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    Analysis of Capillary-Viscous-Gravity Forces in Biopolymer Flooding with a Sensitivity Analysis on Polymer and Porous Medium Parameters

    , Article Journal of Dispersion Science and Technology ; Vol. 35, issue. 12 , Aug , 2014 , p. 1764-1773 Hamidpour, E ; Mirzaei-Paiaman, A ; Ramazani, S. A. A ; Hatami, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Gravity, viscous, and capillary are three main forces affecting flow characteristics in porous media. No analytical solution can be found to model the flow by considering all these forces. In this work, by considering all these forces, the polymer-flooding process is modeled by using a numerical simulation approach. For characterizing the polymer, the modified Blake-Kozeny model is chosen, which benefits consideration of the permeability reduction due to polymer adsorption on the rock surface  

    Application of biosurfactants to wettability alteration and IFT reduction in enhanced oil recovery from oil-wet carbonates

    , Article Petroleum Science and Technology ; Volume 31, Issue 12 , Jul , 2013 , Pages 1259-1267 ; 10916466 (ISSN) Biria, D ; Maghsoudi, E ; Roostaazad, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    To obtain potentially applicable microorganisms to an effective in situ microbial enhanced oil recovery operation, bacteria that were compatible with the harsh conditions of a petroleum reservoir were isolated from a crude oil sample. The application of an oil spreading technique showed that all of the isolates were capable of producing biosurfactants from both the glucose and crude oil as carbon sources. The secreted biosurfactants could at least reduce the surface tension 20 mN/m and for one of the isolates; the surface tension value dropped below 40 mN/m. In addition, the contact angle measurements revealed that the produced biosurfactants could effectively alter the wettability of the... 

    Investigation of diffusion and deposition of TiO2 nanoparticles in sandstone rocks for EOR application

    , Article 76th European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers Conference and Exhibition 2014: Experience the Energy - Incorporating SPE EUROPEC 2014 ; 19 June , 2014 , pp. 1031-1035 Ehtesabi, H ; Ahadian, M. M ; Taghikhani, V ; Sharif University of Technology
    The diffusion and deposition of TiO2 nanoparticles in EOR application was investigated in this paper. TEM image of nanoparticles showed that the particles are elongated with average long and short axis sizes of 54 and 15 nm. Water flooding tests showed that the recovery factor can be improved from 49% to 80% using TiO2 nanoparticles. Viscosity and interfacial tension measurements showed that by using TiO2 nanoparticles the viscosity of injected fluid and interfacial tension do not change significantly and can not explain the change in recovery factor. Contact angle measurements showed that nanoparticles deposition changed the wettability of the rock surface from oil-wet to water-wet. SEM... 

    Dynamic Simulation of Wettability Alteration Induced by Low-Salinity-Effect: Study of Phenomena within Thin Water Film

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Pourakaberian, Arash (Author) ; Mahani, Hassan (Supervisor) ; Joekar Niasar, Vahid (Co-Supervisor)
    Recent experimental studies have demonstrated that the lowering of brine could alter the wettability of the oil-brine-rock systems from an oil-wetting state toward a more water-wetting state. This so-called “Low-salinity effect” (LSE) is one of the main effects of the enhanced oil recovery technology based on low-salinity waterflooding. “Double layer expansion” (DLE) in the thin brine film is proposed as the principal mechanism of this phenomenon. Nonetheless, the role of the electrical behavior of the oil/brine and rock/brine interfaces on the kinetics and dynamics of this process is not well understood. Moreover, since most of the previous works have either dealt with a thin film at... 

    Optimization assisted asphaltene deposition modeling in porous media during a natural depletion scheme

    , Article Petroleum Science and Technology ; Volume 30, Issue 9 , Mar , 2012 , Pages 958-965 ; 10916466 (ISSN) Hematfar, V ; Bagheri, M ; Kharrat, R ; Ghazanfari, M ; Ghotbi, C ; Sharif University of Technology
    Changes in thermodynamic properties such as pressure, temperature, and composition may result in asphaltene precipitation and deposition in porous media. In addition, asphaltene deposition can cause wettability alteration, permeability reduction, and ultimately a decrease in the productivity of a reservoir. Natural depletion is one of the most common processes of asphaltene deposition in which pressure changes destabilize the dissolved asphaltene in the oil and settle them onto the rock surface. In this work, natural depletion experiments in consolidated core samples were performed under simulated reservoir conditions to obtain reliable data and analyze the asphaltene deposition mechanisms.... 

    Modeling and optimization of asphaltene deposition in porous media using genetic algorithm technique

    , Article Society of Petroleum Engineers - International Oil and Gas Conference and Exhibition in China 2010, IOGCEC, 8 June 2010 through 10 June 2010 ; Volume 1 , June , 2010 , Pages 479-491 ; 9781617388866 (ISBN) Hematfar, V ; Kharrat, R ; Ghazanfari, M. H ; Bagheri, M. B ; Sharif University of Technology
    Different models have been proposed for deposition of asphaltene on reservoir rocks that due to complexity of asphaltene nature, most of them have not been productive. Here, a reliable model is proposed which despite of previous models, considers the change in asphaltene saturation in the core. The obtained experimental data in the laboratory was used for model validation. In this work, a series of core flooding tests was carried out in presence of connate water at different solvent-oil volume ratios. Pressure drop was measured at three different terminals along the core. The obtained experimental data as well as mass balance equations, momentum equation, asphaltene deposition and... 

    The synergic effects of anionic and cationic chemical surfactants, and bacterial solution on wettability alteration of carbonate rock: an experimental investigation

    , Article Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects ; Volume 513 , 2017 , Pages 422-429 ; 09277757 (ISSN) Hajibagheri, F ; Lashkarbolooki, M ; Ayatollahi, S ; Hashemi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Changing the wettability of reservoir rock towards strongly water-wet state is effective way to enhance oil recovery from fractured carbonate reservoirs which are typically oil-wet. Regarding this fact, the injection of surfactant and the bacterial solution as EOR agents is proposed in the current work as a potential method to alter the wettability of rock surface reservoir. Nevertheless, there is a definite lack of experimental data regarding this method and the synergistic effect of both chemical and bacterial solutions on this process. In this study, the sole and combined effects of the bacterial solution using an Enterobacter cloacae strain as a biosurfactant-producer are compared with... 

    Streaming potential measurement to quantify wetting state of rocks for water based EOR, inhouse novel setup experience

    , Article IOR NORWAY 2017 - 19th European Symposium on Improved Oil Recovery: Sustainable IOR in a Low Oil Price World, 24 April 2017 through 27 April 2017 ; 2017 ; 9789462822092 (ISBN) Rahbar, M ; Jafarlou, A ; Nejadali, M ; Esmaeili, S ; Pahlavanzadeh, H ; Ayatollahi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    The wetting condition of the reservoir rock is the key to the success of any EOR technique and the ultimate oil recovery. Wettability is dictated by the surface chemistry related to the interactions between the fluids and the rock surface which determines the stability of the water film between the rock and the oil phase. Streaming potential measurement is one of the electrokinetic techniques used to determine the average zeta potential of porous rock which can provide reliable information on fluid-rock interaction and wettability state of the rock surface. Streaming potential measurement has recently been introduced in the oil reservoirs applications and there are still significant... 

    Experimental investigation on synergic effect of salinity and pH during low salinity water injection into carbonate oil reservoirs

    , Article Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering ; Volume 202 , 2021 ; 09204105 (ISSN) Mehraban, M. F ; Ayatollahi, S ; Sharifi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2021
    Interaction between rock-fluid and fluid-fluid can have a significant effect on oil recovery. Changing the wettability of reservoir rock toward more water-wet or less oil-wet state is one of the expected mechanisms during low salinity water injection (LSWI). pH and salinity are of the most eminent factors of injection water controlling the wettability state of a crude oil/brine/rock system during any waterflooding operation. A small change in pH can affect the surface charges at the rock/water and oil/water interfaces leading to wettability alteration in a porous medium. In this study, the synergic effect of salinity and pH on the wettability state of carbonate rocks is evaluated through... 

    Dynamic modeling and optimization of asphaltene deposition in reservoir rocks using genetic algorithm

    , Article 72nd European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers Conference and Exhibition 2010: A New Spring for Geoscience. Incorporating SPE EUROPEC 2010 ; Volume 6 , 2010 , Pages 4291-4295 ; 9781617386671 (ISBN) Bagheri, M. B ; Kharrat, R ; Hemmatfar, V ; Ghotbi, C ; Sharif University of Technology
    Society of Petroleum Engineers  2010
    Asphaltene deposition is a problematic challenge for oil production. Changes in key parameters like pressure and fluid composition during natural depletion and different gas injection scenarios may result in asphaltene precipitation and deposition. In this work, a model is developed by application of mass balance equations, momentum equation, asphaltene deposition and permeability reduction models. An algorithm is developed to perform iterative procedure to solve the numerical equations that contains highly coupled variables. Indeed, an equation is introduced to calculate the saturation of the precipitated asphaltene phase. Model parameters were determined by genetic algorithm which is a... 

    Wettability alteration of carbonate rock by nonionic surfactants in water-based drilling fluid

    , Article International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology ; Volume 16, Issue 11 , 2019 , Pages 6547-6556 ; 17351472 (ISSN) Kiani, M ; Ramazani SaadatAbadi, A ; Jafari Behbahani, T ; Sharif University of Technology
    Center for Environmental and Energy Research and Studies  2019
    The influx of solid or liquid particles of drilling mud into the pores of rock or mud loss phenomenon and clay swelling can sometimes lead to severe productive formation damage and cause to wettability alterations of reservoir rock from hydrophilic to oleophilic. Therefore, designing an appropriate fluid that is compatible with formation fluids and could reduce reservoir damage and increase the productivity of wells is very important. The two main mechanisms of surfactants are reduction of the surface tension and wettability alteration of rock reservoir that are effective in taking the oil. Regarding the importance of the wettability in reservoir productivity, this article is aimed to study...