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    Solvation free energy and solubility of acetaminophen and ibuprofen in supercritical carbon dioxide: Impact of the solvent model

    , Article Journal of Supercritical Fluids ; Volume 109 , 2016 , Pages 166-176 ; 08968446 (ISSN) Noroozi, J ; Ghotbi, C ; Jahanbin Sardroodi, J ; Karimi Sabet, J ; Robert, M. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2016
    Classical molecular dynamics simulations are used to compute the solvation free energy of two pharmaceutical solids, namely ibuprofen and acetaminophen in carbon dioxide (CO2), over the density range of interest in supercritical processes. In order to examine the influence of the solvent model on the resulting free energies, three popular CO2 models (Zhang, EPM2, and TraPPE) are studied. Relatively large discrepancies for the solvation free energy exist between these CO2 models, suggesting that the former is sensitive to the different balances between dispersive and electrostatic forces used in these models. In particular, for the solvation of the highly polar (dipole moment of ∼5.2 Debye)... 

    Hydration strongly affects the molecular and electronic structure of membrane phospholipids

    , Article Journal of Chemical Physics ; Volume 136, Issue 11 , 2012 ; 00219606 (ISSN) Mashaghi, A ; Partovi Azar, P ; Jadidi, T ; Nafari, N ; Maass, P ; Tabar, M. R. R ; Bonn, M ; Bakker, H. J ; Sharif University of Technology
    We investigate the structure and electronic properties of phosphatidylcholine (PC) under different degrees of hydration at the single-molecule and monolayer type level by linear scaling ab initio calculations. Upon hydration, the phospholipid undergoes drastic long-range conformational rearrangements which lead to a sickle-like ground-state shape. The structural unit of the tilted gel-phase PC appears to be a water-bridged PC dimer. We find that hydration dramatically alters the surface potential, dipole and quadrupole moments of the lipids and consequently guides the interactions of the lipids with other molecules and the communication between cells