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    The influence of public R&D and knowledge spillovers on the development of renewable energy sources: The case of the Nordic countries

    , Article Technological Forecasting and Social Change ; Volume 146 , 2019 , Pages 450-463 ; 00401625 (ISSN) Miremadi, I ; Saboohi, Y ; Arasti, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Inc  2019
    Abstract
    Energy innovation is a key requirement to limit global warming and tackle climate change in the years to come. A better understanding of the public R&D mechanism is likely to improve allocation of resources for energy innovation. Thus, the present paper evaluates the impacts of public R&D and knowledge spillovers on the development of renewable energy sources. To achieve this goal, knowledge flow has been modeled as a function of public R&D expenditures, cumulative knowledge stocks and knowledge spillovers. To show the application of the model, the Nordic countries as one of the pioneers in renewable technologies have been chosen. Results show the cumulative knowledge stock will increase to... 

    A review on the water-energy nexus for drinking water production from humid air

    , Article Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews ; Volume 120 , 2020 Salehi, A. A ; Ghannadi Maragheh, M ; Torab Mostaedi, M ; Torkaman, R ; Asadollahzadeh, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2020
    Abstract
    The Supply of sustainable freshwater has turned into a fundamental problem in numerous countries. The increment in population, the industrialization of the world, and variation in global warming temperatures lead to an increase in droughts, storms, and floods around the world. Therefore, the problems of water scarcity appear worldwide. Contrary to popular belief, the largest reserves of water are available in the air. Accordingly, several technologies have been developed for the production of drinking water from humid air in the research works. But, the critical problem is the high energy consumption in this equipment. Therefore, the issues of water-energy nexus are the particular subject in...