15435075 (ISSN) Homayouni, F ; Roshandel, R ; Hamidi, A. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Inc  2017
    In this study, the optimal sizing and performance analysis of a standalone integrated solar power system equipped with different storage scenarios to supply the power demand of a household is presented. One of the main purposes when applying solar energy resource is to face the increasing environmental pollutions resulting from fossil fuel based electricity sector. To this end, and to compare and examine two energy storage technologies (battery and hydrogen storage technology), three storage scenarios including battery only, hydrogen storage technology only and hybrid storage options are evaluated. An optimization framework based on Energy Hub concept is used to determine the optimum sizes... 

    Techno-economic optimization of biogas-fueled micro gas turbine cogeneration systems in sewage treatment plant

    , Article Energy Conversion and Management ; Volume 218 , 15 August , 2020 Movahed, P ; Avami, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2020
    The aim of this paper is to investigate the feasibility of a combined cooling, heating, and power generation system with a micro turbine using biogas as the fuel to supply the heat and electricity demands in a real wastewater treatment plant. The plant is optimized using the system's total cost rate and the amount of the produced biogas as objective functions. The anaerobic digester is modeled using the ADM1 model. The optimization variables include digester hydraulic retention time, compressor pressure ratio, isentropic compressor efficiency, recuperator pinch time temperature, turbine isentropic efficiency, turbine input temperature, and the number of micro turbines. In the first scenario...