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    Prevention of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and probiotics: Mechanism of action: A review

    , Article Current Diabetes Reviews ; Volume 16, Issue 6 , 2020 , Pages 538-545 Homayouni, A ; Bagheri, N ; Mohammad Alizadeh Charandabi, S ; Kashani, N ; Mobaraki Asl, N ; Mirghafurvand, M ; Asgharian, H ; Ansari, F ; Pourjafar, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Bentham Science Publishers  2020
    Background: Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is a health problem that is increasing around the world. Introduction: Prevention of GDM, rather than treatment, could have several benefits in terms of both health and economic cost. Even a slight reduction in maternal glucose in non-diabetic women, particularly in women at high risk for GDM, may have significant benefits for pregnancy results and the future health of off-springs. Probiotics are a relatively new intervention, which are assessed by mothers’ metabolism, and can reduce blood sugar levels, prevent gestational diabetes and reduce the maternal and fetal complications resulting from it. The aim of this study was to review the studies... 

    The immunomodulatory effects of probiotics on respiratory viral infections: A hint for COVID-19 treatment?

    , Article Microbial Pathogenesis ; Volume 148 , November , 2020 Mahooti, M ; Miri, S. M ; Abdolalipour, E ; Ghaemi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Academic Press  2020
    Respiratory virus infections are among the most prevalent diseases in humans and contribute to morbidity and mortality in all age groups. Moreover, since they can evolve fast and cross the species barrier, some of these viruses, such as influenza A and coronaviruses, have sometimes caused epidemics or pandemics and were associated with more serious clinical diseases and even mortality. The recently identified Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is a Public Health Emergency of International concern and has been associated with rapidly progressive pneumonia. To ensure protection against emerging respiratory tract... 

    Optimization of alginate-whey protein isolate microcapsules for survivability and release behavior of probiotic bacteria

    , Article Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology ; Volume 190, Issue 1 , 2020 , Pages 182-196 Sajadi Dehkordi, S ; Alemzadeh, I ; Vaziri, A. S ; Vossoughi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer  2020
    The present study aimed to improve the survivability of L. acidophilus encapsulated in alginate-whey protein isolate (AL-WPI) biocomposite under simulated gastric juice (SGJ) and simulated intestinal juice (SIJ). Microcapsules were prepared based on emulsification/internal gelation technique. Optimal compositions of AL and WPI and their ratio in the aqueous phase were evaluated based on minimizing mean diameter (MD) of the microcapsules and maximizing encapsulation efficiency (EE), survivability of cells under SGJ (Viability), and release of viable cells under SIJ (Release) using Box-Behnken experimental design. Optimal composition comprising 4.54% (w/v) AL, 10% (w/v) WPI, and 10% (v/v)...