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    Droplet-based flows in serpentine microchannels: chemical reactions and secondary flows

    , Article International Journal of Multiphase Flow ; Volume 97 , 2017 , Pages 186-196 ; 03019322 (ISSN) Madadelahi, M ; Shamloo, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Mixing is an essential operation in many microfluidic devices. Droplet-based micromixers utilize droplets for mixing enhancement. In the present study, a novel three-dimensional simulation is conducted which has the ability to capture not only the mixing process, but also the chemical reactions inside liquid droplets. This two-phase model is used for simulating the reacting flow inside a serpentine microchannel and explores the effects of droplet size and reaction rate on the production and consumption of species in droplets. It is observed that the chemical reaction in each droplet, begins from its front area. Furthermore, it is shown that the production of species does not depend on water... 

    Numerical Study of Streaming in Thermal Buffer Tube

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Bahrami, Mohsen (Author) ; Ghorbanian, Kaveh (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Streaming has some applications in medical and industrial science. This phenomena can increase or decrease efficiency of an acoustic system. Deliberate streaming used to eliminate heat exchanger is an example of desired applications. In the most cases, secondary flow is an undesired issue. Streaming in thermal buffer tube (TBT) of thermoacoustic stirling heat engine (TASHE) has some unwanted effects. The main goal of author is to simulate numerically periodic field in TBT with axisymmetric geometry and study the effects of variating geometry and turbulence on the intensity of streaming. According to inaccessible boundary conditions in TBT of TASHE, firstly, the field is numerically solved... 

    Influence of Geometrical Parameters on Hemodynamics of Blood Flow in Coronary Artery Bypass Graft by FSI Numerical Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Saffari, Ali (Author) ; Halali, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Hossein Ahmadi, Zargham (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this study, the simulation of blood flow through a stenosed coronary artery and a bypass graft are discussed using fluid-structure interaction numerical method. Effects of the geometrical parameters of CABG surgery on hemodynamics have been studied. Investigated hemodynamic variables include shear stress on the vessel wall, the velocity profile in high-risk areas and the pathlines. Lower than 0.5 Pa shear stress on intimal layer of arteries causes the formation of plaque on the wall. Angle of 30 degrees and diameter ratio of bypass to host artery of 1:1 are proposed as the optimum geometry. The distance of the anastomosis from the site of occlusion has no effect on surgery. Also,... 

    Analyzing mixing quality in a curved centrifugal micromixer through numerical simulation

    , Article Chemical Engineering and Processing: Process Intensification ; 2017 ; 02552701 (ISSN) Shamloo, A ; Vatankhah, P ; Akbari, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V 
    Abstract
    The Lab On a CD (LOCD), also known as Centrifugal Microfluidics, has evolved into a sophisticated platform for performing biomedical assays due to its marvelous miniaturization and accurate simulation of biological reactions. Among the numerous applications of the LOCD is fluid mixing. In this paper a centrifugal, serpentine micromixer is simulated and reformed toward better mixing performance. The micromixer was chosen to be curved as a curved design was found to be thrice as functional and compact as a rectilinear design, mixing-wise. The two angular velocity and opening radius parameters were originally hypothesized to affect mixing performance. Effect of angular velocity was studied over... 

    Analyzing mixing quality in a curved centrifugal micromixer through numerical simulation

    , Article Chemical Engineering and Processing: Process Intensification ; Volume 116 , 2017 , Pages 9-16 ; 02552701 (ISSN) Shamloo, A ; Vatankhah, P ; Akbari, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2017
    Abstract
    The Lab On a CD (LOCD), also known as Centrifugal Microfluidics, has evolved into a sophisticated platform for performing biomedical assays due to its marvelous miniaturization and accurate simulation of biological reactions. Among the numerous applications of the LOCD is fluid mixing. In this paper a centrifugal, serpentine micromixer is simulated and reformed toward better mixing performance. The micromixer was chosen to be curved as a curved design was found to be thrice as functional and compact as a rectilinear design, mixing-wise. The two angular velocity and opening radius parameters were originally hypothesized to affect mixing performance. Effect of angular velocity was studied over... 

    Co-flow fluidic thrust vectoring requirements for longitudinal and lateral trim purposes

    , Article AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE 42nd Joint Propulsion Conference, Sacramento, CA, 9 July 2006 through 12 July 2006 ; Volume 8 , 2006 , Pages 6283-6292 ; 1563478188 (ISBN); 9781563478185 (ISBN) Saghafi, F ; Banazadeh, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2006
    Abstract
    The feasibility of using fluidic thrust-vectoring system, as a control technique for the longitudinal and lateral trim purpose was investigated in this study. For this purpose, integration of a Co-flow method into the propulsion unit of a conceptual aerial vehicle was assumed. The focus of the research presented was to estimate the required thrust vector angle in order to trim the aerial vehicle in different flight phases. Since the fluidic thrust vectoring requires secondary air flow to deflect the engine exhaust gas, this research also provides an analytical toolset for preliminary sizing of a suitable secondary air supply. It was found that thrust vectoring could be an effective mean of... 

    Newtonian and generalized Newtonian reacting flows in serpentine microchannels: pressure driven and centrifugal microfluidics

    , Article Journal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics ; Volume 251 , January , 2018 , Pages 88-96 ; 03770257 (ISSN) Madadelahi, M ; Shamloo, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2018
    Abstract
    This paper presents a comprehensive 3D numerical simulation of reacting flows in micro scale dimension through centrifugal, or Lab-On-a-CD (LOCD), and pressure-driven, or Lab-On-a-Chip (LOC) devices. Three different serpentine channel configurations (rectangular, triangular and sinusoidal) are investigated. In these configurations, two chemical species enter from two inlets and according to an irreversible chemical reaction, start yielding other species. Both Newtonian and generalized Newtonian fluids are considered in the simulations and the results are compared for both LOC and LOCD devices. Besides, the effects of different parameters such as the aspect ratio of channels’ cross section,... 

    Computational Simulation of Turbulent Endwall Effects in Gas Turbines, Using LES Approach

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ebrahimi, Hossein (Author) ; Tayyebi Rahni, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Ramezanizadeh, Mahdi (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    The most common three-dimensional flows accuring in axial turbomachineries are endwall flows. These flows, which depend on inner hub and on external surface of airfoils are called secondary flows. In modern turbines, these flows reduce turbine efficiency up to about 3 percent.Many sientists are interested in investigation such flows. In this study, turbulent endwall flows are modeled using large eddy simulation approach. Also, SIMPLE algoritm and Smagorinsky subgrid scale model are used. Non-orthogonal curvilinear coordinate system and structural grid are implemented.To verify the results, they were compared with some existing experimental data which, showed that current numerical results... 

    Numerical Simulation to Improve the Performance of Air-cooled Steam Condenser Ejector and Steam Turbine Operation in a Rankine Cycle

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sabzpoushan, Ali (Author) ; Darbandi, Masoud (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Nowadays, widespread needs for creating low pressure ambient in various industries make vacuum systems have different research and industrial applications. One of these applications is in cooling system of Rankine power cycle. In this case, the performance of the vacuum system has a direct and significant effect on the cooling performance of the condenser and consequently, power production of the steam turbine. Also, a considerable part of deration in thermal power plants industry is due to the thermal deration of the cooling systems. This is mostly because of malfunction of the condenser due to ambient temperature rise. Therefore, by providing suitable solutions to improve the efficiency... 

    Inertial particle focusing in serpentine channels on a centrifugal platform

    , Article Physics of Fluids ; Volume 30, Issue 1 , 2018 ; 10706631 (ISSN) Shamloo, A ; Mashhadian, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Institute of Physics Inc  2018
    Abstract
    Inertial particle focusing as a powerful passive method is widely used in diagnostic test devices. It is common to use a curved channel in this approach to achieve particle focusing through balancing of the secondary flow drag force and the inertial lift force. Here, we present a focusing device on a disk based on the interaction of secondary flow drag force, inertial lift force, and centrifugal forces to focus particles. By choosing a channel whose cross section has a low aspect ratio, the mixing effect of the secondary flow becomes negligible. To calculate inertial lift force, which is exerted on the particle from the fluid, the interaction between the fluid and particle is investigated... 

    Electrokinetic and aspect ratio effects on secondary flow of viscoelastic fluids in rectangular microchannels

    , Article Microfluidics and Nanofluidics ; Volume 20, Issue 8 , 2016 ; 16134982 (ISSN) Reshadi, M ; Saidi, M. H ; Firoozabadi, B ; Saidi, M. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Verlag  2016
    Abstract
    The secondary flow of PTT fluids in rectangular cross-sectional plane of microchannels under combined effects of electroosmotic and pressure driving forces is the subject of the present study. Employing second-order central finite difference method in a very refined grid network, we investigate the effect of electrokinetic and geometric parameters on the pattern, strength and the average of the secondary flow. In this regard, we try to illustrate the deformations of recirculating vortices due to change in the dimensionless Debye–Hückel and zeta potential parameters as well as channel aspect ratio. We demonstrate that, in the presence of thick electric double layers, significant alteration... 

    Coanda surface geometry optimization for multi-directional co-flow fluidic thrust vectoring

    , Article Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo: Power for Land, Sea, and Air ; Volume 5 , 2009 , Pages 183-189 ; 9780791848869 (ISBN) Saghafi, F ; Banazadeh, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    The performance of Co-flow fluidic thrust vectoring is a function of secondary flow characteristics and the fluidic nozzle geometry. In terms of nozzle geometry, wall shape and the secondary slot aspect ratio are the main parameters that control the vector angle. The present study aims to find a high quality wall shape to achieve the best thrust vectoring performance, which is characterized by the maximum thrust deflection angle with respect to the injected secondary air. A 3D computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model is employed to investigate the flow characteristics in thrust vectoring system. This model is validated using experimental data collected from the deflection of exhaust gases of...