Search for: salt-concentration
Total 22 records
Effects of asphaltene, resin and crude oil type on the interfacial tension of crude oil/brine solution, Article Fuel ; Volume 223 , July , 2018 , Pages 261-267 ; 00162361 (ISSN) ; Ayatollahi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2018
In recent years, the behavior of crude oil interfacial tension (IFT) as a function of salt concentration have been investigated. The results found in literature are highly controversial, thus the current experimental study aimed to clarify the reasons behind this by developing a methodology based on extracting asphaltene and resin from three different crude oils and performing elemental analysis on them. In addition, the effect of salinity on the IFT of three studied crude oil was compared with the synthetic crude oil consisted of different weight percent (wt%) of asphaltene and resin in toluene. The obtained results revealed that the IFT of crude oil as a function of salinity depended not...
Experimental study and mathematical modeling of partitioning of β-amylase and amyloglucosidase in PEG-salt aqueous two-phase systems, Article Journal of Chemical and Engineering Data ; Volume 55, Issue 11 , 2010 , Pages 4968-4975 ; 00219568 (ISSN) ; Vossoughi, M ; Taghikhani, V ; Safekordi, A. A ; Alemzadeh, I ; Sharif University of Technology
In this study, the partitioning of β-amylase in aqueous two-phase systems (ATPS) containing polyethylene glycol (PEG) with a molar mass of 6000 and 10 000 and KH 2PO 4 at T = (301.65 and 304.65) K was experimentally studied. In addition, the partitioning of amyloglucosidase in ATPS containing polyethylene glycol with molar mass of 4000, 6000, and 10 000 in the presence of Na 2SO 4 at T = (301.65 and 305.65) K was investigated. The effects of molar mass of PEG, temperature, mass fractions of salt, and the length of the tie line on partition coefficients of the enzymes were also studied. The experimental results showed that while the partition coefficients of enzymes decrease with increasing...
Fourier series solution for an anisotropic and layered configuration of the dispersive Henry Problem, Article 25th Salt Water Intrusion Meeting, SWIM 2018, 17 June 2018 through 22 June 2018 ; Volume 54 , 2018 ; 22671242 (ISSN) ; Fahs, M ; Belfort, B ; Ataie Ashtiani, B ; Simmons, C. T ; Sharif University of Technology
EDP Sciences 2018
Henry Problem (HP) still plays an important role in benchmarking numerical models of seawater intrusion (SWI) as well as being applied to practical and managerial purposes. The popularity of this problem is due to having a closed-form semi-analytical (SA) solution. The early SA solutions obtained for HP were limited to extensive assumptions that restrict its application in practical works. Several further studies expended the generality of the solution by assuming lower diffusion coefficients or including velocity-dependent dispersion in the results. However, all these studies are limited to homogeneous and isotropic domains. The present work made an attempt to improve the reality of the SA...
Measurement and modeling process partitioning of cephalexin antibiotic in aqueous two-phase systems containing poly(ethylene glycol) 4000, 10000 and K2HPO4, Na3Citrate, Article Journal of Chemical and Engineering Data ; Volume 54, Issue 8 , 2009 , Pages 2239-2244 ; 00219568 (ISSN) ; Pazuki, G. R ; Taghikhani, V ; Vossoughi, M ; Ghotbi, C ; Sharif University of Technology
In this work, the partition coefficients of Cephalexin in aqueous two-phase systems containing PEG [poly(ethylene glycol)] 4000, 10000 and K 2HPO4, Na3Citrate (C6H 5Na3O7 5, 5H2O) have been measured. The experimental data were obtained in a wide range of temperatures, (28.2 to 37.2) °C. The effects of temperature, pH, polymer concentration, polymer molecular weight, and salt concentration on the partitioning of Cephalexin were also studied. The results showed that salt concentration has a large effect on the partition coefficient, and temperature has an almost negligible effect. The Chen-NRTL Gibbs energy model was used to correlate the experimental results. © 2009 American Chemical Society
Inverse emulsion polymerization of triple monomers of acrylamide, maleic anhydride, and styrene to achieve highly hydrophilic–hydrophobic modified polyacrylamide, Article Journal of Applied Polymer Science ; Volume 136, Issue 29 , 2019 ; 00218995 (ISSN) ; Ramazani S. A., A ; Tamsilian, Y ; Shirazi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
John Wiley and Sons Inc 2019
The purpose of this study was the production of copolymers and terpolymers with highly hydrophilic–hydrophobic properties, using inexpensive and available monomers as potential enhancing oil recovery (EOR) and water production control agents for high-temperature and high-salinity (HTHS) oil reservoirs. For this purpose, several copolymers and terpolymers with different molar percentage of acrylamide/styrene, acrylamide/maleic anhydride, and acrylamide/styrene/maleic anhydride were synthesized by the inverse emulsion polymerization technique. The presence of hydrophobic styrene and hydrophilic maleic anhydride monomers in the copolymer and terpolymer structure, provided some unique properties...
Article Polymer ; Volume 175 , 2019 , Pages 310-319 ; 00323861 (ISSN) ; Moosavi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2019
Desalination of sea saline water seems a successful solution to supply clean water. For desalination, novel nanoporous membranes have been proposed as a substitute for the classic reverse osmosis (RO) membranes. The one-atom-thick graphyne membrane has shown great potential in water desalination. By applying functional groups (FGs) into the pores of the monolayer graphyne membranes, the water permeability and the ion rejection were passively increased. The effects of applying various FGs such as Hydrogen, Fluorine, Carboxyl and Amine, effect of the salt concentration, the applied pressure, and the effective diameter of the graphyne pores were determined by molecular dynamics (MD)...
The effect of chemical functional groups and salt concentration on performance of single-layer graphene membrane in water desalination process: A molecular dynamics simulation study, Article Journal of Molecular Liquids ; Volume 301 , 2020 ; Moosavi, A ; Bagheri Sarvestani, A ; Shariat, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier B.V 2020
In this study, the mechanisms of passing water and salt ions through nanoporous single-layer graphene membrane are simulated using classical molecular dynamics. The effects of functional groups placed in nanopores and feed water's salt concentration on water desalination are investigated. In order to understand the role of functional groups in desalination process, Methyl, Ethyl and a combination of Fluorine and Hydrogen molecules are distributed around the nanopores. In all cases, different number of functional molecules is employed in order to find an optimum distribution of the groups at hand. The results show that an appropriate distribution of Alkyl groups can properly stop the salt...
Article Carbon ; Volume 165 , 2020 , Pages 267-274 ; Esfandiar, A ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2020
Nanostructured graphene based membranes demonstrated excellent capabilities in various applications in nanofiltration and energy conversion due to unique atomically smooth surfaces and adjustable pore size or interlayers spacing at Angstrom scales. There are some reports on the osmotic power generation using physical confinements and electrostatic interactions between ions and GO membranes. However, the results indicated insufficient power densities (˂1 W/m2) can be achieved because of swelling of interlayer spacing of the GO membranes upon exposure to aqueous solutions which results in reducing the influence of confinement on ionic motilities. Here, the GO fibers is presented as one...
Article 16th Asian Regional Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, ARC 2019, 14 October 2019 through 18 October 2019 ; 2020 ; Nasiri, H ; Panahi, P. A ; Sadeghi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Asian Regional Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering 2020
A new type of collapsible soil was encountered in Southern Iran and caused some serious technical problems including subsidence, collapse and sinkholes during the construction of Zahedan-Chabahar railway. Field observations indicated that in-situ soil contains excessive amount of salts resulting in dispersive features in response to seepage forces in addition to its collapsibility. Therefore, a systematic research plan including field sampling and laboratory testing was carried out to investigate the observed geotechnical features. Results of physio-chemical tests revealed the dominance of Sodium in excess of 70% relative to total dissolved salts, which results in high dispersive potential....
Tuning electrokinetic flow, ionic conductance, and selectivity in a solid-state nanopore modified with a pH-responsive polyelectrolyte brush: A molecular theory approach, Article Journal of Physical Chemistry C ; Volume 124, Issue 34 , 2020 , Pages 18513-18531 ; Saidi, M. H ; Moosavi, A ; Kröger, M ; Sharif University of Technology
American Chemical Society 2020
We use an efficient molecular theory approach to study electrokinetic flow within a pH-responsive nanopore grafted with a polyelectrolyte (PE) brush. The flow rate, migration and convective conductance, electric potential and velocity fields, species distributions and the degree of ionization of the weak PE functional groups and nanopore selectivity are obtained and interpreted while considering pH-induced surface charges. The theory is generally based on writing the overall free energy of the system including the entropies arising from the conformations of flexible, excluded volume chains, the mixing of mobile species, electrostatic contribution, and the free energy due to the chemical...
Article Fluid Phase Equilibria ; Volume 325 , July , 2012 , Pages 71-79 ; 03783812 (ISSN) ; Held, C ; Samieenasab, A ; Ghotbi, C ; Abdekhodaie, M. J ; Taghikhani, V ; Sadowski, G ; Sharif University of Technology
Urea and inorganic ions are present in some of the physiological systems, e.g. urine. Understanding the interactions in urea/salt/water is a preliminary step to shed light on more complicated behavior of multi-component physiological systems. State-of-the-art models as well as thermophysical properties can be applied to understand the interactions in these systems. In order to determine such interactions densities, mean ionic activity coefficients (MIACs), osmotic coefficients, and solubility were measured in aqueous solutions of urea and different salts. Densities were determined at temperatures 293.15, 303.15, and 313.15K for urea concentrations up to 3molal and up to 1molal for NaCl....
Denaturation of Drew-Dickerson DNA in a high salt concentration medium: Molecular dynamics simulations, Article Journal of Computational Chemistry ; Volume 32, Issue 16 , September , 2011 , Pages 3354-3361 ; 01928651 (ISSN) ; Parsafar, G. A ; Abroshan, H ; Akbarzadeh, H ; Sharif University of Technology
We have performed molecular dynamics simulation on B-DNA duplex (CGCGAATTGCGC) at different temperatures. The DNA was immerged in a salt-water medium with 1 M NaCl concentration to investigate salt effect on the denaturation process. At each temperature, configurational entropy is estimated using the covariance matrix of atom-positional fluctuations, from which the melting temperature (T m) was found to be 349 K. The calculated configuration entropy for different bases shows that the melting process involves more peeling (including fraying from the ends) conformations, and therefore the untwisting of the duplex and peeling states form the transition state of the denaturation process. There...
Article IET Nanobiotechnology ; Volume 9, Issue 1 , Feb , 2015 , Pages 5-10 ; 17518741 (ISSN) ; Hormozi Nezhad, M. R ; Abadi, A. R ; Sanati, M. H ; Kazemi, B ; Sharif University of Technology
Institution of Engineering and Technology 2015
Although numerous molecular methods for spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) detection have been exploited, most of hem are laborious, time consuming and costly. Recently, gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) have attracted attention in the field of colourimetric bioanalysis, because AuNP aggregation can be tracked with the naked eye as well as ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis) peak analysis. Here, based on a non-cross linking platform, a colourimetric-based method was used to evaluate the capability of thiolated oligo-AuNPs (Au nanoprobes) to distinguish between normal individuals, carriers and those with SMA. In this platform, removal of the repulsive force of the Au nanoprobes using high salt concentration...
Response surface methodology as an approach to optimize growth medium of indigenous strain of Bacillus mycoides for production of biosurfactant, Article ICBEE 2010 - 2010 2nd International Conference on Chemical, Biological and Environmental Engineering, Proceedings, 2 November 2010 through 4 November 2010 ; 2010 , Pages 146-152 ; 9781424487479 (ISBN) ; Rahimpour, M. R ; Jahanmiri, A. H ; Roostaazad, R ; Arabian, D ; Soleimani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
In this study, we have investigated the potential of a native bacterial strain isolated from an Iranian oil field for the production of biosurfactant. The bacterium was identified to be Bacillus mycoides by biochemical tests and 16S ribotyping. The biosurfactant, which was produced by this bacterium, was able to reduce the surface tension of media to 34 mN/m. Biosurfactant production was optimized by the combination of central composite design (CCD) and response surface methodology (RSM). The factor selected for optimization of growth conditions were pH, temperature, glucose and salinity concentrations. The empirical model developed through RSM in terms of effective operational factors...
Partitioning of l-lysine monohydrochloride in aqueous two-phase systems of poly(ethylene glycol) and dipotassium hydrogen phosphate or trisodium citrate 5-hydrate, Article Journal of Chemical and Engineering Data ; Volume 55, Issue 9 , 2010 , Pages 3005-3009 ; 00219568 (ISSN) ; Pazuki, G ; Vossoughi, M ; Alemzadeh, I ; Sharif University of Technology
The partition constants of l-lysine HCl were measured in polymer-salt aqueous two-phase systems. These systems contain poly(ethylene glycol) with a nominal molecular weight of 4000 or 10000 and two different salts (dipotassium hydrogen phosphate or trisodium citrate 5-hydrate). The experimental data were obtained at temperatures of (293.15, 298.15, and 303.15) K. The effects of temperature, pH, polymer and salt concentrations, polymer molecular weight, and salt type on the partitioning of l-lysine HCl were also studied. The results showed that salt concentration has a significant effect on the partition constant while temperature has less effect. The Diamond and Hsu model was used to...
Partitioning of penicillin G acylase in aqueous two-phase systems of poly(ethylene glycol) 20000 or 35000 and potassium dihydrogen phosphate or sodium citrate, Article Journal of Chemical and Engineering Data ; Volume 55, Issue 1 , 2010 , Pages 243-248 ; 00219568 (ISSN) ; Vossoughi, M ; Taghikhani, V ; Sharif University of Technology
The partitioning of penicillin G acylase in aqueous two-phase systems (ATPS's) containing poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) 20000 or 35000 and potassium dihydrogen phosphate (KH2PO4) or sodium citrate (C 6H5Na3O7 ·5H2O) has been measured at three temperatures, (301.2, 307.2, and 310.2) K. The effects of temperature, polymer molecular weight, and polymer and salt concentrations on the partitioning of penicillin G in the ATPS were studied. The experimental data showed that the composition of salt has a large effect on partitioning of penicillin G in ATPS, and the temperature of the system has a small effect on the partitioning. The UNIFAC-FV group contribution model (Pazuki et al., Ind. Eng. Chem....
Article Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects ; Volume 527 , 2017 , Pages 70-80 ; 09277757 (ISSN) ; Bahramian, A ; Chen, P ; Pourafshary, P ; Goddard, W.A., III ; Ejtehadi, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
We carried out molecular dynamics simulations (MD) to investigate the adsorption of calcium chloride (CaCl2) at n-hexane-water interfaces. We also measured the interfacial tensions (IFT) of the selected systems making use of the pendant-drop method. The histograms of hexane, water, and the ions indicate an electrical double layer (EDL) near the interface. The trend of the EDL indicates that chloride anions intend to adsorb to the interface more intrinsically than calcium cations. The measured interfacial width of the n-hexane-water interfaces decreases with the salt concentration. The average densities of the interfacial and bulk aqueous solutions demonstrate density heterogeneity in the...
Article Desalination ; Volume 481 , 2020 ; Salakhi, M ; Afshin, H ; Hannani, S. K ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier B.V 2020
Access to potable water with standard quality is an inevitable component of human's lives. Freeze desalination, by consuming lower energy compared to other techniques, relies on the exertion of a cold source which is then accompanied by simultaneous rejection of impurities from water. Regarding this, a numerical study on freeze desalination in a hollow cylinder is carried out to determine the effects of the design variables such as heat flux, hydraulic diameter, initial salt concentration, and freezing time on the ice mass, ice salinity, ice generation speed, and Nusselt number on the cold surface of the inner tube. Results show that increasing the value of heat flux from −250 [Formula...
Electrochemical deposition of gold nanoparticles on carbon nanotube coated glassy carbon electrode for the improved sensing of tinidazole, Article Electrochimica Acta ; Volume 78 , September , 2012 , Pages 422-429 ; 00134686 (ISSN) ; Rastgar, S ; Sharif University of Technology
The electrochemical reduction of tinidazole (TNZ) is studied on gold-nanoparticle/carbon-nanotubes (AuNP/CNT) modified glassy carbon electrodes using the linear sweep voltammetry. An electrochemical procedure was used for the deposition of gold nanoparticles onto the carbon nanotube film pre-cast on a glassy carbon electrode surface. The resulting nanoparticles were characterized by scanning electron microscopy and cyclic voltammetry. The effect of the electrodeposition conditions, e.g., salt concentration and deposition time on the response of the electrode was studied. Also, the effect of experimental parameters, e.g., potential and time of accumulation, pH of the buffered solutions and...
Enhancing biosurfactant production from an indigenous strain of Bacillus mycoides by optimizing the growth conditions using a response surface methodology, Article Chemical Engineering Journal ; Volume 163, Issue 3 , October , 2010 , Pages 188-194 ; 13858947 (ISSN) ; Rahimpour, M. R ; Jahanmiri, A. H ; Roostaazad, R ; Arabian, D ; Ghobadi, Z ; Sharif University of Technology
In this study, we have investigated the potential of a native bacterial strain isolated from an Iranian oil field for the production of biosurfactant. The bacterium was identified to be Bacillus mycoides by biochemical tests and 16S ribotyping. The biosurfactant, which was produced by this bacterium, was able to reduce the surface tension of media to 34. mN/m. Compositional analysis of the produced biosurfactant has been carried out by thin layer chromatography (TLC) and FT-IR. The biosurfactant produced by the isolate was characterized as lipopeptide derivative. Biosurfactant production was optimized by the combination of central composite design (CCD) and response surface methodology...