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    Dynamic participation of wind farms in system frequency control

    , Article IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference Europe, 14 October 2012 through 17 October 2012 ; October , 2012 ; 9781467325974 (ISBN) Toulabi, M ; Ranjbar, A. M ; Karimi, H ; Shiroie, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this paper, the participation of wind farms in load frequency control (LFC) is studied. A previously proposed macromodel for the wind farm is employed to regulate its output power. The wind farm including its proposed control strategy is incorporated into the conventional LFC model. The proposed LFC structure is able to dynamically maintain the system frequency at the nominal value against the power imbalances. To achieve proper transient response, the integral control parameter of the LFC controller is optimized using the genetic algorithm (GA). To verify the effectiveness of the proposed method, several simulation case studies are carried out. The results show that the wind farm can...