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    A heuristic threshold policy for fault detection and diagnosis in multivariate statistical quality control environments

    , Article International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology ; Volume 67, Issue 5-8 , July , 2013 , Pages 1231-1243 ; 02683768 (ISSN) Nezhad, M. S. F ; Niaki, S. T. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    In this paper, a heuristic threshold policy is developed to detect and classify the states of a multivariate quality control system. In this approach, a probability measure called belief is first assigned to the quality characteristics and then the posterior belief of out-of-control characteristics is updated by taking new observations and using a Bayesian rule. If the posterior belief is more than a decision threshold, called minimum acceptable belief determined using a heuristic threshold policy, then the corresponding quality characteristic is classified out-of-control. Besides using a different approach, the main difference between the current research and previous works is that the... 

    Fault diagnosis in multivariate control charts using artificial neural networks

    , Article Quality and Reliability Engineering International ; Volume 21, Issue 8 , 2005 , Pages 825-840 ; 07488017 (ISSN) Akhavan Niaki, S. T ; Abbasi, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    2005
    Abstract
    Most multivariate quality control procedures evaluate the in-control or out-of-control condition based upon an overall statistic, like Hotelling's T2. Although T2 is optimal for finding a general shift in mean vectors, it is not optimal for shifts that occur for some subset of variables. This introduces a persistent problem in multivariate control charts, namely the interpretation of a signal that often discourages practitioners in applying them. In this paper, we propose an artificial neural network based model to diagnose faults in out-of-control conditions and to help identify aberrant variables when Shewhart-type multivariate control charts based on Hotelling's T2 are used. The results... 

    A Max-EWMA approach to monitor and diagnose faults of multivariate quality control processes

    , Article International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology ; Volume 68, Issue 9-12 , 2013 , Pages 2283-2294 ; 02683768 (ISSN) Nezhad, M. S. F ; Niaki, S. T. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    A new approach is developed in this paper to detect general mean shifts of multivariate quality control systems and to determine the quality characteristic(s) responsible for the shift. This approach takes advantage of both a decomposition method and an EWMA-based control statistics that are employed for multivariate normal distributions. In order to evaluate the performance of the proposed methodology, simulation studies are provided to estimate the in- and out-of-control average run lengths under different mean and variance shift scenarios. Simulation experiments are also given to compare the performances of the proposed procedure with the ones of the well-known MEWMA and MCUSUM methods.... 

    Monitoring multivariate profiles in multistage processes

    , Article Communications in Statistics: Simulation and Computation ; 2019 ; 03610918 (ISSN) Bahrami, H ; Akhavan Niaki, S. T ; Khedmati, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Inc  2019
    Abstract
    In some quality control applications, processes consist of multiple components, stations or stages to finish the final products or the services. Some quality characteristics in each stage of these processes (called multistage processes) can be represented by a relationship between a response and one or more explanatory variables which is named as profile. In this paper, a general model is proposed for monitoring multivariate profiles in multistage processes. To this aim, the multivariate form of the U transformation approach is first used to remove the effect of the cascade property between the stages. Then, three control schemes are employed to monitor the parameters of multivariate simple... 

    A New Approach in Capability Analysis of Processes Monitored by a Simple Linear Regression Profile

    , Article Quality and Reliability Engineering International ; Volume 32, Issue 1 , 2016 , Pages 209-221 ; 07488017 (ISSN) Karimi Ghartemani, M ; Noorossana, R ; Akhavan Niaki, S. T ; Sharif University of Technology
    John Wiley and Sons Ltd 
    Abstract
    In some quality control applications, quality of a product or a process can be characterized by a profile defined as a functional relationship between a response variable and one or more explanatory variables. Many researchers have contributed to the development of linear and nonlinear profiles to monitor a process or product. However, less work has been devoted to the development of process capability indices in profile monitoring to evaluate process performance with respect to specification limits. This paper presents a process capability analysis when the quality characteristic of interest is represented by a linear profile. Simulation analyses along with a real case study in leather... 

    Monitoring multivariate profiles in multistage processes

    , Article Communications in Statistics: Simulation and Computation ; Volume 50, Issue 11 , 2021 , Pages 3436-3464 ; 03610918 (ISSN) Bahrami, H ; Akhavan Niaki, T ; Khedmati, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Ltd  2021
    Abstract
    In some quality control applications, processes consist of multiple components, stations or stages to finish the final products or the services. Some quality characteristics in each stage of these processes (called multistage processes) can be represented by a relationship between a response and one or more explanatory variables which is named as profile. In this paper, a general model is proposed for monitoring multivariate profiles in multistage processes. To this aim, the multivariate form of the U transformation approach is first used to remove the effect of the cascade property between the stages. Then, three control schemes are employed to monitor the parameters of multivariate simple... 

    Application of the generalized linear models to represent profiles

    , Article 35th International Conference on Computers and Industrial Engineering, ICC and IE 2005, Istanbul, 19 June 2005 through 22 June 2005 ; 2005 , Pages 1-6 ; 9755612653 (ISBN); 9789755612652 (ISBN) Abbasi, B ; Akhavan Niaki, S. T ; Arkat, J ; Sharif University of Technology
    2005
    Abstract
    Statistical process control methods for monitoring processes with multivariate measurements in both the product quality variable space and process variable space are considered in this paper. Some processes, however, are better characterized by a profile or a function of quality variables. For each profile, we assume that a collection of data on the response variable along with the values of the corresponding quality variables is measured. While the linear function is the simplest, it occurs frequently that many of the nonlinear functions may be transferred to linear functions easily. This paper proposes a control chart based on the generalized linear test (GLT) to monitor coefficients of... 

    Erratum: Effects of crimping on mechanical performance of nitinol stent designed for femoral artery: Finite element analysis

    , Article Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance ; Vol. 23, issue. 4 , 2014 , pp. 1511- ; ISSN: 1059-9495 Nematzadeh, F ; Sadrnezhaad, S. K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    [No abstract available]  

    Polyethylene quality control in an industrial scale fluidized bed reactor

    , Article Indian Journal of Chemical Technology ; Volume 25, Issue 1 , January , 2018 , Pages 21-30 ; 0971457X (ISSN) Vahidi, O ; Shahrokhi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources (NISCAIR)  2018
    Abstract
    Polymer quality control in an industrial scale polyethylene fluidized bed reactor has been addressed. Since online measurements of polymer properties (melt index and density) are not available, they must be controlled indirectly via other available measurements. In the present paper, two algebraic equations correlating polyethylene melt index and density with the measureable concentrations of chemical components are obtained. Having the desired polyethylene properties and using these correlations, desired concentrations of chemical components are calculated and used via corresponding control loops. By using the infrequently available polyethylene property measurements, the correlation... 

    Selecting dryer type using fuzzy logic

    , Article CHISA 2006 - 17th International Congress of Chemical and Process Engineering, Prague, 27 August 2006 through 31 August 2006 ; 2006 ; 8086059456 (ISBN); 9788086059457 (ISBN) Shariati, R. P ; Sharif University of Technology
    2006
    Abstract
    Due to variety of industrial dryers and also importance of selecting appropriate dryer to achieve the required quality of product as well as considering economical aspects, using methods and algorithms which take all effective factors into account and present the best selection is regarded by engineers and researchers. In this paper selection of dryer applying fuzzy logic is presented and the advantages of this method are investigated. For this a program is written using MATLAB programming software and its result compared with real cases. It has been found that there is a good agreement between the prepared program results and industrial experiences. Selection of dryer for a specific... 

    In-service corrosion evaluation in pipelines using gamma radiography - A numerical approach

    , Article Insight: Non-Destructive Testing and Condition Monitoring ; Volume 46, Issue 7 , 2004 , Pages 396-398 ; 13542575 (ISSN) Edalati, K ; Rastkhah, N ; Kermani, A ; Seidi, M ; Movafeghi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2004
    Abstract
    Wall thickness measurement and deterioration determination of 6 and 10 inch pipes due to corrosion/erosion/pitting was evaluated by using radiographic film density measurements. Special reference blocks were prepared with defined step wall reductions and artificial defects. Gamma radiography with a Ir-192 source was used. A double-wall technique with longitudinal film arrangement was used for this purpose. Formulae were developed from the experiments for numerical calculations. It was observed that this method can determine remaining wall thickness as well as pitting corrosion in insulated and non-insulated pipes with differential and absolute density measurements. The purpose of the work... 

    A hybrid root transformation and decision on belief approach to monitor multiattribute Poisson processes

    , Article International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology ; Volume 75, Issue 9-12 , December , 2014 , Pages 1651-1660 ; ISSN: 02683768 Niaki, S. T. A ; Javadi, S ; Fallahnezhad, M. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Most of industrial applications of statistical process control involve more than one quality characteristics to be monitored. These characteristics are usually correlated, causing challenges for the monitoring methods. These challenges are resolved using multivariate quality control charts that have been widely developed in recent years. Nonetheless, multivariate process monitoring methods encounter a problem when the quality characteristics are of the attribute type and follow nonnormal distributions such as multivariate binomial or multivariate Poisson. Since the data analysis in the latter case is not as easy as the normal case, more complexities are involved to monitor multiattribute... 

    Decision-making in detecting and diagnosing faults of multivariate statistical quality control systems

    , Article International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology ; Volume 42, Issue 7-8 , 2009 , Pages 713-724 ; 02683768 (ISSN) Akhavan Niaki, T ; Fallah Nezhad, M. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    2009
    Abstract
    A new methodology is proposed in this paper to both monitor an overall mean shift and classify the states of a multivariate quality control system. Based on the Bayesian rule (Montgomery, Introduction to statistical quality control, 5th edn. Wiley, New York, USA, 2005), the belief that each quality characteristic is in an out-of-control state is first updated in an iterative approach and the proof of its convergence is given. Next, the decision-making process of the detection and classification the process mean shift is modeled. Numerical examples by simulation are provided in order to understand the proposed methodology and to evaluate its performance. Moreover, the in-control and... 

    Monitoring multivariate profiles in multistage processes

    , Article Communications in Statistics: Simulation and Computation ; 2019 ; 03610918 (ISSN) Bahrami, H ; Akhavan Niaki, T ; Khedmati, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Inc  2019
    Abstract
    In some quality control applications, processes consist of multiple components, stations or stages to finish the final products or the services. Some quality characteristics in each stage of these processes (called multistage processes) can be represented by a relationship between a response and one or more explanatory variables which is named as profile. In this paper, a general model is proposed for monitoring multivariate profiles in multistage processes. To this aim, the multivariate form of the U transformation approach is first used to remove the effect of the cascade property between the stages. Then, three control schemes are employed to monitor the parameters of multivariate simple... 

    A transformation technique in designing multi-attribute C control charts

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 15, Issue 1 , 2008 , Pages 125-130 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Akhavan Niaki, S. T ; Abbasi, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    Sharif University of Technology  2008
    Abstract
    In a production process, when the quality of a product depends on more than one characteristic, multivariate quality control techniques are used. Although multivariate statistical process control is receiving increased attention in the literature, little work has been done to deal with multi-attribute processes. In this paper, a new methodology has been developed to monitor multi-attribute processes, in which the defect counts are important and different types of defect are dependent random variables. In order to do this, based on the symmetric square root transformation concept, first, multi-attribute data is transformed, such that the correlation between variables either vanishes or... 

    Molecular dynamics study of success evaluation for metallic nanoparticles manipulation on gold substrate

    , Article Proceedings of the ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference 2009, DETC2009, 30 August 2009 through 2 September 2009 ; Volume 6 , August–September , 2010 , Pages 345-346 ; 9780791849033 (ISBN) Mahboobi, S. H ; Meghdari, A ; Jalili, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    2010
    Abstract
    Using molecular dynamics, the behavior of nanoparticles during manipulation process is investigated in this paper. The system consists of a tip, cluster and substrate. The focus of the present research is on ultra-fine metallic nanoclusters. The system of concern is made of different transition metals. Two criteria have been proposed for evaluation of success in a pushing process. Such criteria describe the intactness of nanoparticle/substrate pair. The effects of cluster material and manipulation speed on the success of the process are investigated by atomistic simulations. Such qualitative simulation studies can evaluate the level of success of manipulation regarding different working... 

    Designing a multivariate-multistage quality control system using artificial neural networks

    , Article International Journal of Production Research ; Volume 47, Issue 1 , 2009 , Pages 251-271 ; 00207543 (ISSN) Akhavan Niaki, T ; Davoodi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2009
    Abstract
    In most real-world manufacturing systems, the production of goods comprises several autocorrelated stages and the quality characteristics of the goods at each stage are correlated random variables. This paper addresses the problem of monitoring a multivariate-multistage manufacturing process and diagnoses the possible causes of out-of-control signals. To achieve this purpose using multivariate time series models, first a model for the autocorrelated data coming from multivariate-multistage processes is developed. Then, a single neural network is designed, trained and employed to control and classify mean shifts in quality characteristics of all stages. In-control and out-of-control average... 

    Bootstrap method approach in designing multi-attribute control charts

    , Article International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology ; Volume 35, Issue 5-6 , 2007 , Pages 434-442 ; 02683768 (ISSN) Akhavan Niaki, T ; Abbasi, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    2007
    Abstract
    In a production process, when the quality of a product depends on more than one correlated characteristic, multivariate quality control techniques are used. Although multivariate statistical process control is receiving increased attention in the literature, little work has been done to deal with multi-attribute processes. In monitoring the quality of a product or process in multi-attribute environments in which the attributes are correlated, several issues arise. For example, a high number of false alarms (type I error) occur and the probability of not detecting defects (type II error) increases when the process is monitored by a set of independent uni-attribute control charts. In this... 

    Artificial neural networks in applying MCUSUM residuals charts for AR(1) processes

    , Article Applied Mathematics and Computation ; Volume 189, Issue 2 , 2007 , Pages 1889-1901 ; 00963003 (ISSN) Arkat, J ; Akhavan Niaki, T ; Abbasi, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    2007
    Abstract
    The usual key assumptions in designing quality control charts are the normality and independency of serial samples. While the normality assumption holds in most cases, in many continuous-flow processes such as the chemical processes, serial samples have some degrees of autocorrelation associated with them. Ignoring the autocorrelation structure in constructing control charts, results in decreasing the in-control run length, and so increasing the false alarms. Moreover, when the object is to detect small shifts in the mean vector of a process, the performance of Cumulative Sum (CUSUM) control charts is dramatically better than Schewhart control charts. One of the methods, which have been... 

    A new statistical process control method to monitor and diagnose bivariate normal mean vectors and covariance matrices simultaneously

    , Article International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology ; Volume 43, Issue 9-10 , 2009 , Pages 964-981 ; 02683768 (ISSN) Akhavan Niaki, T ; Ostadsharif Memar, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2009
    Abstract
    In this paper, in order to find an adequate method of monitoring the mean vector and covariance matrix of a production process simultaneously, first, some available univariate control methods were reviewed and evaluated. Then, the maximum exponentially weighted moving average method with a better potential application and good performances in terms of average time to signal (ATS) criterion was selected to be extended to the bivariate case. In the extended procedure, by proper transformation of the control parameters, the primary control space is transformed such that all control elements have the same probability distributions. In this case, only the maximum absolute value of the transformed...