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    Conjugated linoleic acid production and optimization via catalytic reaction method using safflower oil

    , Article International Journal of Engineering, Transactions B: Applications ; Volume 31, Issue 8 , 2018 , Pages 1166-1171 ; 1728144X (ISSN) Afarin, M ; Alemzadeh, I ; Kouchak Yazdi, Z ; Sharif University of Technology
    Materials and Energy Research Center  2018
    Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is one of the most physiological active fatty acids due to its positive effect on prevention of diseases such as obesity, hyperlipidemia, atherosclerosis and cancer. The aim of this study was to optimize the production of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA)% in alkali isomerization of safflower oil including 71% linoleic acid (LA) using response surface methodology (RSM). The effect of three reaction variables such as temperature, reaction time and amount of KOH on CLA production was investigated using design-expert software. The optimal condition determined at this point, 72% total CLA with the yield of 84% temperature reaction time and the amount of KOH were 187.6... 

    Transesterification of sunflower oil to biodiesel fuel utilizing a novel K2CO3/Talc catalyst: Process optimizations and kinetics investigations

    , Article Industrial Crops and Products ; Volume 156 , 2020 Zehtab Salmasi, M ; Kazemeini, M ; Sadjadi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2020
    A novel efficient and cost-effective heterogeneous catalyst for the production of biodiesel from transesterification of sunflower oil was prepared through the impregnation of K2CO3 upon the Talc material. The physicochemical features of the catalyst were studied through several characterization analyses. The effect of the K2CO3 loading was investigated by comparing the catalytic activity of various prepared catalysts. Moreover, the effect of the calcination temperature upon the catalytic activity was examined. To maximize the yield of the produced biodiesel fuel, reaction variables such as the reaction time and temperature, catalyst concentration, and methanol: oil molar ratio were... 

    CMC/celite superabsorbent composites: Effect of reaction variables on saline-absorbency under load

    , Article Iranian Polymer Journal (English Edition) ; Volume 19, Issue 8 , May , 2010 , Pages 571-579 ; 10261265 (ISSN) Pourjavadi, A ; Soleyman, R. A ; Ghasemzadeh, H ; Salimi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    A series of superabsorbent composites were synthesized through graft copolymerization of acrylic acid (AA) onto carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) in the presence of celite powder using N,N'-methylenebisacrylamide (MBA) as a cross-linking agent and ammonium persulphate (APS) as an initiator. The chemical structure and thermal properties of the composite hydrogels were characterized by FTIR spectroscopy and TGA methods, respectively. Morphology of the samples was examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). In free-state, the swelling conditions and hence the related data are not real, because in all their applications the swelling particles of superabsorbent must absorb aqueous solutions while...