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    An extended model of design process of lean production systems by means of process variables

    , Article Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing ; Volume 22, Issue 1 , 2006 , Pages 1-16 ; 07365845 (ISSN) Houshmand, M ; Jamshidnezhad, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this paper, we present an axiomatic modeling of lean production system design, using process variables (PVs). So far, we had developed a model for conceptual design of lean production systems by means of FR-DP relationships, the key characteristics of axiomatic design (AD) methodology, appeared in the proceedings of Second International Conference of Axiomatic Design. Albeit the model in question was thorough enough to be applied in various cases, its embedded abstract principles hamper straightforward applications and the required resources, tools, and techniques are not clarified. In AD terms, it lacks PVs created by mapping the design parameters (DPs) to the process domain to clarify... 

    Design and simulation of a life detection system based on detection of the heart beat using doppler frequency

    , Article 6th IEEE International Symposium on Signal Processing and Information Technology, ISSPIT 2006, Vancouver, BC, 27 August 2006 through 30 August 2006 ; 2006 , Pages 685-690 ; 0780397541 (ISBN); 9780780397545 (ISBN) Izadi, A ; Ghatan, Z ; Vosoughi Vahdat, B ; Farzaneh, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2006
    The ability and how to use a microwave life-detection system to search for the humans buried under earthquake rubble or laid behind various barriers has been investigated. Based on the behavior of a human under multiple layers of barriers and the detection capability of the microwave tools a system has been proposed. This system operating at 1150 MHz can remotely detect the movement of the heart of the trapped alive people. The operation principle is based on detection of the Doppler frequency shift of the electromagnetic wave reflected from the periodic moving part of a living human body such as the heart. In this paper, various parts of a microwave life-detection system such as patch... 

    Development of a water brake dynamometer with regard to the modular product design methodology

    , Article ASME 2014 12th Biennial Conference on Engineering Systems Design and Analysis, ESDA 2014 ; Vol. 1, issue , July , 2014 , 25–27 Torabnia, S ; Banazadeh, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    This paper summarizes a research project in the field of design and manufacturing of a water brake dynamometer for power testing facilities. In the current study, the design process of a water brake with drilled rotor disks is presented. This process is examined against the development of a water brake for a 4MW gas turbine power measurement at 15,000 RPM speed. The proposed algorithm is based on vital assumptions such as; applying product designing issues and limited modular analysis that urges the disciplinary attitude and leads to the possibility of rapid development, easy maintenance and ease of access. The final scheme is divided into six disciplines with functional classification.... 

    INFELT STEP: An integrated and interoperable platform for collaborative CAD/CAPP/CAM/CNC machining systems based on STEP standard

    , Article International Journal of Computer Integrated Manufacturing ; Volume 23, Issue 12 , 2010 , Pages 1095-1117 ; 0951192X (ISSN) Valilai, O. F ; Houshmand, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Integrated product development is comprised of CAD, process planning and CNC code generation based on an integrated data structure. To make various CAD/CAM software solutions with different internal product data structures interoperable, it is necessary to realise reliable and robust information exchange capability in a manufacturing environment. To enable interoperability amongst integrated product development processes, management of collaboration of diverse CAD/CAM software packages is of outmost importance. In this article, the fundamental requirements for achieving interoperability and collaboration management in an integrated, enterprise-wide, product development process environment... 

    Developing group contribution models for the estimation of Atmospheric Lifetime and Minimum Ignition Energy

    , Article Chemical Engineering Science ; Volume 226 , 2020 Eini, S ; Jhamb, S ; Sharifzadeh, M ; Rashtchian, D ; Kontogeorgis, G. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2020
    The Atmospheric Lifetime (ALT) of a compound represents the potential for the atmospheric accumulation of chemicals. Chemicals with a long lifetime are more resistant to natural decomposition and remain in the environment for a longer period. Minimum Ignition Energy (MIE) is one of the most important properties when evaluating hazardous chemicals. Despite the significance of these environment and safety-related properties, currently, there are no group contribution (GC) models that enable their predictive modeling. The present research aims at filling this gap. To this end, experimental data were collected from literature and the GC model parameters were estimated using the weighted... 

    A robust posterior preference multi-response optimization approach in multistage processes

    , Article Communications in Statistics - Theory and Methods ; Volume 47, Issue 15 , 2018 , Pages 3547-3570 ; 03610926 (ISSN) Moslemi, A ; Seyyed Esfahani, M ; Akhavan Niaki, S. T ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Inc  2018
    Nowadays, many manufacturing and service systems provide products and services to their customers in several consecutive stages of operations, in each of which one or more quality characteristics of interest are monitored. In these environments, the final quality in the last stage not only depends on the quality of the task performed in that stage but also is dependent on the quality of the products and services in intermediate stages as well as the design parameters in each stage. In this paper, a novel methodology based on the posterior preference approach is proposed to robustly optimize these multistage processes. In this methodology, a multi-response surface optimization problem is... 

    Robust tolerance design of mechanical assemblies using a multi-objective optimization formulation

    , Article SAE Technical Papers ; Vol. 1 , 2014 Khodaygan, S ; Movahhedy, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    The design process always has some known or unknown uncertainties in the design variables and parameters. The aim of robust design is minimization of performance sensitivity to uncertainties. Tolerance allocation process can significantly affect quality and robustness of the product. In this paper, a methodology to minimize a product's sensitivity to uncertainties by allocating manufacturing tolerances is presented. The robust tolerance design problem is formulated as a multi-objective optimization based on the combined function-uncertainty-cost model. Genetic algorithm is utilized to solve the multi-objective optimization and a case study is presented to illustrate the methodology  

    Design and operation of an evanescent optical fiber sensor

    , Article Optics and Lasers in Engineering ; Volume 45, Issue 1 , 2007 , Pages 12-18 ; 01438166 (ISSN) Golnabi, H ; Bahar, M ; Razani, M ; Abrishami, M ; Asadpour, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Design and operation of an optical fiber sensor based on the intensity modulation is reported in this article. Two distinct mechanisms are considered for the optical power loss and the sensor operation is explained in terms of these effects. The dominant loss mechanism is found to be the evanescent loss and based on this phenomenon the optical fiber sensor is designed. Performance of this sensor is tested as a liquid level sensor for water and the experimental results are reported. The dry and wet signals for this probe are measured for a series of measurements and important factors concerning the design and operation of sensor are described. The precision of measured values, reproducibility... 

    Online exams and the COVID-19 pandemic: a hybrid modified FMEA, QFD, and k-means approach to enhance fairness

    , Article SN Applied Sciences ; Volume 3, Issue 10 , 2021 ; 25233971 (ISSN) Haghshenas Gorgani, H ; Shabani, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Nature  2021
    COVID-19 pandemic caused an increasing demand for online academic classes, which led to the demand for effective online exams with regards to limitations on time and resources. Consequently, holding online exams with sufficient reliability and effectiveness became one of the most critical and challenging subjects in higher education. Therefore, it is essential to have a preventive algorithm to allocate time and financial resources effectively. In the present study, a fair test with sufficient validity is first defined, and then by analogy with an engineering product, the design process is implemented on it. For this purpose, a hybrid method based on FMEA, which is a preventive method to... 

    Angle of attack estimation and aircraft controller design using LQR methods

    , Article Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering 2005, Saskatoon, SK, 1 May 2005 through 4 May 2005 ; Volume 2005 , 2005 , Pages 2253-2256 ; 08407789 (ISSN) Fekri, M. Z ; Mobed, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    An LQ-based tracker is designed in this paper, using output feedback. For performing the design, at first, a structured controller is introduced for a set of equations. The controller is obtained by mini-mizing a cost function which has some penalties on both the system's inputs and states. After that, an estimator is introduced and combined with the controller to close the loop. Running the nonlinear simulation at the end verifies the superiority of Extended Kalman Estimator (EKF)to the Linear Kalman Estimator (LKF). © 2005 IEEE  

    A multichannel 3.5mW/Gbps/channel gated oscillator based CDR in a 0. 18μm digital CMOS technology

    , Article ESSCIRC 2005: 31st European Solid-State Circuits Conference, Grenoble, 12 September 2005 through 16 September 2005 ; 2005 , Pages 193-196 ; 0780392051 (ISBN); 9780780392052 (ISBN) Tajalli, A ; Muller, P ; Atarodi, M ; Leblebici, Y ; Sharif University of Technology
    This article presents a very low-power clock and data recovery (CDR) circuit with 8 parallel channels achieving an aggregate data rate of 20 Gbps. A structural top-down design methodology has been applied to minimize the power dissipation while satisfying the required specifications for short-haul receivers. Implemented in a 0.18μm digital CMOS technology, total power dissipation is 70.2mW or 3.51mW/Gbps/Ch and each channel occupies 0.045 μm2 silicon area. © 2005 IEEE  

    A new approach to real time optimization of the Tennessee Eastman challenge problem

    , Article Chemical Engineering Journal ; Volume 112, Issue 1-3 , 2005 , Pages 33-44 ; 13858947 (ISSN) Golshan, M ; Boozarjomehry, R. B ; Pishvaie, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    On-line optimization for the base case of the Tennessee Eastman (TE) challenge problem is presented; furthermore, an interesting operating condition near base case has been obtained, which results in a lower cost function. The proposed method is based on the estimation of the internal states and the time varying parameters of the process model based on an Extended Kalman filter. The sequential quadratic programming method has been used to accomplish the non-linear programming (NLP) task. The objective function is the operational cost while the constraints are the reactor mass balance, safe operation of the process equipment, and the conditions that satisfy the product quality and flow. The... 

    A review of concentric annular heat pipes

    , Article Heat Transfer Engineering ; Volume 26, Issue 6 , 2005 , Pages 45-58 ; 01457632 (ISSN) Nouri Borujerdi, A ; Layeghi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    A detailed description of a concentric annular heat pipe (CAHP) operation is presented in low to moderate temperature ranges (50-200°C). The steady-state response of a CAHP to various heat fluxes in the evaporator and condenser sections are discussed. Two-dimensional mathematical modeling of the fluid flow and heat transfer in the annular vapor space and the wicks are described. The fundamental aspects and limitations of the operation of a CAHP are also discussed. Previously used numerical and experimental approaches for the analysis of the CAHPs and some related concepts are reviewed. The Navier-Stokes and similar equations are recommended for the simulation of fluid flow and heat transfer... 

    An accurate FIR approximation of ideal fractional delay filter with complex coefficients in Hilbert space

    , Article Journal of Circuits, Systems and Computers ; Volume 14, Issue 3 , 2005 , Pages 497-505 ; 02181266 (ISSN) Rizvandi, N. B ; Nabavi, A ; Hessabi, Sh ; Sharif University of Technology
    This paper presents a low-order and accurate method for the design of FIR fractional delay (FD) filters with complex coefficients. This method employs least square technique in Hilbert space to approximate the ideal FD transfer function with a FIR filter and to calculate its coefficients. The main advantages of the resulting filter are: very good response at all frequencies compared to other FD filter design methods and a good method to create very small delay. Design examples are presented to illustrate the effectiveness of this new design approach. © World Scientific Publishing Company  

    Intelligent tolerance allocation for a high duty brake

    , Article 2005 SAE World Congress, Detroit, MI, 11 April 2005 through 14 April 2005 ; 2005 ; 01487191 (ISSN) Movahhedy, M. R ; Atharifar, H ; Gholami, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    SAE International  2005
    In this paper, a tolerance allocation approach is proposed which attempts to select tolerances for individual dimensional variables of a product in a way that minimizes the cost while maintaining critical design requirements. The algorithm uses a reciprocal power cost-tolerance function which incorporates variable sensitivities computed in a DLM-based tolerance analysis technique. The process capabilities are applied as constraints and the genetic algorithm is used to find the optimum solution. The method is applied to a heavy duty brake problem and its results are presented. Copyright © 2005 SAE International  

    Optimum seismic design of concentrically braced steel frames: Concepts and design procedures

    , Article Journal of Constructional Steel Research ; Volume 61, Issue 2 , 2005 , Pages 151-166 ; 0143974X (ISSN) Moghaddam, H ; Hajirasouliha, I ; Doostan, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier BV  2005
    A methodology is presented for optimization of the dynamic response of concentrically braced steel frames subjected to seismic excitation, based on the concept of uniform distribution of deformation. In order to obtain the optimum distribution of structural properties, an iterative optimization procedure has been adopted. In this approach, the structural properties are modified so that inefficient material is gradually shifted from strong to weak areas of a structure. This process is continued until a state of uniform deformation is achieved. It is shown that the seismic performance of such a structure is optimal, and behaves generally better than those designed by conventional methods. In... 

    Fabrication of polyethylene separator for lead-acid batteries from waste and recycled silica and investigation of its performance

    , Article Journal of Cleaner Production ; Volume 250 , 2020 Pircheraghi, G ; Nowrouzi, M ; Nemati, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2020
    Reclaimed silica from spent lead-acid battery separator was exploited by pyrolysis process to avoid further extraction of raw materials and energy-consuming methods and was mixed with ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene as a matrix to fabricate a workable separator to be used in a simulated procedure in a lead-acid battery. On the other hand, fresh silica was catered and undergone similar production design to examine our product. As results showed, recycled silica after acid washing to deplete lead impurities and reaching 95.7% purity, had finer particles which contributed to some exciting functions of the separator. This microporous separator with appropriate silica dispersion, ideal... 

    Minimum power Miller-compensated CMOS operational amplifiers

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Vol. 21, Issue. 6 , 2014 , pp. 2243-2249 ; e-ISSN :23453605 Meghdadi, M ; Bakhtiar, M. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    A new approach for the design of two-stage Miller-compensated CMOS op amps is presented. The paper studies the basic relations between power consumption, unitygain bandwidth, the biasing region, technology parameters, and the external capacitive load. As a result, simple and efficient design guides are provided to achieve the minimum possible power consumption for the given specifications and for short-channel devices. It is shown that the conventional design procedures do not always result in minimum power op amps. The presented results are also verified by Spectre simulations  

    Functional process capability analysis in mechanical systems

    , Article International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology ; Vol. 73, issue. 5-8 , July , 2014 , p. 899-912 ; 02683768 Khodaygan, S ; Movahhedy, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Functional quality in the mechanical products is governed mainly by the degree of satisfaction of the design requirements, which itself depends on the variations in the effective variables. The functional parameters cannot be easily measured in mass production, and thus, are not usually considered as a direct inspection objective. Process capability indices are useful tools for evaluating the ability of a process to produce the dependent variables of a product that meet certain specifications. In this paper, the conventional process capability concept is extended to develop a computational tool for analysis of the functional quality of a mechanical product. Through defining new proper... 

    Optimization of biodiesel production from Iranian bitter almond oil using statistical approach

    , Article Waste and Biomass Valorization ; Volume 4, Issue 3 , September , 2013 , Pages 467-474 ; 18772641 (ISSN) Atapour, M ; Kariminia, H. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Response surface methodology (RSM) was applied to optimize the process of biodiesel production from Iranian bitter almond oil. Design of experiments was performed by application of a 5-level-3-factor central composite design in order to study the effect of different factors on the product yield, biodiesel yield and biodiesel purity. These factors were reaction temperature (30-70°C), catalyst concentration (0.3-1.7% w/w) and methanol to oil molar ratio (4.4-13.6 mol/mol). A quadratic model was suggested for the prediction of the biodiesel yield. Analysis of variance revealed that the factors were significant on the production process of biodiesel. For each factor, the optimum value was...