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    Analyzing mixing quality in a curved centrifugal micromixer through numerical simulation

    , Article Chemical Engineering and Processing: Process Intensification ; 2017 ; 02552701 (ISSN) Shamloo, A ; Vatankhah, P ; Akbari, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V 
    Abstract
    The Lab On a CD (LOCD), also known as Centrifugal Microfluidics, has evolved into a sophisticated platform for performing biomedical assays due to its marvelous miniaturization and accurate simulation of biological reactions. Among the numerous applications of the LOCD is fluid mixing. In this paper a centrifugal, serpentine micromixer is simulated and reformed toward better mixing performance. The micromixer was chosen to be curved as a curved design was found to be thrice as functional and compact as a rectilinear design, mixing-wise. The two angular velocity and opening radius parameters were originally hypothesized to affect mixing performance. Effect of angular velocity was studied over... 

    Analyzing mixing quality in a curved centrifugal micromixer through numerical simulation

    , Article Chemical Engineering and Processing: Process Intensification ; Volume 116 , 2017 , Pages 9-16 ; 02552701 (ISSN) Shamloo, A ; Vatankhah, P ; Akbari, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2017
    Abstract
    The Lab On a CD (LOCD), also known as Centrifugal Microfluidics, has evolved into a sophisticated platform for performing biomedical assays due to its marvelous miniaturization and accurate simulation of biological reactions. Among the numerous applications of the LOCD is fluid mixing. In this paper a centrifugal, serpentine micromixer is simulated and reformed toward better mixing performance. The micromixer was chosen to be curved as a curved design was found to be thrice as functional and compact as a rectilinear design, mixing-wise. The two angular velocity and opening radius parameters were originally hypothesized to affect mixing performance. Effect of angular velocity was studied over... 

    Preparation and characterization of nanocrystalline misch-metal-substituted yttrium iron garnet powder by the sol-gel combustion process

    , Article International Journal of Applied Ceramic Technology ; Volume 5, Issue 5 , 26 August , 2008 , Pages 464-468 ; 1546542X (ISSN) Hosseini Vajargah, S ; Madaah Hosseini, H. R ; Nemati, Z. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2008
    Abstract
    Nanocrystalline Y3-xMMxFe5O12 powders (MM denotes Misch-metal, x = 0.0, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, and 1.0) were synthesized by a sol-gel combustion method. Magnetic properties and crystalline structures were investigated using X-ray diffraction (XRD), a vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM), and a scanning electron microscope. The XRD patterns showed that the single-phase garnet of Y3-xMMxFe5O12 was formed at x values ≤ 1.0. The saturation magnetization of powders increased with decreasing MM content and reached the maximum value at Y3 Fe5O12. The crystallite size of powders calcined at 800°C for 3 h was in the range of 38-53 nm. © 2008 American Ceramic Society  

    Development of a structured monolithic support with a CNT washcoat for the naphtha HDS process

    , Article Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers ; Vol. 45, issue. 3 , May , 2014 , p. 887-895 Soghrati, E ; Kazemeini, M ; Rashidi, A. M ; Jozani, K. J ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    An acid treatment of the cordierite monolith followed by coating of the CNT onto it by means of catalytic decomposition of methane was performed. The resulting material utilized as the support for the CoMo catalyst. The characterization outcomes showed that the CNTs were distributed uniformly on the surface of the monolith leading to a high BET surface area and relatively good adhered mesoporous layer of CNTs. Moreover, the catalytic activity of the resulting catalysts determined in an HDS reaction of naphtha. It was concluded that the activity of the CoMo catalyst over the CNT coated monolithic support (FACNT) was higher than that of the CoMo deposited onto the acid-treated monolith and... 

    Investigation on cristobalite crystallization in silica-based ceramic cores for investment casting

    , Article Journal of the European Ceramic Society ; Volume 33, Issue 15-16 , 2013 , Pages 3397-3402 ; 09552219 (ISSN) Kazemi, A ; Faghihi Sani, M. A ; Alizadeh, H. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    In this work, cristobalite crystallization and its effects on mechanical and chemical behaviour of injection moulded silica-based ceramic cores were investigated. In order to simulate casting process condition, the sintered samples at 1220 °C were also heated up to 1430 °C. Flexural strength test was carried out on both sintered and heat treated samples. Chemical resistance of the cores was evaluated by leaching the samples inside 43. wt% KOH solution at its boiling point. Phase evolution and microstructure were investigated by thermal analyses (DTA and DSC), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and optical microscopy (OM). Results showed that cristobalite was... 

    Numerical simulation of centrifugal serpentine micromixers and analyzing mixing quality parameters

    , Article Chemical Engineering and Processing: Process Intensification ; Volume 104 , 2016 , Pages 243-252 ; 02552701 (ISSN) Shamloo, A ; Madadelahi, M ; Akbari, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier, B.V  2016
    Abstract
    Centrifugal microfluidics or the Lab on a CD (LOCD) has developed vast applications in biomedical researches and analyses. Fluid mixing is an application of the LOCD. In this paper, multiple centrifugal micromixers were simulated. Various parameters were originally presumed to have an effect on mixing performance. These parameters include inlet angle, angular velocity, cross-sectional profile, perpendicular length ratio and the number of channels in series. They were each analyzed through simulations. It was gathered that the inlet angle does not significantly affect the mixing quality. Increasing angular velocity steadily increases mixing quality for all geometries. The vertical triangular... 

    Inertial particle focusing in serpentine channels on a centrifugal platform

    , Article Physics of Fluids ; Volume 30, Issue 1 , 2018 ; 10706631 (ISSN) Shamloo, A ; Mashhadian, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Institute of Physics Inc  2018
    Abstract
    Inertial particle focusing as a powerful passive method is widely used in diagnostic test devices. It is common to use a curved channel in this approach to achieve particle focusing through balancing of the secondary flow drag force and the inertial lift force. Here, we present a focusing device on a disk based on the interaction of secondary flow drag force, inertial lift force, and centrifugal forces to focus particles. By choosing a channel whose cross section has a low aspect ratio, the mixing effect of the secondary flow becomes negligible. To calculate inertial lift force, which is exerted on the particle from the fluid, the interaction between the fluid and particle is investigated... 

    Optimization of a serpentine model for low-dispersion flows in micro channel turns

    , Article 5th International Conference on Perspective Technologies and Methods in MEMS Design, MEMSTECH 2009, Lviv-Polyana, 22 April 2009 through 24 April 2009 ; 2009 , Pages 136-140 ; 9789662191066 (ISBN) Fathollahi, E ; Afsharikia, S ; Taghizadeh Manzari, M.T ; Sharif University of Technology
    2009
    Abstract
    Chip-based micro fluidic separation systems often use serpentine channels to attain long separation lengths in a compact area. Such designs suffer from the dispersion, mostly 'racetrack' effect, due to the bends in the micro channels. The main goal of this paper is obtaining a model which has minimal racetrack in a serpentine geometry. A numerical analysis leads us to an optimized model which is different from previous attempts in this field. Our model uses modified turn radii, optimal length between bends with a constant zeta-potential boundary condition and a constant width through micro channel turns. It is shown that traveling fluid in this geometry has minimal dispersion as well as... 

    Applying the Taguchi method to develop an optimized synthesis procedure for nanocrystals of T-type zeolite

    , Article Chemical Engineering and Technology ; Volume 32, Issue 7 , 2009 , Pages 1042-1048 ; 09307516 (ISSN) Tehrani Matin, K ; Bastani, D ; Kazemian, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    2009
    Abstract
    The effects of H2O/SiO2, TMAOH/SiO2, Na/(Na+K), and SiO2/Al2O3 ratios in the parent gels on the crystallization of nanoparticles of T-type zeolites were studied. A Taguchi orthogonal experimental design with the above-mentioned parameters (each at three levels) was used to optimize the experiment parameters by the analysis of variances (ANOVA). Applying the Taguchi method significantly reduced the time and cost required for optimization. The synthesized products were characterized by X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. As a result of the Taguchi analysis, H2O/SiO2 and TMAOH/SiO2 were the most influencing parameters for the synthesis of zeolite T. © 2009 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH... 

    Preparation of mullite-TiB2-CNTs hybrid composite through spark plasma sintering

    , Article Ceramics International ; Volume 45, Issue 13 , 2019 , Pages 16288-16296 ; 02728842 (ISSN) Orooji, Y ; Ghasali, E ; Moradi, M ; Derakhshandeh, M. R ; Alizadeh, M ; Shahedi Asl, M ; Ebadzadeh, T ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2019
    Abstract
    A near fully dense mullite-TiB2-CNTs hybrid composite was prepared successfully trough spark plasma sintering. 1 wt%CNT and 10 wt%TiB2 were mixed with nano-sized mullite powders using a high energy mixer mill. Spark plasma sintering was carried out at 1350 °C under the primary and final pressure of 10 MPa and 30 MPa, respectively. XRD results showed mullite and TiB2 as dominant crystalline phases accompanied by tiny peaks of alumina. The microstructure of prepared composites demonstrated uniform distribution of TiB2 reinforcements in mullite matrix without any pores and porosities as a result of near fully densified spark plasma sintered composite. The fracture surface of composite revealed... 

    A new non-dimensional parameter to obtain the minimum mixing length in tree-like concentration gradient generators

    , Article Chemical Engineering Science ; Volume 195 , 2019 , Pages 120-126 ; 00092509 (ISSN) Rismanian, M ; Saidi, M. S ; Kashaninejad, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2019
    Abstract
    Microfluidic-based concentration gradient generators (CGGs) have a number of applications in chemical, biological and pharmaceutical studies. Thus, precise design of the microfluidic system is crucial to maintaining the desired concentration gradient in microchannels. One of the design considerations is the length of microchannels in the structure of a CGG. A CGG with a short length fails to provide the complete diffusive mixing, while the size of the microchip would unfavorably increase by incorporating a long CGG. Considering a CGG as a tree-like structure consisting of T-shaped micromixers, the mixing process of the species at a straight microchannel has been solved analytically. Herein,... 

    Determining an optimum catalyst for liquid-phase dehydration of methanol to dimethyl ether

    , Article Applied Catalysis A: General ; Volume 349, Issue 1-2 , 2008 , Pages 6-12 ; 0926860X (ISSN) Khandan, N ; Kazemeini, M ; Aghaziarati, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2008
    Abstract
    The liquid-phase dehydration of methanol to dimethyl ether was investigated over various materials including synthetic zeolites, namely, ZSM-5, Y, Mordenite, Ferrierite and Beta as well as silica and alumina. The key characters investigated were the Si/Al ratio and cation exchange. The results showed that the Mordenite zeolite exchanged with H+ exhibited the highest activity in dehydration of methanol. After finding the most active catalyst, the Mordenite zeolite was modified with Cu, Zn, Ni, Al, Zr, Mg and Na via wet-impregnation method to further improve its selectivity, and characterized by AAS, XRD, NH3-TPD, NH3-FT-IR and BET surface area techniques. It was found that these materials... 

    Comparison of two methods of iridium impregnation into HZSM-5 in the methanol to propylene reaction

    , Article Catalysis Communications ; Volume 16, Issue 1 , 2011 , Pages 150-154 ; 15667367 (ISSN) Papari, S ; Mohammadrezaei, A ; Asadi, M ; Golhosseini, R ; Naderifar, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    In this paper, the effects of two methods of iridium impregnation into HZSM-5 on catalyst stability, selectivity for propylene and byproducts in the conversion of methanol to propylene (MTP) were investigated in a continuous flow isotherm fixed-bed reactor. XRD, BET surface area, NH 3-TPD and ICP-AES analytical techniques were applied to define the physical and chemical characteristics of zeolites. The reaction was conducted at 480°C and 1 bar with WHSV = 1 h -1, and with an equal weight percent of methanol and water in the feed. The results revealed that iridium impregnation into HZSM-5 powder led to enhanced propylene selectivity (8%) and catalyst stability while iridium impregnation into... 

    Semi-IPN carrageenan-based nanocomposite hydrogels: Synthesis and swelling behavior

    , Article Journal of Applied Polymer Science ; Volume 118, Issue 5 , 2010 , Pages 2989-2997 ; 00218995 (ISSN) Mahdavinia, G. R ; Marandi, G. B ; Pourjavadi, A ; Kiani, G ; Sharif University of Technology
    2010
    Abstract
    Inclusion of nano-clays into hydrogels is an efficient approach to produce nanocomposite hydrogels. The introduction of nano-clay into hydrogels causes an increase in water absorbency. In the present work, Nanocomposite hydro-gels based on kappa-carrageenan were synthesized using sodium montmorillonite as nano-clay. Acrylamide and meth-ylenebisacrylamide were used as monomer and crosslinker, respectively. The structure of nanocomposite hydrogels was investigated by XRD and SEM techniques. Swelling behavior of nanocomposite hydrogels was studied by varying clay and carrageenan contents as well as methylenebisacrylamide concentration. An optimum swelling capacity was achieved at 12% of sodium... 

    Equilibrium modeling of xylene adsorption on molecular sieves

    , Article Fluid Phase Equilibria ; Volume 298, Issue 1 , November , 2010 , Pages 54-59 ; 03783812 (ISSN) Tourani, S ; Baghalha, M ; Khorasheh, F ; Behvandi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2010
    Abstract
    The separation of xylene isomers is an important application in separation processes that is based on their adsorption properties on different adsorbents. In this work, the Price and Danner method was employed with a neural network to investigate the adsorption behavior of binary systems of p-xylene/m-xylene, p-diethyl benzene/m-xylene, and p-diethyl benzene/p-xylene and the ternary system of p-diethyl benzene/m-xylene/p-xylene at 130 and 175°C. The Redlich-Kister, Wilson, and NRTL models were used to determine the activity coefficients in the adsorbed phase. Comparison with experimental data from the literature indicated that the proposed thermodynamic model would best determine surface... 

    The study of prepration of blue V zircon pigment by using zircon and sulphuric acid

    , Article Innovative Processing and Manufacturing of Advanced Ceramics and Composites - 8th Pacific Rim Conference on Ceramic and Glass Technology, PACRIM 8, Vancouver, BC, 31 May 2009 through 5 June 2009 ; Volume 212 , JUL , 2010 , Pages 197-206 ; 10421122 (ISSN); 9780470876466 (ISBN) Riahi, M ; Faghihi Sani, M. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2010
    Abstract
    Depending on the type of dopant metal, many kinds of zircon based pigments are produced and blue vanadium pigment is the most important one of them. In this study, blue zircon ceramic pigments were synthesized from intermediate product, resulting from decomposition of zircon sand with NaOH. In this regard, various amounts of sulfuric acid, water, NH4VO3 as colorant, NaF as mineralizer and extra quartz were added to the prepared Na 2ZrSiO5. Role of quartz was to omit the repercussions of presence of free zirconia in the composition. The main objective of this work is to assess various reactions at different temperatures during blue pigment synthesis. Phase analysis was done by X ray... 

    Effects of nucleation agent particle size on properties, crystallisation and microstructure of glass-ceramics in TiO2-ZrO2-Li 2O-CaO- Al2O3-SiO2 system

    , Article Advances in Applied Ceramics ; Volume 109, Issue 6 , 2010 , Pages 318-323 ; 17436753 (ISSN) Nemati, A ; Goharian, P ; Shabanian, M ; Afshar, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2010
    Abstract
    The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of P 2O5 particle size distribution on the crystalline phases and microstructure of lithium disilicate glass-ceramics derived from the TiO2-ZrO2-Li2O-CaO-Al2O 3-SiO2 system for dentistry applications. The samples were made via fusion and casting procedure. Crystallisation as well as the morphology and microstructure of the samples were investigated using X-ray diffraction, differential scanning calorimetric and scanning electron microscopy. The results showed that the crystallisation of the samples occurred in the range of 500-650°C. The main crystalline phase was lithium disilicate (Li2Si2O5) along with Lithium metasilicate (Li2SiO3),... 

    Synthesis of polypropylene/clay nanocomposites using bisupported Ziegler-Natta catalyst

    , Article Journal of Applied Polymer Science ; Volume 115, Issue 1 , 2010 , Pages 308-314 ; 00218995 (ISSN) Ramazani, S. A. A ; Tavakolzadeh, F ; Baniasadi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    In this article, preparation of polypropylene/clay nanocomposites (PPCNC) via in situ polymerization is investigated. MgCl2/montmorillonite bisupported Ziegler-Natta catalyst was used to prepare PPCNC samples. Montmorillonite (MMT) was used as an inert support and reinforcement agent. The nanostructure of the composites was characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy techniques. Obtained results showed that silica layers of the MMT in these PPCNC were intercalated, partially exfoliated, and uniformly dispersed in the polypropylene matrix. Thermogravimetric analysis showed good thermal stability for the prepared PPCNC. Differential... 

    Modeling of catalyst deactivation in zeolite-catalyzed alkylation of isobutane with 2-butene

    , Article Chemical Engineering Science ; Volume 65, Issue 2 , 2010 , Pages 645-650 ; 00092509 (ISSN) Hamzehlouyan, T ; Kazemeini, M ; Khorasheh, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    The deactivation of solid acid catalysts in liquid phase alkylation of isobutane with 2-butene was investigated. Since under liquid phase conditions the alkylation reaction is severely diffusion limited, effects of diffusion on the rate of reaction and deactivation pathways were considered. In the present work, an attempt has been made to implement more appropriate assumptions in order to properly model catalyst deactivation in a mixed reactor. Accordingly, spatial variation of diffusivity in the pores of the catalyst was considered as a function of time on stream. The effect of the pore mouth plugging was also investigated and it was found that this phenomenon had a pronounced effect on the... 

    Newtonian and generalized Newtonian reacting flows in serpentine microchannels: pressure driven and centrifugal microfluidics

    , Article Journal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics ; Volume 251 , January , 2018 , Pages 88-96 ; 03770257 (ISSN) Madadelahi, M ; Shamloo, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2018
    Abstract
    This paper presents a comprehensive 3D numerical simulation of reacting flows in micro scale dimension through centrifugal, or Lab-On-a-CD (LOCD), and pressure-driven, or Lab-On-a-Chip (LOC) devices. Three different serpentine channel configurations (rectangular, triangular and sinusoidal) are investigated. In these configurations, two chemical species enter from two inlets and according to an irreversible chemical reaction, start yielding other species. Both Newtonian and generalized Newtonian fluids are considered in the simulations and the results are compared for both LOC and LOCD devices. Besides, the effects of different parameters such as the aspect ratio of channels’ cross section,...