Loading...
Search for: reynolds-number
0.008 seconds
Total 328 records

    Dynamic modelling and control of a sphere-based micro robot with adjustable arm

    , Article MARSS 2018 - International Conference on Manipulation, Automation and Robotics at Small Scales, 4 July 2018 through 8 July 2018 ; 2018 ; 9781538648414 (ISBN) Esfandbod, A ; Nejat Pishkenari, H ; Meghdari, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    In this article, we propose a three-dimensional model of a low-Reynolds-number swimmer that consists of three small spheres connected to a larger sphere via three perpendicular adjustable rods which enable the micro robot to swim along arbitrary trajectories. Then we focus on dynamic modelling of the swimmer and propose a control method to control the position of the micro swimmer in a low Reynolds number flow. The control aim intended in this article is that the middle sphere to follow a desired trajectory and respective simulation results from control indicates successful accomplishment in application. © 2018 IEEE  

    Rate of heat transfer in polypropylene tubes in solar water heaters

    , Article Solar Energy ; Volume 74, Issue 6 , 2003 , Pages 441-445 ; 0038092X (ISSN) Razavi, J ; Riazi, M. R ; Mahmoodi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2003
    Abstract
    A heat transfer rate was determined for polypropylene tubes in solar water heaters for the Reynolds number range 800-5600. Experiments were conducted in ambient temperatures of 34 to 37°C. Data were correlated in the form of Nusselt numbers as: Nu=0.0015 Re0.75 Pr1/3 with correlation coefficient of 0.95. Such data can be used to predict heat transfer rates in a polypropylene solar heater in Tehran where the experiments were performed. An application of the results is shown in an example. © 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved  

    General pressure-correction strategy to include density variation in incompressible algorithms

    , Article Journal of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer ; Volume 17, Issue 3 , 2003 , Pages 372-380 ; 08878722 (ISSN) Darbandi, M ; Hosseinizadeh, S. F ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Inst. Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc  2003
    Abstract
    This work deals with the popular topic of extending incompressible numerical formulations to the compressible or variable density regime. Based on an analogy between the incompressible and compressible governing equations, a general strategy is suitably developed to facilitate the compressible flow solution through using incompressible algorithms. It is shown that the implementation of the extended strategy to an arbitrarily incompressible algorithm requires two minor modifications in the original algorithm. In fact, two on/off switches suffice to implement the two required modifications. Switch one includes the compressible source terms to the momentum governing equations. Switch two... 

    Optimal motion control of three-sphere based low-Reynolds number swimming microrobot

    , Article Robotica ; Volume 40, Issue 5 , 2022 , Pages 1257-1273 ; 02635747 (ISSN) Nejat Pishkenari, H ; Mohebalhojeh, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Cambridge University Press  2022
    Abstract
    Microrobots with their promising applications are attracting a lot of attention currently. A microrobot with a triangular mechanism was previously proposed by scientists to overcome the motion limitations in a low-Reynolds number flow; however, the control of this swimmer for performing desired manoeuvres has not been studied yet. Here, we have proposed some strategies for controlling its position. Considering the constraints on arm lengths, we proposed an optimal controller based on quadratic programming. The simulation results demonstrate that the proposed optimal controller can steer the microrobot along the desired trajectory as well as minimize fluctuations of the actuators length. ©... 

    Dynamics and control of a novel microrobot with high maneuverability

    , Article Robotica ; Volume 39, Issue 10 , 2021 , Pages 1729-1738 ; 02635747 (ISSN) Esfandbod, A ; Nejat Pishkenari, H ; Meghdari, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Cambridge University Press  2021
    Abstract
    In this study, we introduce a novel three-dimensional micro-scale robot capable of swimming in low Reynolds number. The proposed robot consists of three rotating disks linked via three perpendicular adjustable rods, actuated by three rotary and three linear motors, respectively. The robot mechanism has an important property which makes it superior to the previously designed micro swimmers. In fact, our goal is designing a micro swimmer which its controllability matrix has full rank and hence it will be capable to perform any desired maneuver in space. After introducing the mechanism and derivation of the dynamical equations of motion, we propose a control method to steer the robot to the... 

    Investigation of time-frequency analysis and transitional boundary layer over a pitching airfoil

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 28, Issue 2 B , 2021 , Pages 860-876 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Akhlaghi, H ; Soltani, M. R ; Maghrebi, M. J ; Sharif University of Technology
    Sharif University of Technology  2021
    Abstract
    Transitional boundary layer over a pitching airfoil at low Reynolds number (Re = 2:7 × 105) is experimentally investigated using space-frequency and time-frequency analyses of hot- film signals. Boundary layer events are visualized based on the space-frequency and time-frequency plots. The precursor phenomenon for turbulent and fully separated flows is presented based on the time-frequency analysis. A new technique based on time-frequency analysis of hot- film signals is introduced to measure the transition onset and relaminarization locations. This technique functions based on the analysis of high-frequency disturbances of the measured data. Significant attention has been drawn to the... 

    Versatile low-Reynolds-number swimmer with three-dimensional maneuverability

    , Article Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics ; Vol. 90, issue. 5 , 2014 ; ISSN: 15393755 Jalali, M. A ; Alam, M. R ; Mousavi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    We design and simulate the motion of a swimmer, the Quadroar, with three-dimensional translation and reorientation capabilities in low-Reynolds-number conditions. The Quadroar is composed of an I-shaped frame whose body link is a simple linear actuator and four disks that can rotate about the axes of flange links. The time symmetry is broken by a combination of disk rotations and the one-dimensional expansion or contraction of the body link. The Quadroar propels on forward and transverse straight lines and performs full three-dimensional reorientation maneuvers, which enable it to swim along arbitrary trajectories. We find continuous operation modes that propel the swimmer on planar and... 

    Low-Reynolds-number predator

    , Article Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics ; Volume 92, Issue 6 , December , 2015 ; 15393755 (ISSN) Ebrahimian, M ; Yekehzare, M ; Ejtehadi, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Physical Society  2015
    Abstract
    To generalize simple bead-linker model of swimmers to higher dimensions and to demonstrate the chemotaxis ability of such swimmers, here we introduce a low-Reynolds predator, using a two-dimensional triangular bead-spring model. Two-state linkers as mechanochemical enzymes expand as a result of interaction with particular activator substances in the environment, causing the whole body to translate and rotate. The concentration of the chemical stimulator controls expansion versus the contraction rate of each arm and so affects the ability of the body for diffusive movements; also the variation of activator substance's concentration in the environment breaks the symmetry of linkers' preferred... 

    Microswimmer-induced chaotic mixing

    , Article Journal of Fluid Mechanics ; Volume 779 , 2015 , Pages 669-683 ; 00221120 (ISSN) Jalali, M.A ; Khoshnood, A ; Alam, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Cambridge University Press  2015
    Abstract
    Efficient mixing, typically characterised by chaotic advection, is hard to achieve in low Reynolds number conditions because of the linear nature of the Stokes equation that governs the motion. Here we show that low Reynolds number swimmers moving in quasi-periodic orbits can result in considerable stretching and folding of fluid elements. We accurately follow packets of tracers within the fluid domain and show that their trajectories become chaotic as the swimmer's trajectory densely fills its invariant torus. The mixing process is demonstrated in two dimensions using the Quadroar swimmer that autonomously propels and tumbles along quasi-periodic orbits with multi-loop turning trajectories.... 

    Simulation of droplet trains in microfluidic networks

    , Article Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics ; Volume 82, Issue 3 , September , 2010 ; 15393755 (ISSN) Djalali Behzad, M ; Seyed Allaei, H ; Ejtehadi, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2010
    Abstract
    We show that in a microfluidic network with low Reynolds numbers, a system can be irreversible due to hysteresis effects. We simulated a network of pipes that was used in a recent experiment. The network consists of one loop connected to input and output pipes. A train of droplets enters the system at a uniform rate, but the droplets may leave the system in a periodic or even a chaotic pattern. The output pattern depends on the time interval between incoming droplets as well as the network geometry. For some parameters, the system is not reversible  

    Experimental investigation of slip velocity and settling distribution of micro-particles in converging–diverging microchannel

    , Article Microsystem Technologies ; 2016 , Pages 1-10 ; 09467076 (ISSN) Shirinzadeh, F ; Saidi, M. H ; Davari, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Verlag  2016
    Abstract
    An experimental test bed based on single particle tracking techniques is employed in order to investigate the velocity domain, slip velocity, and settling distribution of micro-particles in low-Reynolds number poiseuille flow in converging–diverging microchannel. Three-dimensional velocity domain of particles are studied in the presence of walls and compared with the particle-free fluid. The results show that the velocity of particles moving near the side walls of microchannel decreases about 30 % compared to those moving at the centerline. Furthermore, the effects of converging–diverging geometry on sedimentation of micro-particles are considered. The results show an average decrease of... 

    Experimental investigation of slip velocity and settling distribution of micro-particles in converging–diverging microchannel

    , Article Microsystem Technologies ; Volume 23, Issue 8 , 2017 , Pages 3361-3370 ; 09467076 (ISSN) Shirinzadeh, F ; Saidi, M. H ; Davari, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Verlag  2017
    Abstract
    An experimental test bed based on single particle tracking techniques is employed in order to investigate the velocity domain, slip velocity, and settling distribution of micro-particles in low-Reynolds number poiseuille flow in converging–diverging microchannel. Three-dimensional velocity domain of particles are studied in the presence of walls and compared with the particle-free fluid. The results show that the velocity of particles moving near the side walls of microchannel decreases about 30 % compared to those moving at the centerline. Furthermore, the effects of converging–diverging geometry on sedimentation of micro-particles are considered. The results show an average decrease of... 

    Parameters affecting turbulent film cooling reynolds-averaged navier-stokes computational simulation

    , Article Journal of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer ; Volume 20, Issue 1 , 2006 , Pages 92-100 ; 08878722 (ISSN) Mahjoob, S ; Taeibi Rahni, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc  2006
    Abstract
    Film cooling of surfaces appears in many applications. For instance, it is one of the most effective methods to improve the efficiency of gas turbines. As a fundamental study, two different types of film cooling (slot and discrete holes injections) are numerically simulated here. A flat surface is used to model a small portion of a gas turbine blade. Incompressible, stationary, viscous, turbulent flow is assumed using the STAR-CD software with the standard k-ε model and a cell-centered finite volume method on a nonuniform structured grid. The jet flow Reynolds number, based on the jet's hydraulic diameter, is 4.7 × 103. The study of the injection angle and the velocity ratio shows that the... 

    Dynamic modeling and optimal control of a novel microswimmer with gimbal based disks

    , Article Robotica ; Volume 39, Issue 8 , 2021 , Pages 1468-1484 ; 02635747 (ISSN) Nickandish, A ; Pishkenari, H. N ; Sharif University of Technology
    Cambridge University Press  2021
    Abstract
    We have introduced a new low-Reynolds-number microrobot with high 3D maneuverability. Our novel proposed microrobot has a higher rank of the controllability matrix with respect to the previous microswimmers which makes it capable of performing complex motions in space. In this study, governing equations of the microswimmer's motion have been derived and simulated. Subsequently, we have proposed a cascade optimal control technique to control the swimmer trajectory. In the proposed control scheme, the actuation is provided in a way that an exponential stability on the system trajectory error as well as minimum fluctuations of control signals are achieved. © The Author(s), 2021. Published by... 

    Laminar forced convection simulation at different boundary conditions with averaging scheme (numerical and theoretical research)

    , Article Mathematical Modelling of Engineering Problems ; Volume 6, Issue 4 , 2019 , Pages 519-526 ; 23690739 (ISSN) Adibi, T ; Adibi, O ; Sharif University of Technology
    International Information and Engineering Technology Association  2019
    Abstract
    In this paper, cavity flow is simulated numerically. Forced convection in different Reynolds numbers between 100 and 5000 is simulated. Different and complex thermal boundary conditions are applied and various parameters are calculated numerically. Up and down walls are in constant temperature and left and right walls are thermal insulation in the first thermal boundary condition. The Left and the down walls are in constant temperature and the temperature of the up and the right walls changes linearly in the second thermal boundary condition. For the third thermal boundary condition, the left and the down walls are in constant temperature and the temperature of the up and the right walls... 

    Laminar forced convection simulation at different boundary conditions with averaging scheme (numerical and theoretical research)

    , Article Mathematical Modelling of Engineering Problems ; Volume 6, Issue 4 , 2019 , Pages 519-526 ; 23690739 (ISSN) Adibi, T ; Adibi, O ; Sharif University of Technology
    International Information and Engineering Technology Association  2019
    Abstract
    In this paper, cavity flow is simulated numerically. Forced convection in different Reynolds numbers between 100 and 5000 is simulated. Different and complex thermal boundary conditions are applied and various parameters are calculated numerically. Up and down walls are in constant temperature and left and right walls are thermal insulation in the first thermal boundary condition. The Left and the down walls are in constant temperature and the temperature of the up and the right walls changes linearly in the second thermal boundary condition. For the third thermal boundary condition, the left and the down walls are in constant temperature and the temperature of the up and the right walls... 

    Simulation of turbulent flow through porous media employing a v2f model

    , Article AIP Conference Proceedings- International Conference on Computational Methods in Science and Engineering 2007, ICCMSE 2007, Corfu, 25 September 2007 through 30 September 2007 ; Volume 963, Issue 2 , 2007 , Pages 1257-1260 ; 0094243X (ISSN) ; 9780735404786 (ISBN) Bahnoosh Kazerooni, R ; Kazemzadeh Hannani, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    2007
    Abstract
    In this article a v2f model is employed to conduct a series of computations of incompressible flow in a periodic array of square cylinders simulating a porous media. Galerkin/Least-Squares finite element formulation employing equal order velocity-pressure elements is used to discretize the governing equations. The Reynolds number is varied from 1000 to 50,000 and different values of porosities are considered in the calculations. Results are compared with the available data in the literature. v2f model exhibits superior accuracy with respect to k - ε results and is closer to LES calculations. The macroscopic pressure gradients for all porosities studied, showed a good agreement with... 

    3-D simulation of turbulent density

    , Article 2006 2nd ASME Joint U.S.-European Fluids Engineering Summer Meeting, FEDSM 2006, Miami, FL, 17 July 2006 through 20 July 2006 ; Volume 2006 , 2006 ; 0791837831 (ISBN); 9780791837832 (ISBN) Hormozi, S ; Firoozabadi, B ; Afshin, H ; Ghasvari Jahromi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    2006
    Abstract
    Density current is a dense fluid, which is continuously released from a source and spreads down a sloping surface inside a lighter, motionless fluid. A low-Reynolds number k-ε model (Launder and Sharma, 1974) has been used to simulate the behavior of 3-D density currents. Density current with a uniform velocity and concentration enters the channel via a sluice gate into a lighter ambient fluid and moves forward down-slope. The model has been verified with the experimental data sets. Although the k-ε Launder and Sharma model is applied here to a conservative density current, it seems the analysis is valid in general for turbidity current laden with fine particles. Copyright © 2006 by ASME  

    Analytical solution of turbulent couette flow by cosserat continuum model and gradient theory

    , Article 2006 2nd ASME Joint U.S.-European Fluids Engineering Summer Meeting, FEDSM 2006, Miami, FL, 17 July 2006 through 20 July 2006 ; Volume 2006 , 2006 ; 0791837831 (ISBN); 9780791837832 (ISBN) Ghasvari Jahromi, H ; Atefi, Gh ; Moosaie, A ; Hormozi, S ; Afshin, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    2006
    Abstract
    In present paper the theory of the micropolar fluid based on a Cosserat continuum model has been applied for analysis of Couette flow. The obtained results for the velocity field have been compared with known results from experiments done by Reichardt at Max Plank institute for fluids in Gottingen [1,2] and analytical solution of the problem from Gradient theory by alizadeh[3].the boundary condition used here was the no slip one and Trostel's slip boundary condition[4].a good agreement between experimental results and the results of the problem for Reynolds near 18000 has beeen found. A new dimensionless number introduced that indicates the theoretical relation between cosserat theory and... 

    Comparison of 2_D turbulent particle laden density current and wall jets

    , Article 2006 2nd ASME Joint U.S.-European Fluids Engineering Summer Meeting, FEDSM 2006, Miami, FL, 17 July 2006 through 20 July 2006 ; Volume 2006 , 2006 ; 0791837831 (ISBN); 9780791837832 (ISBN) Hormozi, S ; Firoozabadi, B ; Ghasvari Jahromi, H ; Afshin, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    2006
    Abstract
    Dense underflows are continuous currents, which move down the slope due to the fact that, their density are heavier than ambient water. In turbidity currents the density differences arises from suspended solids. Vicinity of the wall make density currents and wall jets similar in some sense but Variation of density cause this flows more complex than wall jets. An improved form of 'near-wall' k-ε turbulence model is chosen which preserve all characteristics of both density and wall jet currents and a compression is made between them. Then the outcomes from low Reynolds number k-ε model is compared with v2̄-f model which show similarity. Also results show good agreement with experimental data...