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    Energy and exergy analyses of a spark-ignition engine

    , Article International Journal of Exergy ; Volume 7, Issue 5 , 2010 , Pages 547-563 ; 17428297 (ISSN) Ameri, M ; Kiaahmadi, F ; Khanaki, M ; Nazoktabar, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this paper, the performance of an internal combustion engine is evaluated at the steady-state condition by application of energy and exergy analysis using the experimental test results. The energy and exergy balances are calculated at different engine speeds. The results show that the heat rejection of energy and exergy flow increases with increasing engine speed. The exergy efficiencies are slightly higher than the corresponding energy efficiencies. The results of this study have revealed that the most important source of the system inefficiency is the destruction of exergy by irreversible processes, mostly by the combustion. One can conclude that the use of a combined energy and exergy... 

    Detection and isolation of faults in the exhaust path of turbocharged automotive engines

    , Article International Journal of Automotive Technology ; Volume 16, Issue 1 , 2015 , Pages 127-138 ; 12299138 (ISSN) Salehi, R ; Alasty, A ; Shahbakhti, M ; Vossoughi, G ; Sharif University of Technology
    Detection and isolation of faults in the exhaust gas path of a turbocharged spark ignition (SI) engine is an essential part of the engine control unit (ECU) strategies to minimize exhaust emission and ensure safe operation of a turbocharger. This paper proposes a novel model-based strategy to detect and isolate an exhaust manifold leakage and a stuckclosed wastegate fault. The strategy is based on a globally optimal parameter estimation algorithm which detects a virtual hole area in the exhaust manifold. The estimation algorithm requires observation of the exhaust manifold’s input and output flows. The input flow is estimated by a nonlinear Luenberger observer which is analytically shown to... 

    Pollutant emissions study of gas fueled SI engines

    , Article Powertrain and Fluid Systems Conference and Exhibition, San Antonio, TX, 24 October 2005 through 27 October 2005 ; 2005 ; 01487191 (ISSN) Dordaei, H ; Hazhir, A ; Eisazadeh Far , K ; Sharif University of Technology
    SAE International  2005
    An experimental study of pollutant emissions of a SI gas engine with CNG fuel has been done. In this work the role of various parameters such as air-fuel ratio, the shape of combustion chamber and spark timing on pollutant emissions of the engine have been investigated. The effect of three different combustion chambers with various compression ratios was studied and it was found that combustion chamber shape has a vital effect on exhaust emissions. Copyright © 2005 SAE International  

    An investigation on turbocharger turbine performance parameters under inlet pulsating flow

    , Article Journal of Fluids Engineering, Transactions of the ASME ; Volume 134, Issue 8 , 2012 ; 00982202 (ISSN) Tabatabaei, H ; Masoud, B ; Mohammad, T. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    ASME  2012
    Three-dimensional steady and unsteady (pulsating) compressible flows in a vane-less turbocharger turbine of a 1.7 liter SI engine are simulated numerically, and the results are validated experimentally using a turbocharged on-engine test cell. Simulations are carried out for a 720° engine cycle at three engine speeds, and the complete forms of volute and rotor vanes are modeled. Two ways for modeling the rotating wheel, multiple reference frames (MRF), and sliding mesh (SM) techniques are also examined. Finally, the effects of pulsating flow on the turbocharger turbine performance parameters (TTPP) such as the inlet static pressure, reduced mass flow rate, and efficiency are obtained and... 

    Thermodynamic model for prediction of performance and emission characteristics of SI engine fuelled by gasoline and natural gas with experimental verification

    , Article Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology ; Volume 26, Issue 7 , July , 2012 , Pages 2213-2225 ; 1738494X (ISSN) Mehrnoosh, D ; Asghar, H. A ; Asghar, M. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this study, a thermodynamic cycle simulation of a conventional four-stroke SI engine has been carried out to predict the engine performance and emissions. The first law of thermodynamics has been applied to determine in-cylinder temperature and pressure as a function of crank angle. The Newton-Raphson method was used for the numerical solution of the equations. The non-differential form of equations resulted in the simplicity and ease of the solution to predict the engine performance. Two-zone model for the combustion process simulation has been used and the mass burning rate was predicted by simulating spherical propagation of the flame front. Also, temperature dependence of specific... 

    A comparative study of the performance of a SI engine fuelled by natural gas as alternative fuel by thermodynamic simulation

    , Article 2009 ASME Internal Combustion Engine Division Fall Technical Conference, ICEF 2009, Lucerne, 27 September 2009 through 30 September 2009 ; 2009 , Pages 49-57 ; 9780791843635 (ISBN) Dashti, M ; Hamidi, A. A ; Mozafari, A. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)  2009
    With the declining energy resources and increase of pollutant emissions, a great deal of efforts has been focused on the development of alternatives for fossil fuels. One of the promising alternative fuels to gasoline in the internal combustion engine is natural gas [1-5]. The application of natural gas in current internal combustion engines is realistic due to its many benefits. The higher thermal efficiency due to the higher octane value and lower exhaust emissions including CO2 as a result of the lower carbon to hydrogen ratio of the fuel are the two important feature of using CNG as an alternative fuel. It is well known that computer simulation codes are valuable economically as a cost...