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    Hybrid control and motion planning of dynamical legged locomotion

    , Book ; Sadati, Nasser
    Wiley  2012
    Abstract
    This book provides a comprehensive presentation of issues and challenges faced by researchers and practicing engineers in motion planning and hybrid control of dynamical legged locomotion. The major features range from offline and online motion planning algorithms to generate desired feasible periodic walking and running motions and tow-level control schemes, including within-stride feedback laws, continuous time update laws and event-based update laws, to asymptotically stabilize the generated desired periodic orbits. This book describes the current state of the art and future directions across all domains of dynamical legged locomotion so that readers can extend proposed motion planning... 

    Social robots as assistants for autism therapy in Iran: Research in progress

    , Article 2014 2nd RSI/ISM International Conference on Robotics and Mechatronics, ICRoM 2014 ; Oct , 2014 , p. 760-766 Taheri, A. R ; Alemi, M ; Meghdari, A ; Pouretemad, H. R ; Basiri, N. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Autistic children are often impaired in initiating and responding to Joint Attention. In recent years, there has been an increase in the application of robots in diagnosis and treatment of autism. The purpose of the current research has been primarily to originate the proper therapeutic scenarios and to implement two interactive humanoid robots as therapy assistants in autism treatment in Iran. To this end, the humanoid robots were programmed and teleoperated via Microsoft Kinect Sensor and PhantomOmni Haptic Robot to elicit reactions consisting of imitation of humans by the humanoid robots and vice versa. In this paper, we elaborate on the therapeutic items that we have designed to improve... 

    Human–robot interaction in autism treatment: a case study on three pairs of autistic children as twins, siblings, and classmates

    , Article International Journal of Social Robotics ; Volume 10, Issue 1 , January , 2018 , Pages 93-113 ; 18754791 (ISSN) Taheri, A ; Meghdari, A ; Alemi, M ; Pouretemad, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Netherlands  2018
    Abstract
    In this paper, three pairs of children with autism include a pair of twins, two siblings, and two classmates were enrolled in a 12-session robot-assisted group-games program. As many environmental factors were for the most part the same for the siblings as well as genetic factors for the twins, we were able to observe/compare the effect of the designed games on the participants individually and in paired-groups. The results indicated that all participants’ autism severity decreased after the course of the program. Improvement in social skills, social participation/avoidance, and detrimental social behaviors were also observed in the participants with high-functioning autism with close to... 

    Design performance characteristics of a social robot companion "Arash" for pediatric hospitals

    , Article International Journal of Humanoid Robotics ; Volume 15, Issue 5 , 2018 ; 02198436 (ISSN) Meghdari, A ; Shariati, A ; Alemi, M ; Amoozandeh Nobaveh, A ; Khamooshi, M ; Mozaffari, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte Ltd  2018
    Abstract
    This paper presents the design process and construction of a mobile social robot companion "Arash" for educational and therapeutic intervention for children with chronic diseases; one which is based on their interests and needs. This study concentrates on children with cancer who suffer from physical pain caused by both the disease and its treatment. Moreover, cancer treatment causes emotional distress, which can reduce the efficiency of medications. Using social robots to interact with ill children in a hospital environment could decrease their distress, thereby improving the efficiency of the treatment. Arash is a 15 degrees-of-freedom cost effective humanoid mobile robot companion,... 

    A novel upper-limb rehabilitation robot with 4 DOFs: design and prototype

    , Article Proceedings of the 6th RSI International Conference on Robotics and Mechatronics, IcRoM 2018, 23 October 2018 through 25 October 2018 ; 2019 , Pages 434-438 ; 9781728101279 (ISBN) Sepahi, S ; Hashemi, A ; Jafari, M ; Sharifi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2019
    Abstract
    In recent years, robotic rehabilitation has been utilized in treatment and recovery of patients with disabilities. In this paper, a novel design and kinematic analysis of a 4-DOF robot for upper-limb rehabilitation are proposed. The main novelty of this design is its mechanism for wrist and fingers motions which is added to the shoulder and elbow mechanism without any noticeable weight increase in the moving parts of the robot. For this purpose, a cable driven mechanism is implemented at the robot end-effector to move the wrist and fingers parts, and the corresponding actuators are placed at the base of the robot. © 2018 IEEE  

    The effect of employing humanoid robots for teaching English on students' anxiety and attitude

    , Article 2014 2nd RSI/ISM International Conference on Robotics and Mechatronics, ICRoM 2014 ; Oct , 2014 , p. 754-759 Alemi, M ; Meghdari, A ; Ghazisaedy, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    This study aims at examining the effect of Robot Assisted language learning (RALL) on the anxiety level and attitude in the English language learning classroom. Forty-six female students who were beginners at the age of 12 participated in this study and were randomly assigned into two groups of RALL (30 students) and non-RALL (16 students). The treatment was given by a teacher accompanied by a humanoid robot assistant for the RALL group. Two questionnaires of anxiety [15] and attitude [19] were utilized to measure the students' anxiety and attitude. The results of descriptive and t-tests indicated that there was lower anxiety and positive attitude towards English learning in the RALL group... 

    Modelling, simulation and workspace analysis of a 3D cable based robot

    , Article Proceedings of the IASTED International Conference on Modelling and Simulation, 26 May 2008 through 28 May 2008, Quebec City, QC ; 2008 , Pages 127-132 ; 10218181 (ISSN); 9780889867420 (ISBN) Hamedi, J ; Zohoor, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    2008
    Abstract
    This article proposes modelling, simulation and applied wrench workspace analysis of a 3D cable based robots which are consist of six cables are studies. After modelling, the kinds of workspace are defined then an available static combined workspace for different geometric structures of fixed and moving platform is obtained. This workspace is defined as the situations of reference point of the moving platform (center of mass) which under external forces such as weight and with ignorance of inertial effects, the end effector should be in static equilibrium under conditions that length of all cables must not be exceeded from the maximum value and all of cables must be at tension (they must... 

    Effect of utilizing a humanoid robot as a therapy-assistant in reducing anger, anxiety, and depression

    , Article 2014 2nd RSI/ISM International Conference on Robotics and Mechatronics, ICRoM 2014 ; 15- 17 October , 2014 , pp. 748-753 ; ISBN: 9781479967438 Alemi, M ; Meghdari, A ; Ghanbarzadeh, A ; Moghadam, L. J ; Ghanbarzadeh, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Treatment of cancer involves many invasive procedures that could be a source of distress in kids suffering from cancer. Distress itself can be an important obstacle in patients' acceptance of treatment and their adaptation to it, consequently reducing its efficiency. Distress symptoms, in a spectrum from mild to critical, are shown to be widespread in children struggling with cancer. In recent years to alleviate this psychological condition, researchers have proposed and examined several methods such as relaxation, hypnosis, desensitization, and distraction. This study presents a new approach to explore the impact of utilizing a humanoid robot as a therapy-assistant in dealing with patients'... 

    Impact of a social humanoid robot as a therapy assistant in children cancer treatment

    , Article Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) ; Volume 8755 , 2014 , Pages 11-22 ; ISSN: 03029743 ; ISBN: 9783319119724 Alemi, M ; Meghdari, A ; Ghanbarzadeh, A ; Moghadam, L. J ; Ghanbarzadeh, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Treating cancer encompasses many invasive procedures that can be a source of distress in oncology patients. Distress itself can be a major obstruction in the path of acceptance of treatment and the patient's adaptation to it, thereby reducing its efficiency. These distress symptoms have been found to be prevalent in children suffering from cancer, in a spectrum from mild to critical. In the past years in response to this psychological suffering, researchers have proposed and tested several methods such as relaxation, hypnosis, desensitization, and distraction. This paper propounds a new approach by exploring the effect of utilizing a humanoid robot as a therapy-assistive tool in dealing with... 

    Medical robotics: State-of-the-art applications and research challenges

    , Article International Journal of Healthcare Information Systems and Informatics ; Volume 8, Issue 2 , 2013 , Pages 1-14 ; 15553396 (ISSN) Mirbagheri, A ; Baniasad, M. A ; Farahmand, F ; Behzadipour, S ; Ahmadian, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    Many research and development projects are being performed worldwide to develop new products and applications for computer-assisted and medical robotic systems. In this paper, an overview of selected state-of-the-art applications of robotic technology in medicine is presented. Four key areas of image-guided surgery, virtual reality in medicine, surgical robots, and robotic rehabilitation systems, are studied. As well, current challenges in research and development are discussed. Copyright  

    Morphological reconfiguration monitoring for homogeneous self-reconfigurable robots

    , Article 2017 14th International Conference on Electrical Engineering, Computing Science and Automatic Control, CCE 2017, 20 September 2017 through 22 September 2017 ; 2017 ; 9781538634059 (ISBN) Macktoobian, M ; Tehrani, A. K. N ; Khodayar, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Morphological computation (MC) has revolutionized robotic systems employing morphological properties (MP). Thus far, morphology has been mostly used to analyze morphological functionalities qualitatively after design phase of robotic systems. Furthermore, morphology has verified qualitative requirements, not modeled quantitative specifications. To fill this gap, we present a distributed algorithm to monitor module reconfiguration for homogeneous self-reconfigurable robots (HSRs) considering the size of modules. In this method, neighboring modules of a particular module occupy a spatial region called adjacency configuration (AC), whose size depends on the module size; then, we monitor... 

    A computationally efficient algorithm to find time-optimal trajectory of redundantly actuated robots moving on a specified path

    , Article Robotica ; 2018 ; 02635747 (ISSN) Mansouri, S ; Sadigh, M. J ; Fazeli, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Cambridge University Press  2018
    Abstract
    time-optimal problem for redundantly actuated robots moving on a specified path is a challenging problem. Although the problem is well explored and there are proposed solutions based on phase plane analysis, there are still several unresolved issues regarding calculation of solution curves. In this paper, we explore the characteristics of the maximum velocity curve and propose an efficient algorithm to establish the solution curve. Then we propose a straightforward method to calculate the maximum or minimum possible acceleration on the path based on the pattern of saturated actuators, which substantially reduces the computational cost. Two numerical examples are provided to illustrate the... 

    Design and performance analysis of a transparent force control strategy for an exoskeleton

    , Article International Conference on Robotics and Mechatronics, ICROM 2015, 7 October 2015 through 9 October 2015 ; 2015 , Pages 563-568 ; 9781467372343 (ISBN) Rashidi, A ; Zibafar, A ; Khezrian, R ; Vossoughi, G ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Exoskeleton robots are developed for human rehabilitation and power augmentation. Human and robot interaction is an important issue involved with these robots. In this paper, the interaction force reduction is considered leading to the transparency of a lower limb exoskeleton during swing phase of walking. Achieving this goal, a robust Lyapunov based motion control method has been developed. The desired reference signals for motion control are generated using a direct force control approach. Robot accelerations are estimated by an observer to be employed in the control loop. An adaptation procedure has been proposed for the bound estimation of uncertainties. As part of assumptions, the... 

    Improvement of robot navigation using fuzzy method

    , Article 2013 3rd Joint Conference of AI and Robotics and 5th RoboCup Iran Open International Symposium: Learning, Glorious Future ; 2013 , pp.1-5 ; 9781467363150 (ISBN) Nazari, M ; Amiryan, J ; Nazemi, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    In this paper a technique for autonomous navigation of mobile robots is presented. The most important advantage of this method is to ignore the physical model of the robot and that the robot model is considered as an unknown but predictable system. This approach can be executed in environments which robot navigation is done using global sensors e.g. a camera installed in the environment to sense and control the robot and also every feedback system which is able to measure the velocity of the robot can be used for this technique. In this approach, the well-known fuzzy method, Takagi-Sugeno, has been applied to estimate the dynamic model of robot. Our technique has been applied successfully in... 

    Workspace analysis of a cable-suspended robot with active/passive cables

    , Article Proceedings of the ASME Design Engineering Technical Conference ; Volume 6 A , August , 2013 ; 9780791855935 (ISBN) Saber, O ; Zohoor, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Society of Mechanical Engineers  2013
    Abstract
    Cable-driven parallel robots have several outstanding characteristics that make them unique in many robotic applications. Since cables can only pull, one of the most important issues associated with these robots is obtaining their workspace. In this paper a spatial translational cable-driven robot with active/passive cables is considered and its workspace is investigated from several points of views. First the moment resisting capability of the robot is discussed and the effects of some robot's parameters on the workspace are studied. Then, both force-feasibility and moment-resisting capability of the robot are considered to find the region where the end-effector may exert the required... 

    Optimal target impedance selection of the robot interacting with human

    , Article Advanced Robotics ; Volume 31, Issue 8 , 2017 , Pages 428-440 ; 01691864 (ISSN) Taherifar, A ; Vossoughi, G ; Selk Ghafari, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Robotics Society of Japan  2017
    Abstract
    Human–robot interaction is an important issue in robotic researches which is the key in many rehabilitation and robot-assisted therapy applications. Impedance control can properly handle soft interaction of robots with the environment. Optimal target impedance selection can increase the performance of the overall system and guarantee the stability. The target impedance cannot be selected without proper knowledge about the stiffness and inertia parameters of the human. In this paper, a systematic analysis is done to introduce a method to estimate the human stiffness and consequently adjust the robot target stiffness. Then, particle swarm optimization is used to find the damping and inertia... 

    Conceptual design of a social robot for pediatric hospitals

    , Article 4th RSI International Conference on Robotics and Mechatronics, ICRoM 2016, 26 October 2016 through 28 October 2016 ; 2017 , Pages 566-571 ; 9781509032228 (ISBN) Meghdari, A ; Alemi, M ; Khamooshi, M ; Amoozandeh, A ; Shariati, A ; Mozafari, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2017
    Abstract
    No-one likes being confined to a hospital bed. Children particularly can feel lonely, bored or frightened in these conditions. Hours feel like days, and they may not be able to fully comprehend why they are there. Among kids hospitalized because of distinct diseases, children with cancer have incomparable status and needs. They experience physical and mental problems caused by cancer and medications. Cancer treatment may cause distress which can lessen the effectiveness of the treatment. Utilizing social robots to interact with children in clinical environments has been verified to both diminish their distress level and enhance the effectiveness of the treatment process. To improve the... 

    Design and experimental development of hexapod robot with fiberglass-fibercarbon composite legs

    , Article 6th RSI International Conference on Robotics and Mechatronics, IcRoM 2018, 23 October 2018 through 25 October 2018 ; 2019 , Pages 439-444 ; 9781728101279 (ISBN) Kebritchi, A ; Havashinezhadian, S ; Rostami, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2019
    Abstract
    Over the last few years, the universal number of legged robots has increased astonishingly in outdoor environments. In this paper, the design, and control of a new RHex robot named IRHex with innovative Fiberglass-Fiber carbon composite legs are described. IRHex is a six-legged robot-one actuator located at each hip-achieving mechanical uncomplicatedness that provides a reliable performance. In this investigation, the new material used for building IRHex legs was discovered after several tests on the effect of sequence and orientation of laminates in the composite. IRHex achieves robust locomotion using a computer board analyzing the data sent by the sensors and communicating to the ground... 

    Design and development of an omnidirectional mobile manipulator for indoor environment

    , Article 6th RSI International Conference on Robotics and Mechatronics, IcRoM 2018, 23 October 2018 through 25 October 2018 ; 2019 , Pages 152-158 ; 9781728101279 (ISBN) Kebritchi, A ; Hosseiniakram, P ; Havashinezhadian, S ; Rostami, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2019
    Abstract
    In this paper, a mobile manipulator is developed and studied in order to manipulate the complicated objects and navigate in an indoor environment. The arm consists of an actuator that makes the first linkage to move in two degrees of freedom in the first step of the task. In the next mode of the task, another actuator causes the second linkage to move in the third degree of freedom. In addition, the arm contains a gripper that grabs a variety of objects such as a screw. Therefore, the robotic arm can manipulate objects, and the mobile robot connected to the arm can detect, classify and track targets in its surrounding. Results carried out that the manufactured robot is able to manipulate and... 

    The wide-open three-legged parallel robot for long-bone fracture reduction

    , Article Journal of Mechanisms and Robotics ; Volume 9, Issue 1 , 2017 ; 19424302 (ISSN) Abedinnasab, M. H ; Farahmand, F ; Gallardo Alvarado, J ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)  2017
    Abstract
    Robotic reduction of long bones is associated with the need for considerable force and high precision. To balance the accuracy, payload, and workspace, we have designed a new six degrees-offreedom three-legged wide-open robotic system for long-bone fracture reduction. Thanks to the low number of legs and their nonsymmetrical configuration, the mechanism enjoys a unique architecture with a frontally open half-plane. This facilitates positioning the leg inside the mechanism and provides a large workspace for surgical maneuvers, as shown and compared to the well-known Gough-Stewart platform. The experimental tests on a phantom reveal that the mechanism is well capable of applying the desired...