Search for: sols
Total 301 records
Article Indian Journal of Pure and Applied Physics ; Volume 53, Issue 12 , 2015 , Pages 804-807 ; 00195596 (ISSN) ; Akhavan, O ; Hatami, H ; Hoseinkhani, P ; Sharif University of Technology
National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources (NISCAIR) 2015
The Cd (3 wt%)-doped ZnTe nanoparticles with average size of 5 nm and band gap energy of 3.15 eV were synthesized by sol-gel method. The optical properties (such as band gap energy) and the size distribution of the nanoparticles have been investigated by using UV-Vis spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy, respectively. Then, thermoluminescence property of the nanoparticles exposed to various doses of gamma radiation of Cs137 has been studied. The thermoluminescence glow peak of the nanoparticles showed a displacement from 290 to 230°C by increasing the dose of gamma radiation from 7.5 to 67.5 mSv. The thermoluminescence intensity of the synthesized Cd-doped ZnTe nanoparticles...
Article Journal of the Iranian Chemical Society ; Volume 7, Issue SUPPL. 1 , 2010 , Pages S154-S160 ; 1735207X (ISSN) ; Sharif University of Technology
In this work the titanium dioxide powder was prepared by the optimized and simple Sol-Gel method and then characterized. The gelling pH was set to values of 3 (TiO2-A), 7 (TiO2-N) and 9 (TiO2-B) to observe the effect on the properties of the material. In these three cases nanoparticulated materials were obtained with particle sizes between 10nm and 20nm. The larger surface areas were obtained at pH 3, which is several times larger than the others. Furthermore, with the gelling condition pH 3, it was possible to synthesize pure anatase phase titania. Some preliminary results on the test of the photocatalytic activity of the synthesized materials in the reduction of nitric oxide are presented....
An enhancement in the photocatalytic activity of TiO 2 by the use of Pd: The question of layer sequence in the resulting hierarchical structure, Article Journal of Coatings Technology Research ; Volume 8, Issue 1 , January , 2011 , Pages 75-81 ; 15470091 (ISSN) ; Ghorbani, M ; Mohsenzadeh, M ; Sharif University of Technology
TiO 2 and Pd-modified TiO 2 photocatalysts were prepared by sol-gel method. X-ray diffraction (XRD) data showed that the presence of Pd in TiO 2 catalyst decreases the crystalline size of TiO 2 and stabilizes anatase phase. The study of the photocatalytic activity of the films via Linear Sweep Voltametry (LSV) plots and antibacterial test against Escherichia coli ATCC 25922-a gram negative bacterium-showed that Pd increases the photocatalytic activity of the coatings. Besides, the sequence of layer deposition (TiO 2 and Pd-modified TiO 2) influences the photocatalytic properties. In other words, more photocatalytic activity is obtained when Pd-modified layer is deposited first
Effective photocatalytic degradation of an azo dye over nanosized Ag/AgBr-modified TiO2 loaded on zeolite, Article Journal Chemical Papers ; Volume 65, Issue 3 , June , 2011 , pp 280-288 ; 1336-9075 ; Tasviri, M. (Mahboubeh) ; Gholami, M. R. (Mohammad Reza) ; Sharif University Of Technology
Zeolite-based photocatalysts were prepared by the sol-gel and deposition methods. The photocatalysts were characterised by X-ray diffraction, nitrogen adsorption-desorption isotherms, FTIR spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy and energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometry. The activity of the prepared photocatalysts was evaluated by the UV-induced degradation of acid blue 92, a textile dye in common use. The effect of various parameters, such as catalyst concentration, initial dye concentration, thiosulphate concentration and pH, on the rate and efficiency of the photocatalytic degradation of acid blue 92 was investigated. The results showed that each parameter influenced the degradation...
Investigation of the antibacterial and photocatalytic properties of the zeolitic nanosized AgBr/Tio2 composites, Article Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing ; Volume 15, Issue 1 , February , 2012 , Pages 73–79 ; Elahifard, M. R. (Mohammad Reza) ; Vatan Meidanshahi, R. (Reza) ; Ghasemi, S. (Shahnaz) ; Haghighi, S. (Saeed) ; Gholami, M. R. (Mohammad Reza) ; Sharif University of Technology
Zeolite-based Ag/AgBr and Ag/AgBr/TiO2 photocatalysts were prepared by sol–gel and deposition methods and were characterized. Their photocatalytic activities were evaluated by inactivation of Escherichia (E.) coli and the photodegradation of Acid Blue 92 and potassium permanganate. The composites containing Ag/AgBr showed the antibacterial activity in the dark by releasing Ag+ ions into the medium. The results for inactivation of E. coli indicated that Ag/AgBr/TiO2 modified photocatalyst had better antibacterial activity than Ag/AgBr/zeolite, while zeolite and TiO2/zeolite did not show any antibacterial activity under visible light and dark conditions. Photodecolarization rate was affected...
Article Ceramics International ; Volume 40, Issue 1, Part A , January 2014 , Pages 993–1000 ; Afshar, A ; Sharif University of Technology
The application of bioglass coatings on metallic implants provides link between bone and materials and prevents corrosion of metallic implants in body fluid. Therefore, in this research, 45S5 bioglass-silica coatings on 316L stainless steel were prepared by the sol-gel method and were characterized by different techniques. According to X-ray diffraction (XRD) results, by sintering 45S5 bioglass at 600 C for 5 h, coatings containing both amorphous phase and Na2Ca2Si3O9 crystalline phase were obtained. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) results showed that coatings prepared via appropriate sol aging and substrate preparations are crack-free. Potentiodynamic polarization tests in simulated body...
Article Iranian Journal of Materials Science and Engineering ; Volume 10, Issue 2 , 2013 , Pages 57-63 ; 17350808 (ISSN) ; Nemati, A ; Salahi, E ; Sharif University of Technology
In the present study, bioceramic composites based hydroxyapatite (HAp) reinforced with carbon nanotubes (CNTs) was synthesized via sol-gel technique. The dried gels were individually heated at a rate of 5°C/min up to 600°C for 2 h in a muffle furnace in order to obtain HAp-MWCNTs mixed powder. Composites were characterized by XRD, FT-IR, SEM, TEM/SAED/EDX and Raman spectroscopy techniques. Results showed the synthesis of HAp particles in the MWCNTs sol which was prepared in advance, leads to an excellent dispersion of MWCNTs in HAp matrix. Apparent average size of crystallites increased by increasing the percentage of MWCNTs. The average crystallite size of samples (at 600°C), estimated by...
Article Chemical Physics ; Volume 423 , September , 2013 , Pages 167-172 ; 03010104 (ISSN) ; Movahed, M. S ; Jafari, G. R ; Sharif University of Technology
The dynamical scattered light intensity and multiplicative cascade model was employed to characterize the anisotropic charged colloidal particles suspension during the so-called Sol-Gel transition. Generally we looked for finding a criterion to distinguish the properties of Sol and Gel states systematically. The probability density function (PDF) of the light scattering intensity shows an obvious change with proceeding of the sample aging process (during of gelation state). Our results confirmed that in the so-called Sol state, the value of non-Gaussian parameter, kW, as a function of time is larger than that of for weak-Gel or in coexistence Sol-Gel state. The number of cascades in the...
Article Materials Research Bulletin ; Volume 46, Issue 12 , 2011 , Pages 2291-2295 ; 00255408 (ISSN) ; Nemati, A ; Sasani Ghamsari, M ; Sanjabi, S ; Aalipour, M ; Sharif University of Technology
In this research, a modified, cost effective sol-gel procedure applied to synthesize BaTiO3 nanoparticles. XRD and electron microscopy (SEM and TEM) applied for microstructural characterization of powders. The obtained results showed that the type of precursors, their ratio and the hydrolysis conditions had a great effect on time, temperature and therefore the costs of the synthesis process. By selection, utilization of optimized precursor's type, hydrolysis conditions, fine cubic BaTiO3 nanoparticles were synthesized at low temperature and in short time span (1 h calcination at 800 °C). The proposed procedure seems to be more preferable for mass production. The result indicated that the...
Article Materials Research Express ; Volume 2, Issue 10 , October , 2015 ; 20531591 (ISSN) ; Nemati, A ; Joya, Y. F ; Sharif University of Technology
Institute of Physics Publishing 2015
In this researchC-N-Y tri-doped TiO2 nanopowders were synthesized by the sol-gel method. TheC- N-Y Ti O2 photo-catalyst was prepared using hexamine and yttrium nitrate Hexahydrate as the dopant precursors. Methyl-orange (MO) was used to study the photocatalytic performance of the doped Ti O2 underUVirradiation. The synthesized samples were characterized by x-ray diffraction, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy,UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Transmission electron microscopy, Photoluminescence and Field emission scanning electron microscopy. The tri-doped sample with8%N, 0.4% Y and 1.5%Cexhibited enhanced photocatalytic efficiencies. After 100...
Article Journal of Alloys and Compounds ; Volume 672 , 2016 , Pages 93-97 ; 09258388 (ISSN) ; Baniasadi, F ; Asgari, S ; Sharif University of Technology
Li2FeSiO4 was synthesized through Sol–Gel method and the effect of calcination temperature, time and chelating agent concentration were investigated. Appropriate calcination temperature above 550 °C was determined by TG/DTA analysis. Afterward, the dried gel powder was calcined at each temperature of 650 °C, 700 °C and 750 °C for 1, 2 and 3 h. XRD studies illustrated the most appropriate calcination temperature of 700 °C for 1 h. To compare the effect of chelating agent concentration, citric acid with molar ratio of 1/3, 2/3 and 1 were used which 1/3 was determined as the best concentration. FE-SEM observation showed that mean grain is size lower than 100 nm. By using this material, a three...
Are aluminium titanate-based nanostructures new photocatalytic materials? Possibilities and perspectives, Article Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry ; Volume 353 , 2018 , Pages 316-324 ; 10106030 (ISSN) ; Azarniya, A ; Madaah Hosseini, H. R ; Jafari, S ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier B.V 2018
Nanostructured aluminum titanate (AT) was synthesized by the sol-gel method. The calcination temperature was selected as a processing variable to obtain different phase ratios of AT and its parent phases i.e. TiO2 and Al2O3. The main aim behind the present work was to cast light on the photocatalytic performance of AT-based nanocomposites and evaluate their capability to serve as a novel photocatalyst. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis and field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) studies were conducted to evaluate the microstructure-sensitive properties of the synthesized powders. Diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS) and the methylene blue degradation test were carried out to...
Article Materials Letters ; Volume 61, Issue 14-15 , 2007 , Pages 3265-3268 ; 0167577X (ISSN) ; Sasani Ghamsari, M ; Sharif University of Technology
In this study, ZnO nanoparticles with 3 to 4 nm size and spherical shape have been prepared. For the first time, TEA (triethanolamine) as a surfactant has been used for the preparation of ZnO nanoparticles. The best concentration of each component was adjusted through comparison between different sol absorption spectra. The best sol regarding its optical property was subjected to analysis by photoluminescence spectroscopy. TEM micrograph and electron diffraction pattern of these particles were obtained to represent the morphology and crystalline phase of the particles, respectively. Experimental results have shown that the prepared zinc oxide nanoparticles by this method have higher...
A comparatiwe study of heat-treated Ag: SiO2nanocomposites synthesized by cosputtering and sol-gel methods, Article Surface and Interface Analysis ; Volume 41, Issue 3 , 2009 , Pages 157-163 ; 01422421 (ISSN) ; Babapoyr, A ; Akhavan, O ; Moshfegh, A. Z ; Sharif University of Technology
In this work, we compared formation and properties of heat-treated Ag nanoparticles in silica matrix synthesized by RF- reactive magnetron cosputtering and sol-gel methods separately. The sol-gel and sputtered films were annealed at different temperatures in air and in a reduced environment, respectively. The optical UV-visible Spectrophotometry have shown that the absorption peak appears at 456 and 400 nm wavelength indicating formation of silver nanoparticles in SiO2 matrix for both the sol -gel and sputtering methods at 100 and 800 °C, respectively. XPS measurements showed that the metallic Ag0 nanoparticles can be obtained from both the techniques at these temperatures. According to XPS...
Article Journal of Alloys and Compounds ; Volume 478, Issue 1-2 , 2009 , Pages 586-589 ; 09258388 (ISSN) ; Askari, M ; Sasani Ghamsari, M ; Afshar, N ; Lahuti, S ; Sharif University of Technology
Biphase TiO2 nanoparticles have been prepared by sol-gel method. Water/titanium molar ratio (r) has been used to control the hydrolysis and condensation of titanium isopropoxide in solution producing titanium oxide with two different polymorphs. The influence of crystallite size and morphology of prepared TiO2 on the phase transformation of the resultant materials has been investigated. Synthesized powders were characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Different trends can be observed in the phase transformation and particle growth of the prepared titanium oxide nanomaterial. It was concluded that, the rate of particle...
Study of microstructure and dielectric properties of PMN-PZT ceramics via a mixed powder method including sol-gel precursor, Article Journal of Alloys and Compounds ; Volume 476, Issue 1-2 , 2009 , Pages 791-796 ; 09258388 (ISSN) ; Nemati, Z. A ; Sharif University of Technology
An attempt to synthesize pyrochlore free (x)PMN-(1 - x)PZT ceramics (where x is 0, 0.1, 0.3, 0.5, 0.7, 0.9, and 1) by a mixed powder method was made. In this work, a sol-gel prepared PZT powder was mixed with the mixture of milled PbO, MgO and Nb2O5, and sintered in a two step sintering process. The produced samples with high PZT content showed low densities due to the low compaction ratio of PZT powder. The dielectric properties of PZT-rich and PMN-rich materials were high (with dielectric constant of about 19,000 and 33,000 for PZT-rich and PMN-rich ceramics, respectively) while the other samples exhibited low dielectric properties. Also, the effect of combining PMN with PZT on Curie...
Novel unbreakable solid-phase microextraction fibers on stainless steel wire and application for the determination of oxadiargyl in environmental and agricultural samples in combination with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, Article Talanta ; Vol. 128, issue , 2014 , Pages 231-236 ; ISSN: 00399140 ; Baghernejad, M ; Bagheri, H ; Sharif University of Technology
Sol-gel based solid-phase microextraction fibers supported by a stainless steel wire were fabricated and employed for GC-MS determination of oxadiargyl in real samples. The fibers were based on four compounds with different polarity: polar and non-polar (end-capped) poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS), polyethylene glycol (PEG), and poly(ethylene-propyleneglycol)-monobutyl ether (UCON). For this purpose, the surface of the stainless steel was initially modified by (3-mercaptopropyl) trimethoxysilane. The results of the modification procedure were evaluated by cyclic voltammetry and energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy. After the modification, four different sol-gel based SPME fibers with...
Article Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids ; Volume 355, Issue 50-51 , 2009 , Pages 2480-2484 ; 00223093 (ISSN) ; Nemati, A ; Sasani Ghamsari, M ; Aadelkhani, H ; Sharif University of Technology
Amorphous barium titanate nanothin films were prepared by sol-gel dip-coating method. According to transmission spectrum, the refractive index and optical band gap of nanothin films have been determined. High transmission spectrum without any fluctuation in visible wavelength region was recorded. Experimental results indicated that the surface morphology of prepared nanothin films were improved and as a result of that, a better optical properties, less optical losses and higher band gap width were obtained in contrast with other reported data. It was found that optical propagation loss of BaTiO3 nanothin film was much lower than normal polycrystalline BaTiO3 thin film. It seems to us that,...
Mesoporous nanostructured Ni/MgAl2O4 catalysts: Highly active and stable catalysts for syngas production in combined dry reforming and partial oxidation, Article International Journal of Hydrogen Energy ; Volume 44, Issue 21 , 2019 , Pages 10427-10442 ; 03603199 (ISSN) ; Nematollahi, B ; Rezaei, M ; Baghalha, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2019
In this paper, the combination of dry reforming and partial oxidation of methane on nickel catalysts supported on mesoporous MgAl2O4 was investigated. The support was prepared by a facile sol-gel route using propylene oxide as a gelation agent. The characterizations of the catalysts were performed by BET, XRD, TPR, TPO, TPH, UV–vis, CO-dispersion, SEM and TEM techniques. In addition, the effects of nickel content, reaction and reduction temperatures, feed ratio and the GHSV value on the physicochemical and catalytic properties were studied. The results revealed that the nickel content had an optimum value of 7.5 wt% and the catalyst with this content of nickel exhibited the highest activity....
Effect of nanostructuring on thermal stability and decomposition of aluminium titanate (Al2TiO5): a phase transformation study, Article Materials Characterization ; Volume 173 , 2021 ; 10445803 (ISSN) ; Madaah Hosseini, H. R ; Amutha, C ; Ramakrishna, S ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Inc 2021
As a refractory ceramic, the thermal instability of aluminium titanate (AT or Al2TiO5) has been in the crosshairs of research works in recent years. The studies have indicated that different parameters such as atmosphere, grain size, additives, oxygen pressure, and synthesis method can bilaterally affect the thermal decomposition of AT ceramic and resultant physicomechanical properties. In the present study, the AT nanostructure was synthesized by a citrate sol-gel method and influence of nanostructuring nature on its thermal instability and reaction pathway was explored in some details. It was shown that the reduction of grain size down to 30 nm can destabilize AT, so that the reaction...