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    Experimental and theoretical study on the mechanical properties of novolac phenolic resin nanocomposites: Effects of nanoclay and multiwallwed carbon nanotube

    , Article ECCM 2012 - Composites at Venice, Italy, Proceedings of the 15th European Conference on Composite Materials, 24 June 2012 through 28 June 2012 ; 2012 ; 9788888785332 (ISBN) Jahanmard, P ; Shojaei, A ; Faghihi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    European Conference on Composite Materials, ECCM  2012
    The present work focused on the characterization of mechanical properties of novolac phenolic resin (PF) filled with two types of clays, including modified and unmodified ones, and multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNT). It was found that the solution mixing method is able to disperse the nanoparticles within the PF resin appropriately. It was also shown that the unmodified clay (Closite Na+) has the highest influence on the mechanical properties possibly due to the good level of dispersion as well as the good interfacial interaction. Theoretical analysis based on the rubber elasticity theory showed that the nanoparticles influence the evolution of crosslinking density and network structure  

    Fabrication and Characterization of Phenolic Resin/Glass Fiber/Organoclay Nanocomposites

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Eesaee, Mostafa (Author) ; Shojaei, Akbar (Supervisor)
    In this research the effects of addition of clay in phenolic glass fiber reinforced composite has been investigated. Layered clay/phenolic nanocomposite resin systems were first prepared with 0.5, 1.5 and 2.5 wt% of Cloisite Na+ (CN) and Cloisite 30B (CB). After that the suspension was hold in an ultrasonic bath for 30 min in order to enhance nanodispersion of the clay platelet within the resin. The phenolic/clay solution was used to impregnate the glass fabric using the solvent impregnation method. After suspension for 2 days in the room with natural condition, the impregnated fabrics were pre-cured at 135 ˚C in an oven for 3.5 min to obtain B-stage prepregs. Seven layers of prepregs (150... 

    An Investigation on the Behavior of Nanoparticle Filled Brake Friction Materialls

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Jahanmard, Parisa (Author) ; Shojaei, Akbar (Supervisor)
    The most common type of polymer based composite friction materials are usually in vehicles as the brake pads are used and must characteristics such as high wear resistance, low weight, durability, low noise and stable friction coefficient. Polymer matrix, in addition to providing other material suitable for storage, the final properties, including mechanical properties, heat, friction and wear is also effective. Thermoset resin polymer matrixes (usually phenolic resin) are used in the brake pads which used for automotive and in some cases, rubber particles as powder formulations may be entered, in order to achieve good properties of rubber and resin simultaneously. Nanofillers because of... 

    Modeling electrolyte solutions with the SAFT-VR equation using Yukawa potentials and the mean-spherical approximation

    , Article Fluid Phase Equilibria ; Volume 236, Issue 1-2 , 2005 , Pages 241-255 ; 03783812 (ISSN) Behzadi, B ; Patel, B. H ; Galindo, A ; Ghotbi, C ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2005
    An equation of state based on the statistical associating fluid theory for potentials of variable range (SAFT-VR) is used to model 7 hydrogen-bonding solvents and 23 electrolyte solutions. Solvent-solvent hydrogen bonding interactions are explicitly taken into account as in other versions of the SAFT approach. In addition, long-range Coulombic interactions between ionic species are accounted for using the non-restricted mean-spherical approximation, while solvent-solvent and solvent-ion dispersion interactions are included and are treated using Yukawa potentials. Previously a similar approach had been proposed in which the dispersion interactions were treated using square-well potentials. In... 

    Study the Effect of Nano Particles on Biodegradability of Starch Biopolymers

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ostadi, Hadi (Author) ; Vossoughi, Manoochehr (Supervisor) ; Alemzadeh, Iran (Supervisor)
    Nowadays, Food generation has gained great importance, not only in economic view but also in political. Food reservation is as important as food generation. Synthetic polymer films has widespread use in packaging industries, that is because of its features like easily forming, low price, lightness, etc. The increase of oil resources prices and severe environmental pollution by synthetic polymers, are notable cases which led researchers to find ways in using bio polymers. Starch is one of the bio polymers which is cheap and totally degradable. Using starch in bio degradable leads to high decrease in the mix features. Nano particles are used to solve the problem.
    In this study, the effect... 

    An Investigation of Alumina Nanoparticles Role on the Performance of Automotive Brake Friction Materials

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Etemadi Mehrenjani, Habib (Author) ; Shojaei, Akbar (Supervisor)
    The research on the automotive brake composite materials is very extensive due to its complex formulation and the used of diverse variety of materials. While various research activities has been applied in this research group, but there are many unknown areas. This subject with the arrival of new materials, especially nanometer materials, has received increasing attention. In this study, the effect of alumina nanoparticles on the performance of automotive brake friction materials were examined. Generally, alumina (as micro particles) used as the abrasive material for many years in the formulation of composite brake pads. But, the effect of alumina on the nanometer scale hasn't been examined... 

    Mechanical properties and structure of solvent processed novolac resin/layered silicate: Development of interphase region

    , Article RSC Advances ; Volume 5, Issue 98 , Jun , 2015 , Pages 80875-80883 ; 20462069 (ISSN) Jahanmard, P ; Shojaei, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Royal Society of Chemistry  2015
    Composites of phenol-formaldehyde (PF) resin with Closite Na+ and Closite 30B up to 20 wt% loadings were prepared by solution mixing. Tensile testing showed that both pristine and organically modified clays increased considerably the mechanical properties of PF resin at 2.5 wt% loading followed by marginal improvement or even sacrificed properties at high loadings. DMA and DSC analyses suggested development of a highly crosslinked and well adhered interphase around silicate layers. A novel three-phase model considering the interphase region was proposed to predict composite modulus. The model was successfully employed to correlate morphological characteristics and mechanical properties of... 

    Studying the Effect of Zirconia & GNP on Mechanical, Tribological & Biological Properties of UHMWPE-HAp Nanocomposites used in Total Hip Joint Replacement

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mohseni Taromsari, Sara (Author) ; Bagheri, Reza (Supervisor) ; Faghihi Sani, Mohammad Ali (Supervisor)
    Medical engineering advances in total joint replacements and society’s rising demand for long lasting materials, have proven it essential to manufacture materials that are more similar to the original tissue in the fields of mechanical, tribological and biological properties. Ultra High Molecular Weight Polyethylene(UHMWPE), is a polymer widely used in arthroplasty applications due to its biocompatibility, chemical stability and proper mechanical properties. In this study, UHMWPE-HAp nanocomposites reinforced with Zirconia and Graphene were manufactured aiming to reach a structure that is more compatible with bone tissue and also to improve overall properties. First, using ultrasonication... 

    Characterization of reinforcing effect of alumina nanoparticles on the novolac phenolic resin

    , Article Polymer Composites ; Vol. 35, Issue 7 , July , 2014 , pp. 1285-1293 ; ISSN: 02728397 Etemadi, H ; Shojaei, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Very fine alumina nanoparticles were loaded in novolac type phenolic resin (PF) using solution mixing method. The concentration of nanoalumina in PF was varied between 2.5 to 20 wt%. All the compounds were compression molded and then subjected to scanning electron microscopy (SEM), tensile, flexural, and dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) tests. SEM analysis showed that the nanoalumina were dispersed uniformly at low concentrations, however, at high concentrations, dispersion was suppressed leading to agglomerates in the composites. Mechanical testing revealed that the nanoalumina had a great influence on the strength and stiffness of PF resin particularly at concentrations below 5 wt%.... 

    Energy scheduling of a technical virtual power plant in presence of electric vehicles

    , Article 2017 25th Iranian Conference on Electrical Engineering, ICEE 2017, 2 May 2017 through 4 May 2017 ; 2017 , Pages 1193-1198 ; 9781509059638 (ISBN) Pourghaderi, N ; Fotuhi Firuzabad, M ; Kabirifar, M ; Moeini Aghtaie, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    In modern power systems, technical virtual power plants (TVPPs) play an important role enabling presence of distributed energy resources (DERs) in electricity markets. In this paper, strategy of using the available energy resources for a TVPP is put under investigation. A new optimization framework is presented for problem of TVPP energy scheduling by taking operational constraints of distribution network into account. In the proposed model, photovoltaic (PV) units and micro turbines along with the electric vehicles (EVs) are scheduled in such a way that the profit of TVPP owner would be maximized. The uncertainty in output generation of PV units is modeled by adopting fuzzy c-means (FCM)... 

    Property Investigation of Poly (Ethylene Co-vinyl Acetate)/Poly (l-Lactic Acid)/Organo Clay Nanocomposites

    , Article Journal of Polymers and the Environment ; Volume 27, Issue 12 , 2019 , Pages 2886-2894 ; 15662543 (ISSN) Torabi, H ; Ramazani SaadatAbadi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer New York LLC  2019
    In this study, EVAc/PLA/organo clay nanocomposites were prepared via solution mixing method. The SEM images were used to investigate the morphology of nanocomposites revealing no phase separation or agglomeration of disperse phase in EVAc/PLA blends and nanocomposites. SAXS spectra confirmed the intercalated morphology of nanocomposites. Soil burial test were carried out and the rate of degradation of the samples were measured indirectly. Oxygen gas permeability of EVAc was slightly decreased by adding PLA to the matrix, when small loads of clay caused dramatic improvement in barrier properties. Melt rheological frequency sweep test illustrated the compatibility of EVAc with low contents of... 

    Optimal switch placement in power distribution systems with complex configurations

    , Article 2019 Smart Gird Conference, SGC 2019, 18 December 2019 through 19 December 2019 ; 2019 ; 9781728158945 (ISBN) Jalilian, A ; Taheri, B ; Safdarian, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of electrical and electronics engineers Inc  2019
    Sectionalizing switches are the main components of any restoration scheme in fault situations of power distribution systems. In this paper, customer outage costs reduction is aimed through the optimal simultaneous placement of manual and remote-controlled switches (RCSs). Network reconfigurations are constrained such that operational considerations like statutory ranges for voltage levels, lines' thermal capacities, and necessity of radial configuration be conserved. Total cost reduction is mathematically modeled in a mixed-integer linear programming (MILP) model that makes the global optimal solution accessible. The validity of the proposed model is evaluated on the IEEE 33-bus network. In...