Search for: selective-detection
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    An ultrasensitive and selective turn-off fluorescent nanoprobe for the detection of copper ions

    , Article Analytical Methods ; Volume 7, Issue 12 , 2015 , Pages 5067-5073 ; 17599660 (ISSN) Hormozi Nezhad, M. R ; Taghipour, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Royal Society of Chemistry  2015
    In this study, a novel approach for sensitive and extremely selective detection of copper ions has been developed based on fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) between AuNPs as an acceptor and fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) as a donor. Initially, the fluorescence of the FITC molecule turns-off due to adsorption to the AuNPs surface. However, the fluorescence of the FITC-AuNPs system was switched to turn-on by adding d-Pencillamine (d-PC) to the solution mixtures as FITC molecules are released upon displacement by d-PC on the NPs surface. The higher affinity of d-PC toward the surface of AuNPs was further evidenced by controlling the fluorescence intensity enhancement of the... 

    A unique sensitive and highly selective fluorescent naphthodiaza-crown macrocyclic ligand chemosensor for Hg2+ in water

    , Article Journal of Fluorescence ; Volume 27, Issue 4 , 2017 , Pages 1385-1398 ; 10530509 (ISSN) Ghanbari, B ; Zarepour jevinani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer New York LLC  2017
    The noticeable enhancement in fluorescence emission of O2N2-donor naphthodiaza-crown macrocyclic ligand (L) in the presence of Hg2+ was observed in which the fluorescence quantum yield of free ligand L as well as L/Hg2+ complex were found to be as 0.29 and 0.49, respectively. The observed ultra-low limit of detection (LOD) for Hg2+ by L was determined as low as 1.0 × 10−11 M in water. A 1:1 stoichiometry was also established for L/Hg2+ together with a binding constant KBH = 66,543 by employing fluorescence spectrophotometry. The competition experiments on L/Hg2+ demonstrated highly selective detection of Hg2+ in the presence of the library cations. A two path mechanism for detection of metal... 

    Design of a ratiometric fluorescent probe for naked eye detection of dopamine

    , Article Analytical Methods ; Volume 9, Issue 23 , 2017 , Pages 3505-3512 ; 17599660 (ISSN) Farahmand Nejad, M. A ; Hormozi Nezhad, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    A simple and effective ratiometric fluorescence sensor for selective detection of dopamine (DA) in alkaline media has been developed by simply mixing thioglycolic acid (TGA) functionalized orange fluorescent cadmium telluride (CdTe) quantum dots (QDs) with amino-functionalized blue fluorescent carbon nanodots (CDs). Under a single excitation wavelength of 365 nm, the sensor exhibits dual-emissions centered at 445 and 603 nm. The fluorescence of CdTe QDs is selectively quenched by DA, whereas the fluorescence of CDs is insensitive to the analyte. In the presence of different amounts of DA, the variations in the dual emission intensity ratios exhibit a continuous color change from pink to... 

    MoS2 quantum-dots as a label-free fluorescent nanoprobe for the highly selective detection of methyl parathion pesticide

    , Article Analytical Methods ; Volume 9, Issue 4 , 2017 , Pages 716-723 ; 17599660 (ISSN) Fahimi Kashani, N ; Rashti, A ; Hormozi Nezhad, M. R ; Mahdavi, V ; Sharif University of Technology
    Royal Society of Chemistry  2017
    A reliable, simple, and sensitive fluorescence method was developed for the determination of methyl parathion (MP) in rice using MoS2 quantum dots (QDs). Rapid hydrolysis of MP under alkaline conditions, and thus the formation of p-nitrophenol (p-NP) can be used for MP detection. The functional mechanism of the nanoprobe relies on p-nitrophenol-induced photoluminescence quenching of MoS2 QDs. The high probability of resonance energy transfer (RET) stems from the spectral overlap of MoS2 QD emission spectra and the absorption spectra of p-NP. The high value of the Stern-Volmer constant (KSV = 3.73 × 104 M-1) suggests the efficient quenching of MoS2 QDs by MP in the course of the ET process.... 

    A novel sensitive aptamer-based nanosensor using rGQDs and MWCNTs for rapid detection of diazinon pesticide

    , Article Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering ; Volume 9, Issue 1 , 2021 ; 22133437 (ISSN) Fooladi Talari, F ; Bozorg, A ; Faridbod, F ; Vossoughi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2021
    An optical apta-nanosensor was designed and developed based on reduced graphene quantum dots (rGQDs) and multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) and applied for the selective detection of diazinon as one of the most widely used organophosphorus pesticides. Considering the GQDs and rGQDs high fluorescence emission and optical stability, efficient optical transducers could be designed and precise detection methods could be developed based on such transducers. Herein, by using rGQDs, diazinon specific aptamer, and MWCNTs, a simple economical fluorescence method has been introduced to detect and measure diazinon with the detection limit of 0.4 nM (0.1 μg/L) in the range of 4-31 nM, meeting the...