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    Microalgae Cultivation for Simultaneous Treatment of Municipal Wastewater and Biofuel Feedstock Production

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ebrahimian Kafshaei, Atefeh (Author) ; Vossoughi, Manoochehr (Supervisor) ; Kariminia, Hamid Reza (Supervisor)
    Depletion of fossil fuels and their price increase, world is going to face critical energy challenges in the near future. Thereforefinding proper replacements for fossil fuels is inevitable. On the other hand, releasing of huge amount of wastewater into environment imposes serious nvironmental threats. Microalgae can be a potential alternative for biological wastewater treatment as well as fuel production. Microalgae grown in wastewater can eliminate remaining nitrogen and phosphorous. The gorwn biomass can be used for biofuel production afterward. Microalgae can also decrease the amount of greenhouse gas through the consumption of CO2 as energy sources. In this study, nutrient removal from... 

    Design, operation, performance evaluation and mathematical optimization of a vermifiltration pilot plan for domestic wastewater treatment

    , Article Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering ; Volume 8, Issue 1 , 2020 Ghasemi, S ; Mirzaie, M ; Hasan Zadeh, A ; Ashrafnejad, M ; Hashemian, S. J ; Shahnemati, S. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2020
    The present study shows the approach developed and employed to wastewater treatment utilizing the vermifiltration technique in a region with a population of approx. 280 people. The domestic sewage from the residential area accumulated in the septic tank was fed into the system designed based on the combination of the sand filter and the vermifilter with the optimum loading rate of 2m2 per day for 45 days. The pH, electrical conductivity, chemical oxygen demand, turbidity and nitrate concentration of wastewater were measured before and after vermitreatment for the mentioned period. The results demonstrated that the unique combination of the vermifiltration system with the sand filter was able... 

    Experimental Study on the Efficiency of Memberane Bioreactor (MBR) in Removal of Trace Persistent Pollutants

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Fouladi Ghale, Hosnie (Author) ; Borghei, Mahdi (Supervisor) ; Vosoughi, Manuchehr (Supervisor) ; Hesampour, Mehrdad (Supervisor)
    The removal of glyphosate, one of the most widely used herbicide, with membrane bioreactor (MBR) was studied. Beside of glyphosate, the synthetic wastewater contained molasses and other salts as nutrient source. The membrane was made from polypropylene and was immersed in the bioreactor. The COD of the feed was adjusted by varying the ratio of glyphosate to molasses. The total COD was 500, 750 and 1000 mg/L. The resulted showed that when the bioreactor coupled with membrane the removal efficiency increased. The increase was attributed to higher concentration of biomass or MLSS in the MBR. The average of MLSS in the MBR was 8500 mg/L while in bioreactor without cell recycling and in batch... 

    Investigation of Nanoparticles Removal from Industrial Wastewater

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mahzoon, Elmira (Author) ; Shaygan Salek, Jalaloddin (Supervisor)
    Nanotechnology as an interdisciplinary science is used in many fields. The use of nanomaterial, make new opportunities in the industry. However, safety issues and environmental risks of the consequences of their use in various applications are the matters of concern. Because of the new emergence of this technology, it is essential that all aspects including possible harmful effects on the environment will also be considered. One way to remove the nanoparticles, is electrocoagulation method, assemble nanoparticles into larger particles with an electric current. In this study, the removal of titanium dioxide nanoparticles, due to its high use in the industry, with electrocoagulation method and... 

    Experimental Study on the Efficiency of Moving Bed Biofilm Reactor in Treating Ethylene Glycol

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Esmaeili Rad, Nasim (Author) ; Borghei, Mehdi (Supervisor) ; Vossoughi, Manoochehr (Supervisor)
    The removal of ethylene glycol, one of the most widely used antifreez, with moving bed biofilm reactor (MBBR) was studied. Beside of ethylene glycol, the synthetic wastewater contained molasses and other salts as nutrient source. The packings were composed of polyethylene and shaped like small cylinders with a surface area of 500 m2 per m3 bulk volume of carriers(KMT). The COD of the feed was adjusted by varying the ratio of ethylene glycol to molasses. The total COD was 1252.5, 1345 and 1500 mg/L. The resulted showed that when the biofilm grows on the packings and its thickness is good enough, the removal efficiency increased. The increase was attributed to higher concentration of biomass... 

    Preparation of Polycarbonate Membrane for Industrial Wastewater Treatment in Membrane Bioreator

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nazemi Dashtarjandi, Saeed (Author) ; Mousavi, Abbas (Supervisor) ; Bastani, Dariush (Supervisor)
    Today, membrane bioreactors (MBRs) process is one of the most important options in industrial and municipal wastewater treatment. In MBRs, membrane has an essential influence on their performance. In this study, polycarbonate was exploited as membrane to evaluate its performance in MBR since it has excellent mechanical properties. However, polycarbonate is brittle and breaks at low elongation at room temperature. Solution blending was utilized to improve polycarbonate’s properties. Blending membrane was characterized and assessed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and tensile strength. Polycarbonate solution blending with polyurehatne which has excellent toughness and flexibility enhance... 

    Development of a Multi Generation Energy System Based on Biotechnologies

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Taheri, Neda (Author) ; Roshandel, Ramin (Supervisor)
    In recent years, the issue of sustainability in the energy systems has attracted the attention of energy researchers. Using fossil fuels in common energy conversion systems cause environmental pollution, declining reserves of fossil resources and increase their prices because of the scarcity of fossil resources. Therefore, achieving the goals of sustainability necessitate using high efficiency energy conversion technology. Bio-inspired energy systems are one of the main candidates to improve energy conversion systems. The main target of this study is developing an optimal multi-generation energy system model, dynamically. MFC, Septic tank and Algae culture are integrated and produced power,... 

    Fluctuation of air-water two-phase flow in horizontal and inclined water pipelines

    , Article Journal of Fluids Engineering, Transactions of the ASME ; Volume 129, Issue 1 , 2007 , Pages 1-14 ; 00982202 (ISSN) Kabiri Samani, A. R ; Borghei, S. M ; Saidi, M. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Air in water flow is a frequent phenomenon in hydraulic structures. The main reason for air entrainment is vortices at water intakes, pumping stations, tunnel inlets, and so on. The accumulated air, in a conduit, can evolve to a different flow pattern, from stratified to pressurized. Among different patterns, slug is most complex with extreme pressure variations. Due to lack of firm relations between pressure and influential parameters, study of slug flow is very important. Based on an experimental model, pressure fluctuations inside a circular, horizontal, and inclined pipe (90 mm inside diameter and 10 m long) carrying tow-phase air-water slug flow has been studied. Pressure fluctuations... 

    Determining a suitable location for a Sewage Treatment Plant using a new fuzzy weighted average (FWA) method based on left and right scores

    , Article 13th Iranian Conference on Fuzzy Systems, IFSC 2013 ; 2013 Abdollah Zadeh, M ; Sadrania, A ; Zibandeh, M ; Rostami, P ; Sharif University of Technology
    IEEE Computer Society  2013
    Finding the most suitable location among some alternatives is one of the most important factors which could affect the whole success of the construction of a facility. The facility site selection is a multiple criteria decision making (MCDM) problem including both quantitative and qualitative criteria. Due to some difficulties in many real life cases, defining the exact values for MCDM problems is almost impractical and, it's preferable to use fuzzy values (fuzzy numbers) in this type of problems. In this study, we try to determine a suitable location for a Sewage Treatment Plant by using a new fuzzy weighted average (FWA) method. For this aim, ten different criteria is defined and then, by... 

    Synthesis of TiO2/ZnO electrospun nanofibers coated-sewage sludge carbon for adsorption of Ni(II), Cu(II), and COD from aqueous solutions and industrial wastewaters

    , Article Journal of Dispersion Science and Technology ; Volume 42, Issue 6 , January , 2020 , Pages 802-812 Khosravi, M ; Maddah, A. S ; Mehrdadi, N ; Bidhendi, G. N ; Baghdadi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Inc  2020
    The nanofibers prepared by electrospinning process have high potential for the removal of toxic matters from wastewaters. In the present study, the titanium dioxide and titanium dioxide/zinc oxide (TiO2/ZnO) nanofibers prepared by electrospinning technique were coated on the sewage sludge carbon (SSC) surface for adsorption of Ni(II), Cu(II), and COD from aqueous solutions and industrial wastewaters of Iran. The synthesized adsorbents were characterized using XRD, SEM and EDX analysis. The effect of adsorbent type, pH, adsorbent dosage, contact time and initial concentrations of Ni(II), Cu(II) and COD on the adsorption capacity of synthesized SSC/TiO2 and SSC/TiO2/ZnO nanofibrous adsorbents... 

    Comparative assessment of sewage sludge disposal alternatives in Mashhad: a life cycle perspective

    , Article Environmental Science and Pollution Research ; Volume 27, Issue 1 , 2020 , Pages 315-333 Rostami, F ; Tafazzoli, S. M ; Aminian, S. T ; Avami, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer  2020
    Municipal wastewater treatment facilities produce a lot of sludge which is concentrated with different pollutants. The sustainable design of the sludge disposal alternatives is of crucial importance for touristic cities like Mashhad in Iran. Increasing sludge generation and its accumulation in the city and more stringent legislations highlight the challenge of sludge disposal, recently. This study compares different alternatives to reach maximum possible environmental benefits as well as the most cost-effective technologies. In this study, life cycle analysis (LCA) assesses different scenarios for disposal of sewage sludge which is aerobically treated and dewatered for two real case studies.... 

    Land use regression models for Alkylbenzenes in a middle eastern megacity: Tehran study of exposure prediction for environmental health research (tehran sepehr)

    , Article Environmental Science and Technology ; Volume 51, Issue 15 , 2017 , Pages 8481-8490 ; 0013936X (ISSN) Amini, H ; Schindler, C ; Hosseini, V ; Yunesian, M ; Künzli, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Chemical Society  2017
    Land use regression (LUR) has not been applied thus far to ambient alkylbenzenes in highly polluted megacities. We advanced LUR models for benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, p-xylene, m-xylene, o-xylene (BTEX), and total BTEX using measurement based estimates of annual means at 179 sites in Tehran megacity, Iran. Overall, 520 predictors were evaluated, such as The Weather Research and Forecasting Model meteorology predictions, emission inventory, and several new others. The final models with R2 values ranging from 0.64 for p-xylene to 0.70 for benzene were mainly driven by traffic-related variables but the proximity to sewage treatment plants was present in all models indicating a major local... 

    Performance Evaluation of Membrane Bioreactors in Treating Municipal Wastewater

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hatami Bahman Beyglou, Elnaz (Author) ; Torkian, Ayoub (Supervisor)
    Membrane bioreactors can replace the activated sludge process and the final clarification step in municipal wastewater treatment. The combination of bioreactor and crossflow microfiltration allows for a high chemical oxygen demand (COD) reduction of synthetic wastewater. In this study, experimental data from a laboratory scale membrane bioreactor are presented. In order to investigate the influence of various operating parameters such as hydraulic retention time (HRT), biomass concentration and organic loading rate on organic pollutant removal, the pilot scale submerged membrane bioreactor (SMBR) with a Polyvinylidene Fluoride (PVDF) hollow fiber membrane module was conducted using synthetic... 

    Reduction of Electrical Conductivity of urbun Wastewater by Vermifilter

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shahnemati, Razieh (Author) ; Hashemian, Jamaloddin (Supervisor)
    Deficiency of water leads to extensive researches on alternative water resources. recycling of wastewater for non-drinking purposes such as irrigation, industrial, green belts, forestry and streets and drainage channels washing is One of the existing methods. Therefore, sewage treatment with the purpose of reducing its electrical conductivity has been done in the current research using a real scale vermifilter. Hence, the effluent from a septic tank with a daily loading of 2 (m3/day) was pumped into the vermifilter during 45 days through a pumping system.Then, the effluent from the vermifilter by another pump entered on the surface of the substrate. The results showed that electrical... 

    Field Performance of a Mechanical Spray Evaporator in Wastewater Minimization & Disposal

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Zamani Froutageh, Leili (Author) ; Alamolhoda, Ali Asghar (Supervisor) ; Hashemian, Jamaledin (Co-Advisor)
    The mechanical spray evaporator (MSE) is a method of enhanced evaporation technology, normally designed to reduce the particle size of a wastewater droplet to volatilize water content of it as quickly as possible. A model of MSE has been built at the Institute of Water and Energy at Sharif University of technology. The aim of this research is to study the efficiency of enhanced evaporation technology for waste disposal. To achieve the accurate results, the required pumping rates and power consumption, sustained evaporation rates while operating the fans, and the performance during various temperature, wind speed and relative humidity, are required. Mechanical Spray Evaporator technique... 

    Comments on the " A comparative study of chelating and cationic ion exchange resins for the removal of palladium (II) complexes from acidic chloride media"

    , Article Journal of Hazardous Materials ; Volume 229-230 , 2012 , Pages 461-462 ; 03043894 (ISSN) Alahyari, S. A ; Khanchi, A. R ; Outokesh, M ; Tayebi, A ; Sharif University of Technology

    Investigation of heavy metals containing acidic waste waters from coal mine

    , Article 2010 4th International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering, iCBBE 2010, 18 June 2010 through 20 June 2010 ; June , 2010 ; 9781424447138 (ISBN) Sajadi, S. A. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Waste water from ore plant layout central Alborz's coal has been investigated and analyzed. Studies showed that because of acidic character, the waste water contains heavy metals including Cu, Cr, Ba, Zn, V, Sr, Pb, Ni. Considering the importance of this topic for outgoing acidic waste waters which is hazardous for the environment, i.e. heavy metals, the same should not be transferred into the environment. Since their waste water is transferred into nearby agricultural ground, it was developed a method, so that waste water is primarily directed into a slug pond for sedimentation. In the second stage in another pond, the outflow of waste water was treated with chemicals. Also the pH was... 

    Techno-economic optimization of biogas-fueled micro gas turbine cogeneration systems in sewage treatment plant

    , Article Energy Conversion and Management ; Volume 218 , 15 August , 2020 Movahed, P ; Avami, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2020
    The aim of this paper is to investigate the feasibility of a combined cooling, heating, and power generation system with a micro turbine using biogas as the fuel to supply the heat and electricity demands in a real wastewater treatment plant. The plant is optimized using the system's total cost rate and the amount of the produced biogas as objective functions. The anaerobic digester is modeled using the ADM1 model. The optimization variables include digester hydraulic retention time, compressor pressure ratio, isentropic compressor efficiency, recuperator pinch time temperature, turbine isentropic efficiency, turbine input temperature, and the number of micro turbines. In the first scenario... 

    Investigation and Controlling of Sludge Bulking in Wastewater Treatment Plant with Synthetic Wastewater

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Gholami, Mohsen (Author) ; Shayegan, Jalaleddin (Supervisor)
    Biological treatment is an essential part of wastewater treatment. One of the major problems of the biological treatment systems is a solid separation. Filamentous bulking is a type of solid separation problem that settled sludge volume and the turbidity of the effluent will be increase in bulking condition. The presence of excessive Filamentous bacteria causes filamentous bulking. In this thesis, filamentous bulking were studied to understand this phenomena better and tried to control that with the different methods. This research was conducted in laboratory scale Sequencing Batch Reactor (SBR), conventional activated sludge and conventional activated sludge with anaerobic selector with... 

    Studies on the recovery of uranium from nuclear industrial effluent using nanoporous silica adsorbent

    , Article International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology ; Volume 9, Issue 4 , October , 2012 , Pages 629-636 ; 17351472 (ISSN) Sepehrian, H ; Samadfam, M ; Asadi, Z ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer  2012
    In this paper, the sorption of uranium onto nanoporous silica adsorbent in the presence of nitrate, sulfate, chloride, fluoride and phosphate was studied. The effect of contact time between the nanoporous sorbent and aqueous solution, pH and initial concentration of uranium was also investigated. Uranium sorption onto nanoporous silica adsorbent is a very fast process as sorption rate increases with pH increment. Optimum pH for uranium sorption was 4-8. Experimental sorption isotherm is successfully described by Langmuir and Freundlich models. The results obtained by batch experiments showed that the presence of high concentration of nitrate, sulfate, chloride and phosphate anions alone had...