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    Rhodium(II) phthalocyanine as a selective carrier in thiocyanate-selective membrane electrode

    , Article Analytical Letters ; Volume 38, Issue 8 , 2005 , Pages 1221-1235 ; 00032719 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Jannatrezvani, M. J ; Khajehsharifi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    An anion-selective electrode based on rhodium(II) phthalocyanine (RhPc) as a neutral carrier is reported. The prepared electrode displays an anti-Hofmeister behavior with a high selectivity for thiocyanate. The potentiometric response characteristics and selectivities of the membrane electrodes with various ratios of cationic additive to ion-carrier indicate that the observed potentiometric response is based on the formation of a 1:1 complex between RhPc and thiocyanate as an axial ligand. The membrane electrodes containing ∼60 mol percent of cationic additive (relative to ionophore) exhibit a near-Nernstian response in a concentration range of thiocyanate between 1 × 10-6 M to 1 × 10-1 M, a... 

    Application of double-cell arrangement in planar laser-induced fluorescence experiments

    , Article Review of Scientific Instruments ; Volume 76, Issue 8 , 2005 , Pages 1-5 ; 00346748 (ISSN) Golnabi, H ; Ahmadi, H ; Razani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    This paper describes a double-cell method, which offers some advantages in image capturing and analysis of the planar laser-induced fluorescence (PLIF) experiments. Double static-cell and circulating-static designs are tested and the fluorescence results are reported. The static-static design offers some advantages when comparing the fluorescence signals for two different dyes, the effect of additives, and of oxidation, whereas the circulating-static design provides an effective method to study the thermal contributions of the measured signal, the photostability of a particular dye, the effect of adding agents, and the quenching effects on a dye under study. In this experiment Rhodamine-WT... 

    Synthesis and Evaluation of a Three-Way Catalyst for CO, Hydrocarbon and Nitrogen Oxide Emission Control in CNG-Fueled Vehicles

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Esperi, Melika (Author) ; Hamzehlouyan, Tayebeh (Supervisor)
    According to the reports of the Tehran Air Quality Control Company, mobile sources are responsible for the emission of 70-85% of air pollutant in this metropolis. Over the past decades, compressed natural gas (CNG) is known as a cleaner fuel and a suitable alternative to gasoline and diesel fuels in the transportation section in some countries. However, methane emissions from natural gas vehicles is a significant challenge because it is a potent greenhouse gas and plays important role in global warming. In addition, because of another pollutant emissions from these vehicles, exhaust gas treatment is a crucial issue. Using Three-Way catalysts (TWC) is the conventional method in order to... 

    Highly selective doped Pt[sbnd]MgO nano-sheets for renewable hydrogen production from APR of glycerol

    , Article International Journal of Hydrogen Energy ; Volume 41, Issue 39 , 2016 , Pages 17390-17398 ; 03603199 (ISSN) Larimi, A. S ; Kazemeini, M ; Khorasheh, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2016
    A series of M-doped Pt[sbnd]MgO (M = Pd, Ir, Re, Ru, Rh and Cr) sheet-shaped nano-catalysts were synthesized by the controlled co-precipitation method. The effects of M-doping on both the physicochemical and the chemisorption characteristics of Pt[sbnd]MgO catalysts were examined. The performance of the catalysts for the aqueous phase reforming (APR) of glycerol was also investigated. The APR activity of Pt[sbnd]M[sbnd]MgO catalysts depended on the type of the M dopant used. The APR activity varied in the following order: Rh > Pd > Cr > Ir > undoped ≈ Ru > Re, with the Rh-promoted catalyst having an activity of about one order of magnitude higher than the Re-promoted catalyst at 250 °C. It... 

    DFT study of nitrogen monoxide adsorption and dissociation on Rh[sbnd]Cu nano clusters

    , Article Journal of Alloys and Compounds ; Volume 695 , 2017 , Pages 1924-1929 ; 09258388 (ISSN) Arab, A ; Nahali, M ; Gobal, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Adsorption and dissociation of NO on RhxCu4-x(x = 0–4) nano clusters were investigated using density functional theory. Adsorption energy, total charge on NO, NO bond length, and NO vibrational frequency for various modes of NO adsorption were analyzed. Adsorption from the nitrogen end of NO on the Rh atom(s) of the clusters are more favored and adsorption energies are in the −1.02 eV to −2.59 eV range. NO binds stronger to Rh-Cu mixed clusters compared to pure Cu4 cluster, so N[sbnd]O bond is significantly weakened upon adsorption on the former. NO binding to more atoms of the clusters results in a corresponding decrease of the N[sbnd]O vibrational frequency. Dissociation of NO was also... 

    Photocatalytic activity of ZnO nanoparticles prepared via submerged arc discharge method

    , Article Applied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing ; Volume 100, Issue 4 , September , 2010 , Pages 1097-1102 ; 09478396 (ISSN) Ashkarran, A. A ; Iraji Zad, A ; Mahdavi, S. M ; Ahadian, M. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    ZnO nanostructures were synthesized through arc discharge of zinc electrodes in deionized (DI) water. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis of the prepared nanostructures indicates formation of crystalline ZnO of hexagonal lattice structures. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images illustrate rod-like as well as semi spherical ZnO nanoparticles with 15-20 nm diameter range, which were formed during the discharge process with 5 A arc current. The average particle size was found to increase with the increasing arc current. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis confirms formation of ZnO at the surface of the nanoparticles. Surface area of the sample prepared at 5 A arc current,... 

    Raising quality and safety of platelet transfusion services in a patient-based integrated supply chain under uncertainty

    , Article Computers and Chemical Engineering ; Volume 106 , 2017 , Pages 355-372 ; 00981354 (ISSN) Ensafian, H ; Yaghoubi, S ; Modarres Yazdi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    This paper develops a stochastic multi-period mixed-integer model for collection, production, storage, and distribution of platelet in Blood Transfusion Organizations ranging from blood collection centers to clinical points. In this model, the age of platelet and ABO-Rh priority matching rules are incorporated based on the type of patient to raise the quality and safety of platelet transfusion services. At first, a discrete Markov Chain Process is applied to predict the number of donors. Afterwards, the uncertain demand is captured using a two-stage stochastic programming. A challenging aspect of applying stochastic programming in a dynamic setting is to construct an appropriate set of... 

    Engineering a highly dispersed core@shell structure for efficient photocatalysis: a case study of ternary novel BiOI@MIL-88A(Fe)@g-C3N4 nanocomposite

    , Article Materials Research Bulletin ; Volume 106 , 2018 , Pages 93-102 ; 00255408 (ISSN) Gholizadeh Khasevani, S ; Gholami, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Ternary novel BiOI@MIL-88A(Fe)@g-C3N4 nanocomposite with core@shell structure was successfully synthesized by hydrothermal method. fabricated photocatalysts were characterized and results confirmed the formation of MIL-88A(Fe)@g-C3N4 core@shell structure and subsequently BiOI decoration on the surface of MIL-88A(Fe)@g-C3N4. Photocatalytic performances of prepared samples were investigated for degradation of Acid Blue 92 (AB92), Rhodamine B (RhB) and phenol under visible irradiation. It is clearly demonstrated that the as-prepared ternary BiOI@MIL-88A(Fe)@g-C3N4 composites exhibits exceptional visible-light photocatalytic activities for cationic, anionic as well as neutral pollutant molecules... 

    Synthesis of porous TiO2/ZrO2 photocatalyst derived from zirconium metal organic framework for degradation of organic pollutants under visible light irradiation

    , Article Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering ; Volume 7, Issue 3 , 2019 ; 22133437 (ISSN) Abdi, J ; Yahyanezhad, M ; Sakhaie, S ; Vossoughi, M ; Alemzadeh, I ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2019
    Zirconium based metal-organic frameworks (Zr-MOFs) are promising candidates for photocatalytic wastewater treatment due to their excellent properties such as high chemical and thermal stability and high photodegradation ability. Herein, we report a novel porous TiO2/ZrO2 photocatalyst derived from UiO-66 and Titania hybrids. UiO-66 nanoparticles was synthesized through solvothermal method and utilized as catalyst support to grow TiO2 particles on its surface. The prepared Titania/MOF nanocomposite was calcined to obtain porous TiO2/ZrO2 photocatalyst for degradation of organic pollutants from colored wastewater under LED visible light. The prepared materials were fully characterized with... 

    Graphitic carbon nitride nanosheet/metal-organic framework heterostructure: Synthesis and pollutant degradation using visible light

    , Article Materials Chemistry and Physics ; Volume 269 , 2021 ; 02540584 (ISSN) Kamandi, R ; Mahmoodi, N. M ; Kazemeini, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2021
    The construction of binary and ternary heterojunctions has gathered attention in water remediation applications. Herein, g-C3N4, MIL-101(Fe), and MIL-101(Fe)/g-C3N4 binary composite were synthesized by in-situ growth of MIL-101(Fe) crystals along with the nanosheets of g-C3N4. The materials have been characterized by XRD, FTIR, SEM, EDS, DRS, PL, and BET/BJH. The highest degradation efficiency achieved using MIL-101(Fe)/g-C3N4 nanocomposite was 99.3% while the pristine g-C3N4 degraded only 40% of the pollutants by photocatalyst dosage = 0.005 g, pH = 4.8, and irradiation time = 90 min condition. This enhanced photocatalytic performance might be attributed to improved optical properties and... 

    Vanadium oxide-supported copper ferrite nanoparticles: A reusable and highly efficient catalyst for rhodamine B degradation via activation of peroxymonosulfate

    , Article Applied Organometallic Chemistry ; Volume 35, Issue 10 , 2021 ; 02682605 (ISSN) Salami, R ; Amini, M ; Bagherzadeh, M ; Chae, K. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    John Wiley and Sons Ltd  2021
    A magnetic vanadium oxide nanoparticles supported on spinel copper ferrite (CuFe2O4–VOx) are prepared, characterized, and examined for the peroxymonosulfate (PMS) activation to degrade Rhodamine B (RhB) in water solution. Interestingly, the results show that despite the inability of mixture of copper ferrite and vanadium oxides nanoparticles to the effective RhB decomposition, the prepared catalyst exhibits an excellent catalytic ability toward RhB oxidation. The influence of vital parameters, such as temperature, PMS concentration, catalyst loading, and initial pH are discussed comprehensively. The kinetic studies demonstrate that the pseudo-first-order model is well fitted for RhB... 

    Production of perovskite catalysts on ceramic monoliths with nanoparticles for dual fuel system automobiles

    , Article International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology ; Volume 6, Issue 1 , 2009 , Pages 105-112 ; 17351472 (ISSN) Khanfekr, A ; Arzani, K ; Nemati, A ; Hosseini, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    CEERS  2009
    (Lanthanum, Cerium)(Iron, Manganese, Cobalt, Palladium)(Oxygen)3- Perovskite catalyst was prepared by the citrate route and deposited on ceramic monoliths via dip coating procedure. The catalyst was applied on a car with XU7 motors and the amount of emission was monitored with vehicle emission test systems in Sapco company. The results were compared with the imported catalyst with noble metals such as palladium, platinum and rhodium by Iran Khodro company based on the Euro III standards. The catalysts were characterized by specific surface area measurements, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, line scan and map. In the results, obtained in the home made sample, the amount of... 

    Enhanced decolorization of rhodamine B solution through simultaneous photocatalysis and persulfate activation over Fe/C3N4 photocatalyst

    , Article Chemical Engineering Research and Design ; Volume 153 , 2020 , Pages 709-720 Heidarpour, H ; Padervand, M ; Soltanieh, M ; Vossoughi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institution of Chemical Engineers  2020
    In this study, organic contaminant degradation was intensified by increasing the oxidative capacity of the reaction system through simultaneous photocatalysis and heterogeneous persulfate activation. Fe nanoparticles were served as a multifunctional modifier to enhance the photoactivity of graphitic carbon nitride (CN), by tuning optical properties as well as persulfate (PS) activation rate, by introducing a new activation pathway. The synthesized photocatalysts were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), UV-visible...