Search for: psychomotor-performance
The effects of a short-term memory task on postural control of stroke patients, Article Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation ; Volume 22, Issue 5 , 2015 , Pages 335-341 ; 10749357 (ISSN) ; Taghizadeh, G ; Ghomashchi, H ; Parnianpour, M ; Khalaf, K ; Salehi, R ; Esteki, A ; Ebrahimi, I ; Sangelaji, B ; Sharif University of Technology
Taylor and Francis Ltd 2015
Background: Many studies have been conducted on the changes in the balance capabilities of stroke patients. However, results regarding the effects of dual-task activities on postural control in these patients have been variable. Objective: To evaluate the effects of a short-term memory task on the sway characteristics of stroke patients. Method: Center of pressure (COP) fluctuations were measured in three levels of postural difficulty (rigid surface with closed and open eyes and foamsurface with closed eyes), aswell as two levels of cognitive difficulty (easy and difficult). COP parameters included mean velocity, standard deviation of velocity in both medial-lateral (M.L) and...
Low back pain and postural sway during quiet standing with and without sensory manipulation: A systematic review, Article Gait and Posture ; Volume 37, Issue 1 , 2013 , Pages 12-22 ; 09666362 (ISSN) ; Coenen, P ; Parnianpour, M ; Kiers, H ; van Dieen, J. H ; Sharif University of Technology
A previous review concluded that postural sway is increased in patients with low back pain (LBP). However, more detailed analysis of the literature shows that postural deficit may be dependent on experimental conditions in which patients with LBP have been assessed. The research question to be answered in this review was: " Is there any difference in postural sway between subjects with and without LBP across several sensory manipulation conditions?" A literature search in Pubmed, Scopus, Embase and PsychInfo was performed followed by hand search and contact with authors. Studies investigating postural sway during bipedal stance without applying external forces in patients with specific and...
Postural sway in low back pain: Effects of dual tasks, Article Gait and Posture ; Volume 31, Issue 1 , 2010 , Pages 116-121 ; 09666362 (ISSN) ; Salavati, M ; Negahban, H ; Sanjari, M. A ; Parnianpour, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Recurrence quantification analysis (RQA), a nonlinear method of postural analysis, was used to explore the effects of dual-tasking on postural performance in people with nonspecific low back pain (LBP) compared with healthy participants. Postural performance was quantified by RQA % recurrence, % determinism, entropy and trend. People with nonspecific LBP (n = 22) and unimpaired individuals (n = 22) randomly performed quiet standing tasks with three levels of difficulty (rigid-surface eyes open, rigid-surface eyes closed and foam-surface eyes closed). These tasks were performed in isolation or concurrently with an easy or difficult cognitive task. Increasing postural difficulty was associated...
Trunk coordination in healthy and chronic nonspecific low back pain subjects during repetitive flexion-extension tasks: Effects of movement asymmetry, velocity and load, Article Human Movement Science ; Volume 45 , 2016 , Pages 182-192 ; 01679457 (ISSN) ; Sanjari, M. A ; Chehrehrazi, M ; Kahrizi, S ; Parnianpour, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Multiple joint interactions are critical to produce stable coordinated movements and can be influenced by low back pain and task conditions. Inter-segmental coordination pattern and variability were assessed in subjects with and without chronic nonspecific low back pain (CNSLBP). Kinematic data were collected from 22 CNSLBP and 22 healthy volunteers during repeated trunk flexion-extension in various conditions of symmetry, velocity, and loading; each at two levels. Sagittal plane angular data were time normalized and used to calculate continuous relative phase for each data point. Mean absolute relative phase (MARP) and deviation phase (DP) were derived to quantify lumbar-pelvis and...
Effect of dual-tasking on postural control in subjects with nonspecific low back pain, Article Spine ; Volume 34, Issue 13 , 2009 , Pages 1415-1421 ; 03622436 (ISSN) ; Mazaheri, M ; Negahban, H ; Ebrahimi, I ; Jafari, A. H ; Kazemnejad, A ; Parnianpour, M ; Sharif University of Technology
STUDY DESIGN. Three factors mixed-design with 1 between-subject and 2 within-subject factors. OBJECTIVE. To compare the main effects and interactions of postural and cognitive difficulty on quiet stance between subjects with and without nonspecific low back pain (LBP). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA. The interference between postural control and cognitive tasks depends on factors such as sensorimotor/cognitive integrity. Changes in peripheral sensory and muscular systems as well as cognitive processes have been observed in LBP patients. It was hypothesized that the effect of cognitive task on postural performance might be different in subjects with nonspecific LBP as compared with healthy...
Time-course investigation of postural sway variability: Does anxiety exacerbate the sensory reweighting impairment in chronic stroke survivors?, Article Neuropsychologia ; Volume 127 , 2019 , Pages 185-194 ; 00283932 (ISSN) ; Azad, A ; Mehdizadeh, H ; Doostdar, A ; Hoseinpour, F ; Mehdizadeh, M ; Niazi Khatoon, J ; Shokouhyan, M. R ; Parnianpour, M ; Taghizadeh, G ; Khalaf, K ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2019
Although anxiety is one of the most prevalent psychological disorders in stroke survivors, its effect on sensory reweighting has not yet been fully studied. The aim of this work was to investigate how anticipation of collision avoidance events affects sensory reweighting in chronic stroke survivors with low and high levels of anxiety (LA-stroke and HA-stroke, respectively), as compared with healthy controls (HC), under the condition of perturbed proprioception. Eighteen LA-stroke and 18 HA-stroke survivors, as well as 18 gender- and age-matched HC, participated in this study. Postural sway variability (i.e. Root Mean Square (RMS) of the COP velocity) was measured for a duration of 180 s...
Anxiety and cognitive load affect upper limb motor control in Parkinson's disease during medication phases, Article Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences ; Volume 1494, Issue 1 , 2021 , Pages 44-58 ; 00778923 (ISSN) ; Mehdizadeh, H ; Azad, A ; Mehdizadeh, M ; Reyhanian, E ; Saberi, Z. S ; Meimandi, M ; Soltanzadeh, A ; Roohi Azizi, M ; Vasaghi Gharamaleki, B ; Parnianpour, M ; Khalaf, K ; Taghizadeh, G ; Sharif University of Technology
John Wiley and Sons Inc 2021
Anxiety is among the most debilitating nonmotor symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD). This study aimed to determine how PD patients with low and high levels of anxiety (LA-PD and HA-PD, respectively) compare with age- and sex-matched controls at the level of motor control of reach-to-grasp movements during single- and dual-task conditions with varying complexity. Reach-to-grasp movement kinematics were assessed in 20 LA-PD, 20 HA-PD, and 20 sex- and age-matched healthy controls under single- as well as easy and difficult dual-task conditions. Assessment of PD patients was performed during both the on- and off-drug phases. The results obtained during dual-task conditions reveal deficits in...
Comparison of transplantation of bone marrow stromal cells (BMSC) and stem cell mobilization by granulocyte colony stimulating factor after traumatic brain injury in rat, Article Iranian Biomedical Journal ; Volume 14, Issue 4 , Oct , 2010 , Pages 142-149 ; 1028852X (ISSN) ; Marzban, M ; Mehdizadeh, M ; Joghataei, M. T ; Khoei, S ; Pirhajati Mahabadi, V ; Laribi, B ; Tondar, M ; Moshkforoush, A ; Sharif University of Technology
Background: Recent clinical studies of treating traumatic brain injury (TBI) with autologous adult stem cells led us to compare effect of intravenous injection of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSC) and bone marrow hematopoietic stem cell mobilization, induced by granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF), in rats with a cortical compact device. Methods: Forty adult male Wistar rats were injured with controlled cortical impact device and divided randomly into four groups. The treatment groups were injected with 2 × 106 intravenous bone marrow stromal stem cell (n = 10) and also with subcutaneous G-CSF (n = 10) and sham-operation group (n = 10) received PBS and "bromodeoxyuridine...