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    Swirl intensity as a control mechanism for methane purification in supersonic gas separators

    , Article Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering ; Volume 83 , 2020 Ghorbanian, K ; Amini Magham, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2020
    Supersonic gas separator is proposed for methane purification. One-dimensional analysis is performed to examine the design aspects associated with the converging-diverging nozzle and the liquid separation chamber. The results indicate that at low swirl intensities, the separation chamber length is about 100 times of the nozzle throat. Increasing the swirl intensity would lower this length sharply and it will be less than 10 for swirl intensity of unity which is equivalent to a swirl angle of 45°. In addition, a sensitivity analysis of the separator performance to the inlet conditions like the temperature, pressure, and composition of the mixture is carried out. It is observed that increasing... 

    Adsorption of silica nanoparticles onto calcite: Equilibrium, kinetic, thermodynamic and DLVO analysis

    , Article Chemical Engineering Journal ; Volume 281 , December , 2015 , Pages 334-344 ; 13858947 (ISSN) Dehghan Monfared, A ; Ghazanfari, M. H ; Jamialahmadi, M ; Helalizadeh, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2015
    Recently, application of silica nanoparticles (SNP) for enhancing oil recovery during water flooding has been much attended. However, understanding how rock and nanoparticles (NP) interacts through adsorption onto the carbonate reservoir rocks is not well discussed. In this work, adsorption behavior of SNP onto the calcite had been characterized, through kinetic, equilibrium, thermodynamics and electrokinetic studies as well as interaction energy analysis by DLVO theory. Also, field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) was utilized to visualize the adsorption process. It had been found that kinetic behavior of SNP-calcite system followed the pseudo-second order model. Equilibrium... 

    Process optimization and kinetics for leaching of cerium, lanthanum and neodymium elements from iron ore waste's apatite by nitric acid

    , Article Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China (English Edition) ; Volume 27, Issue 2 , 2017 , Pages 420-428 ; 10036326 (ISSN) Ferdowsi, A ; Yoozbashizadeh, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Nonferrous Metals Society of China  2017
    The leaching of rare earth elements (REEs) including cerium, lanthanum and neodymium from apatite concentrate obtained from iron ore wastes by nitric acid was studied. The effects of nitric acid concentration, solid to liquid ratio and leaching time on the recoveries of Ce, La and Nd were investigated using response surface methodology. The results showed that the acid concentration and solid to liquid ratio have significant effect on the leaching recoveries while the time has a little effect. The maximum REE leaching recoveries of 66.1%, 56.8% and 51.7% for Ce, La and Nd, respectively were achieved at the optimum leaching condition with 18% nitric acid concentration, 0.06 solid to liquid... 

    On the adsorption behavior of a fluorochemical onto carbonate rock with the application of wettability alteration to a gas wetting condition

    , Article Journal of Molecular Liquids ; Volume 326 , 2021 ; 01677322 (ISSN) Shayesteh, M ; Azadi Tabar, M ; Shafiei, Y ; Fakhroueian, Z ; Ghazanfari, M. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2021
    In this study, some new aspects of adsorption of a fluorochemical onto carbonate rocks as a wettability alteration agent to a gas wetting condition with the potential application for reduction of condensate blockage in gas condensate reservoirs are presented. To achieve this, kinetics, equilibrium, and thermodynamic of the adsorption process besides contact angle, imbibition, and characterization tests are investigated. Results of adsorption experiments revealed that kinetics behavior of the utilized fluorochemical–calcite system obeyed the pseudo-second order kinetics model. There was no change in adsorption after about 20 h. Also, the intraparticle diffusion mechanism was not the only rate...