Search for: shearing
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    Investigation of various concrete materials to simulate seismic response of RC structures

    , Article Structures ; Volume 29 , 2021 , Pages 1322-1351 ; 23520124 (ISSN) Asgarpoor, M ; Gharavi, A ; Epackachi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2021
    This paper focuses on the performance evaluation of several concrete models in reinforced concrete (RC) structures subjected to seismic loading. Despite many studies conducted on implementing different characteristics of concrete in constitutive models, there is an essential need for investigating the ability of these models in predicting the behavior of structures in seismic applications. In this paper, several developed plasticity-based constitutive models with the combination of fracture and continuum damage models are investigated for application in seismic loading conditions. Damage-based isotropic and anisotropic models and smeared cracking approach have been applied as complementary... 

    Arrangements of shear walls in control of lateral displacement of concrete frames

    , Article World Applied Sciences Journal ; Volume 17, Issue 10 , 2012 , Pages 1324-1330 ; 18184952 (ISSN) Shamsai, A ; Rahemi, L ; Rahmani, K ; Peroti, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    One of the major shortcomings of conventional and rather high-rise structures is increasing lateral displacements arising from lateral forces which finally make the entire project un-economical. In this research, effort has been made to investigate the effect of shear walls arrangements on the lateral displacement of the structure. Two types of structures including 16 and 32-storeys frameswith different arrangements of shear panels were examined. The findings indicate that compared to other frames, the performance of frame no. 1 in both types of structures was poor in controlling the overall displacement of structure. Furthermore, more number of shear panels are not necessarily effective in... 

    Experiments on pulsation effects in turbulent flows, Part I: Investigation on Simple Shear Flows

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 10, Issue 2 , 2003 , Pages 238-247 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Shahidinejad, S ; Hajilouy, A ; Farshchi, M ; Souhar, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Sharif University of Technology  2003
    This article describes the results of experimental observations in pulsating Simple Shear Flows (SSF). A uniform-mean-gradient shear flow was generated within the test section of an open circuit wind tunnel. Transverse arrays of honeycomb channels with differing resistances were used to generate shear flow at low shear rates (less than 20 s-1). A set of rotating vanes pulsated the flow field at 8.5 Hz and 18 Hz. Instantaneous velocity was measured by employing a two-component hot wire anemometry technique. The experimental credibility of the facility was established in stationary SSF. In pulsating flows the pulsation effects on mean shear rate, the kinetic energy of turbulence, Reynolds... 

    Experiments on pulsation effects in turbulent flows, Part II: Investigation on grid-generated turbulence

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 10, Issue 2 , 2003 , Pages 248-251 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Shahidinejad, S ; Hajilouy, A ; Farshchi, M ; Souhar, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Sharif University of Technology  2003
    In this paper, pulsating grid-generated turbulence is studied. A two-component hot wire anemometry technique is used. The pulsation effects on characterizing lenght scales and the statistical description of fluctuations are studied in comparison with their stationary counterparts. No significant change in the character of the turbulent flow with pulsation is observed  

    Effect of the shear loading direction on shear behavior of rock and finding new empirical method for determining JRC by fractal dimension

    , Article Annual Conference of the Canadian Society for Civil Engineering 2007: Where the Road Ends, Ingenuity Begins, Yellowknife, NT, 6 June 2007 through 9 June 2007 ; Volume 1 , 2007 , Pages 259-267 Khosravi, A ; Sadaghiani, M. H ; Askari, M ; Khosravi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Effect of different conditions on shear behaviour of rock has been investigated by various researchers. As known, in larger scale the continuity of the rock material is interrupted by separated planes such as bedding planes, faults, shear zones, closure and the behaviour converts to be inelastic and anisotropic. Generally, discontinuities appear repeatedly in more than one preferential direction, creating a three dimensional structure, reducing its stiffness and shear strength as mechanical effects and increasing its transport velocity associated with discontinuity flow as hydraulic effects. They also make rock behavior more complex and different compared to the behavior of soil. According... 

    An investigation of shear failure in welded channel and angle brace members

    , Article Structures ; Volume 45 , 2022 , Pages 1287-1306 ; 23520124 (ISSN) Ghaderi Garekani, M ; Maleki, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2022
    Shear yielding (SY) and shear rupture (SR) are base metal failure modes in welded connections of brace members to gusset plates. Although gusset plated connections have been extensively investigated in the past nonetheless, the shear failure limit states of welded brace members have not received significant attention. This paper aims to shed some light on the shear failure mechanism and strength of welded brace members consisting of single and double channels and angles. For this purpose, a nonlinear finite element (FE) model with ductile damage simulation is developed and validated against the authors’ experiments and other available test results. Then an extensive parametric study using... 

    Push-out tests on polypropylene concrete

    , Article 11th East Asia-Pacific Conference on Structural Engineering and Construction, EASEC-11, Taipei, 19 November 2008 through 21 November 2008 ; 2008 Maleki, S ; Mahoutian, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    The results of several monotonioc push-out tests on polypropylene concrete with channel shear connectors are presented in this research. The results are compared with ordinary concrete specimens with the same test setup. The effect of confining reinforcement on the shear capacity and ductility of polypropylene concrete composite system is investigated  

    Stress analysis in symmetric composite laminates subjected to shearing loads

    , Article International Journal of Mechanical Sciences ; Volume 75 , 2013 , Pages 16-25 ; 00207403 (ISSN) Mousanezhad viyand, D ; Yazdani Sarvestani, H ; Nosier, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    In the present study, an analytical solution is proposed to determine the interlaminar stresses in long symmetric laminated composite plates subjected to shearing loads. An improved first-order shear deformation theory (IFSDT) and a simplified IFSDT (SIFSDT) are utilized to calculate the unknown constants appearing in the reduced elasticity displacement field which actually demonstrate the global deformations of the plate. Then the numerical values of the interlaminar normal and shear stresses are established through the laminates by using Reddy's layerwise theory. Finally, several numerical examples are presented to study the interlaminar stresses in the interfaces of the layers and through... 

    Elastic interactive buckling strength of corrugated steel shear wall under pure shear force

    , Article Structural Design of Tall and Special Buildings ; Volume 26, Issue 8 , 2017 ; 15417794 (ISSN) Hosseinzadeh, L ; Mofid, M ; Aziminejad, A ; Emami, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Different ways have been presented to prevent elastic buckling of steel shear walls. One of these solutions is corrugated shear wall. In this type of wall, shear buckling strength increases without increasing the thickness of the panel. Numerical modeling results indicate that, always, shear buckling strength of corrugated panels is more than the flat panels and with the right choice of the geometric parameters of corrugated panels; without increasing the thickness of the panel, we can improve buckling strength significantly. In the trapezoidal corrugated panels, reducing the width of the subpanels do not always increase buckling strength of the panel, but it changes the panel buckling shape... 

    Dilatational shear bands in rubber-modified isotactic polypropylene

    , Article Materials and Design ; Volume 25, Issue 3 , 2004 , Pages 247-250 ; 02613069 (ISSN) Zebarjad, S. M ; Bagheri, R ; Lazzeri, A ; Serajzadeh, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2004
    The main goal of this study is to further understanding of the role of rubber particles on deformation mechanisms in PP/EPR blend. For doing this standard tensile specimens were produced using injection molding. The results of microscopic evaluation of tensile specimen after some stretching show that damage forms in some points and then propagates in different directions. Also some elongated voids are observed, those are probably formed due to cavitation of rubber particles or debonding at the interface. With regard to achieved micrographs one may conclude that the deformation mechanism in PP/EPR blend can be massive dilatational shear banding due to repeated cavitation. © 2003 Elsevier Ltd.... 

    Dislocation network formation during creep in Ni-base superalloy GTD-111

    , Article Materials Science and Engineering A ; Volume 339, Issue 1-2 , 2003 , Pages 103-108 ; 09215093 (ISSN) Nategh, S ; Sajjadi, S. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    The Ni-base superalloy GTD-111 is used as a blading material in the first stage blades of high power gas turbines. The creep-rupture properties of the cast superalloy were studied over a wide range of temperatures and stresses. The observations of dislocation structures during steady-state creep confirmed that the creep mechanism was different in the high and low stress regions. The results showed that in the high stress region, shear mechanisms including stacking fault formation and anti-phase boundary creation were operative and in the low stress region, a by-passing mechanism occurred by either looping or dislocation climb and glide. With increasing exposure time in the high-temperature... 

    Dynamic buckling of columns considering shear deformation and rotary inertia

    , Article Proceedings of the Eight International Conference on Civil and Structural Engineering Computing, Vienna, 19 September 2001 through 21 September 2001 ; 2001 , Pages 75-76 ; 0948749768 (ISBN) Ghorashi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    The individual and combined effect of shear deformation and rotary inertia on the columns was discussed. It was shown that the shear deformation effect always tends to reduce the buckling load. It was observed that rotary inertia for supported columns has no effect on the buckling load. The critical buckling load of perfect columns subjected to static axial loading was calculated using the Euler-Bernoulli theory  

    Study of Loading Orientation Effect on Shear Strength of Rock Mass Discontinuities with Infilling Based on Laboratory Methods

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Malaksiar, Hosein (Author) ; Sadaghiani, Mohammad Hosein (Supervisor)
    Recently, Needs for construction of rock structures and underground ones such as tunnels, dam foundations, power plants and caverns built to keep oil, gas and nuclear waste has increased dramatically. In order to design, construct and excavate these underground structures safely and economically, full understanding of rock mass properties, suitable tools and practical techniques of drilling are necessary. Because of existing this discontinuities, including joints and layered rock masses and their effects on mechanical behavior of rock mass, it is necessary for the geomechanical profile, shear strength and failure mechanism of rock mass to be accurately indentified. Shear strength criterions... 

    A simplified MCFT for shear capacity scaling of R/C beams

    , Article 16th European Conference of Fracture, 3 July 2006 through 7 July 2006 ; 2006 , Pages 1363-1364 ; 9781402049712 (ISBN) Kazemi, M. T ; Broujerdian, V ; Sharif University of Technology
    Kluwer Academic Publishers  2006
    It is well known that shear strength of beams without stirrups shows a strong size effect. At present, several formulas of size effect are used by some codes and suggested by various researchers. Most of those formulas are not in agree with fracture mechanics. Recently, a simple formula based on modified compression field theory, MCFT, was proposed (Collins and Kuchma [1], Lubell et al. [2]), which shows a size effect stronger than the size effect formula based on fracture mechanics, proposed by Bazant (e.g. Bazant and Kazemi [3], Bazant and Yu [4]). In this paper it is shown that with some refined considerations, formulas are resulted in agree with Fracture Mechanics concept. In the derived... 

    VM link element for consideration of shear-flexural interaction

    , Article 10th East Asia-Pacific Conference on Structural Engineering and Construction, EASEC 2010, Bangkok, 3 August 2006 through 5 August 2006 ; Volume 2 , 2006 , Pages 149-154 Erfani, S ; Kazemi, M. T ; Sharif University of Technology
    A mixed shear-flexural beam element, which is called VM link element, is introduced. Dissimilar multi-surfaces in the shear-flexural space and non zero off diagonal components in flexibility matrixes are used for more realistic modeling of inelastic shear-flexural interaction. For preventing of intersecting among the yield surfaces, a new non-associated flow rule and a new kinematic hardening rule are developed. Capability of this element is examined for shear links used in eccentrically braced frames analysis for cyclic loading. It is shown that, the proposed link element is in a good agreement with the existing test results  

    Influence of fines content and type on the small-strain shear modulus of sand

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Vol. 21, issue. 4 , 2014 , p. 1281-1296 Paydar, N. A ; Ahmadi, M. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    The small-strain shear modulus, Go, is an important fundamental soil property. Although many studies have been conducted on this property for clean sands and pure clays, small-strain behavior for mixtures of sand and fines has been less addressed. This paper presents the results of a comprehensive laboratory study on G0 value of sand containing various amounts of different fines. To this aim, bender elements were integrated into a conventional triaxial apparatus, and shear wave velocity was measured on samples of sand with different amounts of highly-plastic, medium-plastic, low-plastic, or non-plastic fines at different void ratios. Measuring the shear wave velocity and thus... 

    Behavior prediction of corrugated steel plate shear walls with openings

    , Article Journal of Constructional Steel Research ; Volume 114 , 2015 , Pages 258-268 ; 0143974X (ISSN) Farzampour, A ; Laman, J. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2015
    Corrugated steel plate and simple steel plate shear wall construction is a widely accepted and efficient lateral force resisting construction. The widespread use is motivated by the large initial stiffness, high level of energy absorption, and ability to accommodate openings. There is a dearth of information regarding the detailed nonlinear, inelastic behavior of corrugated steel plate shear walls, particularly walls with openings. Presented here are the results of a detailed, numerical parametric study comparing corrugated steel plate and simple steel plate shear walls, with and without openings. Parameters studied are plate thickness, angle of corrugation, opening size, and opening... 

    Shear Lag Effects on Shear Rupture Failure Mode of Welded Steel Channel Sections

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Pashnehtala, Parsa (Author) ; Maleki, Shervin (Supervisor)
    Since mid-twentieth century the shear lag phenomenon has attracted many scientists’ attention which led to a wide range of researches to be carried out on this topic and the results are considered in the design codes. In tension members in which all parts of the member in the vicinity of the connection are not connected, only some parts of the section contribute to load distribution and non-connected parts do not play any role in load transfer and this leads to non-uniform distribution of stress and stress concentration. This phenomenon is called shear lag which causes reduction of tensile strength of the member. The effect of this phenomenon is introduced as a reduction coefficient... 

    Impact of Changes in Matric Suction on Dynamic Properties of Unsaturated Silty Soil from Small to Large Strain During Drying Path

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Banar, Shaya (Author) ; Haeri, Mohsen (Supervisor) ; Khosravi, Ali (Supervisor)
    Shear modulus and damping ratio are of the most important parameters for geotechnical structures during dynamic and seismic loading. Secant shear modulus is the slope of hysteresis shear stress-shear strain loop, and damping ratio is indicative of dissipation of waves energy during propagation in the soil. These parameters mainly depend on void ratio, stress state, and shear strain of the soil. Climate changes cause some drying and wetting process which changes the soil state from saturated to unsaturated form. Previous researches indicated that the shear modulus and damping ratio change with the amount of matric suction. During the drying process, the matric suction increases,therefore,... 

    Evaluating Shear Strength of Irregular Soft Rock Joints by Direct Shear Test and Rock Joints Shear Strength Models

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Bagherzadeh, Hossein (Author) ; Sadagiyani, Hossein (Supervisor)
    Shear strength of rock joints is one of most important aspect of applied rock mechanics. Shear strength prediction models have been proposed by many authors like Patton, Ladany, Papaliangas, Maksimovic, and Grasseli. Purpose of this thesis is inspection of Shear strength of soft irregular rock joints which built by adding one or two irregularities on a regular profile. Twenty artificial irregular rock joint samples by mixing water and stucco have been built. Then samples were tested by direct shear test on constant normal load condition and their shear properties were recorded. According result, recent models have perfectly predicted sample behavior and generated shear failure envelop just...