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    Investigation of hydrogen sensing properties and aging effects of Schottky like Pd/porous Si

    , Article Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical ; Volume 146, Issue 1 , 2010 , Pages 53-60 ; 09254005 (ISSN) Razi, F ; Iraji-Zad, A ; Rahimi, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    We prepared porous silicon samples coated by continuous palladium layer in electroless process. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) showed cauliflower-shape Pd clusters on the surface. I-V curves of Schottky like Pd/porous Si samples were measured in air and in hydrogen. These measurements showed a metal-interface-semiconductor configuration rather than an ideal Schottky diode. Variations of the electrical current in the presence of diluted hydrogen at room temperature revealed that the samples can sense hydrogen in a wide range of concentration (100-40,000 ppm) without any saturation behavior. Hydrogen sensing properties of these samples were investigated at room temperature for a duration... 

    Mechanical properties of Al–30Si–5Fe alloy using combination of rapid solidification and thixoforming processes

    , Article Metallography, Microstructure, and Analysis ; Volume 6, Issue 6 , 2017 , Pages 502-511 ; 21929262 (ISSN) Shafizadeh, M ; Aashuri, H ; Nikzad, S ; Ferasat, K ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this study, a combination of rapid solidification (melt-spinning) and semisolid forming (thixoforming) processes was used to refine the coarse microstructure of “as-cast” Al–30Si–5Fe alloy and improve its mechanical properties. Al–30Si–5Fe ribbons produced by the melt-spinning process were pulverized and subsequently consolidated at 300 °C in an argon atmosphere. Prepared specimens were thixoformed at temperatures ranging from 580 to 700 °C for various holding times. Some cast samples were also directly thixoformed as reference. In all thixoformed samples, microstructures were modified and needle-like intermetallic compounds as well as silicon particles in the as-cast part were changed... 

    The potential impact of Fully Ceramic Microencapsulated (FCM) fuel on thermal hydraulic performance of SMART reactor

    , Article Nuclear Engineering and Design ; Volume 339 , 2018 , Pages 39-52 ; 00295493 (ISSN) Kamalpour, S ; Salehi, A. A ; Khalafi, H ; Mataji Kojouri, N ; Jahanfarnia, G ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2018
    One of emerging advanced fuel materials for the next generations of the nuclear reactors is Fully Ceramic Microencapsulated (FCM) fuel. FCM fuel structure is comprised of TRISO particles dispersed randomly in a SiC matrix. In the present study, the thermal hydraulic performance of a SMART reactor is investigated and the results are compared with the case that conventional UO2 fuel is loaded into the core. At the beginning of the cycle, the reactor is simulated in normal operational and transient conditions. MCNPX 2.6 stochastic code is utilised to calculate neutronic parameters. COMSOL and RELAP5 codes are used for thermal hydraulic analysis. The reactor dynamics is simulated based on... 

    Frozen leg operation of a three-phase dual active bridge DC/DC converter at light loads

    , Article Conference Proceedings - IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition - APEC ; Volume 2018-March , 18 April , 2018 , Pages 3385-3391 ; 9781538611807 (ISBN) Haghbin, S ; Blaabjerg, F ; Yazdani, F ; Bahman, A. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2018
    A three-phase dual active bridge (DAB) converter is designed and constructed as the DC/DC stage of a 50 kW fast charger station. Recently introduced 300A SiC power modules and drivers are utilized in the converter to obtain a high efficiency. Each module has two interconnected switches with anti-parallel diodes resembling a converter leg. It is observed that the driver halts the module operation as a result of protective actions such as over-current, gate under-voltage, or gate overvoltage. In such case the module operates as a leg with two diodes until an external hardware signal resets the driver. The aim of this paper is to provide analysis, simulation and experiments for a three-phase... 

    Applying the Taguchi method to develop an optimized synthesis procedure for nanocrystals of T-type zeolite

    , Article Chemical Engineering and Technology ; Volume 32, Issue 7 , 2009 , Pages 1042-1048 ; 09307516 (ISSN) Tehrani Matin, K ; Bastani, D ; Kazemian, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    The effects of H2O/SiO2, TMAOH/SiO2, Na/(Na+K), and SiO2/Al2O3 ratios in the parent gels on the crystallization of nanoparticles of T-type zeolites were studied. A Taguchi orthogonal experimental design with the above-mentioned parameters (each at three levels) was used to optimize the experiment parameters by the analysis of variances (ANOVA). Applying the Taguchi method significantly reduced the time and cost required for optimization. The synthesized products were characterized by X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. As a result of the Taguchi analysis, H2O/SiO2 and TMAOH/SiO2 were the most influencing parameters for the synthesis of zeolite T. © 2009 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH... 

    Synthesis and morphology optimization of electrospun SiBNC nanofibers

    , Article Ceramics International ; Volume 46, Issue 5 , 2020 , Pages 6052-6059 Asadi-Pakdel, K ; Mehdinavaz Aghdam, R ; Shahedi Asl, M ; Faghihi Sani, M. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2020
    SiBNC nanofibers were synthesized through the polymeric route by a one-pot synthesis approach. DMTA (dichloroboryl methyl trichlorosilyl amine) polymer was selected as pre-ceramic for SiBNC, which was shaped into nanofibers by electrospinning. Then, the nanofibers were cured in an inert atmosphere in order to obtain the final ceramic. By changing the curing atmosphere, the compound of final ceramic has been manipulated. In addition, the ceramic yield of DMTA as a preceramic was increased in the nitrogen atmosphere. The effects of applied voltage, solution concentration, and feeding rate on the morphology of final electrospun ceramic nanofibers were also investigated. Final ceramic remains... 

    A comparative study between friction stir processing and friction stir vibration processing to develop magnesium surface nanocomposites

    , Article International Journal of Minerals, Metallurgy and Materials ; Volume 27, Issue 8 , 2020 , Pages 1133-1146 Bagheri, B ; Abbasi, M ; Abdollahzadeh, A ; Kokabi, A. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    University of Science and Technology Beijing  2020
    Friction stir processing (FSP) can be used to improve surface composites. In this study, a modified method of FSP called friction stir vibration processing (FSVP) was applied to develop a surface composite on AZ91 magnesium alloy. In this technique, the workpiece is vibrated normal to the processing direction. The results illustrated that compared with the FSP method, the FSVP caused a better homogeneous distribution of SiC particles in the microstructure. The results also showed that matrix grains of friction stir vibration processed (FSV-processed) samples ((26.43 ± 2.00) µm) were finer than those of friction stir processed (FS-processed) specimens ((39.43 ± 2.00) µm). The results... 

    Determining an optimum catalyst for liquid-phase dehydration of methanol to dimethyl ether

    , Article Applied Catalysis A: General ; Volume 349, Issue 1-2 , 2008 , Pages 6-12 ; 0926860X (ISSN) Khandan, N ; Kazemeini, M ; Aghaziarati, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    The liquid-phase dehydration of methanol to dimethyl ether was investigated over various materials including synthetic zeolites, namely, ZSM-5, Y, Mordenite, Ferrierite and Beta as well as silica and alumina. The key characters investigated were the Si/Al ratio and cation exchange. The results showed that the Mordenite zeolite exchanged with H+ exhibited the highest activity in dehydration of methanol. After finding the most active catalyst, the Mordenite zeolite was modified with Cu, Zn, Ni, Al, Zr, Mg and Na via wet-impregnation method to further improve its selectivity, and characterized by AAS, XRD, NH3-TPD, NH3-FT-IR and BET surface area techniques. It was found that these materials... 

    Anodizing behavior and electrochemical evaluation of accumulative roll bonded Al and Al-SiC composite

    , Article Surface and Coatings Technology ; Volume 408 , 2021 ; 02578972 (ISSN) Ebadi, M ; Alishavandi, M ; Paydar, M. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2021
    Accumulative roll bonded (ARBed) AA1050 and Al-2 vol% SiCp (AMC) samples were anodized in an H2SO4 electrolyte to improve corrosion resistance. The SEM images revealed that the anodic oxide's morphology is significantly dependent on the microstructure of the ARBed bare samples, owing to high internal energy that accelerates Al consumption during anodizing process. Potentiodynamic polarization measurements and EIS evaluation showed that anodic oxide improves the corrosion resistance of both ARBed AA and AMC samples; however, the electrochemical behavior of the processed samples changed due to the formation of a complex oxide structure comprising of twisted pore channels and attack routes. ©... 

    Effects of HfB2 addition on pressureless sintering behavior and microstructure of ZrB2-SiC composites

    , Article International Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials ; Volume 94 , 2021 ; 02634368 (ISSN) Jafari, S ; Bavand Vandchali, M ; Mashhadi, M ; Nemati, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2021
    In this study the effects of HfB2 addition were investigated on the sintering behavior, densification and microstructure of ZrB2-SiC in the presence of B4C and MoSi2 as a sintering catalyst. 5, 10, 15 and 20 wt% of HfB2 was substituted with ZrB2 in ultra-high temperature ceramic composites of ZrB2-SiC. Additionally, the effect of using nano-scale against common micron size SiC was compared. All compositions were sintered for 1 h in 2100 °C and 2150 °C. Relative and bulk density and open porosity percentage of samples were calculated by Archimedes method. Dimensional changes of pellets and their weight reduction after pyrolysis and sintering proved that increasing of HfB2 leads to increasing... 

    Synthesis and characterisation of β-tricalcium phosphate coating on zirconia toughened alumina by biomimetic method

    , Article Advances in Applied Ceramics ; Volume 112, Issue 3 , 2013 , Pages 140-145 ; 17436753 (ISSN) Esfahani, H ; Nemati, A ; Salahi, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    The present work studied bioactive coatings on the surface of ceramic biomaterials. Zirconia toughened alumina (ZTA) composites containing 15 mol.-%. Partially stabilised zirconia was prepared after 1 h sintering at 1550°C. Apatite layers were then coated onto the surfaces of composites by the biomimetic method using 1·5-2 multiply concentrations of simulated body fluid (SBF). Before treatment in SBFs, a sodium silicate layer was employed as nucleating agent to induce the formation of a calcium phosphate layer. The effect of immersion time on the morphology of the precipitate was monitored with a scanning electron microscope. X dot maps revealed that there is a relationship between... 

    The influence of nanoparticles on hydrodynamic characteristics and mass transfer performance in a pulsed liquid-liquid extraction column

    , Article Chemical Engineering and Processing: Process Intensification ; Volume 50, Issue 11-12 , 2011 , Pages 1198-1206 ; 02552701 (ISSN) Bahmanyar, A ; Khoobi, N ; Mozdianfard, M. R ; Bahmanyar, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    With respect to the influence of nanoparticles on mass transfer characteristics, limited number of studies available in the literature, deal primarily with gas-liquid systems. In this work, mass transfer performance and hydrodynamic characteristics including static and dynamic dispersed phase hold-ups of nanofluids have been investigated for pulsed liquid-liquid extraction column (PLLEC). The nanofluids used were prepared by dispersing SiO2 nanoparticles of 0.01, 0.05 and 0.1 volume percent with two different hydrophobicities in kerosene as base fluid using ultrasonication. UV-vis spectrophotometer was also used for evaluation of the nanofluids stability. The results were compared with... 

    Crystallization kinetics of glass-ceramics by differential thermal analysis

    , Article Ceramics - Silikaty ; Volume 55, Issue 2 , May , 2011 , Pages 188-194 ; 08625468 (ISSN) Ghasemzadeh, M ; Nemat, A ; Nozad, A ; Hamnabard, Z ; Baghshah, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    The crystallization behavior of fluorphlogopite, a glass-ceramic in the MgO-SiO2-Al2O3-K2O-B 2O3-F system, was studied by substitution of Li 2O for K2O in the glass composition. DTA, XRD and SEM were used for the study of crystallization behavior, formed phases and microstructure of the resulting glass-ceramics. Crystallization kinetics of the glass was investigated under non-isothermal conditions, using the formal theory of transformations for heterogeneous nucleation. The crystallization results were analyzed, and both the activation energy of crystallization process as well as the crystallization mechanism were characterized. Calculated kinetic parameters indicated that the appropriate... 

    Developing concrete recycling strategies by utilization of nano-SiO 2 particles

    , Article Waste and Biomass Valorization ; Volume 2, Issue 3 , 2011 , Pages 347-355 ; 18772641 (ISSN) Hosseini, P ; Booshehrian, A ; Madari, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Nowadays, applying sustainable development strategies in designation and production of various products has attracted specific attention. In order to consider ecological sustainable development for a product, reducing its environmental impacts should be observed. Concrete technology and its products are not exceptions, and therefore, the same has been a concern for concrete industry. Alongside, concrete recycling is one of the measures used to reduce the environmental impacts of concrete products during their life cycle. On the other side, positive performance of silica nano-particles has been proven in numerous researches as one super pozzolanic material. Hence, in this study, we aimed on... 

    Dependency of barrier height and ideality factor on identically produced small Au/p-Si Schottky barrier diodes

    , Article Physica B: Condensed Matter ; Volume 405, Issue 16 , 2010 , Pages 3253-3258 ; 09214526 (ISSN) Yeganeh, M. A ; Rahmatollahpur, S ; Sadighi-Bonabi, R ; Mamedov, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Small high-quality Au/p-Si Schottky barrier diodes (SBDs) with extremely low reverse leakage current using wet lithography were produced. Their effective barrier heights (BHs) and ideality factors from currentvoltage (IV) characteristics were measured by a conducting probe atomic force microscope (C-AFM). In spite of identical preparation of the diodes there was a diode-to-diode variation in ideality factor and barrier height parameters. By extrapolating the plots the built-in potential of the Au/p-Si contact was obtained as Vbi=0.5425 V and the barrier height value (ΦB(C-V)) was calculated to be ΦB(C-V)=0.7145 V for Au/p-Si for a typical 100 μm diode diameters. In the present work the... 

    Effects of nucleation agent particle size on properties, crystallisation and microstructure of glass-ceramics in TiO2-ZrO2-Li 2O-CaO- Al2O3-SiO2 system

    , Article Advances in Applied Ceramics ; Volume 109, Issue 6 , 2010 , Pages 318-323 ; 17436753 (ISSN) Nemati, A ; Goharian, P ; Shabanian, M ; Afshar, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of P 2O5 particle size distribution on the crystalline phases and microstructure of lithium disilicate glass-ceramics derived from the TiO2-ZrO2-Li2O-CaO-Al2O 3-SiO2 system for dentistry applications. The samples were made via fusion and casting procedure. Crystallisation as well as the morphology and microstructure of the samples were investigated using X-ray diffraction, differential scanning calorimetric and scanning electron microscopy. The results showed that the crystallisation of the samples occurred in the range of 500-650°C. The main crystalline phase was lithium disilicate (Li2Si2O5) along with Lithium metasilicate (Li2SiO3),... 

    Design and fabrication of sensitive carbon nanotubes/PMMA film for acetone vapour detection

    , Article International Journal of Nanomanufacturing ; Volume 5, Issue 3-4 , 2010 , Pages 268-277 ; 17469392 (ISSN) Ghasempour, R ; Iraji Zad, A ; Hormozi Nezhad, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    We present gas sensing property of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) composite as the active element for acetone vapour detection at room temperature. The polymeric films were formed by spin coating method on SiO2 substrates. Then they were activated by dropping the CNTs suspension in acetone on the PMMA films. The CNT/PMMA films were characterised by SEM, TEM and Raman spectroscopy. Variation of film's electrical resistance after exposure polar and non-polar gases is utilised as the principle of gas sensing. The experimental results showed that the samples present chemical selectivity and reversibility toward polar gases especially acetone vapour  

    Barrier height and ideality factor dependency on identically produced small Au/p-Si Schottky barrier diodes

    , Article Journal of Semiconductors ; Volume 31, Issue 7 , 2010 ; 16744926 (ISSN) Yeganeh, M. A ; Rahmatollahpur, S. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Small high-quality Au/P-Si Schottky barrier diodes (SBDs) with an extremely low reverse leakage current using wet lithography were produced. Their effective barrier heights (BHs) and ideality factors from current-voltage (I -V) characteristics were measured by a conducting probe atomic force microscope (C-AFM). In spite of the identical preparation of the diodes there was a diode-to-diode variation in ideality factor and barrier height parameters. By extrapolating the plots the built in potential of the Au /p-Si contact was obtained as Vbi D 0:5425 V and the barrier height value φB(C-V) was calculated to be φB(C-V) D 0:7145 V for Au/p-Si. It is found that for the diodes with diameters... 

    Properties, crystallization mechanism and microstructure of lithium disilicate glass-ceramic

    , Article Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids ; Volume 356, Issue 4-5 , 2010 , Pages 208-214 ; 00223093 (ISSN) Goharian, P ; Nemati, A ; Shabanian, M ; Afshar, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this study, lithium disilicate glass-ceramic in the TiO2-ZrO2-Li2O-CaO-Al2O3-SiO2 system was investigated for dentistry applications by incorporation of P2O5 and Nb2O5 as nucleation agent. The influence of the particles size (nano and submicron size) and nucleating agents on the crystalline phases, microstructure, crystallization mechanism and mechanical properties were investigated. Our data indicated that in ceramic glass with nano and submicron P2O5, the main crystalline phase was lithium disilicate. The results also showed that change of P2O5 particle's size had significant effect on the crystalline phases and microstructure. By replacement of submicron P2O5 with submicron Nb2O5,... 

    The effects of thickness on magnetic properties of FeCuNbSiB sputtered thin films

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 24, Issue 6 , 2017 , Pages 3521-3525 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Shivaee, H. A ; Celegato, F ; Tiberto, P ; Castellero, A ; Baricco, M ; Hosseini, H. R. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Thin films of Fe73.1Cu1Nb3.1Si14.7B8.2 alloy with 200, 500, and 800 nm thicknesses have been deposited by RF sputtering. Their magnetic properties have been characterized using Alternating Gradient Field Magnetometer (AGFM) and Vibrating Sample Magnetometer (VSM). The effects of residual stresses investigated by nanoindentation experiments were conducted on the as-deposited samples. It is observed that the coercivity of as-deposited films is inversely proportional to the thickness in relation with the residual stress induced during sputtering. © 2017 Sharif University of Technology. All rights reserved