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    Groundwater governance and implementing the conservation policy: the case study of Rafsanjan Plain in Iran

    , Article Environment, Development and Sustainability ; Volume 22, Issue 8 , October , 2020 , Pages 8183-8210 Mirnezami, S. J ; de Boer, C ; Bagheri, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Science and Business Media B. V  2020
    The groundwater system in the Rafsanjan aquifer perpetuated sustainably for decades before 1950s; however, its groundwater resources have been overexploited in the recent decades. In this paper, we aim to investigate the water governance system to understand the reasons behind the ongoing overexploitation. Sustainability processes are considered a policy implementation problematic. As such, we employ the contextual interaction theory as a policy implementation framework to assess the groundwater governance as part of the context for the conservation policy. Data for this qualitative research were gathered from legal texts, articles, technical reports, and multiple interviews with authorities... 

    Ranking locations for hydrogen production using hybrid wind-solar: a case study

    , Article Sustainability (Switzerland) ; Volume 13, Issue 8 , 2021 ; 20711050 (ISSN) Almutairi, K ; Mostafaeipour, A ; Jahanshahi, E ; Jooyandeh, E ; Himri, Y ; Jahangiri, M ; Issakhov, A ; Chowdhury, S ; Hosseini Dehshiri, J ; Hosseini Dehshiri, S ; Techato, K ; Sharif University of Technology
    MDPI  2021
    Observing the growing energy demand of modern societies, many countries have rec-ognized energy security as a looming problem and renewable energies as a solution to this issue. Renewable hydrogen production is an excellent method for the storage and transfer of energy generated by intermittent renewable sources such as wind and solar so that they can be used at a place and time of our choosing. In this study, the suitability of 15 cities in Fars province, Iran, for renewable hydrogen production was investigated and compared by the use of multiple multi-criteria decision-making methods including ARAS, SAW, CODAS, and TOPSIS. The obtained rankings were aggregated by rank averaging, Borda... 

    Prioritizing barriers to adopt circular economy in construction and demolition waste management

    , Article Resources, Conservation and Recycling ; Volume 134 , 2018 , Pages 216-227 ; 09213449 (ISSN) Mahpour, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2018
    Construction and demolition (C&D) waste dreadful impacts increasingly cause public concerns. Aiming to boost resource exploitation efficiency, circular economy is contemplated a pertinent C&D waste management practice. However, transitioning to circular economy in C&D waste management is hindered by barriers which are to be found and overcome to adeptly handle this kind of waste. In this paper 22 potential crisp barriers are identified through reviewing the seminal literature which could be categorized under three dimensions of behavioral, technical, and legal. Six experts in behavioral, technical, and legal sciences working in sustainable C&D projects were asked to rate the dimensions and... 

    Requirements for adopting software process lines

    , Article Journal of Systems and Software ; Volume 164 , 2020 Agh, H ; Garcia, F ; Piattini, M ; Ramsin, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Inc  2020
    A Software Process Line (SPrL) is potentially suitable for constructing software development methodologies by reusing core assets. However, adopting this approach without prior assessment of its suitability can lead to failure. The aim of this paper is to identify a set of requirements that can be used for deciding whether to adopt the SPrL approach in an organization. Identification of the requirements was accomplished in two stages: the characteristics important in method tailoring were first identified via a Systematic Mapping Study (SMS) that focused on analyzing 43 primary studies; the degree of importance of the identified characteristics was then determined using a questionnaire... 

    Exploring worker's absence pattern in the construction industry in Iran

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 28, Issue 2 , 2021 , Pages 586-597 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Alvanchi, A ; Hashemi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Sharif University of Technology  2021
    Workers' absence considerably a ects the performance of labor-intensive construction projects. Identifying such absence patterns assists construction project managers in preparing proper project organization, reducing the absence rate, and improving the project performance. Despite its critical role, no study has investigated the absence pattern in the construction industry in Iran. This study addresses this gap by identifying the worker's absence pattern and providing recommendations to reduce the absence rate. First, a comprehensive literature review is conducted on the impacts of in uential factors in the worker's absence. Then, a questionnaire-based survey is designed and distributed... 

    Agent-based socio-hydrological modeling for restoration of Urmia Lake: Application of theory of planned behavior

    , Article Journal of Hydrology ; Volume 576 , 2019 , Pages 736-748 ; 00221694 (ISSN) Pouladi, P ; Afshar, A ; Afshar, M. H ; Molajou, A ; Farahmand, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2019
    This study proposes a novel socio-hydrological modeling framework for assessing the performance of complex water resources systems. It employs and integrates agent-based modeling (ABM) and the theory of planned behavior (TPB) into the socio-hydrological modeling framework to account for agents’ behaviors. Due to farmers’ major role in anthropogenic droughts, this paper mainly focuses on farmers’ behavior. The TPB framework and the agents’ behavioral rules in ABM are structured based on the data obtained from field questionnaires and interviews by the farmers in the Zarrineh River Basin as the main river feeding the Urmia Lake. The proposed modeling framework, including the TPB and ABM...