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    Experimental Study of Improved Oil Recovery by Low-Salinity Waterflooding in Asphaltenic Reservoirs

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rashid, Saeed (Author) ; Ayatollahi, Shahaboddin (Supervisor) ; Vosoughi, Manouchehr (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    There is increasing evidence that injecting modified brines has a significant impact on the amount of oil recovered, but the exact mechanism by which this occurs is an unsettled issue, and is supposed to be a cause of the complex interactions occurring between the phases insitu. In this thesis, surface chemistry of smart water has been investigated. Fluid/solid and fluid/fluid interactions for Bangestan crude oil in tfhe presence of designed solutions and a set of dilutions of Persian Gulf seawater have been studied and compared. Fluid/solid interactions were investigated through wettability studies. Impact of salinity and ionic composition on this interaction was measured through contact... 

    Microorganisms Effects on Interfacial Tension and Wettability During Smart Water Injection in Oil Reservoirs

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Jahanbani Veshareh, Moein (Author) ; Ayatollahi, Shahabodin (Supervisor) ; Massihi, Mohsen (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    This research was done for feasibility evaluation and understanding correct microbial enhanced oil recovery(MEOR) procedure for carbonate reservoirs. With the aim of cost reduction and possible activation of smart water mechanisms, sea water used as a base for MEOR process. Two biosurfactant producing strains were isolated from oil contaminated water and soil, and one halotolerant strain, from sea water. Optimization of biosurfactant yield was conducted and two new definitions for optimum point, by considering economical and technical facts, were proposed. Partial characterization of produced biosurfactant was carried out through FTIR and NMR analysis and the produced biosurfactant was... 

    Experimental Investigation of Asphaltene Precipitation and Deposition in Enhanced Oil Recovery by Low Salinity Waterflooding

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hosseini, Ali (Author) ; Ayatollahi, Shahabadin (Supervisor) ; Fatemi, Mobin (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Asphaltenes are a polydisperse mixture of the heaviest and most polarizable fractions of the crude oil. They are defined according to their solubility properties as being soluble in aromatic solvents but insoluble in light paraffin solvents. Asphaltenes are usually responsible for many problems like wettability changes of the reservoir rock, pore clogging in the reservoir porous matrix and fouling in wellbore tubing and production surface facilities. Most of the studies in the literature, addressing the asphaltene precipitation and deposition (APD), are investigating natural depletion or gas injection process such as CO2 flooding. These studies show that asphaltene deposition and... 

    An atomistic insight into interfacial properties of brine nanofilm confined between calcite substrate and hydrocarbon layer

    , Article Applied Surface Science ; Volume 490 , 2019 , Pages 89-101 ; 01694332 (ISSN) Koleini, M. M ; Badizad, M. H ; Ayatollahi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2019
    Abstract
    Molecular dynamics simulation was applied in this study to scrutinize the interfacial properties of water nano-film confined between calcite mineral and hydrocarbon layer, as two intrinsically different media. Such system resembles the environment experienced by water molecules in the pore spaces of underground carbonate reservoirs. The interplay between water film and confining phases, oil and mineral, strongly influences hydrocarbon production process; however, there is a lack of detailed understanding of the involved interactions. MD simulations indicate development of several layers with different water densities in the confined brine. Water molecules form well-ordered structure in three... 

    Thermophysical interface properties of crude oil and aqueous solution containing sulfate anions: experimental and modeling approaches

    , Article Petroleum Science and Technology ; Volume 37, Issue 21 , 2019 , Pages 2167-2173 ; 10916466 (ISSN) Lashkarbolooki, M ; Ayatollahi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Inc  2019
    Abstract
    Sulfate anion is well-known for being one of the most active agents to be injected into the oil reservoirs and being capable of not only altering the interfacial properties of crude oil but also enhancing the water solution properties in oil recovery. In the current study, the effects of temperature and pressure were studied on interfacial tension (IFT) as well as the adsorption behavior of two different solutions containing sulfate anion using experimental measurements and modeling approaches. Although it was expected that IFT values of the studied systems might decrease as temperature increased due to the improvement in the molecule mobility and solubility of crude oil in water, which... 

    On the importance of gel rigidity and coverage in a smart water shutoff treatment in gas wells

    , Article Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering ; Volume 31 , 2016 , Pages 808-818 ; 18755100 (ISSN) Sharifpour, E ; Escrochi, M ; Riazi, M ; Ayatollahi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    This paper addresses a conceptual study on different aspects of a novel smart treatment method for a relatively new challenge of saline water production from low permeability lenses of high flow gas wells. Selective sealing of such lenses along with minor effect on gas productivity usually faces practical difficulties due to the inherent permeability contrast. Engineered application of salt sensitive gellan biopolymer through a smart treatment scenario that includes a protective gas flow proved its ability for treating such challenge. This paper investigates the importance of the gel rigidity and its coverage in the smart treatment scenario through considering the brine salinity and the... 

    Mechanistical study of effect of ions in smart water injection into carbonate oil reservoir

    , Article Process Safety and Environmental Protection ; Volume 105 , 2017 , Pages 361-372 ; 09575820 (ISSN) Lashkarbolooki, M ; Ayatollahi, S ; Riazi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institution of Chemical Engineers  2017
    Abstract
    The concerns for water availability, affordability and environmental consideration have motivated more research on the development of smart water injection for enhanced oil recovery process. Although wettability alteration has been considered as the dominant mechanism, there is an ample space in this area needs to be explored more. Therefore, a systematic series of experiments is designed and performed to examine the effect of salinity and ion type on the wettability of the carbonate rock surface to find the active mechanisms. For this purpose, the concentrations of different salts including NaCl, KCl, CaCl2 and MgCl2 are examined during 10 days of soaking for salts concentrations range of... 

    Smart water flooding performance in carbonate reservoirs: an experimental approach for tertiary oil recovery

    , Article Journal of Petroleum Exploration and Production Technology ; Volume 9, Issue 4 , 2019 , Pages 2643-2657 ; 21900558 (ISSN) Darvish Sarvestani, A ; Ayatollahi, S ; Bahari Moghaddam, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer  2019
    Abstract
    Smart water flooding as a developing technique utilizes modified water chemistry in terms of salinity and composition to prepare the best-suited brine composition for a specific brine/oil/rock system to obtain higher oil recovery efficiency. Huge amount of unrecovered oil is expected to be remained in carbonate reservoirs; however, few research works on incremental oil recovery during smart water injection in carbonate cores at reservoir condition are reported. Several core flooding tests using one of the Iranian carbonate reservoir rock are conducted to check the effectiveness of smart water injection for more oil recovery efficiency. The results reaffirm the positive effect of sulfate ions... 

    Microorganisms’ effect on the wettability of carbonate oil-wet surfaces: implications for MEOR, smart water injection and reservoir souring mitigation strategies

    , Article Journal of Petroleum Exploration and Production Technology ; Volume 10, Issue 4 , 2020 , Pages 1539-1550 Jahanbani Veshareh, M ; Ayatollahi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer  2020
    Abstract
    In upstream oil industry, microorganisms arise some opportunities and challenges. They can increase oil recovery through microbial enhanced oil recovery (MEOR) mechanisms, or they can increase production costs and risks through reservoir souring process due to H2S gas production. MEOR is mostly known by bioproducts such as biosurfactant or processes such as bioclogging or biodegradation. On the other hand, when it comes to treatment of reservoir souring, the only objective is to inhibit reservoir souring. These perceptions are mainly because decision makers are not aware of the effect microorganisms’ cell can individually have on the wettability. In this work, we study the individual effect... 

    Wettability alteration in carbonates during "Smart Waterflood": Underling mechanisms and the effect of individual ions

    , Article Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects ; Volume 487 , 2015 , Pages 142-153 ; 09277757 (ISSN) Rashid, S ; Mousapour, M. S ; Ayatollahi, S ; Vossoughi, M ; Beigy, A. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2015
    Abstract
    There are increasing evidences that adjusting the chemistry of the injecting water improves the oil recovery efficiency. However, the underlying mechanisms for this technique which is referred to as "smart waterflood" have not yet been thoroughly understood. It is needed to explore the role of individual ions through set of different tests, to find the right mechanisms behind "smart waterflood". This study is focused on the fluid/solid (carbonate) interactions through systematic wettability measurement. Contact angle measurements accompanied by spontaneous imbibition tests were employed to determine the role of individual monovalent and divalent ions in wettability alteration process by... 

    Effect of salinity and ion type on formation damage due to inorganic scale deposition and introducing optimum salinity

    , Article Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering ; Volume 177 , 2019 , Pages 270-281 ; 09204105 (ISSN) Ghasemian, J ; Riahi, S ; Ayatollahi, S ; Mokhtari, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2019
    Abstract
    Smart water injection is recognized as an effective EOR process to alter the wettability and interfacial tension to obtain higher micro/macro sweep efficiencies. This water contains reactive ions such asMg2+, Ca2+ andSO42- which can act as potential-determining ions and change the surface charge of calcite rocks. One of the major concerns in the execution of an effective water-flood process, especially in tight carbonate reservoirs, is the chemical incompatibility between the formation brine and the injecting water. In the present study, laboratory fluid compatibility tests were carried out and software simulation was done to investigate the most important challenges of the water-flooding...