Search for: spectrometry
0.008 seconds
Total 289 records

    Determination of the pesticide naptalam and its degradation products by positive and negative ion mass spectrometry

    , Article Fresenius' Journal of Analytical Chemistry ; Volume 369, Issue 2 , 2001 , Pages 176-183 ; 09370633 (ISSN) Ghassempour, A ; Arshadi, M. R ; Asghari, F. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    N-1-naphthylphtalamic acid (naptalam) and its degradation products, 1-naphthylamine and N-(1-naphthyl) phthalimide were simultaneously determined in river water by two independent mass spectrometric (MS) methods. These were negative ion MS (NIMS) and programmable temperature vaporizer gas chromatography mass spectrometry (PTV-GC MS) with electron impact ionization (positive ions). Prior to the NIMS analysis, the samples were preconcentrated by solid phase extraction (SPE) of C18 membrane discs. The PTV-GC MS studies were performed without any preconcentration procedure. Selected ion monitoring (SIM) and internal standardization with naphthalene were applied in both methods. The limits of... 

    New grafted nanosilica-based sorbent for needle trap extraction of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from water samples followed by GC/MS

    , Article Chromatographia ; Volume 74, Issue 5-6 , September , 2011 , Pages 429-436 ; 00095893 (ISSN) Bagheri, H ; Roostaie, A ; Babanezhad, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this work, the preparation of a new grafted nanosilica-based sorbent was extensively investigated. An inexpensive modifier, cis-9-octadecenoic acid (oleic acid) was selected to be grafted on the surface of the nanosilica particles as the support. The grafting process was accurately confirmed by Fourier transform infra-red spectrometry (FT-IR). Applicability of the prepared sorbent was thoroughly examined by needle trap extraction (NTE) method. The grafted sorbent was dispersed in the appropriate solvent and carefully packed inside a steel needle. Feasibility of the method was completely examined using polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), as model compounds. For extraction of analytes... 

    Analysis of olive fruit essential oil: Application of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry combined with chemometrics

    , Article International Journal of Food Properties ; Volume 18, Issue 2 , Aug , 2015 , Pages 316-331 ; 10942912 (ISSN) Konoz, E ; Abbasi, A ; Parastar, H ; Moazeni, R. S ; Jalali Heravi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Inc  2015
    The extracted Iranian olive fruit essential oil was analyzed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Multivariate curve resolution-alternative least squares approach was used to overcome the problem of background, baseline offset and overlapping/embedded peaks in gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The analysis of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry data revealed that 90 components exist in the olive fruit essential oil. However, with the help of multivariate curve resolution-alternative least squares this number was extended to 141 components with concentrations higher than 0.01%. Major constituents in the olive fruit oil are 2-dodecenal (16.88%), 2-undecenal (10.71%), ethyl oleate... 

    Analytical study of 226Ra activity concentration in market consuming foodstuffs of ramsar, Iran

    , Article Journal of Environmental Health Science and Engineering ; Volume 15, Issue 1 , 2017 ; 2052336X (ISSN) Gooniband Shooshtari, M ; Deevband, M. R ; Kardan, M. R ; Fathabadi, N ; Salehi, A. A ; Naddafi, K ; Yunesian, M ; Nabizadeh Nodehi, R ; Karimi, M ; Hosseini, S. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Background: Ramsar, a city of Iran located on the coast of the Caspian Sea, has been considered to be enormously important due to its high natural radioactivity levels. People living in High Level Natural Radiation Areas (HLNRAs) have been exposed by several sources, one of which could be foodstuff. However, many studies have been carried out to measure the environmental radioactivity in Ramsar, but no survey has been conducted in all stapled consumed foods yet. This study was dedicated to determine 226Ra activity concentration in the daily diets of Ramsar residents as a probable exposure. Methods: Approximately 70 different market samples were collected during the four seasons based on the... 

    Synthesis and Characterization of Cyclometalated Platinum Complexes Containing 2-Vinylpyridine Ligand

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kamyar Khaledi, Niloufar (Author) ; Jamali, Sirous (Supervisor)
    The cyclometalated platinum(II) complex [Pt(Me)(bhq)(2-vpy)], 2, in which bhq = benzo{h}quinolone, 2-vpy = 2-vinylpyridine, has been prepared by reaction of the cyclometalated complex [Pt(Me) bhq)(SMe2)], 1 with one equiv 2-vinylpyridine. The similar complex [Pt(p-tolyl)(ppy)(2-vpy)], 3 in which ppy = 2-phenyl pyridine, has been prepared from reaction of the platinum(II) complex cis-[Pt(p-MeC6H4)2(SMe2)2] with one equiv 2-phenylpyridine and one equiv 2-vinylpyridine. Reaction of 2 with one equiv Br2 in acetone gave the cyclometalated platinum(IV) complex [Pt(bhq)Me(Br)(NC5H4CHCH2Br)], 4. The structure of the complexes 1-3 were determined using NMR Spectroscopy. The crystal structure of 3... 

    Development of Gamma Spectroscopy Software for Analysis of High Resolution Detectors

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Jamshidi, Vahid (Author) ; Sohrabpur, Mostafa (Supervisor)
    Gamma-ray spectroscopy is the quantitative study of the energy spectra of gamma-ray sources. A gamma-ray spectrometer also determines the energies of the gamma-rays photons emitted by the source. A radioactive nucleus (radionuclide) commonly emits gamma rays in the energy range from a few keV to ~10 MeV, corresponding to the typical energy levels in nuclei with reasonably long lifetimes. Most radioactive sources produce gamma rays of various energies and intensities. When these emissions are collected and analyzed with a gamma-ray spectroscopy system, a gamma-ray energy spectrum can be produced. A detailed analysis of this spectrum is typically used to determine the identity and quantity of... 

    A metal-organic framework sustained by a nanosized Ag12 cuboctahedral node for solid-phase extraction of ultra traces of lead(II) ions

    , Article Microchimica Acta ; Vol. 181, issue. 9-10 , 2014 , pp. 999-1007 ; ISSN: 0026-3672 Salarian, M ; Ghanbarpour, A ; Behbahani, M ; Bagheri, S ; Bagheri, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    We show that a metal-organic framework (MOF) sustained by a nanosized Ag12 cuboctahedral node can be applied to selectively extract traces of lead(II) ion from environmental water samples. The MOF was characterized by thermogravimetric and differential thermal analysis, scanning electron microscopy, FTIR, and X-ray diffraction. The effects of pH value, flow rates, of type, concentration and volume of the eluent, of break-through volume and potentially interfering ions on the separation and determination of lead were evaluated. Following desorption with EDTA, Pb(II) was quantified by FAAS. The use of the MOF results in excellent analytical figures of merit including an analytical range from 2... 

    Chemometrics-assisted gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric analysis of volatile components of olive leaf oil

    , Article Journal of the Iranian Chemical Society ; Volume 10, Issue 1 , 2013 , Pages 169-179 ; 1735207X (ISSN) Konoz, E ; Abbasi, A ; Moazeni, R. S ; Parastar, H ; Jalali Heravi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Iranian olive leaf essential oil components were extracted by microwave-assisted hydrodistillation and analyzed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Ninety-seven components were identified by direct similarity searches for olive leaf essential oil. Chemometrics was used to find more components with the help of multivariate curve resolution methods. Eigenvalues-based methods and Malinowski functions were used for chemical rank determination of GC-MS data. Multivariate curve resolution-alternative least squares as an iterative method was used for resolving the overlapped and embedded peaks. With the use of this method the number of 97 components was extended to 127 components. Major... 

    Solid phase extraction of trace amounts of Pb(II) in opium, heroin, lipstick, plants and water samples using modified magnetite nanoparticles prior to its atomic absorption determination

    , Article Journal of the Iranian Chemical Society ; Volume 9, Issue 2 , 2012 , Pages 171-180 ; 1735207X (ISSN) Karimi, M. A ; Hatefi Mehrjardi, A ; Mohammadi, S. Z ; Mohadesi, A ; Mazloum Ardakani, M ; Hormozi Nezhad, M. R ; Kabir, A. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    A new, simple, fast and reliable solid-phase extraction method has been developed for separation/preconcentration of trace amounts of Pb(II) using dithizone/sodium dodecyl sulfate-immobilized on alumina-coated magnetite nanoparticles, and its determination by flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS) and graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry (GFAAS) after eluting with 4.0 mol L -1 HNO 3. Optimal experimental conditions including pH, sample volume, eluent concentration and volume, and co-existing ions have been studied and established. Under the optimal experimental conditions, the preconcentration factor, detection limit, linear range and relative standard deviation of Pb(II)... 

    Chemically bonded carbon nanotubes on modified gold substrate as novel unbreakable solid phase microextraction fiber

    , Article Microchimica Acta ; Volume 174, Issue 3 , September , 2011 , Pages 295-301 ; 00263672 (ISSN) Bagheri, H ; Ayazi, Z ; Sistani, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    A new technique is introduced for preparation of an unbreakable fiber using gold wire as a substrate for solid phase microextraction (SPME). A gold wire is used as a solid support, onto which a first film is deposited that consists of a two-dimensional polymer obtained by hydrolysis of a self-assembled monolayer of 3-(trimethoxysilyl)-1-propanthiol. This first film is covered with a layer of 3-(triethoxysilyl)-propylamine. Next, a stationary phase of oxidized multi-walled carbon nanotubes was chemically bound to the surface. The synthetic strategy was verified by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. Thermal stability of new fiber was examined by... 

    Electrospun composite of polypyrrole-polyamide as a micro-solid phase extraction sorbent

    , Article Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry ; 2011 , Pages 1-7 ; 16182642 (ISSN) Bagheri, H ; Aghakhani, A ; Akbari, M ; Ayazi, Z ; Sharif University of Technology
    A micro-solid phase extraction technique was developed using a novel polypyrrole-polyamide nanofiber sheet, fabricated by electrospinning method. The applicability of the new nanofiber sheet was examined as an extracting medium to isolate malathion as a model pesticide from aqueous samples. Solvent desorption was subsequently performed in a microvial, and an aliquot of extractant was injected into gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Various parameters affecting the electrospinning process including monomer concentration, polyamide content, applied voltage, and electrospinning time were examined. After fabricating the most suitable preparation conditions, influential parameters on the... 

    Second-order calibration for the determination of fatty acids in pomegranate seeds by vortex-assisted extraction-dispersive liquid-liquid micro-extraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry

    , Article RSC Advances ; Volume 5, Issue 15 , 2015 , Pages 11633-11643 ; 20462069 (ISSN) Ahmadvand, M ; Sereshti, H ; Parastar, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Multivariate curve resolution-alternating least squares (MCR-ALS) as a second-order calibration algorithm was proposed for the simultaneous analysis of eighteen fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) in a standard mixture and pomegranate seed sample using vortex-assisted extraction-dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (VAE-DLLME), followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The chemometric resolution, identification and quantification of the target FAMEs in the standard mixture and real sample (i.e., the pomegranate seed) were carried out successfully in the presence of some uncalibrated interferences. The lack of fit (LOF) and reverse match factor (RMF) were used for the... 

    Solution structure of a seven coordinated manganese(II) complex via electrospray ionization mass spectrometry

    , Article Spectrochimica Acta - Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy ; Volume 75, Issue 3 , 2010 , Pages 1168-1170 ; 13861425 (ISSN) Najafpour, M. M ; Boghaei, D. M ; Sjöberg, P. J. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    The mononuclear complex [Mn(tptz)(CH3COO)(OH2)2]NO3 (1) was investigated by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry in aqueous solution at pH 4.5. Electrospray ionization mass spectrometry shows that mononuclear and dinuclear manganese cationic species are present in solution, probably in equilibrium with neutral 1. An experiment showed that the most important reaction in the presence of oxone (2KHSO5·KHSO4·K2SO4) is decoordination  

    A sol-gel-based amino functionalized fiber for immersed solid-phase microextraction of organophosphorus pesticides from environmental samples

    , Article Microchemical Journal ; Volume 94, Issue 1 , 2010 , Pages 1-6 ; 0026265X (ISSN) Bagheri, H ; Ayazi, Z ; Babanezhad, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    A method based on immersed solid-phase microextraction (SPME) and gas chromatography mass spectrometry detection (GC-MS) for the determination of organophosphorous pesticides (OPPs) in aqueous samples was developed. A sol-gel based coating fiber was prepared using 3-(trimethoxysilylpropyl) amine as precursor. The synthesized fiber was prepared in a way to impart polar moiety into the coating network and would be more suitable for extracting polar and semi-polar organic pollutants. Important parameters influencing the extraction process were optimized and an extraction time of 40 min at 30 °C gave maximum peak area, when NaCl (20% w/v) was added to the aqueous sample. The linearity for... 

    A flow injection μ-solid phase extraction system based on electrospun polyaniline nanocomposite

    , Article Journal of Chromatography A ; Volume 1433 , February , 2016 , Pages 34–40 ; 00219673 (ISSN) Bagheri, H ; Khanipour, P ; Roostaie, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this study, a fast and sensitive flow injection μ-solid phase extraction (FI-μ-SPE) technique based on an electrospun polyaniline (PANI) nanocomposite in conjunction with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) was developed. The PANI-based nanocomposite was synthesized by electrospinning of a solution containing polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)/PANI. The majority of PVA template was subsequently removed from the whole PVA/PANI nanofibers blend by exposing the electrospun nanocomposite to hot water. The homogeneity, porosity and characterization of the electrospun nanofibers were investigated by the scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. Due to... 

    Microextraction of antidepressant drugs into syringes packed with a nanocomposite consisting of polydopamine, silver nanoparticles and polypyrrole

    , Article Microchimica Acta ; Volume 183, Issue 1 , 2016 , Pages 195-202 ; 00263672 (ISSN) Bagheri, H ; Bani Hashemi, S ; Zandian, F. K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer-Verlag Wien 
    We describe a nanocomposite prepared from polydopamine, silver nanoparticles, and polypyrrole (PDA-Ag-PPy) that can be used for the microextraction in packed syringe (MEPS) of tricyclic antidepressants from urine samples. The PDA-Ag-PPy composite was prepared in-situ by the reduction of silver ion - doped PPy during oxidative polymerization of dopamine. The PDA-Ag coatings on the nanoribbon – shaped PPy represent a highly porous, inorganic–organic hybrid nanomaterial that has a wide range of applications. The nanocomposite was characterized by FTIR and scanning electron microscopy. It is shown to be an efficient sorbent for the MEPS of the tricyclic antidepressants amitriptyline, imipramine... 

    Electrospun superhydrophobic polystyrene hollow fiber as a probe for liquid–liquid microextraction with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry

    , Article Journal of Separation Science ; Volume 39, Issue 19 , 2016 , Pages 3782-3788 ; 16159306 (ISSN) Bagheri, H ; Baktash, M. Y ; Jahandar, K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Wiley-VCH Verlag  2016
    A superhydrophobic polystyrene hollow fiber was electrospun around a copper spring collector. This approach led to the construction of a hollow fiber membrane, and the copper spring acted as a scaffold. The characteristic properties of the hollow fiber were studied by scanning electron microscopy. The membrane was used as a probe to transfer the extracting solvent from aquatic media to a gas chromatograph. After performing the liquid–liquid microextraction procedure on 10 mL of water sample by octanol, the whole solution was passed through the prepared polystyrene hollow fiber. Propanol, containing 2 mg/L lindane as the internal standard, was used for desorption and an aliquot of 2 μL of the... 

    A magnetic multifunctional dendrimeric coating on a steel fiber for solid phase microextraction of chlorophenols

    , Article Microchimica Acta ; Volume 184, Issue 7 , 2017 , Pages 2201-2209 ; 00263672 (ISSN) Bagheri, H ; Manouchehri, M ; Allahdadlalouni, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer-Verlag Wien  2017
    A polyamidoamine dendrimer was synthesized, placed on magnetite nanoparticles, and the resulting material was then employed as a fiber coating for use in solid phase microextraction of chlorophenols. The polyamidoamine was expected to be an efficient extracting medium due to the presence of multipolar groups and its inner porosity. A thin stainless steel wire was coated with the dendritic polyamidoamine polymer via electrolysis and chemical reactions. The coated fiber was investigated in terms of headspace solid phase microextraction of chlorophenols from aqueous samples followed by GC-MS quantitation. The calibration plots are linear in the 2–1000 ng⋅L−1 chlorophenol concentration ranges.... 

    Wireless electrochemical preparation of gradient nanoclusters consisting of copper(II), stearic acid and montmorillonite on a copper wire for headspace in-tube microextraction of chlorobenzenes

    , Article Microchimica Acta ; Volume 185, Issue 1 , 2018 ; 00263672 (ISSN) Enteshari Najafabadi, M ; Bagheri, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer-Verlag Wien  2018
    This work introduces a new gradient fiber coating for microextraction of chlorobenzenes. Nanoclusters of organoclay-Cu(II) on a copper wire were fabricated by wireless electrofunctionalization. The resultant gradient coatings are more robust, and thermally and mechanically stable. Wireless electrofunctionalization was carried out in a bipolar cell under a constant deposition potential and using an ethanolic electrolyte solution containing stearic acid and montmorillonite. Stearic acid acts as an inexpensive and green coating while montmorillonite acts as a modifier to impart thermal stability. The gradient morphology of the nanoclusters was investigated by scanning electron microscopy,... 

    Fluorometric variable-temperature kinetics investigations of the transesterification reaction of procaine with aliphatic alcohols

    , Article Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences ; Volume 7, Issue 1 , 2004 , Pages 88-91 ; 14821826 (ISSN) Harifi Mood, A. R ; Haghighi, S ; Gholami, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Purpose. Variable-Temperature Kinetics has been used to obtain the rate constants of the reaction at various temperatures during one kinetic run. Methods. Pseudo-first-order rate constants for the transesterification of procaine with aliphatic alcohols ethanol, n-propanol and tert-butanol were obtained by the fluorescence spectroscopy using the variable-temperature kinetics (VTK) method. Results. The activation parameters of the reactions were calculated (24-28 kcal.mol-1). The half-life of the procaine decreases in the ethanol solution compared with the other alcoholic solutions in the presence of sodium ethoxide. Conclusions. The investigation time of the reactions is reduced to one-tenth...