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#### Theoretical modeling of generation of hat-top intensity profile from Gaussian beam by means of a two-stage beam shaper

, Article Optics Communications ; Volume 294 , 2013 , Pages 182-187 ; 00304018 (ISSN) ; Golnabi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
2013

Abstract

Both theoretical and experimental results of an optical beam shaping system are investigated in this report. The described system is a two-stage beam shaping device including a fiber-bundle and a prism-duct. A source light is used to illuminate the fiber-bundle and the image of output beam is captured by a CCD camera. The fiber-bundle output beam shape shows a linear arrangement of circular spots lights, which are placed in a rectangular cross section of about 21.37 mm×2.44 mm. In another study, the photograph picture of the prism output beam is taken by a digital camera. The prism output beam cross section is a square shape with a dimension of about 4×4 mm2. According to the experimental...

#### Numerical study of external flow over ducts with various cross-sections

, Article Defect and Diffusion Forum ; Volume 366 , 2016 , Pages 10-16 ; 10120386 (ISSN) ; Sadrhosseini, H ; Sharif University of Technology
Trans Tech Publications Ltd

Abstract

In this article a comprehensive numerical study is performed to compare the effect of fluid flow across a duct with various cross sectional shapes and with different velocities of the flow. Circular, elliptical and rectangular cross sections have been chosen for the ducts and air flows across them with four values of low Reynolds numbers in the range of Re = 1 to Re = 1000. Continuity and momentum equations with proper boundary conditions are solved in two dimensions. Streamlines, pressure distribution and Velocity profiles are obtained and creation of vortices, boundary layers, separation region, wake region, reattachment point and stagnation points are studied in detail and the results are...

#### Numerical simulation of centrifugal serpentine micromixers and analyzing mixing quality parameters

, Article Chemical Engineering and Processing: Process Intensification ; Volume 104 , 2016 , Pages 243-252 ; 02552701 (ISSN) ; Madadelahi, M ; Akbari, A ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier, B.V
2016

Abstract

Centrifugal microfluidics or the Lab on a CD (LOCD) has developed vast applications in biomedical researches and analyses. Fluid mixing is an application of the LOCD. In this paper, multiple centrifugal micromixers were simulated. Various parameters were originally presumed to have an effect on mixing performance. These parameters include inlet angle, angular velocity, cross-sectional profile, perpendicular length ratio and the number of channels in series. They were each analyzed through simulations. It was gathered that the inlet angle does not significantly affect the mixing quality. Increasing angular velocity steadily increases mixing quality for all geometries. The vertical triangular...

#### Axis-switching and breakup of rectangular liquid jets

, Article International Journal of Multiphase Flow ; Volume 126 , May , 2020 ; Nasiri, M ; Amini, G ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd
2020

Abstract

The behavior of low-speed liquid jets emerging from rectangular orifices into a quiescent air is studied numerically. After ejection, the rectangular cross-section transforms into an elliptical form along the jet and while axis-switching includes elliptical cross-sections only, the rectangular shape never establishes again. The optimum wavenumber, corresponding to the most dominant wave, is found to be greater in orifices with higher aspect ratios and, as a result, breakup length of the jet will be shorter. The breakup length decreases exponentially with the initial amplitude of disturbances. Moreover, it is observed that the form of final breakup leads to elimination of the satellite...

#### Twisted-shape selection of self-assembled Si 〈100〉 nanobelts and nanowires

, Article Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics ; Volume 54, Issue 25 , 2021 ; 00223727 (ISSN) ; Nejat Pishkenari, H ; Zohoor, H ; Sharif University of Technology
IOP Publishing Ltd
2021

Abstract

This letter discusses the surface-reconstruction-induced self-twisting behavior of Si100 nanobelts and nanowires (NWs) with rectangular cross section. Giving a thorough physical interpretation, we explain the reason behind this phenomenon and present a continuum-based model. It is revealed that these structures can self-assemble into both right- and left-handed helicoids depending on their crystal arrangements. More specifically, for NWs with the same number of layers in each of their cross sections directions, two distinct values of torsion angle are possible for each of right- and left-handed twisted morphologies. In conclusion, four modes of torsion can be observed in Si100 NWs....

#### Secondary flows, mixing, and chemical reaction analysis of droplet-based flow inside serpentine microchannels with different cross sections

, Article Langmuir ; Volume 37, Issue 17 , 2021 , Pages 5118-5130 ; 07437463 (ISSN) ; Madadelahi, M ; Dizani, M ; Shamloo, A ; Sharif University of Technology
American Chemical Society
2021

Abstract

Chemical bioreactions are an important aspect of many recent microfluidic devices, and their applications in biomedical science have been growing worldwide. Droplet-based microreactors are among the attractive types of unit operations, which utilize droplets for enhancement in both mixing and chemical reactions. In the present study, a finite-volume-method (FVM) numerical investigation is conducted based on the volume-of-fluid (VOF) applying for the droplet-based flows. This multiphase computational modeling is used for the study of the chemical reaction and mixing phenomenon inside a serpentine microchannel and explores the effects of the aspect ratio (i.e., AR = height/width) of...

#### An analytical study on the bending of prismatic SMA beams

, Article Smart Materials and Structures ; Volume 24, Issue 12 , 2015 ; 09641726 (ISSN) ; Arghavani, J ; Poorasadion, S ; Sharif University of Technology
Institute of Physics Publishing
2015

Abstract

In this study, an analytical solution is presented for pure bending of shape memory alloy (SMA) beams with symmetric cross section as well as symmetric behavior in tension and compression. To this end, a three-dimensional constitutive equation is reduced to one-dimensional form and employed to study the bending response of SMA beams at high (pseudo-elasticity) and low (shape memory effect) temperatures. An analytical expression for bending stress as well as polynomial approximation for shear stress and deflection are obtained. Derived equations for bending are employed to analyze an SMA beam with rectangular cross section and results are compared with those of the finite element method. The...

#### Shear-rate-dependent rheology effects on mass transport and surface reactions in biomicrofluidic devices

, Article AIChE Journal ; Volume 61, Issue 6 , 2015 , Pages 1912-1924 ; 00011541 (ISSN) ; Amini, Y ; Saidi, M. H ; Yavari, H ; Sharif University of Technology
John Wiley and Sons Inc
2015

Abstract

Consideration is given to shear-rate-dependent rheology effects on mass transport in a heterogeneous microreactor of rectangular cross section, utilizing both numerical and analytical approaches. The carrier liquid obeys the power-law viscosity model and is actuated primarily by an electrokinetic pumping mechanism. It is discovered that, considering the shear-thinning biofluids to be Newtonian fluids gives rise to an overestimation of the saturation time. The degree of overestimation is higher in the presence of large Damkohler numbers and electric double layer thicknesses. It is also increased by the application of a favorable pressure gradient, whereas the opposite is true when an opposed...

#### Mechanically activated synthesis of single crystalline MgO nanostructures

, Article Journal of Alloys and Compounds ; Volume 506, Issue 2 , September , 2010 , Pages 715-720 ; 09258388 (ISSN) ; Yoozbashizadeh, H ; Askari, M ; Kobatake, H ; Fukuyama, H ; Sharif University of Technology
2010

Abstract

One-dimensional (1D) MgO structures were successfully synthesized via carbothermic reduction of mechanically activated mixture of MgO and graphite. Mechanical activation of source materials before carbothermic reduction can substantially enhance the formation of MgO products at a temperature (1000 °C) relatively lower than that required in previous approaches (≥1200 °C). However, the morphology of MgO formed is dependent on the degree of mechanical activation and the condition of the subsequent carbothermic reduction. Two distinctive morphologies were found for MgO products synthesized using our method: single crystalline nanorods with rectangular cross-sections whose diameters range from 50...

#### Numerical investigation of turbulent free jet flows issuing from rectangular nozzles: The influence of small aspect ratio

, Article Archive of Applied Mechanics ; Volume 80, Issue 7 , 2010 , Pages 727-745 ; 09391533 (ISSN) ; Maddahian, R ; Faghani, P ; Farhanieh, B ; Sharif University of Technology
2010

Abstract

In this research, the fluid and thermal characteristics of a rectangular turbulent jet flow is studied numerically. The results of three-dimensional jet issued from a rectangular nozzle are presented. A numerical method employing control volume approach with collocated grid arrangement was employed. Velocity and pressure fields are coupled with SIMPLEC algorithm. The turbulent stresses are approximated using k-ε model with two different inlet conditions. The velocity and temperature fields are presented and the rates of their decay at the jet centerline are noted. The velocity vectors of the main flow and the secondary flow are illustrated. Also, effect of aspect ratio on mixing in...

#### Geometry effects in Eulerian/Granular simulation of a turbulent FCC riser with a (kg-g)-KTGF model

, Article International Journal of Chemical Reactor Engineering ; Volume 8 , 2010 ; 15426580 (ISSN) ; Basirat Tabrizi, H ; Farhadpour, F. A ; Sharif University of Technology
Abstract

Three-dimensional, transient turbulent particulate flow in an FCC riser is modeled using an Eulerian/Granular approach. The turbulence in the gas phase is described by a modified realizable (kg-g) closure model and the kinetic theory of granular flow (KTGF) is employed for the particulate phase. Separate simulations are conducted for a rectangular and a cylindrical riser with similar dimensions. The model predictions are validated against experimental data of Sommerfeld et al (2002) and also compared with the previously reported LES-KTGF simulations of Hansen et al (2003) for the rectangular riser. The (kg-g)-KTGF model does not perform as well as the LES-KTGF model for the riser with a...

#### Aeroelastic characteristics of magneto-rheological fluid sandwich beams in supersonic airflow

, Article Composite Structures ; Volume 143 , 2016 , Pages 93-102 ; 02638223 (ISSN) ; Kouchakzadeh, M. A ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd
2016

Abstract

Supersonic aeroelastic instability of a three-layered sandwich beam of rectangular cross section with an adaptive magneto-rheological fluid (MRF) core layer is investigated. The panel is excited by an airflow along it's longitudinal direction. The problem formulation is based on classical beam theory for the face layers, magnetic field dependent complex modulus approach for viscoelastic material model and the linear first-order piston theory for aerodynamic pressure. The classical Hamilton's principle and the assumed mode method are used to set up the equations of motion. The validity of the derived formulation is confirmed through comparison with the available results in the literature. The...

#### Chebyshev collocation spectral lattice boltzmann method in generalized curvilinear coordinates

, Article Computers and Fluids ; Volume 146 , 2017 , Pages 154-173 ; 00457930 (ISSN) ; Hajihassanpour, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Abstract

In this work, the Chebyshev collocation spectral lattice Boltzmann method is implemented in the generalized curvilinear coordinates to provide an accurate and efficient low-speed LB-based flow solver to be capable of handling curved geometries with non-uniform grids. The low-speed form of the D2Q9 and D3Q19 lattice Boltzmann equations is transformed into the generalized curvilinear coordinates and then the spatial derivatives in the resulting equations are discretized by using the Chebyshev collocation spectral method and the temporal term is discretized with the fourth-order Runge–Kutta scheme to provide an accurate and efficient low-speed flow solver. All boundary conditions are...

#### An analytical study on the elastic-plastic pure bending of a linear kinematic hardening curved beam

, Article International Journal of Mechanical Sciences ; Volume 144 , 2018 , Pages 274-282 ; 00207403 (ISSN) ; Arghavani, J ; Eskandari, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd
2018

Abstract

In this study, an analytical solution is presented for elastic-plastic pure bending of a linear kinematic hardening curved beam with rectangular cross section both in monotonic loading and unloading. Compared to exact plane plasticity solution (already reported in the literature in loading) which needs solution of a system of equations, the proposed method is based on the hyperbolic strain distribution on the cross section which yields a simple approximate solution. To this end, we employ Winkler's theory, and assume plane cross sections remain plane after loading proved by the exact elasticity and plasticity solutions for pure bending of curved beams with rectangular cross section. At the...

#### Numerical investigation of effect of aspect ratio of rectangular nozzles

, Article 2008 2nd International Conference on Thermal Issues in Emerging Technologies, ThETA 2008, Cairo, 17 December 2008 through 20 December 2008 ; July , 2008 , Pages 391-398 ; 9781424435777 (ISBN) ; Farhanieh, B ; Maddahian, R ; Faghani, P ; Sharif University of Technology
2008

Abstract

In this research the fluid and thermal characteristics of a rectangular turbulent jet flow is studied numerically. The results of three dimensional jet issued from a rectangular nozzle are presented. A numerical method employing control volume approach with collocated grid arrangement was employed. Velocity and pressure fields are coupled with SIMPLEC algorithm. The turbulent stresses are approximated using k-e model with two different inlet conditions. The velocity and temperature fields are presented and the rates of their decay at jet centerline are noted. The velocity vectors of a main flow and secondary flow are illustrated. Also effect of aspect ratio on mixing in rectangular cross...

#### A linear theory for bending stress-strain analysis of a beam with an edge crack

, Article Engineering Fracture Mechanics ; Volume 75, Issue 16 , 2008 , Pages 4695-4705 ; 00137944 (ISSN) ; Meghdari, A ; Ebrahimi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
2008

Abstract

In this paper, a new linear theory for bending stress-strain analysis of a cracked beam has been developed. A displacement field has been suggested for the beam strain and stress calculations. The bending differential equation for the beam has been written using equilibrium equations. The required constant for this model is also obtained from fracture mechanics. The bending equation has been solved for a simply supported beam with rectangular cross-section and the results are compared with finite element and empirical results. There is an excellent agreement between theoretical results and those obtained by numerical and empirical methods. The model developed in this research is a simple and...

#### Numerical modeling of surface reaction kinetics in electrokinetically actuated microfluidic devices

, Article Analytica Chimica Acta ; Vol. 838, issue , August , 2014 , pp. 64-75 ; ISSN: 00032670 ; Amini, Y ; Saidi, M. H ; Chakraborty, S ; Sharif University of Technology
Abstract

We outline a comprehensive numerical procedure for modeling of species transport and surface reaction kinetics in electrokinetically actuated microfluidic devices of rectangular cross section. Our results confirm the findings of previous simplified approaches that a concentration wave is created for sufficiently long microreactors. An analytical solution, developed for the wave propagation speed, shows that, when normalizing with the fluid mean velocity, it becomes a function of three parameters comprising the channel aspect ratio, the relative adsorption capacity, and the kinetic equilibrium constant. Our studies also reveal that the reactor geometry idealized as a slit, instead of a...