Search for: research-and-development-strategy
Developing A Qualitative Model For Evaluation Of Effectiveness Of R&D Projects, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Kermavshah, Ali
Globalization and high rate development in all categories of scientific fields have become a very substantial motive to make effort in R&D affairs all over the world. Therefore, the high volume of investment in this area and Also the importance and urgency of R&D according to economical development statistics and its mutual and close relation with it specially in context of Iran, it is necessary to establish an effective tool to recognize gaps and bugs of subsystems working in the area using high volume investment so as to improve the position of each section of the total body of industry in this regard.
The Comparative Study of Nanotechnology Research and Development in The World Selected Countries, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Ghasemi, Farhad
Nanotechnology requires a number of infrastructures for reaching its sustainable development. For each step of its development , various infrastructures should be studied and prepared in advance.In this direction, by introducing and recognizing the priority of Iran Nanotechnology R&D indexes ,the present research is going to propose an effective help. In this case, after studying the related literature and gathering the needed data , 27 indexes were recognized. Then , the indexes were divided in 7 criteria.In order to find the priority of the applied indexes , Fuzzy Multiple Criteria Decision Making (FMCDM) was applied. As the weighting of 7 criteria had been found by FANP , the...
Model for Planning Flow of Knowledge to Optimize Energy and the Environment, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Saboohi, Yadollah
The purpose of this study is to investigate and analyse the technological transition of a new clean energy technology in the market. The agent-based modeling is used in national innovation chain to describe knowledge spillover between main actors in innovation procedure in order to attain renewable energy technology (RET) from basic research to commercial stage. Government’s expenditure on training human resource and R&D activities is modeled as a tool to analyse the development of innovation chain in order to increase diffusion rate of the new technology. Application of the knowledge flow model is demonstrated through analysis of introduction of solar PV in the energy system of Iran and...
Development of Model for Evaluation of Energy Technologies and R&D Planning, Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology ; Ghofrani, Mohammad Bagher ; Saboohi, Yadollah
In this research work an analytical instrument has been developed for assessment of energy technologies, R&D resource allocation and technology development. Development of new technologies has been considered according to the specific conditions of developing countries. The analytical instrument includes two models interlinked with each other: energy technology assessment and optimal control of innovation activities. Energy technology assessment and prioritization of new energy technologies are provided by the model of the energy supply system that contains a detailed representation of current and emerging technologies characterized in terms of their technical indices. The results of this...
An Investigation of Uncertainty’s Welfare Effects in Economy, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Madanizadeh, Ali
We consider the impact of long-run uncertainty on relative GDP per Capita of an economy and show this effect is negative and significant. We show one standard deviation increase in uncertainty, decreases the economy’s GDP per Capita by 1.3%.In other words uncertainty affects the development of economies in addition to their growth rate. We show the significance of this effect in presence of human capital and physical capital. We consider the impact of uncertainty on relative productivity and show its significant negative impact. We consider the uncertainty impact on GDP per Capita’s time trend and show the effect diminishes over time.Additionally, we investigate the important channels of...
Research and Development Project Portfolio Selection, Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology ; Modarres Yazdi, Mohammad
Today, Research and Development (R&D) plays an underlying role in all technology-based companies. It is the R&D that creates competitive advantage and determines survival or growth of a company in the fierce market place. R&D, On the other hand, consumes invaluable resources such as capital, human resource, and laboratories which are generally very scarce. This implies that R&D decisions must be treated as huge investment decisions which are made within the strategic framework of a business. The purpose of R&D portfolio selection is to select a set of projects from a pool of candidate projects in order to maximize some financial measures subject to resource availability and technical...
Investigating and Analyzing the Use of Renewable Energies to Reduce Environmental Pollution with an Emphasis on the Automotive Industry, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Mostafavi, Mostafa
Today, different cities in the world have hurried to consumers, natural resources, and producers of waste. Our cities are not excluded from this rule, especially metropolitan like Tehran, which accounted for only 12% of the country's land area, accounting for 15% of the volume of airborne contamination in the country. Considering the importance of the environmental pollution issue and the many researches done in this field, the present study attempts to investigate and analyze the application of renewable energy to reduce environmental pollution with an emphasis on the automotive industry. This is an applied research in terms of purpose. These types of researches are applicable because these...